Innocent XIII. , actually Michelangelo Conti di Poli (born May 13, 1655 in Poli near Palestrina ( Papal States ), † March 7, 1724 in Rome ) was Pope from 1721 to 1724 . He came from the family of the Conti , who also the important Pope Innocent III. belonged, hence the choice of name.
The Roman nobleman Michelangelo Conti studied in Ancona and Rome at the Gregoriana . Pope Alexander VIII appointed him papal treasurer of honor. Under Pope Innocent XII. he became a member of the Roman prelature.
In 1695 he was named titular archbishop of Tarsus . He then went to Lucerne as papal nuncio . In 1698 he became papal nuncio in Lisbon , and on May 17, 1706 Pope Clement XI appointed him . to the cardinal .
In 1709 he became Resident Bishop of Osimo , and from 1712 to 1719 he was also Bishop of Viterbo . On May 8, 1721, he was unanimously elected the new Pope in a previously very eventful conclave after the favorite Fabrizio Paolucci , the cardinal state secretary of his predecessor Clement XI, had been excluded from the election by an imperial veto (see Rampolla ). On June 16, 1721 he made his brother Bernardo Maria Conti cardinal.
On June 9, 1722 he enfeoffed Emperor Charles VI. with the two kingdoms of Naples and Sicily , in 1723 he raised the diocese of Vienna to an archbishopric. He was always hostile to the Jesuits and demanded that they fully recognize the papal decrees , especially in the rites controversy . The Jansenists , however, hoped in vain for papal support for them.
- Reinhard Tenberg: Innozenz XIII .. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 2, Bautz, Hamm 1990, ISBN 3-88309-032-8 , Sp. 1305-1306.
- Michael Ott: Pope Innocent XIII . In: Catholic Encyclopedia , Volume 8, Robert Appleton Company, New York 1910.
- Conti, Michelangelo. In: Salvador Miranda : The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. ( Florida International University website), accessed June 23, 2019.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Conti, Michelangelo dei|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Pope (1721-1724)|
|DATE OF BIRTH||May 13, 1655|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Poli|
|DATE OF DEATH||March 7, 1724|
|Place of death||Rome|