The task of state institutions to develop and provide suitable educational offers for the general public is described as an educational mandate. In principle, it applies to all funded educational institutions , but mostly the mandate for public broadcasting is meant - especially in the areas of art , culture and political education .
The educational mandate is a matter of course in the industrialized countries and in some cases also formulated by law. For public schools it is reflected in school profiles and curricula , for universities and the like. a. in the curriculum, in adult education in the self-image of the providers of the respective educational establishment .
In addition to imparting knowledge and culture , the educational tasks also include an understanding of social, cultural and historical relationships, religious and political education . Today, areas of conveying values are also important, such as promoting tolerance , open-mindedness, and respect for fellow human beings and nature.
Radio and television
For public broadcasting or television , the educational mandate already results from the possibility or obligation to collect broadcasting fees. An example of this is an analysis by J. Naderhirn published by the University of Vienna in 2009 (see 1st web link), which deals with the ORF's situation :
“Like the entire ORF, Austrian television has to fulfill a public service mandate due to its financing from compulsory fees. The ORF is in the process of questioning itself because of this constellation, because the question of the quota is increasingly playing the main role in programming and the question of whether a high level of culture and education is being offered takes a back seat. Hence the question of the raison d'être of this public institution ... "
In the 1960s - when a comprehensive broadcasting reform was carried out under pressure from independent media - major investments were made that “still have a lasting impact on ORF today: state studios were built and the program was expanded to include educational and cultural programs . In the course of the years the party political pressure increased again, but the financial situation also deteriorated noticeably, so that the programming became heavily dependent on the pressure of the advertising industry, which also expected high numbers of viewers from public television. Especially since the beginning of private television, the so-called "quota" has become the benchmark for successful broadcast managers. The ORF's program suffered from this, however, which, due to the fee financing, would have to fulfill a different mandate than private television broadcasters, which became trivialized ... "
In Germany, there are similar discussions on broadcasting in the area of tension between the public educational mandate, funding and “quota”. A good solution, on the other hand, is in the area of development policy through the North-South Education Mission Information Center . It is based in Wiesbaden and coordinates development-related educational work throughout the FRG, financed as a joint project by the federal states , the ministry, the European Union (EU) and the Evangelical Church .
The tasks of the North-South Education Information Center include a .:
- A nationwide information network between educational institutions, federal states, associations and NGOs
- Publications , newsletters and development policy websites
- Public relations , also to anchor development policy in school and extracurricular education
- Planning and support of events of the federal states and NGOs for development aid
- Support of working groups of the VENRO and the federal-state committee on development cooperation. Working group "Information and Education Work" Development Cooperation.
- Cooperation with similar institutions in other European countries and the Council of Europe.
The educational mandate of schools in Germany is regulated in the school laws of the respective federal states . They have the task of “ preparing every young person through education and training to assume responsibility, rights and duties in the state and society as well as in the community around them.”
The educational assignments of the various areas also include
- Clarification of responsibility for cultural and educational policy goals
- Coordination of the relevant bodies
- Public relations work to anchor educational policy content for schools, universities and adult education
- Working groups of the most important educational institutions
- Cooperation with relevant institutions in neighboring countries and the Council of Europe
- Research projects on the topic and corresponding reports to the media
- Creation of information systems and address directories for educational work.
- Education Policy in Germany
- Education system in Austria
- Eligibility for funding
- Children and youth program
- Cultural mediation
- State broadcasting laws
- Broadcasting referendum (Austria 1964)
- Education . In: Brockhaus . Wiesbaden 1960.
- Joh. Naderhirn: Austrian television - educational mandate for democratic politics or quota?
- Markus Riegler: New ways between educational mandate and profitability .
- Educational mandate from a university of applied sciences
- Educational mandate values education. (PDF; 4.05 MB) Confederation of German Employers' Associations
- On the educational mandate of Catholic day-care centers. Bildungsserver.de
- Gislinde Bovet, Volker Huwendiek (ed.): Guide to school practice . Cornelsen Scriptor, Berlin 2014, ISBN 978-3-589-16307-6 , pp. 536 .