Peter Lamborn Wilson

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Peter Lamborn Wilson (* 1945 in New York City ), better known under the pseudonym Hakim Bey , is an American writer. He became known as a subcultural artist, philosopher, and self-proclaimed anarchist ontologist . The name Hakim ( Arabic حاكم) means doctor, judge, or scholar. Bey is the Turkish word for lord or prince and was a traditional title for Turkish and Persian tribal leaders.


Hakim Bey wrote books and numerous essays on art and culture-critical topics, anarchist social models and Islamic mysticism. With The Moorish Orthodox Radio Crusade (WBAI-FM, New York City) he was also known as a radio maker. Bey sees himself in the tradition of Islamic mystics and heretics ( Sufis , assassins ) and sympathizes with historical libertarian movements such as the solidarity Tong secret societies in China and piracy. On extensive travels he sought encounters with mystics all over the Islamic world from Morocco to Java - two years in India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and seven years in Iran (where he edited Sophia Perennis, the journal of the Royal Iranian Academy of Philosophy). Together with Iranian scholars, he worked on studies of Sufism and Ismailism and on numerous translations of Persian poetry. He is also editor of Semiotext (e) with Robert Anton Wilson .

His reputation, now legendary in the anarchist subculture , is based on his Broadsheets of Ontological Anarchism , in which he also reveals a penchant for the occult and of course on his concept of the Temporary Autonomous Zone (TAZ) . The idea of ​​a temporary zone in which social rules and power relations are overridden or intentionally disregarded is inspired by the situationists . The French utopian Charles Fourier also seems to have strongly influenced him. In particular, the texts on the Temporary Autonomous Zone also attracted attention outside the English- speaking world , as they took up motifs of the communication guerrilla, as they also show a distant relationship to Michel Foucault's philosophy . Bey suggested concrete acts of what he called poetic terrorism , for example to attack or irritate mainstream media or publicly known people. Another important term in his writings is totality , which describes the continually expanding access of the capitalist media, capital and commodity society to all aspects of human life. Bey's solution approaches and anarchist models lie somewhere between primitive communist forms of community of “primitive” tribes and futuristic utopias of a post-capitalist information society (see his essay Primitives and Extropians ).


  • Wilson / Nasrollah Pourjavady: Kings of love. The poetry and history of the Ni'matullāhī Sufi order . Imperial Iranian Acad. of Philosophy, Tehran, 1979
  • with Karl Schlamminger: Weaver of Tales. Persian Picture Rugs / Persian tapestries. Linked myths. Callwey, Munich 1980, ISBN 3-7667-0532-6 .
  • Angel. Kohlhammer Verlag , Stuttgart, 1981 (Original: Angels Thames and Hudson, London 1980)
  • CHAOS: The broadsheets of ontological anarchism (1985)
  • The drunken universe. an anthology of Persian Sufi poetry . Phanes Pr., Grand Rapids, 1987
  • Radio Sermonettes (1992)
  • Sacred drift . Essays on the margins of Islam. City Light Books, San Francisco, 1993
  • TAZ: The Temporary Autonomous Zone, Ontological Anarchy, Poetic Terrorism (1991) (published in German in Edition ID-Archiv, Berlin 1994)
  • Aimless Wandering: Chuang Tzu's Chaos Linguistics
  • Pirates anarchists utopians. No state can be made with them . Karin Kramer Verlag , Berlin, 2009 (Original: "Pirate Utopias. Moorish Corsaires & European Renegadoes", New York, 1995, 2003)
  • Immediatism (1996)
  • Millennium (1996)
  • Scandal. Heresy in Islam . Edition selene, 1997
  • Plowing the clouds. the search for Irish Soma . City Lights, San Francisco, 1999
  • Limit violations . Hadit Verlag, 2004
  • Primitives and Extropians. In: Der Golem, No. 2 , Hadit Verlag 2000

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