State Archives Berlin
State Archives Berlin
|State level||State of Berlin|
|Supervisory authority||Governing Mayor of Berlin - Senate Chancellery|
|Authority management||Uwe Schaper|
The Berlin State Archive preserves as a central state archives of the State of Berlin to the written tradition of the Berlin authorities and institutions. The archive is located in the listed building of a former arms and ammunition factory on Eichborndamm in Berlin-Borsigwalde , near the Eichborndamm S-Bahn station .
In 1307 the administration of the city of Cölln decided that city documents should be kept in a container in the town hall . A modern archive can only be assumed since 1808. Up to the 16th century, several town hall fires destroyed valuable documents. Adequate rooms were not available for a long time, also under the direction of Johann Friedrich Zander (1824), Ernst Fidicin (1846) and Paul Clauswitz . Until the 19th century, only partial takeover of archival material was possible. Important registries remained with the respective authorities and evaded archival control. This resulted in losses for the city headquarters, which the archivists could often not make up for.
After the formation of the municipality of Greater Berlin in 1920, the archive distinguished itself as the central archive for the city's main administration, the district administrations and their respective subordinate institutions. During the Second World War , the holdings in the city archive were relocated outside of Berlin. Many of these archives were returned to the city archives in the 1950s and 1960s, but numerous holdings have been lost or damaged as a result of the war.
In July 1945 the city archive resumed its work. In 1948, with the split in the city administration, the split in the archive began. In the eastern part of the city, the city archive remained, which in 1966 moved into rooms in the Spree wing of the Marstall and since 1976 has performed the tasks of a state archive. A new city archive was founded in West Berlin , later the state archive, which became the state archive with the Berlin constitution in 1950. Both archives in the divided city were responsible for the transmission of the state and district authorities and all subordinate institutions. In 1991 the State Archives merged with the Berlin City Archives, the Office for City History Documentation and Technical Services, and the administrative archives of the City Council to form a new institution for all of Berlin. In 2000, the state archive received further valuable additions through the integration of the archive department of the state image center and the archive of the International Building Exhibition (IBA). It now sees itself as an archive for the audiovisual media of the State of Berlin.
The archives document the entire history of Berlin from the oldest document from 1298 to the constant takeovers by the Senate administrations . There are also extensive collections on international affairs, which the Berlin and Prussian authorities have dealt with. The focus of the materials is on the 19th and 20th centuries. In addition to the magistrate, senate and judicial documents, the files of the GDR mass organizations and the state-controlled economy of the GDR, the archive set up by Helene Lange with documents from the older German women's movement is among the holdings of supraregional importance . Justice and financial files contain important information about persecutions during the Nazi era , and the holdings of the municipal umbrella organizations document German local politics since the end of the 19th century. In few state archives, with the exception of the Federal Archives , the political and social upheavals of the past century are reflected as impressively as in the holdings of the Berlin State Archive.
- Holdings of the individual tectonic groups from A to F: A (archival material until 1945), B (West Berlin), C (East Berlin), E (bequests) and F (collections)
- Resident registration file
- Photo collection
- Card department
- Helene Lange Archive
Project "Rescue Center for Scientific Libraries"
The files of the small Berlin rescue center for scientific libraries , which only existed for a few months from July 1945 to February 1946 and during this time secured over 200 private and public libraries in the entire urban area of Berlin, are digitized in the rescue center project and placed on the Internet. On the basis of existing directories and reports from Berlin district offices, the rescue center had compiled a list of libraries whose rescue orders had been organized and recorded in detail in files that had been digitized since the 21st century. Former employee of the rescue center was u. a. Alfred Weiland . The cooperation rescue center for scientific libraries , initiated by the Berlin State Archives (LAB) and the Central and State Library Berlin (ZLB), is carried out by employees of the ZLB Raubgut Project and the LAB. The technical infrastructure comes from the work center for provenance research / research , the technical implementation of the recovery center was possible with financial support from the cultural foundation of the federal states .
- Series of publications on the holdings of the State Archives.
- The state archive maintains the chronicle of the state of Berlin.
- Exhibition catalogs and a. on photographs by Waldemar Titzenthaler , Ernst Reuter , Groß-Berlin, Limitation and Growth and Otto Suhr .
- Berlin yearbooks from 1982, tables of contents.
- Entry in the Berlin State Monument List .
- The rescue center for scientific libraries, joint project of the Berlin State Archive (LAB) and the Berlin Central and State Library (ZLB).
- Werner Schroeder : The libraries of the RSHA: Structure and whereabouts. (PDF; 92 kB) Print version of the lecture, Weimar September 11, 2003, p. 8.