Butler Wright Lampson (born December 23, 1943 in Washington, DC ) is an American computer scientist who was involved in numerous important developments, especially that of the personal computer .
Lampson received his bachelor's degree in physics from Harvard University in 1964 and his Ph.D. in 1967 with a thesis on Scheduling and Protection in an Interactive Multi-Processor System. in electrical engineering and computer science from the University of California, Berkeley with Harry Huskey . After that he was an associate professor of computer science there.
In the 1960s, Lampson was Berkeley Project Genie involved, where he in 1965 with L. Peter German and other operating system for the 940 SDS - mainframe wrote.
In 1970, Lampson was a founding member of Xerox PARC , where he worked in the Computer Science Laboratory (CSL). He summed up his vision of a personal computer in 1972 in the memo Why Alto? . In 1973, based on this idea, he and Charles P. Thacker and others developed the Xerox Alto with its three-button mouse and a screen the size of an A4 page - the first computer with a graphical user interface . All other computers built at Xerox PARC followed an architectural concept by Lampson called Wildflower .
Lampson was also involved in the development of several other revolutionary technologies at PARC, such as the laser printer , the first WYSIWYG - Word Processing Bravo (with Charles Simonyi ), the Ethernets (with Robert Metcalfe and Charles P. Thacker ), commit logs and various influential programming languages (like Mesa ). There are over 30 patents in his name.
In 1984 Lampson moved from Xerox PARC to Digital Equipment Corporation , and in 1995 to Microsoft Research , where he did research on tablet PC systems, among other things . Since 1987 he has also been an associate professor at MIT .
Lampson is married and has two children.
- 1986: Honorary doctorate from ETH Zurich
- 1992: Turing Award
- 1993: Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
- 1994: Fellow of the ACM
- 1996: Honorary doctorate from the University of Bologna
- 2001: John von Neumann Medal
- 2004: Charles Stark Draper Prize (with Alan Kay , Robert W. Taylor and Charles P. Thacker)
- 2005: Member of the National Academy of Sciences
- 2018: Foreign member of the Royal Society
- Lampson's website at Microsoft Research (English)
- Videos by and about Butler Lampson in the Technical Information Library AV Portal
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Lampson, Butler Wright; Lampson, Butler W.|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||American computer scientist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||December 23, 1943|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Washington, DC|