Marie Eleonore of Brandenburg

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Marie Eleonore von Brandenburg (born April 1, 1607 in Cölln ; † February 18, 1675 in Kreuznach ) was a princess of Brandenburg and countess palatine and from 1655 to 1658 regent of Simmern .


Marie Eleonore was the only child of Elector Joachim Friedrich of Brandenburg (1546–1608) from his second marriage to Eleonore (1583–1607), daughter of Duke Albrecht Friedrich of Prussia . Orphaned in infancy, she grew up with her uncle Christian von Brandenburg-Bayreuth .

She married on December 4, 1631 in Cölln on the Spree, Count Palatine Ludwig Philipp von Simmern (1602–1655), a brother of the Bohemian Winter King Friedrich von der Pfalz . In the spring of 1632, after the liberation by the Swedes, the couple was able to move to the Palatinate. Ludwig Philipp acted as administrator of the Electoral Palatinate, but was driven out again by imperial troops in 1635. Marie Eleonore and her husband lived in exile in Metz and Sedan for a few years .

After Ludwig Philip's death, his nephew Karl Ludwig claimed guardianship in Pfalz-Simmern. But Marie Eleonore, described as energetic, resisted these efforts with the support of her great-nephew, Elector Friedrich Wilhelm von Brandenburg, and enforced her reign. Emperor Ferdinand III. confirmed her on July 6, 1655 as regent of the principality. Marie Eleonore resided in Kaiserslautern . She outlived all of her children. The Pfalz-Simmern line was thus extinguished and reverted to the Electoral Palatinate. The Countess Palatine was considered to be the patron of the theologian Johannes Coccejus , with whom she conducted extensive correspondence. Her court master was Ludwig Philipp von Damm.

Marie Eleonore is buried in St. Stephen's Church in Simmern . Her motto was: "God is my consolation and confidence".


Marie Eleonore had seven children, two of whom reached adulthood:

  • Karl Friedrich (1633–1635)
  • Gustav Ludwig (1634–1635)
  • Karl Philipp (1635–1636)
  • Ludwig Kasimir (1636–1652)
  • Elisabeth Marie Charlotte (1638–1664)
⚭ 1660 Duke Georg III. of Liegnitz (1611–1664)
⚭ 1666 Princess Marie of Orange-Nassau (1642–1688)
  • Luise Sophie Eleonore (1642–1643)


  • Gottschalk E. Guhrauer : Count Palatine Marie Eleonore of Brandenburg. In: Friedrich Bülau (ed.): Secret stories and enigmatic people. Collection of hidden or forgotten oddities. Volume 2. Brockhaus, Leipzig 1850, pp. 192–206 .
  • Winfried Dotzauer: History of the Nahe-Hunsrück area from the beginnings to the French Revolution. Franz Steiner, Stuttgart 2001, ISBN 3-515-07878-9 , p. 319.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Ernst Dan. Mart. Kirchner: The electors and queens on the throne of the Hohenzollern. Part 2: The last eight Electresses. Wiegandt & Grieben, Berlin 1867, p. 173 .
  2. Pauline Puppel: The Regent. Guardian rule in Hesse 1500–1700 (= "History and Gender" series. 43). Campus, Frankfurt am Main et al. 2004, ISBN 3-593-37480-3 , p. 92 (also: Kassel, University, dissertation, 2002/2003).
  3. Max Löbe: motto. Currency and sayings of German princely families of the XVI. and XVII. Century. Barth, Leipzig 1883, p. 142 .