Plettenberg (noble family)

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Coat of arms of those of Plettenberg

Plettenberg is the name of a Westphalian nobility family . The name Plettenberg goes back to the headquarters at the foot of the Plattberg , at the confluence of the Green and Oester rivers in today's town of Plettenberg in the Sauerland . This Plettonbrath farm is already mentioned in a document issued by the Werden Abbey between 1063 and 1078 . The family supported the Archbishop of Cologne from the 12th to the 18th century and provided the Marshal of Westphalia several times .

The beginnings

The first secure documentary mention took place in 1187 with the mention of Heidolphus de Plettenbrath in a document of the Archbishop of Cologne Philip I of Heinsberg . He was one of the archbishop's followers, who also became Duke of Westphalia in 1180 . Heidolphus de Plettenbrath helped the archbishop to secure his territory from the neighbors, especially the Counts of the Mark. In addition, a Gotscalcus v. Plettenbracht (1179) and Godeschalcus de plathberch (1193) mentioned

Hunold I von Plettenberg (* around 1190) was Marshal of Westphalia from 1256 to 1260 and 1267. Heidenreich (Heydenricus) von Plettenberg was Drost of the Counts of Arnsberg in 1258and Marshal of Westphalia in 1266. His brothers (or cousins) Otto and Rudolf von Plettenberg were canons of the Essen Abbey in 1286. Johann I von Plettenberg (* before 1270, † after 1314), son of Heidenreich and his wife Lucia, was Marshal of Westphalia from 1294 to 1298 and from 1300 to 1312. In 1231, Rabodo von Plettenberg was the main donor of the Dominican monastery of Soest . Other marshals of Westphalia were Hunold II (1303) and Hermann (1352).

The recurring names Guntermann (Guntram) , Hunold and Heidenreich , also in different lines at the same time, make an exact genealogical processing very difficult. This is shown by the elaborations of u. a. Johann Diederich von Steinen, Max von Spießen , Albert K. Hömberg and Walter Stirnberg, some of whom come to different assignments.

Over time, the family split into two tribes: Schwarzenberg (Protestant) and Lenhausen-Stockum (Catholic, with the exception of the Stockum line), each with different lines, of which three still exist today: Heeren, Lenhausen and Stockum.

Schwarzenberg tribe

Schwarzenberg Castle , around 1860

Gerhard von Plettenberg (around 1335), a son of Hunold I , was Drost of Count Engelbert III. from the mark . As such, he had Schwarzenberg Castle , whichhad suffered damagein a feud with Count Gottfried von Arnsberg , repaired and strengthened. In 1512 Schwarzenberg Castle came into the possession of the descendants of Gerhard von Plettenberg as a pledge. After it passed into his ownership in 1661, Christoph von Plettenberg , Drost of the Plettenberg Office , had it renovated anda baroque garden laid outin the former kennel area . Family members lived in the castle until around 1830, and it is still owned by Christoph von Plettenberg's descendants today. After a lightning strike, the castle burned down completely on June 13, 1864, along with all the other residential buildings, so that most of the walls still standing had to be demolished due to the risk of collapse.

Lines Plettenberg-Heeren and Bodelschwingh-Plettenberg

Plettenberg Army

Jobst Henrich von Plettenberg-Heeren (1637–1719)
  • Jobst Henrich von Plettenberg (* 1637; † 1719), son of Christoph , became Herr zum Schwarzenberg and Drost of the Plettenberg Office in 1671, and in 1679 married the heiress of the House of Heeren bei Kamen , Anna Sophia von Hüchtenbrock. In 1680 he became his wife's general heir and founded the Plettenberg-Heeren line. Jobst Henrich built the outer bailey of the House of Heeren and bought the aristocratic estates House Werve and Hahnengut in the parish of Heeren and linked them with House Heeren to form a Fideikommiss . He was the owner of the Heeren Patrimonial Court and the Heeren Church Patronage. 1698 was Jobst Heinrich von Plettenberg and his descendants of I. Emperor Leopold in the realm baron conditions applicable. His son
  • Ferdinand Christoph Albrecht von Plettenberg (* 1683; † 1761) took over the succession in Heeren and Schwarzenberg in 1719. He was married to Amalia Wilhelmina von Bodelschwingh zu Bodelschwingh . His brother Christoph Diedrich (electoral Brandenburg captain ), who lived at Schwarzenberg Castle, bought the noble Hilbeck house near Werl in 1726 . When he died in the same year, the house fell to Ferdinand , who incorporated it into the Fideikommiss Heeren. His eldest son,
  • Gisbert von Plettenberg-Heeren (* 1720; † 1766), inherited the property of the Fideikommisses Heeren in 1761. He was married to the heir to the Bodelschwingh family, Gisbertine . This marriage was annulled in 1762. Gisbert married Sophia Charlotta von Quadt-Hüchtenbruck for the second time . There were no children from either marriage. Heir therefore became Gisbert's brother in military service,
  • Johann Adolph Friedrich von Plettenberg-Heeren (* 1725 in Heeren; † 1787 ibid). With his first wife, Sophie Elisabeth ("Elise") von Lüdinghausen called Wolff zu Füchten (* 1745; † 1766), he had a son, Karl Wilhelm Georg . In 1767 he married his second wife Henrietta Carolina Albertina von Plettenberg (* 1750 in Stockum ; † 1794 in Heeren), daughter of General Christoph Friedrich Steffen von Plettenberg- Stockum from the neighboring house Heyde near Unna . He had twelve children with her, all of whom died before 1850, including Friedrich Wilhelm Christopher and Adolf .
  • Karl Wilhelm Georg (* 1765; † 1850) married into the Bodelschwingh family and founded the Bodelschwingh-Plettenberg to Bodelschwingh line (see below). His half brother
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Christopher von Plettenberg-Heeren (* 1769 in Heeren; † 1820 there) inherited Heeren, Hilbeck, Werve and Hahnen and in 1795 married Caroline von Bodelschwingh (* 1771 in Bodelschwingh; † 1818 Heeren), a sister of Luise (see under Karl Wilhelm Georg ), married. She brought the houses Gut Oevinghausen , Mehrum and Löhnen into the marriage as bridal treasure . After her death, Friedrich Wilhelm married Maria Sophia von Ascheberg from the House of Venne in 1818 . The inheritance in Heeren was taken over by his firstborn son from his first marriage in 1820,
  • Friedrich Wilhelm ("Fritz") von Plettenberg-Heeren (* 1796 in Heeren; † 1861 ibid). In 1821 he married his cousin Caroline von Bodelschwingh-Plettenberg , a daughter of his uncle Karl Wilhelm Georg (see above). He first entered the military, fought in the wars of liberation and studied law in Heidelberg, Göttingen and Berlin. In 1840 King Friedrich Wilhelm IV granted him the dignity of chamberlain . When he died in 1861, the male line of the von Plettenberg-Heeren family died out. The heir Bertha (* 1832, † 1900) married Adolf Eugen Ludwig von Bodelschwingh-Plettenberg (see under Bodelschwingh-Plettenberg zu Heeren).
  • Karl Ludwig Adolf von Plettenberg , (* 1801 in Heeren; † 1861 Bodelschwingh), brother of the previous one, took over the Mehrum house in 1830 and married Wilhelmine von Bodelschwingh-Plettenberg from the Bodelschwingh house in 1831 . They had two sons, Gustav and Udo, and thus established the Plettenberg-Mehrum branch line. The older son Gustav Karl von Plettenberg (* 1835 in Mehrum; † 1910) was initially Premier-Lieutenant in the Guards Landwehr Cavalry and married Elisabeth von Rosenberg from the Klötzen family in 1862 . They had four children, of which the second, Karl Anton von Plettenberg (* 1871 in Mehrum; † 1942 in Cologne) inherited the property. He was royal chamberlain, major of the 1st Guard Uhlan Regiment , chairman of the North German Lloyd and mayor of Voerde . His first marriage was to the widow Margarethe Kohl , but the marriage was divorced again in 1919. In 1930 he married the widow Klara Wendelstadt , b. Pfeifer (* 1877; † 1950) from Cologne. In 1929 he sold the Mehrum house and moved to Cologne, where he died childless in 1942. A few years later, when the 9th US Army crossed the Rhine during Operation Flashpoint , Haus Mehrum was so badly damaged that it had to be demolished in 1965. Today only a few remains of the wall remain.

Bodelschwingh-Plettenberg to Bodelschwingh

Carl Wilhelm Georg von Plettenberg-Heeren, from 1805 from Bodelschwingh-Plettenberg
  • Karl Wilhelm Georg von Plettenberg -Heeren (* 1765 in Heeren; † 1850 in Drais ) was married to Christine Anna Luise Freiin von Bodelschwingh (* 1766 in Bodelschwingh; † 1833 ibid.), Heir to Bodelschwingh and Sandfort,in his first marriage since 1788. As niece of the last Vogt von Elspe , she had inherited the estates of Bamenohl , Borghausen , Oevinghausen , Schwerte, Werl and Westhemmerde ten years earlier. The marriage resulted in three sons and four daughters. With Prussian approval, from 1805 Carl added that of Bodelschwingh to his name and coat of arms, thus establishing the line of the barons from Bodelschwingh-Plettenberg to Bodelschwingh . He was Hereditary Marshal of the County of Mark , Grand Commander of the Deutschordensballei Utrecht and Grand Master of the Masonic Order . After the death of his wife Christine in 1833, he married the daughter of his half-brother Adolf , Bertha Freiin von Plettenberg (* 1808 in Sedan ; † 1845 in Bodelschwingh)in 1834. The daughter Marie emergedfrom this marriage. His legacy was
  • Carl Gisbert Wilhelm von Bodelschwingh-Plettenberg (* 1821 in Geretzhofen, † 1907 in Bodelschwingh), who received the Bodelschwingh, Rodenberg, Geretzhoven and Schwarzenberg estates. He bought the Drais house from his brother Gisbert and was married to Eugenie von Quadt-Wykratdt-Hüchtenbruck (* 1824 in Cologne; † 1907 in Dorloh )from 1847, with whom he lived in Bamenohl until his father's death, after which he took over Bodelschwingh and Drais. His daughter Wilhelmine ("Minette") (* 1849 in Düsseldorf; † 1920 in Dorloh) brought this property by marriage in 1867 to her husband Dodo Alexander Freiherr zu Innhausen and Knyphausen (* 1835 in Potsdam; † 1911 in Dorloh), Mr. to Leer-Thedinga, who then also bore the title Graf von Bodelschwingh-Plettenberg inaddition to his birth name. Both had five sons and three daughters. The son
  • Karl Moritz zu Innhausen and Knyphausen, Count von Bodelschwingh-Plettenberg (* 1871 in Bodelschwingh; † 1958 ibid). This was followed by his son
  • Edzard (* 1905; † 1984), who was the last to hold the title of Primogenitur Graf von Bodelschwingh-Plettenberg. His descendants all bear the name Freiherr or Freiin zu Innhausen and Knyphausen . Haus Bodelschwingh and Gut Drais are still in their possession today.
  • Adolf von Bodelschwingh-Plettenberg (* 1797; † 1869), half-brother of Karl Wilhelm Georg (see above), was a legal knight of the Order of St. John , was wounded in the battle of Waterloo , married Luise von Plettenberg-Heeren in 1827 and in 1861 took over what belonged to the Bodelschwingh family Manor and Sandfort Castle near Olfen . He was also politically active and was in contact with the Freiherr von Stein from 1830–31 . His daughter Bertha later married her half-uncle Karl Wilhelm Georg (see above).

Bodelschwingh-Plettenberg zu Heeren, later Plettenberg-Heeren

Adolf Eugen Ludwig von Bodelschwingh-Plettenberg (1826–1902)
  • Adolf Eugen Ludwig von Bodelschwingh-Plettenberg (* 1826 in Geretzhoven, † 1902 in Heeren), son of the above-mentioned Gisbert von Bodelschwingh-Plettenberg , inherited Bamenohl, Borghausen, Schlubberbruch and Weuspert and married his second cousin Bertha von Plettenberg-Heeren in 1856( * 1832; † 1900) (so Plettenberg-Heeren), owner of the Heeren, Hilbeck, Werve and Hahnen estates. The son
  • Wilhelm-Adolf ("Affel") von Plettenberg-Heeren (* 1902 in Heeren, † 1950 in Hamm). He married Countess Emilie Eckbrecht von Dürckheim-Montmartin in 1930 (* 1909 in Düsseldorf, † 1995 in Hilbeck ), with whom he had four sons and a daughter. Shortly after the death of his father in 1924, he dissolved the Fideikommiss Heeren. The Heeren, Hilbeck, Bamenohl and Weuspert houses were therefore divided among his four sons. These houses are still inhabited by the Plettenberg family today.

Plettenberg-Bamenohl line (expired)

By marrying Angela von Heygen around 1440, co-heiress of Bamenohl, Heidenreich von Plettenberg came into joint ownership of the Bamenohl family. After Heidenreich's death, on July 27, 1474, the Plettenbergs shared an inheritance, in which the brothers Guntermann I and Heinrich Bamenohl received. Guntermann was married to Katharina von Hanxleden since 1474 . Later on, his brother Heinrich's share also fell to him. The further succession was

  • Guntermann II von Plettenberg zu Bamenohl (Upper House), married first to Margarete ( von Ohle ?) And later to Hildegard
  • Ulrich I. von Plettenberg zu Bamenohl (Lower House), married to Katharina von Thülen .

With this line of succession, Bamenohl remained divided into an upper and a lower house until the 18th century.

Guntermann III inherited the upper house . von Plettenberg , who was first a pastor in Elspe , but resigned from this office on March 1, 1560 and married Hille von Peick . He died on March 2, 1586. The descendants of Guntermann III are somewhat confused. However, the only possible heir to the Upper House is Guntermann IV , who married Katharina Rump zur Wenne on February 12, 1591 . Documents from 1589 to 1645 report about this Guntermann. Obviously neither of them had any descendants, as the niece Anna Katharina (daughter of the court judge Johann Caspar von Plettenberg ) inherited. She married Colonel Christoph Hans Dietrich von Steckenberg .

The lower house was inherited by Ulrich I von Plettenberg , who had three sons with his wife, Ulrich II , Hermann and Arnd , and at least two other sons, Ulrich III , with the maid Judith . and Johann . Ulrich II. Got the heavily indebted Serkenrode estate in the inheritance settlement of April 10, 1564 , thus establishing the Plettenberg-Serkenrode line . Arnd and Hermann received the lower house. Hermann von Plettenberg married Clara Vogt von Elspe zu Borghausen on September 25, 1564. Since both remained childless, Clara’s brother, Bernhard (Johann Bernhard Christoph), Vogt von Elspe zu Borghausen inherited the Lower House of Bamenohl . This branch of the Plettenbergs was also extinguished. House Bamenohl came over 200 years later to the Heeren line of the Plettenbergs (see above Karl Wilhelm Georg von Plettenberg-Heeren).

Plettenberg-Serkenrode line (expired)

1539, I. 6. Thonies von Laer and his wife Petronilla sold for a sum of money to Ulrich (I.) von Plettenberg zu Bamenoll and his wife Katharina their property in Nieder Niedernbamenoll and Serckenrode and half of their own people there . Through an inheritance comparison in 1564, Ulrich II, born around 1530, received the heavily indebted Serkenrode. He married Margarete von Luggenhausen (Lügenhausen) from Livonia and moved to Serkenrode around 1577. Because of this marriage he was first disinherited, but then received Serkenrode. The last of Plettenberg was his son Anton , born around 1560 , married to Elisabeth von Merlau on June 26, 1590 . The two sons Caspar Daniel and Georg Christoph died early without any known descendants. The daughter Anna Catharina married Jobst von Schledorn , Eva Heinrich Ernst von Bruch .

Lenhausen-Stockum tribe

Plettenberg-Lenhausen line

Prince-Bishop Friedrich Christian von Plettenberg (1644–1706)

Heidenreich von Plettenberg (* around 1450, † 1485), the second son of Heidenreich von Plettenberg zu Bamenohl , was born on the Waldenburg and was co-heir to Gut Finnentrop . In 1457 he acquired Lenhausen Castle from Heinrich von Lenhausen , who had remained childless. He married Adelheid von Wrede and in 1483 divided his property between his two sons.

Heinrich von Plettenberg zu Lenhausen , the third child, married Margarethe Agathe von Böckenförde in 1575 and had seven children with her.

  • Christian von Plettenberg zu Lenhausen (1576 – before 1646), their eldest son, married Anna Vogt von Elspe zu Borghausen and Bamenohl . The marriage resulted in the children Ida (* 1603, † 1671, Abbess of Fröndenberg Monastery ), Christian (1612–1687) and Bernhard (1618–1679), who married Odila von Fürstenberg in 1643 , who bore him nine children.
Ferdinand (1690–1737) became Prime Minister under the Archbishop of Cologne and Elector Clemens August I of Bavaria and was an important supporter of Maria Theresa of Austria in the succession to the throne for the Habsburg hereditary lands . He was the founder of the Plettenberg-Wittem or Mietingen line, which later went out. Under him, the monumental Nordkirchen Castle was completed in 1734 , which remained in the family until 1833.
His brother Friedrich Bernhard Wilhelm acquired Hovestadt Castle in Lippetal in 1710 , which the family still lives in today. In 1733 the family moved their main residence from Lenhausen there. In 1874 she had the Upper House Lenhausen repaired. Since 1927, a branch of the family has been using it again as a family seat.

The sculptor Bernhard von Plettenberg , born in Hovestadt, came from this line. The Austrian mixed martial arts fighter and cross- fitter Livia von Plettenberg carries the family name through adoption.

Plettenberg-Stockum line

Resistance fighter Kurt Frhr. v. Plettenberg (1891-1945)

Hermann von Plettenberg bought the Stockum manor in 1494 and thus founded the line of the same name, whose members had often made careers in military service since the Thirty Years' War. They belonged to the Protestant part of the family and later moved their center of life to Bückeburg , the seat of the Princely House of Schaumburg-Lippe, and to Berlin .

From this line came Mauritz Henrich von Plettenberg (* 1668), Lord of Nieder-Lenhausen, Finnentrop and Stockum, major general of the infantry in the Dutch service. Christoph Friedrich Steffen von Plettenberg (* 1698 in Plettenberg; † 1777 at Haus Heyde ), who did great service under Frederick the Great in the Silesian Wars . One of his sons, Dietrich Christian Johann von Plettenberg (* 1748, † 1818), colonel in the Prussian cuirassier regiment No. 3, took over the estate. His son Eugen Gustav Friedrich Adolf (* 1805; † 1886) inherited him . His son, Karl von Plettenberg (* 1852 Neuhaus ; † 1938 Bückeburg ) was adjutant general of Kaiser Wilhelm II. His son Kurt von Plettenberg (* 1891 Bückeburg; † 1945 Berlin) was a resistance fighter against Hitler.

Plettenberg-Wittem line (expired)

Wittem Castle

Ferdinand von Plettenberg-Lenhausen bought the dominions of Eys and Wittem , was raised to "Count of Plettenberg and Wittem" in 1724/25 and thereby obtained in 1732 the imperial estate with a seat and vote in the college of Westphalian imperial counts. This imperial estate was lost to France in 1801 with the Treaty of Lunéville . He married Bernardina Alexandrina von Westerholt-Lembeck (* 1695). Under his son Franz Joseph , the family went bankrupt, which they could only end by selling numerous goods and loans from relatives. Shortly afterwards, his grandson Maximilian Friedrich plunged the family into a second bankruptcy.

At the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss 1803 Maximilian Friedrich received compensation with the places Mietingen and Sulmingen in Swabia . The two places were raised to the "Grafschaft Mietingen", which was mediatized as early as 1806 and fell to the Kingdom of Württemberg as a class rule . Count Maximilian Friedrich von Plettenberg-Wittem zu Mietingen (1771-1813) was the last male offspring of this line. His daughter Maria from the marriage with Maria Josephina geb. Countess von Gallenberg (1784–1839) married the kuk chamberlain Nicolaus Graf von Esterházy de Galantha in 1833 .

Plettenberg in the Netherlands (extinct)

The first two van Plettenbergs traceable in 1591/92, Captain Willem (* around 1540; † before February 23, 1611) and Johann , still had the addition of Lenhausen . Schwennicke suspects that the two brothers descended from Wilhelm von Plettenberg, called von Engstfeld .

In 1661 Hans Willem (* around 1646; † March 10, 1698 in Sluis ) was elevated to the status of HR Rijksbaron as Baron von Plettenberg and Lenhuisen . His descendant Henrik Casimir (* 1697, † 1740) was a colonel in the Orange garrison in Leeuwarden . By decree of October 22, 1814, a descendant of Hans Willems was recognized by the Souverein Besluit as belonging to the nobility of Friesland. In 1825 two other family members were appointed to the knighthood.

The governor of the Cape Colony Joachim van Plettenberg (1771–1785), as well as probably the painters Matthieu van Plattenberg (1607–1660) and his son Nicolas de Plattemontagne (1631–1706) also come from this line. The last name bearer, Elizabeth Machteld van Plettenberg , died on June 7, 1929 in The Hague .

Plettenberg in the Baltic States (extinct)

Wolter von Plettenberg, Teutonic Order Master of Livonia

In the 15th and 16th centuries, the family provided several members of the Teutonic Order in Livonia . So is Walter von Plettenberg in 1422 as commander of Dobeln called. Godert von Plettenberg was Land Marshal of Livonia in 1450 .

Wolter von Plettenberg , the best-known of them, born at Meyerich Castle, became landmaster in Livonia in 1494and defeated an outnumbered army of the Moscow Grand Duke Ivan III in 1502 . in the battle of Lake Smolina . 1525 he became Emperor Charles V for himself and his successors in the imperial princes sit and vote in the diets collected.

In Kurland married Heinrich von Plettenberg of Linden 1625 Elisabeth von Manteuffel adH Schönwerder (* ~ 1610), daughter of Chancellor Michael von Manteuffel , heiress of Grafenthal, Schönwerder and Mißhof (Dzimtmisa). In 1745 Heinrich Ernst von Plettenberg is mentioned, lieutenant colonel and Polish Privy Councilor , heir to the Samites (Zemīte), as well as his brother George Friedrich von Plettenberg , councilor and heir to Linden (Linde), Meddum (Medumi), Kalkuhnen (Kalkūne) and Berkenhagen ( Birkineļi) mentioned as the sons of Heinrich Gerhard von Plettenberg .

coat of arms

The family coat of arms is split, heraldic gold on the right, blue on the left. On the helmet with blue and gold covers a blue and a gold heron feather. A similarity with the coat of arms of the noble family Vogt von Elspe is recognizable.

Name bearer (chronological)


Web links

Commons : Plettenberg (noble family)  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. William Crecelius : traditiones Werdinenses. Second part. In: Bergischer Geschichtsverein (Hrsg.): Journal of the Bergisches Geschichtsverein . tape 7 . Marcus, 1871, DNB  199234175 , ZDB -ID 210861-6 , p. 9 (315 pp., [accessed on August 15, 2017]).
  2. a b Finding aid for the Oelinghausen monastery - documents. Landesarchiv NRW Westphalia department, p. 10 , retrieved on January 29, 2019 (signature A 118u).
  3. Copy of the certificate cf. Seibertz, p. 129
  4. ^ Johann Diederich von Steinen: Part 4, Item 28. History of the city of Hattingen, Herbede court, Heeren court and parish Curll. Peter Florenz Weddigen, 1760, p. 815 , accessed January 29, 2019 .
  5. Copy of the certificate cf. Seibertz, pp. 141f
  6. ^ Landesarchiv NRW, Findbuch
  7. State Archives Münster, Dep. v. Plettenberg-Lenhausen, Urk. 440 and Arch. Hovestadt Urk. 114.
  8. Gräfl. Plettenberg Archives Heeren, archive part Bamenohl, Dr. Diestelkamp 70a. 57.
  9. Gottfried Graf Finck v. Finckenstein, Christoph Franke: Count's Houses Volume XIX . In: Stiftung Deutsches Adelsarchiv (Hrsg.): Genealogical handbook of the nobility . tape 146 . CA Starke Verlag, Limburg an der Lahn 2009, ISBN 978-3-7980-0846-5 , p. 287-322 , p. 309 .
  10. ^ Johann Jacob Moser: State law of the imperial count houses von der Leyen, von Plettenberg and von Virmont. Vollrath, Leipzig 1744, p. 12
  11. Sven Solterbeck: Blue blood and red numbers. Westphalian nobility in bankruptcy 1700–1815 . Waxmann, Münster 2018, ISBN 978-3-8309-3869-9 , pp. 184-223 .
  12. ^ Georg Leopold von Zangen : The constitutional laws of German states in a systematic compilation , first part, Leske, 1828, p. 238 ( Google Books )
  13. ^ Schwennicke : Stammtafeln XXIV, preface uncounted page 3
  14. Max von Spießen: Book of arms of the Westphalian nobility, with drawings by Professor Ad. M. Hildebrandt, p. 47, 1st volume, Görlitz 1901–1903