House West Shirts

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House West Shirts

The house Westhemmerde is a former aristocratic residence and a moated castle in Westhemmerde , today a district of Unna in Westphalia . It is one of the most famous monuments in Unna.


Von dem Broel family called Plater (until 1649)

The beginnings of the house go back to the end of the 14th century. In the 15th century, the von dem Broel family, known as Plater, built today's monument as a moated castle. The facility has been expanded and rebuilt several times over the course of its history. The gentlemen of Haus Westhemmerde also held the patronage of the church of Westhemmerde.

When Haus Westhemmerde was built is largely unknown. The documentary first mention was made probably in 1217, is mentioned as Gerhard from the Broel (en Brule) as a record of a witness in a document, when Count Gottfried of Arnsberg the monastery Wedinghausen goods near Werl sold. He did not live in Westhemmerde himself, but in Broel, one kilometer away .

In the first third of the 14th century, the Broel family, who were in the arnsbergian feudal service, got into economic difficulties. The Graf von der Mark confiscated lands that belonged to the estate. From around 1362 onwards, the family had the addition of Plater to their name, possibly through marriage. Around 1455 Haus Broel von Rotger von dem Broel gave up and he moved to Westhemmerde. At the end of the 15th century, Goddert von dem Broel had the northern main house built, which is the oldest building still in existence today. Around 1560 an annex was added to the main house. During the Thirty Years War, Haus Westhemmerde was plundered several times by Swedish and imperial troops. When the plague also broke out, the family left Haus Westhemmerde in September 1635 and lived with relatives until 1639.

With Hermann von dem Broel called Plater, the Broel line died out in 1659; the house fell to the eldest daughter Mechthild Katharina, who had been married to Johann Bernhard Vogt von Elspe zu Borghausen since 1649 , and thus to the family of the bailiffs von Elspe.

Bailiffs of Elspe (1649–1800)

However, the Vogt family from Elspe zu Borghausen and Westhemmerde lived on the estate in Borghausen, where they had seven children. At the beginning of 1670 the family moved to Haus Westhemmerde, where the eighth child was born. From the Fürstenberg inheritance, Johann Bernhard, the Vogt of Elspe zu Bamenohl and Westhemmerde, was given the Werl house in 1653. The Westhemmerde house was plundered several times by French troops during the war years from 1672 to 1679.

The Westhemmerde house under Konrad Wilhelm, Vogt von Elspe, had the largest inventory of goods, because in 1716 the estate owned 56 farms and cottages. Konrad Wilhelm died in 1716 without any descendants entitled to inherit, so that his nephew Friedrich Wilhelm, Vogt von Elspe, received the goods and paid out the other beneficiaries. He had the west wing added to the house and moved his residence to Westhemmerde.

After Friedrich's death, his property passed to his eldest son Gisbert Bernhard, Vogt von Elspe, without any inheritance settlement. In 1718/19 he had the manor buildings renovated, the west wing extended to the south and a south wing with a gate passage added to the building. During the Seven Years' War, 1758–1761, the house suffered heavy losses from French and Prussian troops. Gisbert Bernhard died in 1770 without descendants, his wife had already left him two years earlier, so that his estate went to his brother Gisbert Moritz, Vogt von Elspe, who was in the service of the Dutch court, and his two sisters. Gisbert Bernhard's widow received a third of the goods, but was compensated in 1776 with 20,000 Dutch guilders.

Families von Bodelschwingh - Plettenberg and Romberg (1800–1927)

As the last of the line from Elspe, Gisbert Moritz died on the night of March 11th to March 12th, 1800 at the age of 80 as Chief Chamberlain of William of Orange-Nassau in The Hague. He had decreed in his will that his niece Gisbertine Anna Luisa von Bodelschwingh was appointed as the universal heiress . Their daughter from their second marriage, Christine Sophie Luise, married Baron Karl Wilhelm Georg von Plettenberg in 1788 .

The house then fell into the possession of the von Romberg family until 1927 and was leased, including from 1901 to 1955 to the Neheim entrepreneur Josef Cosack , founder of Hammer Eisenwerke, and then to the Kremerskothen family from Eiberg near Essen .

Modern times

The property later became the property of the Ruhrtalsperrenverein . The house and the associated agricultural land have been privately owned by the Schulte family from Meschede-Enkhausen since 1955 . In the past 30 years, the complex has been restored in accordance with the heritage requirements in the interior and on the outer facade. The listed part of the moat was provided with reeds and water lilies .

Asparagus, strawberries and Christmas trees are sold every season, as well as meat products from our own production, poultry, game, fruit juices and preserves.


  • Klaus Basner: House Westhemmerde. History of a Westphalian aristocratic residence from its beginnings to around 1800 . City of Unna, Unna 2004, ISBN 3-927082-48-1 .
  • Joseph Brill: history of the parish of Elspe . Publishing house FH Ruegenberg, Olpe 1948.
  • Albert K. Hömberg : Historical news about noble houses and manors in the Duchy of Westphalia and their owners , Issue 10: Parishes Elspe, Förde, Kirchhundem, Kirchveischede, Oberhundem, Rahrbach and Schönholthausen . From the estate published by the Historical Commission for Westphalia. Aschendorff, Münster 1975.
  • Johann Suibert Seibertz : Document book on the regional and legal history of the Duchy of Westphalia , Volume 2: Documents from 1300 to 1400 (= Regional and legal history of the Duchy of Westphalia , Volume 3). AL Ritter, Arnsberg 1843.


  1. Regest 1217 May 14
  2. "House Westhemmerde". Ed. V. Michael & Reinhild Schulte, Unna-Westhemmerde, undated

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Coordinates: 51 ° 32 ′ 54 ″  N , 7 ° 47 ′ 5 ″  E