Auguste Dorothea of ​​Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (1749–1810)

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Princess Auguste Dorothea of ​​Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel, Abbess of Gandersheim

Princess Auguste Dorothea von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (* 2. October 1749 in Wolfenbüttel ; † 10. March 1810 in gandersheim abbey , now known as Bad Gandersheim ) came from the house of Guelph and was abbess of the imperial free secular realm pin Gandersheim.


Auguste Dorothea was the youngest daughter of Duke Karl I of Braunschweig (1713–1780) and his wife Princess Philippine Charlotte of Prussia (1716–1801), daughter of King Friedrich Wilhelm I of Prussia .

The princess became dean in Quedlinburg in 1776 and shortly thereafter also dean in Gandersheim. Two years later, after the death of her aunt Therese in 1778, she was her successor as the abbess of Gandersheim, but she often stayed at the court in Braunschweig .

In 1802, Auguste Dorothea renounced imperial immediacy in a treaty in order to avoid the threat of secularization and placed her pen under the sovereignty of the House of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel. Auguste Dorothea had initially fled, but was allowed to continue to function and live as abbess in the monastery with Napoléon's permission . After her death, no successor was chosen, the monastery was assigned to the Kingdom of Westphalia , abolished by King Jérôme and the members of the monastery were compensated. The last dean Caroline Ulrike Amalie from Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld received, among other things, the "Gandersheim Gospels", which she took with her to Coburg.

See also


  • Martin Hoernes and Hedwig Röckelein (eds.): Gandersheim and Essen. Comparative studies on Saxon women's foundations , (Essen research on women's foundations, volume 4), Essen 2006
  • Christof Römer : Braunschweig-Bevern, A Princely House as a European Dynasty 1667–1884 , Braunschweig (1997)
  • Kurt Kronenberg : Abbesses of the Reichsstiftes Gandersheim 1981

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