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A manse is a medieval measure of area. The term appeared for the first time in the 7th century as mansus and from the early 8th century it was used synonymously for the hoof common in the eastern part of the Franconian Empire .

The name probably comes from the Latin mancipium 'possession' from manus + capio , which means mancipo 'I give to my own' or from mansio 'house'.

At the beginning of the Carolingian era , the Manse had no fixed size, the calculated average values ​​are around 11 to 16 hectares . The size also fluctuated greatly, as it was dependent on the nature of the soil, the working and yield conditions on site and the agreed agreements.

Later a manse had 30 to 65 ares and can be regarded as a day's work . That means that the area could be plowed with a team of oxen in one day.

See also


  • Brigitte Kasten : Manse sizes of early medieval farmsteads according to the chart of the Gorze monastery in Lorraine , in Albrecht Greule et al. (Ed.): Studies on literature, language and history in Europe: Dedicated to Wolfgang Haubrichs on the occasion of his 65th birthday, Röhrig Universitätsverlag, 2008, ( limited preview in Google book search)

Individual evidence

  1. Theodor Schieder: Europe in Change from Antiquity to the Middle Ages , Klett-Cotta, 1976, p. 138 ( limited preview in the Google book search)
  2. Jan A. van Houtte (Ed.), Wilhelm Abel: European Economic and Social History in the Middle Ages , Handbook of European Economic and Social History, Volume 2, Stuttgart, Klett-Cotta 1980. P. 168ff ISBN 3-12-904740- 9 ( limited preview in Google Book Search)
  3. see Brigitte Kasten: Mansenlösungen , p. 702f
  4. Altertumsverein: Alzeyer history sheets. Verlag der Rheinhessische Druckwerkstätte, 1982, p. 46.