The Glenne at the drain from the Gütersloh district
|Water code||EN : 2784|
|Drain over||Lippe → Rhine → North Sea|
|source||northwest of Schlangen as Haustenbach
|muzzle||West of Lippstadt in the Lippe
|Height difference||approx. 104 m|
|Bottom slope||approx. 2.3 ‰|
|Catchment area||324.572 km²|
The Glenne in the upper reaches as Haustenbach near Haustenbeck
Haustenbach near Staumühle
The Glenne , called Haustenbach in the upper and middle reaches , is a 45.5 km long right tributary of the Lippe in North Rhine-Westphalia , Germany , which rises in the Senne and runs parallel to the Lippe in the south and the Ems in the north over long distances . It is one of the few bodies of water emerging in the Senne that leave the Ostwestfalen-Lippe region in its course. Its catchment area covers 323.79 km².
Upper reaches of the Senne military training area
The Glenne rises as Haustenbach in the Senne northwest of Schlangen . Its source is on the grounds of the Senne military training area near the former Haustenbeck settlement to the west of Oesterholz , at around . Following the flattening of the Senne landscape in front of the Teutoburg Forest , the water flows away in a south-westerly direction and, after about a kilometer, passes the Haustenbeck Tower and Haustenbeck ruins . About three kilometers below the source, the stream leaves the Schlänger district, initially forms the border between Hövelhof and Bad Lippspringe and then completely enters the Hövelhof municipality. There, the now drained reservoir is first Haustensee crossed, then the right coming Berlebecke added and finally the restricted area leaving the training area.
Middle course from Staumühle to the confluence of the Landgraben
Continuing in a south-westerly direction, the Haustenbach first passes the Hövelhofer district of Staumühle , then passes under the federal motorway 33 and runs north of Klausheide along the Apels Teich nature reserve and the Salvator-Kolleg youth home . After around twelve kilometers of flowing, the water enters the urban area of Delbrück and passes the Erdgarten-Lauerwiesen nature reserve and the Senne-Mühle near Ostenland . To the south of Ostenland, the Krollbach is first taken on the right-hand side , then the body of water divides for around three and a half kilometers into an oxbow lake and a newer bed running just north of it, which is fed back to the actual course at the level of the Südmühle near Delbrück.
In the further course the Haustenbach first runs south past the Delbrücker local area and then flows in a south-westerly direction parallel to the Boker-Heide-Kanal, which runs just south, through the Delbrücker Land . This first affects the settlement area of Sudhagen , then the Haustenbach runs through the rural region south of Westenholz and the Mastholte district, which already belongs to Rietberg . To the southwest of Mastholte, just in the area of the Benteler district , which belongs to Langenberg , the Haustenbach first flows to the right of the Schwarze Graben and shortly afterwards the Landgraben coming from the left. Only from this point, around seven and a half kilometers before the mouth, is the water called "Glenne".
Lower reaches as Glenne
Shortly after the Mastholter Grenzgraben has been taken on the left, the Glenne leaves the Gütersloh district and thus also the Ostwestfalen-Lippe region, entering the urban area of Lippstadt , whose Bad Waldliesborn district it passes in the northwest. Here the Kaltestrot are first recorded on the right-hand side, and then the Liese and Boombach. In the Lippeaue nature reserve, south of the Cappel monastery , the Boker-Heide Canal flows into the Glenne, which in this area forms the border between Lippstadt and Wadersloh . The Glenne then flows into the Lippe only around two hundred meters south of this tributary.
The following overview lists the named tributaries of the Glenne, viewed downstream:
in m above sea level NHN
|Location of the mouth|
|278412||Bone Bach||4.681||13.964||approx. 126||right side|
|278414||Krollbach||15,300||37.717||about 95||right side|
|2784192||Old Haustenbach||3.463||about 95||left side|
|27841992||Old Haustenbach||4,331||approx. 76||right side|
|27842||Black trench||9.299||36,162||approx. 75||right side|
|27844||Land moat||6.846||6.552||approx. 75||right side|
|278452||Mastholter Grenzgraben||3,922||1,895||approx. 74||left side|
|278454||Cold red||13,222||22.666||approx. 74||right side|
|2784592||Salt ditch||3,979||approx. 74||left side|
|27846||Liese||18,873||90.494||approx 72||right side|
|278472||Cold red||5.756||approx 72||left side|
|278476||Boombach||3.013||approx 72||right side|
|27848||Boker Heide Canal||27,874||49.746||approx 72||left side|
Cities and municipalities on the Glenne
History and etymology
Until the improvement of the Boker Heide through the establishment of the Boker-Heide Canal by the Prussian hydraulic engineer Hermann Theodor Reinhard Wurffbain around 1850, there was a flood connection between Lippe and Ems via the Glenne and side streams of the Glenne.
The name "Haustenbach" can already be found as Hassenbeck flu. on a map by the cartographer Johannes Gigas from around 1620 .
"No part of old Germany between the Rhine and Elbe, i.e. precisely the area in which Celtic and Slavic place names have not yet been identified, has so numerous village names that defy reliable interpretation as the area of the Ems and its tributaries."
He regards the frequency of the word "Glane" as evidence of Germanic origin; an adjective "glan" means shiny, flashing, the associated verb is glennen ‑ shine or gliman ‑ glan ‑ glunum. So the derivation is not perfectly established.
- Topographic map 1: 25,000
- German basic map 1: 5000
- Topographical Information Management, Cologne District Government, Department GEObasis NRW
- Water directory of the State Office for Nature, Environment and Consumer Protection NRW 2006 ( Memento from February 15, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 1.03 MB)
- Hermann Jelinghaus: village name to Osnabrück. Osnabrück 1922, , p. 3, 15.
- "Glane, Kr. Iburg, originally part of Bisbeck: Glana, Glano 1088 Glandorf: Glanathorpe 1070. From the Glane stream flowing into the Ems. The word has been declared Celtic. But then it wouldn't be so common: Glane near Wildeshausen and near Gronau, Glanhorst, Kr Minden, Glanemeier near Barkhausen, Kr Mittlage, the Glenne, Kr Lippstadt, the Glenbach im Deister. From an adjective glan, shining, looking. Cf. Doornkaat 1, 634 under glennen, shining, to a verb * glinangglan — glunum. ”See Hermann Jelinghaus: Dorfnames um Osnabrück. Osnabrück 1922, p. 15.