Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon

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Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon

Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon , (born February 18, 1609 in Dinton near Salisbury , † December 9, 1674 in Rouen ) was an English statesman and historian.

During the English Civil War , Clarendon sided with the royalists. In 1643 he became a member of the Privy Council of the Crown Prince, later Charles II of England. After the execution of Charles I in 1649 led Hyde, the government in exile of Charles II as this 1660 returned from exile, Hyde was first to. Chancellor of the Exchequer , then to the Lord Chancellor appointed and certain British policy during the first years of the Stuart - Restoration much with. There were sharp disputes with parliament when he wanted to restrict its right to control state finances and advised the king to dissolve the lower house. In 1667 Hyde was charged with high treason and fled to France. He devoted the last years of his life to writing historical works. His main work is considered the most important contemporary source on the English Civil War.

Edward Hyde had been married to Frances (1617–1667), daughter of Sir Thomas Aylesbury, 1st Baronet, since 1634, with whom he had the following children:


  • The History of the Rebellion and Civil Wars in England Begun in the Year 1641. Oxford University Press, Oxford / New York 1992, ISBN 0-19-820372-1 (reprint of the edition published by W. Dunn Macray in 1888).
  • A brief view and survey of the Dangerous and pernicious Errors to Church and State, In Mr. Hobbes's Book Entitled Leviathan. Printed at the Theater, Oxford 1676, (published posthumously)


  • Henry Craik: The life of Edward, Earl of Clarendon, Lord High Chancellor of England. 2 volumes. Smith, Elder & Co., London 1911, (Digitized: 1 ; Vol. 2 ).
  • Thomas H. Lister: The Life and Administration of Edward, First Earl of Clarendon: with original correspondence, and authentic papers never before published. 3 volumes. Longman, Orme, Brown, Green, and Longmans, London 1837-1838 (digital copies: Vol. 1 ; Vol. 2 ; Vol. 3 ).
  • Hugh Trevor-Roper : Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon. A lecture delivered before the University of Oxford on December 2, 1974 to mark the tercentenary of Clarendon's death. Clarendon Press, Oxford 1975, ISBN 0-19-951502-6 .
  • Hugh Trevor-Roper: Clarendon and the Practice of History. In: Milton and Clarendon. Two Papers on 17th Century Historiography. Presented at a Seminar Held at the Clark Library on December 12, 1964 (= William Andrews Clark Memorial Library seminar Papers. 13). William Andrews Clark Memorial Library - University of California, Los Angeles CA 1965, pp. 21-50.
  • Richard Ollard : Clarendon and His Friends. Hamish Hamilton, London 1987, ISBN 0-241-12380-1 .
  • Brian Harvey Goodwin Wormald: Clarendon. Politics, History and Religion, 1640-1660. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1951, (new edition, ibid. 1989, ISBN 0-521-37953-9 ).

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