|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 51 ° 24 ' N , 7 ° 11' E
|State :||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|Administrative region :||Arnsberg|
|Circle :||Ennepe-Ruhr district|
|Height :||90 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||71.66 km 2|
|Residents:||54,438 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||760 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postcodes :||45525, 45527, 45529|
|License plate :||EN, WIT|
|Community key :||05 9 54 016|
|LOCODE :||DE HAT|
|City structure:||11 districts|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Dirk Glaser (independent)|
|Location of the city of Hattingen in the Ennepe-Ruhr district|
After Witten, Hattingen is the second largest city in the Ennepe-Ruhr district in North Rhine-Westphalia . It is located in the southern part of the Ruhr area on the Ruhr and borders directly on the large cities of Wuppertal , Essen and Bochum .
Hattingen was founded on a river terrace of the Ruhr and has a well-preserved historical core with numerous half-timbered houses . The city center has the catchment area of a medium-sized town . Hattingen lies at an altitude of 60 to 306 m above sea level. NHN .
Among the waters: Felderbach , hazel Becke , Heier mountain stream , Heimansbuschbach , notch corner , Isenberg Bach , Maas Becke , Meyer mountain stream , Nierenhofer Bach , Paasbach , Pleßbach , Porbecke and Sprockhöveler Bach .
Hattingen is divided into the districts of Blankenstein , Bredenscheid-Stüter , Hattingen-Mitte, Holthausen , Niederbonsfeld , Niederelfringhausen , Niederwenigern , Oberelfringhausen , Oberstüter , Welper and Winz-Baak .
The neighboring cities of Hattingen are the independent cities of Bochum , Essen and Wuppertal as well as Sprockhövel , Witten (both Ennepe-Ruhr district) and Velbert ( district of Mettmann ). To the south lies the so-called Elfringhauser Schweiz, a popular local recreation area.
coat of arms
It shows the dragon slayer Georg , although it remains unclear whether it is a dragon .
Hattingen is first mentioned in 990 as the Reichshof Hatneggen . Its location between the Bergisches Land with its metal products in the south and the Hellweg zone in the north with its textile goods favored trade. The fortification contract signed with Count Dietrich von der Mark in 1396 is considered to be Hattingen's becoming a town today. In 1554 Hattingen was recognized as Hanseatic .
As a city in the Ruhr area, coal mining was very important in the 19th and 20th centuries . There were several mines in Hattingen. The Rauendahler Eisenbahnweg , a railway line from Rauendahl near Hattingen to the Ruhr, was put into operation as early as 1787 . It was the world's first coal transport train.
For more than 100 years, Henrichshütte was the main employer in Hattingen (at times 10,000 employees), with the establishment of workers' settlements ( Hüttenau , Müsendrei, among others), the company also made a significant contribution to the development of what is now the Welper district of Hattingen.
Founded in 1854 by Henrich zu Stolberg-Wernigerode , “die Hütte” became one of the largest iron and steel producers in the region. The reason for choosing the location in Hattingen, which was then characterized by agriculture, was the discovery of iron ore in what is now the Welper district. The deposit was unproductive, and only the street name Müsendrei is reminiscent of the Müsen III shaft, from which iron ore was extracted.
Since 1949 the DGB has had a federal school (today an educational center) on the Homberg.
In 1987, as a result of the decline of coal and heavy industry in the Ruhr area, the last blast furnace at Henrichshütte was shut down. Hattingen has mastered the following structural change better than many neighboring cities. The unemployment rate is currently (May 2018) at 6.1%.
Many of the former buildings of the Henrichshütte have now been demolished. The site has been converted into a “commercial and landscape park” and is home to one of the seven locations of the Westphalian Industrial Museum .
|Population development Hattingen|
On April 1, 1939, the Baak part of the Winz community was reclassified to the city of Hattingen.
On January 1, 1970, Hattingen was reorganized into the Ennepe-Ruhr district around the communities of Blankenstein, Bredenscheid-Stüter (created on April 1, 1926 through the merger of Bredenscheid and Niederstüter ), Niederelfringhausen, Oberelfringhausen, Oberstüter and Winz (with Dumberg and Niederwenigern ) enlarged.
groups of voters
Culture and sights
The old town of Hattingen with its almost 150 medieval half-timbered houses is a popular destination. They are an expression of the citizens' will in the city, who in the 1960s spoke out against area renovation and in favor of property renovation. The traffic-free pedestrian zone is one of the first in Germany.
The most famous historical buildings in the city are the St. George's Church , the old town hall , the bell tower and the iron house from the 17th century with the “Museum in the iron house (MiBEH)” of the Heimatverein Hattingen / Ruhr e. V. From 1771 to 1856 cloth makers lived in this building who made cloth on their looms. Lugs and beams with volutes and mask carvings determine the appearance of the facade. A stumbling stone in front of the building reminds of the last Jewish owner of the house, Selma Abraham b. Cahn, who was deported to the Riga Ghetto in 1941 with her husband Alfred . See Jewish life in Hattingen .
Once a year in summer in Hattingen there is an old town festival with live music and many stands. Once a year, also in summer, there is the "Culinary Old Town Market" on the church square at St. George's Church, where the Hattingen restaurants offer their specialties and live music is played on a stage.
Near the bus station on the old city wall , the iron men created by Zbigniew Frączkiewicz guard the entrance to the city. The Horkenstein is rather inconspicuous here . The old Holschentor School , which has been a volunteer agency since March 2016, is located near the city wall .
Because of its many green spaces, Hattingen is a local recreation area for many residents of the Ruhr area . The Ruhr Valley in particular attracts cyclists and walkers. The Kemnader See is located between Hattingen, Bochum and Witten and offers numerous opportunities for water sports. You can cycle up the Ruhr on the RuhrtalRadweg to the Sauerland . Down the Ruhr, the path leads past the Baldeneysee in Essen towards Duisburg am Rhein . The old towpath has been preserved in some places . The historic RuhrtalBahn (steam operation) also has three stops in Hattingen.
In the Ruhr Valley, in the Hattingen urban area, there are Blankenstein Castle , Isenburg and Kemnade House with the Hans and Hede Grumbt musical instrument collection with around 1,800 instruments and music boxes and the farmhouse museum in the immediate vicinity of the moated castle. In the mountains, the Bismarck Tower Hattingen is located directly on the Ruhrhöhenweg . The Hattingen City Museum is located in Blankenstein .
The Hattingen City Library has existed since 1920 and the Hattingen public observatory since 1988 .
The Henrichshütte is part of the Westphalian Industrial Museum with three circular routes and the 50,000 square meter site. Here u. a. the annual Schöne Sterne event has been held since 2010 .
In 2005 the city decided to set up the German Aphorism Archive in the premises of the city museum. The city is a member of the support association founded in the same year to build up the archive. The main idea is to make Hattingen known as the city of the quick-witted .
Since 1991 the KUBISCHU - Kultur- und Bildungskooperative Schulenberg Hattingen e. V. announced the Hattinger Förderpreis , a literary prize for young writers between the ages of 16 and 25. The awarding of prizes takes place in autumn after a reading by the final round participants selected by the jury. A jury award and an audience award will be awarded.
- See also: List of stumbling blocks in Hattingen
St. George's Church (October 2004)
Street with a view of the bell tower of the former Johanniskirche
The Autobahn 43 can be reached via the neighboring towns of Sprockhövel or Witten , and the A 40 , A 43 and A 448 highways can be reached via Bochum .
State road 651 runs through the middle of Hattingen ( federal road 51 until December 31, 2009 ). The tram line 308 of the Bogestra to Gerthe via Bochum main station runs on it from its terminal in Hattingen Mitte .
From the S-Bahn station Hattingen Mitte , the S-Bahn line 3 runs via Bochum-Dahlhausen , Essen and Mülheim to Oberhausen . A reactivation of the railway line to Wuppertal via Wichlinghausen is currently under discussion.
The central bus station is also located at the S-Bahn station Hattingen Mitte . Via it there are connections to the districts and to all surrounding cities.
- Ski: In the Hattinger Wodantal there is a ski tow lift with a length of 220 meters. It is unique in the Ruhr area and is run by a family business.
- Billiards: In 1996, Hattingen hosted the three-cushion world championship , the winner was Christian Rudolph from Cologne . He was the first German to win this title.
The express freighter MS Hattingen operated in the East India service for the Hamburg shipping company HAPAG until the 1980s .
sons and daughters of the town
- Hermann Mercker , also Märker (1583–1630), Protestant pastor, author of Merker's chronicle about Hattingen
- Johann Georg Alberti (1644–1722), organist and organ builder
- Johannes Christopher Märker (1688 - unknown), high ducal Essendrischer personal physician to the princess of Essen
- Louisa Catharina Harkort b. Märcker or Märker (1718–1795), an upper-class historical entrepreneur from the 18th century
- Johann Heinrich Horstmann (1795–1860), politician and mayor of Essen
- Gustav Höfken (1811–1889), politician and journalist
- Karl Krampe (1858–1934), miner and dialect poet
- Otto Wohlgemuth (1884–1965), miner and working-class poet
- Emmy Roth , b. Urias (1885–1942), silversmith
- Wilhelm Schepmann (1894–1970), SA Chief of Staff from 1943 to 1945
- Otto Striebeck (1894–1972), journalist and politician (SPD), Member of the Bundestag
- Lukas Leiber (1896–1974), forest officer
- Nikolaus Groß (1898–1945), resistance fighter against National Socialism (beatified in 2001)
- Theoderich Kampmann (1899–1983), Catholic theologian
- Ernst Beißner (1902–?), SA leader
- Heinz Wemper (1903–1985), actor
- Erich Warsitz (1906–1983), test pilot
- Alfred Kern (1919–2001), author of novels and poems
- Heinz Spielmann (* 1930), art historian and museum curator
- Ernst-August Schepmann (* 1931), actor, radio play and audio book speaker
- Walter Froneberg (1932–2017), local politician (SPD) and Lord Mayor of the City of Wetzlar (1979–97)
- Wolfgang Scheid (1942–2009), soccer player and coach
- Peter Borjans-Heuser (* 1948), teacher, poet, reciter and singer
- Hans-Peter Müller (* 1955), politician (SPD) and trade unionist
- Jost Gippert (* 1956), linguist
- Uwe Neuhaus (* 1959), soccer player and coach
- Harald Siepermann (1962–2013), draftsman of comics and cartoons
- Cathrin Vaessen (* 1962), actress and voice actress
- Annette Michler-Hanneken (* 1963), German gymnast
- Oliver Kohl (* 1964), Major General of the Army of the Bundeswehr
- Lutz Potthoff (* 1964), jazz pianist
- Renata Schmidtkunz (* 1964), TV presenter and director
- Jan-Michael Richter alias Jamiri (* 1966), comic book artist and author
- Ralf Brauksiepe (* 1967), politician (CDU)
- Marc Alexander Ullrich (* 1968), entrepreneur
- Daniela Fuß (* 1969), sports presenter and journalist
- Liane Hegemann (* 1969), pop singer; Pseudonym Lyane Leigh
- Stephanie Marra (* 1970), historian
- Stefan Melneczuk (* 1970), journalist and writer
- Rolf Schmiel (* 1973), psychologist and television presenter
- Matthias Hauer (* 1977), German politician (CDU)
- Oğuzhan Yazıcı (* 1977), German politician (CDU)
- Daniel Assmann (* 1983), TV presenter
- Alexander Thamm (* 1983), football player
- Mirkan Aydın (* 1987), football player
- Lukas Schmitz (* 1988), soccer player
- Lasse Seidel (* 1993), handball player
- Ibrahim Hajtic (* 1998), football player
People with a relationship to the city
- Theresia Albers , teacher and founder of the order
- Mathilde Franziska Anneke , important women's rights activist and opponent of slavery
- Uli Auffermann , writer, photographer and journalist
- Hans-Jürgen Augstein , former member of the Bundestag and city director
- Andreas Bieber , singer and actor
- Maik Cioni , German-Italian racing cyclist and former Bundesliga water polo player
- Regina van Dinther , former President of the 14th State Parliament in North Rhine-Westphalia
- Armin Eichholz , Olympic gold medal in rowing (eighth) in 1988 in Seoul, Olympic bronze medal (eighth) in 1992 in Barcelona, world champion (four with helmsman) 1991 in Vienna
- Dirk Glaser , journalist, author, presenter and agency manager, mayor of the city of Hattingen
- Frida Gold , music band
- Xandra Hag , German singer
- Julius Philipp Heintzmann (1745–1794), miner, largest mine owner in the Ruhr area, his wife owned the Haus Weile estate
- Wolfgang Köllmann , historian, council member and mayor
- Otto König , trade unionist and publicist
- Boris Konrad , neuroscientist and multiple world champion in memory sports
- Marie-Luise Marjan , actress
- Mirjam Müntefering , writer
- DJ Quicksilver , DJ and music producer
- Marlene Schmidt , first German Miss Universe
- Franz Seinsche , Catholic priest and author of books for young people
- Erwin Sellering , Prime Minister of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
- Karl Vaupel , teacher, reform pedagogue and poet, member of the Ruhrland artists' association
- Christian-Georg Warlich , world champion in rowing (lightweight single) 1980 in Hazewinkel, seven-time German champion in lightweight single 1978–1980 and 1984–1987
- Erna and Angelika Beisken: Hattingen in old views. European Library, 1994, ISBN 90-288-4517-8 .
- Heinrich Eversberg: The medieval Hattingen. Hattingen 1985.
- Heinrich Eversberg: The new city of Hattingen. Hattingen 1980.
- Ludger Tewes : Middle Ages in the Ruhr area settlement on the Westphalian Hellweg between Essen and Dortmund (13th to 16th centuries). Schoeningh Paderborn 1997, ISBN 3-506-79152-4 .
- Helmut Fischer: Hattingen in old pictures. Verlag Gronenberg, print: E. Gronenberg-Gummersbach 1980, ISBN 3-88265-059-1 .
- Walter Ollenik | Jürgen Uphues: Hattingen - views of a city. Klartext Verlag, Essen 2007, ISBN 978-3-89861-665-2 .
- Harri Petras: Legends and poetry experienced while hiking in the Hattinger area. Publishing house Borgmann, Hattingen. 1996.
- Wilfried Ruthmann and Willi Hahn: Hattingen through the ages - redesign of a city on the southern edge of the Ruhr area. Graphic company Mauthe Druck & Verlag, 72336 Balingen-Engstlatt.
- Wilfried Ruthmann: Hattingen and its surroundings. A lovely city to wander and linger. 1998.
- Dirk Sondermann : Hattinger saga book. Verlag Pomp, Essen 2007, ISBN 978-3-89355-254-2 .
- Thomas Weiß: Hattingen Chronicle. Klartext Verlag, Essen 1996, ISBN 3-88474-489-5 .
- Klaus Hesper: Hattingen the three castles city. CD / DVD short story with many, many pictures. 2010/11 Mayersche Buchhandlung.
- Erich Kuß: Blankenstein-Hattingen: its noble houses, the administrative district, the judicial district and the rentier. Genealogy of justice and administration in Brandenburg-Brandenburg-Prussian times. Munich, 2013, ( epub.ub.uni-muenchen.de ).
- Erich Kuß (ed.): Adam Otto von Viereck and R. Schlueter. Investigation of the judiciary at Amt Hattingen and Blankenstein 14.07.1714 Munich, 2013, ( epub.ub.uni-muenchen.de ).
- Uli Auffermann: Elfringhauser Switzerland - landscape to feel good. Semann Verlag, 2009, ISBN 978-3-00-029447-1 .
- Uli Auffermann: Dear Hattingen ... You pearl on the Ruhr . Semann Verlag, August 2016, ISBN 978-3-9816578-8-3 .
- Sabine Weidemann / Sabine Kruse: Hattinger monuments and their stories , Klartext-Verlag, Essen 2017, ISBN 978-3-8375-1803-0
- Official site of the city
- Link catalog on the subject of Hattingen at curlie.org (formerly DMOZ )
- History, air protection and air raid shelters in Hattingen
- Hattingen in the Westphalia Culture Atlas
- Internet presence on the Hattinger Hügelland: information and pictures about Elfringhauser Switzerland and the surrounding area
- Overview of the history of the Hanseatic city of Hattingen
- ↑ Population of the municipalities of North Rhine-Westphalia on December 31, 2019 - update of the population based on the census of May 9, 2011. State Office for Information and Technology North Rhine-Westphalia (IT.NRW), accessed on June 17, 2020 . ( Help on this )
- ↑ Fire protection requirements plan of the city of Hattingen 2016
- ↑ City arms on hattingen.de
- ↑ https://www.waz.de/staedte/hattingen/hattingen-im-wikipedia-check-id11463208.html
- ↑ Agency f. Work, overview for municipalities (monthly figures) - May 2018
- ^ City of Hattingen: short chronicle
- ↑ Stephanie Reekers: The regional development of the districts and communities of Westphalia 1817-1967 . Aschendorff, Münster Westfalen 1977, ISBN 3-402-05875-8 , p. 221 .
- ↑ Martin Bünermann: The communities of the first reorganization program in North Rhine-Westphalia . Deutscher Gemeindeverlag, Cologne 1970, p. 112 .
- ↑ Hattingen: City corrects election results from Sunday evening - distribution of seats changes. ( Memento of the original from January 5, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on pressemmeldung-nrw.de
- ↑ Official Journal for the Reg.-Bez. Arnsberg, No. 53/2009, January 2, 2010, p. 369 f. (PDF; 1.6 MB)
- ↑ Sabine Weidemann: Transport Association wants to make cycle route back into a railway line. May 20, 2019, accessed on March 1, 2020 (German).
- ↑ Two unique ski lifts in the Ruhr area
- ↑ Hattingen ski area