The Peacock Throne ( Persian تخت طاووس, DMG Taḫt-e Tāvūs , 'Tacht-e Tavus') was a throne chair adorned with gold leaf and 26,733 precious stones . Nader Shah , the founder of the Afsharid dynasty, is said to have captured the peacock throne from a campaign against the Mughal dynasty in India in 1739 and brought it to Persia . This throne, decorated with gold, silver, pearls, diamonds, sapphires, rubies and emeralds, is now considered lost.
Fath Ali Shah (1771–1834) from the Iranian Qajar dynasty commissioned a new throne in Isfahan , which was again called the peacock throne after his favorite wife, who was called “ Tavus ” (“ peacock ”). There is evidence that fragments of the original were used for this second peacock throne. However, this is not certain. This specimen belongs to the collection of the National Jewelery Museum in Tehran , which is located in the basement of the National Bank in central Tehran.
During the Qajar era (1779–1925) and later the Pahlavi (1925–1979), the coronation of the new Shah of Persia on the so-called “ Nader Throne” was Persian تخت نادر, DMG Taḫt-e Nāder , 'Tacht-e Nader'. Soraya Esfandiary Bachtiyārī was regularly referred to by the rainbow press as the "German on the peacock throne" because her mother was the German Eva Carl (wife of the Iranian ambassador to Germany at the time, Khalil Esfandiary Bakhtiary ). However, this is incorrect because, as mentioned, the coronation did not take place on the (lost) peacock throne and the Pahlavi Shahs used a simple throne based on Achaemenid models.