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City of Lippstadt
Benninghausen coat of arms
Coordinates: 51 ° 39 ′ 18 ″  N , 8 ° 14 ′ 40 ″  E
Height : 79.5 m above sea level NN
Area : 8.51 km²
Residents : 1778  (Jun. 30, 2019)
Population density : 209 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : 1st January 1975
Postal code : 59556
Area code : 02945

Benninghausen is a district of Lippstadt in the Soest district in North Rhine-Westphalia .



Benninghausen is located in the western part of the Lippstadt urban area on the Lippe river on a terraced landscape that rises from 71 to 88 meters from north to south. In the east it borders on the districts of Hellinghausen and Herringhausen , in the west on Eickelborn and Lohe . To the south lies the urban area of Erwitte , in the north the Lippe forms the border with the municipality of Wadersloh . Bennighausen is located on an old Lippe crossing from the Soester Börde to the Münsterland (initially ford, ferry, now bridge).

Origin of name

According to information in the Westphalian place-name book on the origin of the names of the communities in the Soest district, Benninghausen means: at the houses of the people of Bennink (o) .


Benninghausen consists of the main town Benninghausen and four other farming communities : Benning Hauser Heide, Hemmissen, Ünninghausen and the Kaldewei.



A date of foundation of the municipality, which was independent until the municipal reorganization in 1975, cannot be clearly defined. The oldest documented mention is to be found in the 12th century (September 27, 1124); early traces of settlement were found as early as the 9th century. Benninghausen is therefore over 1200 years old, but it is certain that it is almost 900 years old. Benninghausen is one of the oldest districts of Lippstadt.

Foundation of the monastery

Benninghausen Monastery : In 1240 Johann von Erwitte donated the church to the Cistercian Sisters as a monastery church. During this time, 25 women's convents were founded in a real wave of founding in the Archdiocese of Cologne alone. Noble virgins, widows and often married women were accepted who, with the approval of their husbands, transformed their worldly marriage into a spiritual one with Christ as bridegroom. The men were thus free for a new marriage; a divorce was not possible at the time. The number of nuns was limited to 50. In the middle of the 14th century the dilapidated church was replaced by a new building in Gothic form.

15th century

At the beginning of the 15th century, the current church was built by the abbess Anna von Ketteler. The crucifixion group (around 1540) was only recently ascribed to the sculptor Johann Brabender from Münster (Westphalia).

The old defense tower, built in the first half of the 12th century, still serves as a bell tower today. The last war damage was not repaired until the end of the 1950s, and archaeological excavations as well as the interior renovation and renewal of the roofs on the tower and church took place in the early 1980s.

After the donation to the Order, the number of nuns in the monastery grew rapidly; it had already reached its maximum capacity 40 years after it was founded. The monastery survived the troubled times of the Soest feud , the Reformation and the Thirty Years War and was able to increase its property through acquisitions, dowries from the nuns and of course through its own work.

18th and 19th centuries

At the beginning of the 18th century the monastery was rebuilt, initiated by the abbess Elisabeth von Oheimb. At the same time the monastery developed into a women's monastery with a Catholic character.

From the middle to the end of the same century, the heavy burden of war of the Seven Years' War led the monastery into high debt. The end came after the Duchy of Westphalia passed to the Grand Duchy of Hesse in 1802 . In 1804 the operation of the monastery was abolished by the Grand Duchy of Hesse at the same time as numerous other monasteries ( secularization ).

With the transition of the Westphalian territories of the Grand Duchy of Hesse to Prussia in 1816 , the remaining properties of the Benninghausen Monastery also passed into the possession of Prussia at the end of 1819.

King Friedrich Wilhelm III. approved the establishment of a farmhouse and workhouse by the President of the Province of Westphalia , Ludwig von Vincke (after whom a street in Benninghausen is named) in 1820. In later years, pupils, drinkers and prisoners of war were also housed here.

First and Second World War

At the end of the First World War , the workhouse became an auxiliary prison. In addition, a facility for lung patients was built on the Westhof. In the time of National Socialism , mentally ill people were also accommodated here. In addition, there were political prisoners from the area and later young people with lung disease from the Moringen concentration camp . During this time, numerous people in Eickelborn and Benninghausen were mistreated or murdered as part of the Nazis' "euthanasia program". (See Benninghausen Concentration Camp .)

After the Second World War , the entire facility came under the sponsorship of the Regional Association of Westphalia-Lippe, which founded a state nursing home with a workhouse department. In the course of the following years, the lung sanatorium in the Westhof was closed and the state educational home, which had now been established, was relocated to Dorsten .

With the establishment of a state school for nursing, the state nursing home first became a state hospital, then the Westphalian clinics for psychiatry and finally today's Westphalian nursing and support center.

At the same time Benninghausen developed more and more and its population grew - also because the different facilities of the clinics offered jobs and the employees settled in Benninghausen and the surrounding area.

Post-war to the present

After the end of the Second World War, the population of Benninghausen increased by leaps and bounds.

In order to give displaced persons from the former German eastern areas a new home, a new settlement for over 50 families was built in Benninghausen around 1960.

On January 1, 1975, the previously independent community of Benninghausen was incorporated into the city of Lippstadt. This ended Benninghausen's membership in the Erwitte office. Giesbert Koerdt (CDU) was mayor from 1975 to 2004 and Josef Franz (CDU) from 2004 to 2019. Christoph Koerdt (CDU) has been the mayor since January 1, 2020.

In the course of the following years, the place was expanded to include further building areas, so that the population of Benninghausen has risen to around 2000.

Benninghausen today

Lippstadt fiber optic clinic in Benninghausen

Benninghausen is one of the largest districts; Industry and trade are located in an affiliated industrial area. In addition to traditional craft businesses (bakery, hairdresser, carpentry, locksmith's shop, gas / water installation), industrial companies and various facilities such as B. the psychiatric clinic of the Regional Association of Westphalia-Lippe (LWL) well over 500 jobs.

The first large , spherical gas tank was built in Benninghausen in 1969 (content: 1.5 million liters of liquid gas).

Benninghausen has its own elementary school and kindergarten.

The listed church of St. Martin is worth seeing


coat of arms

District coat of arms Benninghausen

The coat of arms shows a red upper and a silver lower field. Above is a growing golden lion (from the coat of arms of the von Erwitte family, the founders of the monastery), below the continuous black cross of Kurköln (Benninghausen belonged to the Electorate of Cologne until 1802).


The Benninghausen depot is on the Hamm – Warburg railway line .


  • Hartwig Walberg (Ed.): Benninghausen. Contributions to local history. Shooting club "St. Martin Benninghausen ", Lippstadt-Benninghausen 1989, ISBN 3-924200-04-1 .
  • Martin Gunga: Medicine and theology in public welfare in the 19th century using the example of the farm and work house in Benninghausen 1820–1945. Burgverlag, Tecklenburg 1984, ISBN 3-922506-08-9 .
  • Elisabeth Elling-Ruhwinkel: Securing and punishing. The Benninghausen workhouse (1871–1945). Schöningh, Paderborn u. a. 2005, ISBN 3-506-71344-2 .

See also

Individual evidence

  1. Resident population on December 31, 2013, accessed on January 19, 2014 ( Memento of the original from January 15, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  2. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 334 f .