|Arrondissement||Châtellerault ( sub-prefecture )|
Châtellerault-1 (main town)
Châtellerault-2 (main town)
Châtellerault-3 (main town)
|Community association||Grand Châtellerault|
|surface||51.93 km 2|
|Residents||31,840 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||613 inhabitants / km 2|
Châtellerault - bridges over the Vienne
Châtellerault [ ʃɑtɛlʀo ] is a western French town in the department of Vienne in the region Nouvelle-Aquitaine and is the seat of a sub-prefecture . It has 31,840 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017), who are called Châtelleraudais in French .
coat of arms
Founded around 952 by Count Airaud ( Aldraldus ), Châtellerault ( Castrum Adraldi - Airaud Castle ) was an important stop on the pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela in the Middle Ages . From the High Middle Ages to the French Revolution , three well-known noble families carried the title of Viscount de Châtellerault : the La Rochefoucauld , the Lusignan and, since the 13th century, the House of Harcourt . 1482 was the vice-county of King Ludwig XI. incorporated into the crown domain .
In modern times, the city gained national importance through its cutlery (since the 16th century) and later the establishment of the state Manufacture Nationale d'Armes de Châtellerault , which produced weapons here from 1819 to 1968.
Today, Châtellerault is home to several companies in the electronics and aerospace industries.
Sights and events
- Musée Sully , a regional history museum
- Cistercian Abbey of Notre Dame l'Etoile (12th century)
- Gallo-Roman Theater Vieux Poitiers-Naintré (1st century)
- Auto Moto Vélo Museum of Vehicles
- The week-long Jazzellerault festival (end of May)
- Futuroscope , an exhibition, leisure and commercial area with a focus on multimedia (around 25 km south, near Jaunay-Clan)
- Chatellerault races regularly for Montgolfières organized
The partner cities and regions of Châtellerault are:
- Velbert (Germany; since 1965)
- Kaya (Burkina Faso)
- Corby (England)
- Nouveau-Brunswick Province (Canada)
- Castellón (Spain)
- Hamilton (Scotland)
- Piła (Poland)
Born in the city:
- Clément Janequin (≈1485–1558), composer
- Rodolphe Salis (≈1851–1897), Le Chat Noir
- Louis Sire (1875-?), Racing car driver
- Pierre Goutte (1897–1965), racing car driver
- Bernard Cardinal Panafieu (1931–2017), Archbishop of Marseille
- Philippe Alexandre Autexier (1954–1998), French musicologist.
- Philippe Croizon (* 1968), disabled athlete
- Benoît Cauet (* 1969), football player
- Sylvain Chavanel (* 1979), cyclist
- Sébastien Chavanel (* 1981), cyclist
- Dany Tollemer (* 1985), actress and chansonnière
Connected to the city:
- René Descartes (1596–1650), philosopher, spent part of his childhood here until 1604
- Édith Cresson (* 1934), politician (PS), was a. a. Mayor of the city, first French Prime Minister, EU Commissioner
- Christiane Martel (* 1932), actress, Miss Châtellerault 1952 and Miss Universe 1953.
- Jean-Pierre Thiollet (* 1956), writer.
- Le Patrimoine des Communes de la Vienne. Volume 1, Flohic Editions, Paris 2002, ISBN 2-84234-128-7 , pp. 87-109.