|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|Administrative region :||Dusseldorf|
|Height :||18 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||79.49 km 2|
|Residents:||10,786 (Dec 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||136 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||47652|
|Area code :||02837|
|License plate :||KLE, GEL|
|Community key :||05 1 54 064|
|LOCODE :||DE WZE|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Ulrich Francken ( CDU )|
|Location of the municipality of Weeze in the Kleve district|
The municipality of Weeze is located on the Lower Rhine in the north-west of North Rhine-Westphalia and is a municipality in the Kleve district in the administrative district of Düsseldorf . It is a member of the Euregio Rhine-Waal .
Weeze is located in the center of the district of Kleve in the low of the Niers , about 24 km south of the district town of Kleve.
The municipal area has a total area of 79.49 km² with a forest area of 19 km². 11,129 people live in Weeze.
According to the main statute , the municipality of Weeze is divided into the village of Weeze, the municipality part of Wemb and the farming communities Baal, Boekhöltchen, Hees, Höst, Hüdderath, Kalbeck, Kendel, Keylaer, Knappheide, Laar, Niederhelsum, Oberhelsum, Rottum, Vornick, Vorselaer and Field of knowledge.
The municipality of Weeze borders the city of Goch and the municipality of Uedem in the north, the city of Kevelaer in the south and the municipality of Bergen ( Limburg province , Netherlands ) in the west .
The history of Weeze goes back a long way. Individual evidence of the earliest settlement in this area goes back to the Palaeolithic / Mesolithic. A burial ground with around 1000 hills in the Kalbeck area, the famous copper ax from Baal, settlement finds in the Hees, remains of the Roman road Cologne-Nijmegen and an important Roman silver coin find from the following epochs . In the center of the village there is a Franconian burial ground dating from around 600–700 AD. The oldest archaeologically recorded relics (graves, predecessor buildings) under today's St. Cyriakus church are dated to the 8th to 9th centuries AD.
The first documentary evidence of part of today's municipality comes from the year 855, when King Lothar II donated the Villa Geizefurt farm complex east of the Niers to Count Palatine Ansfried . This Villa Geizefurt was an extensive property in the Carolingian era, which was mainly in the area of today's Kalbeck farmers; its core, the main courtyard Geizefurt, can be identified with the modern Büssenhof. Weeze himself was probably mentioned in writing around 1100 as Wise , the first safe mention was made in 1226, when the Lord of the Alps, Heinrich III., Gave the Cistercian monastery of Kamp a farm in the Weez farmers Vornick.
In the Geldern district, founded in 1816, Weeze was the seat of the mayor's office of Weeze , which, in addition to Weeze, also included the two communities of Kalbeck and Wissen . The eponymous Kalbeck and the farmers of the same name belonged to the municipality of Kalbeck . The municipality of knowledge among the eponymous castle hotel and the peasantry Hüdderath, Keylaer and Laar. The communities Kalbeck and Wissen were incorporated into Weeze on October 1, 1928.
On December 5, 1944, almost all of the Weezers were evacuated to Thuringia. In February 1945, shortly before the end of the Second World War , the bloody battle raged in the nearby Klever Reichswald and in the vicinity of Weeze . On February 24, 1945, Wehrmacht soldiers blew up the steeple of the parish church of St. Cyriakus. On March 2, 1945, British and Canadian troops occupied Weeze. The center of Weezer, which was 80 percent destroyed, was rebuilt and renovated. The Weeze war cemetery has existed since 1950.
The district of Wemb in Weez is located near the German-Dutch border and has about 1000 inhabitants. The district is dominated by agriculture; in the middle is the three-aisled parish church Heilig Kreuz , built from 1889 to 1893 , a brick building. It houses art objects from the old Marienwater monastery in Weez , which was secularized by the French in 1802 .
Club life in Wemb is lively. A community center was completed in 1992. The area of the Baaler Bruch along the Dutch border was swampy until it was drained and later used as arable land or pastureland. Workers from the Catholic workers 'colony St. Petrusheim, which was set up in Baal in 1902 on the initiative of Peter Klausener and the Rhenish Association for Catholic workers' colonies , played a part in this. St. Petrusheim helps homeless people in need to this day. The Baal meeting place is open to all local associations and foreign youth groups who want to find relaxation in Baaler Bruch.
The following information relates to the current area of the municipality of Weeze.
- 1975: 8,878 inhabitants
- 1980: 8,909 inhabitants
- 1985: 8,673 inhabitants
- 1990: 8,570 inhabitants
- 1995: 9,134 inhabitants
- 2000: 9,662 inhabitants
- 2005: 10,296 inhabitants
- 2010: 10,682 inhabitants
- 2015: 10,611 inhabitants
- 2017: 11,409 inhabitants
- 2018: 10,697 inhabitants
- 2019: 11,129 inhabitants
The council of the municipality of Weeze consists of a total of 28 members. Since the last local election in 2014 are on the local council
- CDU (58.7%, 16 seats),
- SPD (25.1%, 7 seats)
- Bündnis '90 / Die GRÜNEN (10.4%, 3 seats) and
- FDP (5.8%, 2 seats)
The last local election took place on May 25, 2014.
Ulrich Francken (CDU) was re-elected mayor of the municipality of Weeze in 2009 with 67.6% of the vote. His opponent was Hans-Jürgen ter Meer (SPD, 32.4%).
The last mayoral election took place on September 13, 2015. Ulrich Francken was an individual candidate and was re-elected with 88.8%.
coat of arms
With a certificate from the Prussian State Ministry of April 26, 1928, the municipality was granted the right to use a coat of arms.
Blazon : Split; in front, in blue, the silver, gold nimbed St. Cyriakus , in the right a gold book, in the left holding a golden palm frond; divided at the back; above in gold a black dragon head, below in silver a green branch with five leaves and five red roses (Geldrische Rosen / medlar flowers). St. Cyriakus is the local patron and patron of the Catholic Church. The coat of arms can already be seen on the Weezer jury's seal from 1460. The roses refer to the affiliation to the former Duchy of Geldern .
The municipality was granted the right to fly a flag in a document from the Prussian State Ministry of April 26, 1928.
The municipality uses the colors white-blue-gold in its flag. The coat of arms of the community is on the community flag.
The partnership between the municipality of Weeze from Kleve district and the city of Watton in the county of Norfolk ( Great Britain ) was officially established with the signing and exchange of documents on March 14, 1987. The aim of the partnership - to establish and develop a friendly relationship, to encourage all social groups, especially the youth from Watton and Weeze, to visit each other in order to maintain human, cultural and sporting relationships and a common home in a united Europe to create - was documented in the partnership certificate. In the years that followed, many official and private encounters, including those in the cultural and sporting fields, took place in Watton and Weeze. As part of the twentieth anniversary of the town twinning, the square in front of the Petrus-Canisius-Schule (corner of Kardinal-Galen-Str./Kevelaerer Str./Wasserstr.) Was officially named Watton-Platz and ceremoniously handed over on May 27, 2007 .
Culture and sights
Very unusual for a rural community, Weeze can come up with three attractive and vital castle complexes: Hertefeld Castle, called Haus Hertefeld , in the center of Weeze, Schloss Wissen and Schloss Kalbeck .
Mentioned for the first time in 1322, the former manor on the Niers and later the baroque Hertefeld Palace is the oldest of the three Weezer palaces. The family v. Hertefeld has lived in the house continuously from the beginning - until today. They provided court lords, founded the Evangelical Church Congregation there, and an opera was also composed at Hertefeld. After the castle burned down in the turmoil of war in February 1945, it was partially rebuilt from 2004 as "Germany's only habitable castle ruin". There are now various halls, a large castle park and 24 stately and original overnight rooms in various categories for events, weddings and celebrations.
The Wissen Castle, first mentioned in a document in the 14th century, is located in the south of the municipality, also on the Niers. The moated castle, surrounded by moats , has been the ancestral seat of the von Loë family and one of the most important aristocratic residences on the Lower Rhine for 500 years . A memorial stone commemorates the Weeze prisoner of war release camp .
Today's palace in the historicism style was built between 1906 and 1910 by Friedrich von Vittinghoff . Its predecessor building was about one kilometer from the current location and was first mentioned in writing in 1326 as "hoff te Calbeke". It was completely destroyed by two fires. The newly built castle was also badly damaged by fire in February 1945, but was partially rebuilt in the post-war period. In the course of this work, a rose garden based on baroque models was created, which was open to the public on the first two Sundays in July until 1997 as part of the Kalbeck rose shows . The current owner, Antoinette Freifrau von Elverfeldt-Ulm, had the entire facility renovated after mid-2001.
sport and freetime
Five sports fields, two gymnasiums and sports halls; Tennis facility; Riding arena; Shooting range; 16 children's playgrounds; Campground; RV parking space; Indoor kart track; three paddle boat rental companies; Bike rental; Biking and hiking trails; Nierswanderweg; Zoo with forest nature trail and petting zoo; Wild boar gate in the Laar forest; Barbecue huts; Breakwater youth club
- 5 × 5 km relay race
- Children's carnival procession
- Fair in Weeze
- Fun fair in Wemb
- Whit Monday half marathon
- Schloss Wissener family concerts
- Kalbeck Palace Park Concert
- Weezer street party
- Weezer Christmas Market
- Advertising ring festival since 2012
Economy and Infrastructure
One of the best-known companies in Weeze is Niederrhein Airport , in whose operating company Flughafen Niederrhein GmbH the municipality holds a 0.03 percent share. The former Laarbruch military airfield was converted into a civil airport with considerable government support and started operations on May 1, 2003. In 2008, 1,525,063 passengers were handled.
Local public transport
The station Weeze is located on the left Niederrheinische route , on the weekdays every half hour and every hour the weekend Niers-Express (RE 10) of Cleves on Krefeld to Dusseldorf reversed. The line is not electrified between Krefeld and Kleve and only has a single track from Geldern to the south . Local rail passenger transport is carried out by the NordWestBahn (NWB), which uses LINT 41 diesel multiple units in single to triple traction.
A number of bus routes operate within the municipality and to the neighboring municipalities .
Public long-distance bus transport
Weeze is part of the Flixbus direct connections between Den Bosch - Leverkusen and Den Haag - Leverkusen.
Integrative day-care center, home of the Lebenshilfe for the severely handicapped, youth club Wellenbrecher , Petrusheim, Clemenshaus retirement home, Theresienstift, day- care centers for the elderly, social station of the Caritas Association Geldern-Kevelaer.
In the community there are five kindergartens with a total of 345 places, two elementary schools and the Hanns-Dieter-Hüsch- Hauptschule; there is also a branch of the Virginia Satir School (Kevelaer). The elementary schools offer school from eight to one (until 1 p.m.) and open all-day school (until 4 p.m.) for a fee . The community is also a member of the comprehensive school association Goch-Uedem-Weeze, responsible for the Mittelkreis comprehensive school in Goch. There are other secondary schools, Realschule and Gymnasium, in the neighboring towns of Goch and Kevelaer. Membership in the community college association Goch-Kevelaer-Uedem-Weeze also ensures that there is an offer of adult education.
Born in Weeze
- Maximilian von Loë (1801–1850), District Administrator of the Siegkreis
- Leopold Fonck (1865–1930), Jesuit theologian and university professor
- Heinrich Remy (1890–1974), chemist, professor of inorganic chemistry in Hamburg
- Felix von Vittinghoff-Schell (1910–1992), politician (CDU)
- Hans Mennekes (1911–1983), artist
- Gisela Scherzer-Rening (1925–2004), German actress and opera soprano
- Franz Courth (1940–1998), Catholic theologian, professor and Pallottine
- René Block (* 1942), gallery owner and curator
- Ulla Groskurt (* 1947), politician (SPD), member of the Lower Saxony state parliament
- Willi van Ooyen (* 1947), top candidate Die LINKE, state election in Hesse 2008
- Karl Prinz zu Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (* 1952), born in Hees, graduate industrial engineer
- Felix Prinz zu Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (* 1954), born in Hees, agricultural scientist
- Ronald Pofalla (* 1959), politician (CDU); Head of the Chancellery and Federal Minister for Special Tasks (2009-2013)
- Peter Georg Smits (* 1989), YouTuber and founder of PietSmiet
Associated with Weeze
- Friedrich Adolf Lampe (1683–1729), Protestant theologian, hymn poet, pastor in Weeze
- Christian Krafft (1784–1845), theologian, pastor in Weeze
- Theodor Wagemann (1918–1998), draftsman
- Volker Küster (* 1941), graphic designer and professor, lives in Weeze
- Ralf Valkysers (* 1965), Mayor of Kerpen (1999-2004)
- Dennis Brammen (* 1988), Let's Player ; Managing director of PietSmiet UG (limited liability) & Co. KG , grew up in Weeze
- Jonathan William Moritz Apelt (* 1989), Let's Player; Member of PietSmiet UG (limited liability) & Co. KG, grew up in Weeze
- Paul Clemen: Die Kunstdenkmäler der Rheinprovinz, 1st vol., II. Dept .: The district of Geldern , Schwann, Düsseldorf 1891, pp. 95–99.
- Weeze and the space between Niers and Kendel in the Middle Ages. Weezer Archive 3 (Weeze 2008).
- Population of the municipalities of North Rhine-Westphalia on December 31, 2019 - update of the population based on the census of May 9, 2011. State Office for Information and Technology North Rhine-Westphalia (IT.NRW), accessed on June 17, 2020 . ( Help on this )
- Main statute of the municipality of Weeze, § 1, paragraph 3
- Frank Siegmund: Merovingian time on the Lower Rhine. Rhenish excavations 34. Rheinland-Verlag, Cologne 1998, ISBN 3-7927-1247-4 , pp. 436–437, plate 218.
Frank Siegmund: Merovingian time on the Lower Rhine. Rhenish excavations 34. Rheinland-Verlag, Cologne 1998, ISBN 3-7927-1247-4 , p. 437 f.
W. Selzer: The excavations in the parish church of St. Cyriakus in Weeze. Geldrischer Heimatkalender 1954, pp. 75–85.
Kurt Böhner, in: Bonner Jahrbücher 155/156, 1955/56, pp. 532–533.
- Bert Thissen: The property of the imperial abbey Lorsch in the villa Geizefurt. In: Weezer Archive Volume 3. Weeze 2008, pp. 44-100. ISBN 978-3-00-022728-8
- Friedrich Wilhelm Oediger: The churches of the archdeaconate Xanten. Bonn 1969, p. 299 ff. With supporting documents, notes 2 and 15.
- Community for the Kingdom of Prussia 1885
- Official journal for the administrative district of Düsseldorf 1928, p. 83
- Paul van Treeck: Hundred Years in the Altkreis Geldern , 2011, ISBN 978-3-8423-3489-2 , p. 32 f. Van Treeck was Weeze's first mayor after the war.
- Martin Willing: The last weeks of the Second World War. Chapter 6
- 2nd Canadian Corps and 30th British Corps. Source: Paul van Treeck: Hundert Jahre im Altkreis Geldern , p. 61 ff., 2011.
- Population of all municipalities in North Rhine-Westphalia from December 31, 1962 at the end of each year according to the current territorial status
- Weeze. Council election - overall result. May 25, 2014, accessed January 19, 2015 .
- election. Weeze parish, August 30, 2009, accessed January 19, 2015 .
- Main statutes of the municipality of Weeze
- Advertising ring festival