François-Honoré de Maniban

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François-Honoré de Maniban (* 1684 in Toulouse ; † June 29, 1743 in Bordeaux ) was Bishop of Mirepoix and Archbishop of Bordeaux .


François-Honoré-Lancelot Casaubon de Maniban was a son of François-Lancelot de Maniban, Councilor at the Court of Justice (Parlement) of Toulouse, and a first cousin of Joseph-Gaspard de Maniban (1686–1762), Baron of Casaubon and President of the Court of Justice of Toulouse. After spending some time in a charterhouse in his youth , which he had to leave again under pressure from his family, he studied at the Saint-Sulpice seminary in Paris, where he was entrusted with the implementation of the large parish catechisms (teachings of the faith) in 1713.

Bishop of Mirepoix

By royal decree of August 15, 1712 he received the Sandras Abbey in the diocese of Alais (Alès) in Kommende and in July 1714 he became archdeacon and vicar general of the archdiocese of Toulouse . On January 8, 1721 appointed bishop of Mirepoix, a suffragan of Toulouse, he was on May 1, 1721 in the first consistory of Pope Innocent XIII. preconceived and received on September 10th the certificate of appointment. The episcopal ordination took place on October 26, 1721 and on November 11 he placed the oath of allegiance in the hands of the regent Philip of Orléans . Two days earlier, on November 9th, 1721, he had assisted Cardinal Fleury with the ordination of Nicolas de Saulx-Tavannes as Bishop of Châlons in a first official act in the Theatine Church in Paris .

Mgr de Maniban devoted himself intensively to the work in his diocese. He took the residence obligation seriously; It was not until October 1727 that he returned to Paris for the first time to assist the new Archbishop of Toulouse, Mgr de Crillon , in the ordination of Claude-Louis de La Châtre as Bishop of Agde.

Archbishop of Bordeaux

Maniban's merits in Mirepoix did not go unnoticed by Cardinal Fleury, who promoted him to the metropolitan seat of Bordeaux in October 1729. Bishop Maniban was reluctant to accept the transfer. On February 8, 1730 he was preconized, took the oath of allegiance for the temporalities on April 11, and received a certificate and pallium on July 24, 1730 . On November 26th, he ceremoniously entered the Bordeaux Cathedral .

The new archbishop began his work in Bordeaux with retreats for the entire diocesan clergy, which he took over personally after the leader of the retreat was unexpectedly prevented. In Bordeaux, too, Maniban stayed with his flock. He never traveled to the royal court and himself refused the delegation to the national council of French bishops. Every year he held a diocesan synod and each year toured a different part of his district. He completely abolished eight non-working holidays and moved eight more to the following Sunday (order of December 9, 1731). He remained closely connected to the Carthusian Order , to which he belonged for a short time in his youth. Every year he held a pontifical ministry in religious clothing on the patronage festival of the Bordeaux Charterhouse ( Notre Dame de Miséricorde ). His archbishop's lecture cross was made of simple wood.

Archbishop Maniban died suddenly on June 29, 1743 and was buried in Andrew's Cathedral with great public sympathy. The poor, to whom he had given part of his income for years, held a special funeral service in his honor in the Church of the Franciscans (Cordéliers).

In September 1743, King Louis XV appointed Jean-Chrétien de Macheco de Prémeaux of Périgueux as his successor, who, however, also refused to leave his flock and refused. It was not until 1744 that a new archbishop, Louis-Jacques d'Audibert de Lussan , took over the metropolitan seat of Bordeaux.


  • H [onoré Jean Pierre] Fisquet: La France pontificale (Gallia Christiana) . Repos, Paris 1864–1871.
  • Armand Jean: Les Évêques et les archevêques de France depuis 1682 jusqu'à 1801 . Picard [et al.], Paris [et al.] 1891.