Peter Klausener

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Peter Klausener (born November 24, 1844 in Aachen , † September 25, 1904 in Düsseldorf ) was a German civil servant and member of the management of the Rhine Province and the state insurance institution of the Rhine Province affiliated with it .

Live and act

Coming from the Klausener family, who emigrated from Flirsch to Burtscheid in the 18th century , the son of the businessman Peter Klausener senior and Marie Luise Startz, daughter of a respected needle and cloth manufacturer family, studied law after completing school . After a subsequent activity as a court assessor, he was appointed justice of the peace of Malmedy in 1874 and as a judge in Posen in 1877 . In 1878 he returned to the Rhineland and was taken on as a government assessor in Düsseldorf and at the same time appointed as provisional district administrator of Düsseldorf and Moers . From 1880 to 1901 he was a regional councilor in the administration of the Rhine Province, where he was promoted to deputy governor in 1896. In 1902 he was appointed to the Secret Government Council and two years later to the Secret Upper Government Council and took over the deputy chairmanship of the State Insurance Institute of the Rhine Province.

As an administrative officer, Klausener was significantly involved in the development of invalidity and old-age insurance in the Rhine Province in 1891 and was delegated to the so-called November conference for reforms of workers' insurance in the Reich Office of the Interior in 1895 . In addition, he was one of the co-founders of the Southwest German Association of Invalidity and Old Age Insurance Institutions and in 1899 was a member of the committee of five of the disability insurance carriers.

Outside of his professional obligations, Klausener was also active in various ways for the social needs of the population. Among other things, he was a member of the committee of the Düsseldorf Association for Proof of Work, Employment and Catering for Job Seekers , and from 1886 headed the Rhenish Association for Catholic Workers Colonies as chairman . Through the latter association, Klausener was one of the main sponsors and co-founders of the workers' colonies in Elkenrade near Kerkrade and Urft and, in 1902, the St. Petrusheim in the Baal district in Weeze . Under his chairmanship, the Association for the Welfare of Catholic Offenders and their Families , a Catholic prison association that was responsible for the cell prison in Derendorf , today's Ulmer Höh, and for the old prison , was founded in 1893 in the Akademiestrasse. Furthermore, Klausener was one of the founding members of the institution for neglected boys in Dormagen in 1901, together with the Franciscans .

For his numerous services, Peter Klausener was awarded the Prussian Red Eagle Order of the 4th class and the Commander's Cross of the Oldenburg House and Merit Order of Duke Peter Friedrich Ludwig .

Peter Klausener was married to Elisabeth, née Biesenbach (1864–1944), the mother of his son Erich Klausener , who later rose to high office as a leading representative of political Catholicism . In the course of the Röhm affair , Erich Klausener was murdered in his office on June 30, 1934.

Literature and Sources

Individual evidence

  1. See collection of sources on the history of German social policy 1867 to 1914 , III. Department: Expansion and differentiation of social policy since the beginning of the New Course (1890-1904) , Volume 6, The Practice of Pension Insurance and the Disability Insurance Act of 1899 , edited by Wolfgang Ayaß and Florian Tennstedt , Darmstadt 2014, pp. 59, 107, 200 , 203, 206.
  2. Mention of Klausen in the section on the founding phase of the Catholic prison association