State Broadcasting Act

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The short title Landesrundfunkgesetz describes the broadcasting law for the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (abbreviated RundfG MV) of November 20, 2003. Also the broadcasting law for the state of Schleswig-Holstein (LRG for short) of December 7, 1995, which is replaced by the law on the State Treaty on the Media law in Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein from February 21, 2007 was repealed, carried this abbreviation.

The term is not used officially for those state laws, multi-state state treaties and the ZDF state treaty with which the public broadcasters of ARD and ZDF have been established since 1948 . They usually regulate all basic structural issues such as

  • Legal form of the institution, broadcasting area, seat and regional structure
  • Tasks of the institution, program mandate and principles, educational mandate
  • Duties of the organs ( broadcasting council , board of directors , director ), their composition and term of office
  • Economic management and financial regulation, legal supervision,
  • Recently, questions such as youth and data protection , archiving or publication of printed works.

The broadcasting laws are overlaid by framework conditions formulated jointly by all federal states in the Interstate Broadcasting Treaty and the ARD State Treaty . Some questions concerning the state broadcasting corporations, such as the allocation of frequencies and the allocation of channels in cable networks, are not regulated in the broadcasting laws, but in the state media laws. A special feature is the Deutschlandradio , which was transferred to state sovereignty after the German-German reunification , which finds its legal basis in the Deutschlandradio State Treaty. In contrast to the other state broadcasting corporations, which were established as state-independent, legally competent public-law broadcasters, Deutschlandradio is a corporation under public law , the members of which are the state broadcasting corporations (ARD and ZDF).

The Deutsche Welle Act regulates the legal relationships of German international broadcasting. It was not the federal states responsible for broadcasting that set up Deutsche Welle, but the federal government, citing its responsibility for regulating foreign affairs (Art. 73, Paragraph 1, No. 1 of the Basic Law).

See also