Karl Friedrich (Saxony-Meiningen)

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Karl Friedrich von Sachsen-Meiningen (born July 18, 1712 in Meiningen ; † March 28, 1743 there ) was Duke of Sachsen-Meiningen from 1729 to 1743 .

Duke Karl Friedrich of Saxe-Meiningen


Karl Friedrich was a son of Duke Ernst Ludwig I of Saxe-Meiningen and his wife Princess Dorothea Maria of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg . He succeeded his brother Ernst Ludwig II as Duke of Saxe-Meiningen in 1729.

Karl Friedrich's father had introduced the right of birthright for himself and his descendants in the country and appointed his brother Friedrich Wilhelm and Duke Friedrich II of Gotha as guardians for his sons . In doing so, he had deliberately passed over his half-brother Anton Ulrich and caused renewed quarrels in the royal family. Anton Ulrich successfully litigated this regulation and acted as co-regent for Karl Friedrich after the death of Frederick II of Gotha.

Karl Friedrich was not very ambitious and was restricted in many things by being very obese. He was unable to walk and had to be driven everywhere. He found his purpose in life in eating, sleeping and having fun. After he came of age in 1733, he left the government to his uncles and the court officials.

He died at the age of 31 in 1743 unmarried and childless as the last male descendant of Ernst Ludwig I, which meant that the primogeniture regulations in the country became obsolete again. His uncles therefore followed him jointly in the government office.


  • Hannelore Schneider: The Duchy of Saxony-Meiningen under its first dukes. South Thuringian Research, Issue 27, 300 Years of Elisabethenburg Castle, Meiningen 1994.
  • L. Hertel: Meiningische history from 1680 to the present. Writings of the Association for Saxony-Meiningen History and Regional Studies, Issue 47, Hildburghausen 1904.
predecessor Office successor
Ernst Ludwig II. Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
Friedrich Wilhelm
Anton Ulrich