District of Düsseldorf
The district of Düsseldorf (1820–1872 called district of Düsseldorf ) was a district in the administrative district of Düsseldorf in the Prussian Rhine province from 1816 to 1929 . Its administrative seat was last in the 1901-1903 built district building Düsseldorf .
The Duchy of Berg was ceded by the House of Wittelsbach to the House of Bonaparte in December 1805 . Napoleon Bonaparte formed a Grand Duchy of Kleve and Berg with his brother-in-law Joachim Murat as Grand Duke, who took possession of it in March 1806, together with the parts of the Duchy of Kleve on the right bank of the Rhine . In the Grand Duchy, an administrative structure made up of departments , arrondissements , cantons and mayorships (Mairien) was created based on the French model .
Soon after the Battle of the Nations near Leipzig , the Grand Duchy dissolved in November 1813 when all areas up to the Rhine were liberated. Most parts of the country fell to Prussia through the Congress of Vienna . Together with the other parts of the Prussian possessions on the left and right banks of the Rhine, it formed the province of Jülich-Kleve-Berg with the administrative seat of Cologne , which was united on June 22, 1822 with the province of the Grand Duchy of Lower Rhine, also formed in 1815, with its administrative seat in Koblenz to form the Rhine province.
In 1816, the Düsseldorf administrative district was set up and divided into districts. The district of Düsseldorf initially consisted of the nine mayorships of Angermund, Benrath, Eckamp , Gerresheim, Hilden, Hubbelrath , Kaiserswerth, Mintard and Ratingen, which were founded in the French era . On August 16, 1820, the city district of Düsseldorf was also incorporated into the district as the mayor's office in Düsseldorf . Most of the mayor's offices , some of which were also referred to as Sammtgemeinde , were still subdivided into so-called special household communities , the forerunners of the later rural communities.
In 1845, the municipal code for the Rhine Province gave all places that had their own households the status of a municipality. Thereafter, the Düsseldorf district was structured as follows:
|Mayorry||cities and communes|
|Angermund||Angermund (city), Huckingen , Lintorf , Mündelheim|
|Benrath||Benrath , Garath , Himmelgeist-Wersten , Itter-Holthausen , Urdenbach|
|Eckamp||Eckamp , Eggerscheidt , Homberg-Bracht-Bellscheidt , Hösel , Rath|
|Gerresheim||Gerresheim (city), Erkrath , Ludenberg|
|Hilden||Hilden , Eller|
|Hubbelrath||Hasselbeck-Krumbach , Hubbelrath , Meiersberg , Metzkausen , Schwarzbach|
|Kaiserswerth||Bockum , Kaiserswerth (city), Kalkum , Lohausen , Wittlaer|
|Mintard||Breitscheid-Selbeck , Laupendahl , Mintard|
In the period that followed, the following changes were made to the administrative structure:
- Düsseldorf became an independent city again in 1872. Since then the district has been called the district of Düsseldorf again .
- The municipality of Eller was raised to its own mayor's office in 1896.
- The municipality of Erkrath was raised to its own mayor's office in 1898.
- The municipality of Rath was raised to its own mayor's office in 1899.
- The community of Ludenberg was raised to its own mayor's office in 1905.
- Itter-Holthausen and Urdenbach were incorporated into Benrath in 1908 .
- In the same year Wersten was detached from the community of Himmelgeist-Wersten and incorporated into the city of Düsseldorf.
- Eller , Gerresheim , Himmelgeist , Rath , parts of Ludenberg and the Lohauser district Stockum were incorporated into the city of Düsseldorf on April 1, 1909.
- Since 1927, the mayor's offices , like the rest of Prussia, were designated as offices .
With the law on the municipal reorganization of the Rhenish-Westphalian industrial area , the district was dissolved on August 1, 1929:
- Benrath , Garath and Kaiserswerth as well as parts of Eckamp , Erkrath , Kalkum , Lohausen and Wittlaer were assigned to the city of Düsseldorf.
- Huckingen and Mündelheim as well as parts of Angermund ( Großenbaum and Rahm ) and parts of Lintorf were assigned to the city of Duisburg .
- Parts of Breitscheid-Selbeck and parts of Mintard were assigned to the city of Mülheim an der Ruhr .
- The remainder of the district became part of the newly formed Düsseldorf-Mettmann district .
- 1816–1837: Friedrich von Lasberg
- 1837–1838: Franz von Spee (by order)
- 1838: Anton von Lorch (substitute)
- 1839: Franz von Spee
- 1839–1863: Emmerich Raitz von Frentz
- 1863: Johann Heinrich Kauerz (by order)
- 1863–1864: August von Spee (by order)
- 1864–1873: Wilderich von Spee
- 1874: Emil Hagedorn (by order)
- 1874: Adolf von Nickisch-Rosenegk
- 1874–1880: Karl Küpper
- 1879–1880: Peter Klausener (substitute during Küpper's illness)
- 1880–1881: Gisbert von Bonin (substitute)
- 1881–1904: Friedrich von Kühlwetter
- 1904–1905: Gustav Ebbinghaus
- 1905–1926: Gustav Adolf von Beckerath
- 1926–1929: Hans von Chamier Glisczinski
- Johann Georg von Viebahn: Statistics and topography of the government district of Düsseldorf. 1836, p. 69 ff. , Accessed on May 5, 2014 (digitized version).
- Municipal for the Rhine Province 1845, §1
- Community for the Kingdom of Prussia 1885
- City archive Düsseldorf: Mayor Rath
- City Archives Düsseldorf: Mayor's Office Ludenberg
- Official journal for the administrative district of Düsseldorf 1908, p. 208
- Official journal for the administrative district of Düsseldorf 1907, p. 654
- Johann Georg von Viebahn: Statistics and topography of the government district of Düsseldorf. 1836, p. 108 , accessed on May 5, 2014 (digitized version).
- Communityfor the Kingdom of Prussia 1885
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. mettmann.html. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Uli Schubert: German municipality register 1910. Retrieved on May 2, 2014 .