Judea Pearl

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Judea Pearl

Judea Pearl (born September 4, 1936 in Tel Aviv ) is an American computer scientist and philosopher who deals with artificial intelligence .


Pearl graduated from Technion (1960 bachelor's degree in electrical engineering), Newark College of Engineering ( 1961 master's degree), Rutgers University (1965 master's degree), and the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn , where he received his doctorate in electrical engineering in 1965. While still a student, he was a research engineer at the Medical School of New York University in 1960/61, and from 1961 to 1965 as an engineer at the RCA Research Laboratories , whose Outstanding Achievement Award he received in 1963. From 1966 to 1969 he was director of advanced memory devices at Electronic Memories Inc. in California . From 1969 he was assistant professor and from 1976 professor at the Cognitive Systems Laboratory of the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). Since 1978 he has been a Principal Investigator at UCLA's Cognitive Systems Lab and is currently its Director.

From 1973 to 1983 he was a consultant to RAND Corporation , from 1976 to 1979 consultant to Perceptronics Inc. , 1986 to 1988 with Hughes Aircraft and 1974 to 1976 consultant to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory .

He is a fellow of the IEEE and the American Association of Artificial Intelligence and the National Academy of Engineering .

Pearl is one of the pioneers of Bayesian networks and stochastic access to artificial intelligence . He deals with causal models in the empirical sciences. For his mathematical specification of the concept of causality with applications in social sciences, cognitive science and medicine, for example, he received the Lakatos Prize for Philosophy of Science in 2001.

In 2011 he received the Rumelhart Prize , the Harvey Prize and the Turing Award, the highest honor in computer science. In 2007 he received an honorary doctorate from the University of Toronto . In 2012 he was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and in 2014 to the National Academy of Sciences . In 1999 he received the IJCAI Award for Research Excellence . For 2015 he was awarded the Dickson Prize in Science .

He is the father of the journalist Daniel Pearl who was murdered in Pakistan .


  • Heuristics , Addison-Wesley, 1984
  • Probabilistic Reasoning in Intelligent Systems , Morgan-Kaufmann, 1988
  • Causality: Models, Reasoning, and Inference , Cambridge University Press, 2000, website for the book
  • I Am Jewish: Personal Reflections Inspired by the Last Words of Daniel Pearl , Jewish Lights, 2004.
  • Causal Inference in Statistics - A Primer , Wiley, 2016, ISBN 1119186846 .
  • with Dana MacKenzie: The Book of Why: The New Science of Cause and Effect , Basic Books, 2018, ISBN 046509760X .

Individual evidence

  1. Life and career data based on American Men and Woman of Science , Thomson Gale 2004
  2. Lakatos Prize for Pearl
  3. ^ National Academy of Sciences Members and Foreign Associates Elected. Press release from the National Academy of Sciences (nasonline.org) dated April 29, 2014.

Web links