State Archives Greifswald
The Greifswald State Archive is an institution of the State Office for Culture and the Preservation of Monuments in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and is responsible for the archival support of the state authorities in the districts of Vorpommern-Rügen and Vorpommern-Greifswald . The Greifswald State Archives have been located in a former barracks building on Martin-Andersen-Nexö-Platz since it was founded.
The Greifswald State Archive was founded in August 1946 as a branch of the Mecklenburg Secret and Main Archive in Schwerin in order to record the holdings of the State Archive of Stettin in the Prussian province of Pomerania , which had been outsourced since 1942 . This was only possible for the part of the archive material found in the Soviet occupation zone . Outsourcing locations in Western Pomerania were Schwerinsburg near Anklam , Ralswiek on Rügen , Endingen near Franzburg and Plennin . The castles in Schlemmin and Spantekow , which were also used at the beginning , were given up again before the end of the war. The holdings that have now been relocated to the Polish West Pomerania are now in the Polish State Archives in Stettin ("Archiwum Państwowe w Szczecinie") and Köslin ("Archiwum Państwowe w Koszalinie"). By 1948, a total of around 1,500 running meters (running meters) of archive material from the relocation sites could be brought together in the poorly prepared rooms of the old barracks. This work was initially carried out by the last acting head of the Szczecin State Archives, Hermann Gollub, and the last Szczecin magistrate Willi Nemitz. When Gollub died unexpectedly in 1947, the former city archivist of Gleiwitz in Silesia , Oswald Völkel , took his place.
In 1951 it was renamed the Greifswald State Archives and in 1952 the workforce was increased to a total of four employees, namely two specialist archivists, a warehouse manager and a cleaning person. In the 1950s, the archive endeavored to further secure archival material in Western Pomerania. As a result, documents from various disbanded state authorities as well as numerous West Pomeranian city archives came into the state archive. However, in most cases these efforts came too late for the numerous and in part valuable West Pomeranian manor archives, for which at least some of the inventory overviews are available since the beginning of the 20th century. The care of the smaller non-governmental archives by the archives advice center financed by the Provincial Association of Pomerania and set up at the Szczecin State Archives was one of the pioneers in its field in Prussia . At the beginning of the 1960s, a limited exchange of archives was carried out between the Greifswald State Archives and the Archiwum Państwowe w Sczcecinie in order to at least eliminate the most senseless tearing apart of holdings due to the relocation during the war.
In 1965 the state archives of the GDR were reformed. The Greifswald State Archives became an independent authority under the name Greifswald State Archives and responsible for the archival care of the Rostock district. Responsibility extended to the documents of the state institutions and, as everywhere in the GDR, since the 1970s also to the archives of the state-owned economy of the district. In contrast, the SED , the FDGB and other mass organizations maintained their own archives, either at the district level (SED, FDGB) or centrally (e.g. FDJ , ABI ). Only a few less significant organizations also archived their records in the state archives. It was only after the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania was reorganized that the archives of the SED district party organization Rostock and other parties and mass organizations came to the archive since 1993.
After the political change in the GDR, it was renamed the Vorpommersches Landesarchiv in 1990 . The state archives in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania received a new legal basis with the State Archives Act of 1997. With this, the archive was given its former name State Archives Greifswald . Since January 1, 2006, the two state archives of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (State Archive Greifswald and State Main Archive Schwerin ) have been merged with the State Library and the State Offices for Monument Preservation and Monument Preservation in the new overall authority, State Office for Culture and Monument Preservation , and form a specialist department within this.
At the beginning of 2013 it was announced that four of the eight and a half kilometers of archive material will be relocated to Schwerin in 2013. On the one hand, this means that two provisional branch offices will be closed, and on the other hand, the archives from the period after 1945 will probably almost completely disappear from Greifswald, which is likely to be associated with a conversion of the state archive into a historical state archive.
- Joachim Wächter : The Greifswald State Archives. Abriß seine Geschichte , In: Archivmitteilungen , 13. Jg. (1963), H. 3, S. 104-110.
- Johannes Kornow : Das Staatsarchiv Greifswald , In: Archive messages, 39th year (1989), no. 4, pp. 108-109.
- Martin Schoebel : The Vorpommersche Landesarchiv in Greifswald and its Pomeranian holdings . In: Pół wieku polskiej państwowej służby archiwalnej na ziemiach zachodnich i północnych: materiały z sesji naukowej zorganizowanej 10 października 1995 r. w Szczecinie , pod redakcją Kazimierza Kozłowskiego, Warszawa 1997, pp. 49–58.
- Dirk Schleinert : Contemporary reports on the beginnings of the Greifswald State Archives. An annotated source edition , In: Baltic Studies NF 101 (2015), pp. 161–181.
- State Archives Greifswald
- Research in the stocks
- Information on the archive library
- State archive Greifswald in the German Digital Library
- ↑ Ostseezeitung. Local edition Greifswald from January 17, 2013, p. 11.
Coordinates: 54 ° 5 ′ 32 ″ N , 13 ° 23 ′ 17 ″ E