Marika Kilius

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Marika Kilius figure skating
Marika Kilius 1964.jpg
nation GermanyGermany Germany
birthday March 24, 1943
place of birth Frankfurt am Main
discipline Pair skating
Partner Franz Ningel (1948–1957),
Hans-Jürgen Bäumler (after 1957)
Trainer Erich Zeller
status resigned
Medal table
Olympic medals 0 × gold 2 × silver 0 × bronze
World Cup medals 2 × gold 2 × silver 2 × bronze
EM medals 6 × gold 0 × silver 3 × bronze
Olympic rings winter Olympics
silver Squaw Valley 1960 Couples
silver Innsbruck 1964 Couples
ISU World figure skating championships
bronze Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1956 Couples
silver Colorado Springs 1957 Couples
silver Colorado Springs 1959 Couples
bronze Vancouver 1960 Couples
gold Cortina d'Ampezzo 1963 Couples
gold Dortmund 1964 Couples
ISU European figure skating championships
bronze Budapest 1955 Couples
bronze Paris 1956 Couples
bronze Vienna 1957 Couples
gold Davos 1959 Couples
gold Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1960 Couples
gold Berlin 1961 Couples
gold Geneva 1962 Couples
gold Budapest 1963 Couples
gold Grenoble 1964 Couples

Marika Kilius (born March 24, 1943 in Frankfurt am Main ) is a former German figure skater who also started in roller art and became world champion in both sports.

In her childhood Kilius competed in pair skating with Franz Ningel , with whom she won several medals at world and European championships from 1955 and first took part in the Winter Olympics in 1956. A year later, Hans-Jürgen Bäumler became her sporting partner. With him she won the title of European champion six times and twice that of world champion until 1964. In addition, Kilius and Bäumler stood on the Olympic podium as silver medalists in both 1960 and 1964. In 1964 the couple switched to the professional camp, where Kilius appeared at ice shows such as Holiday on Ice for more than two decades . The popularity of Kilius and Bäumler, who were considered a “dream couple” by the German public, led to the fact that both of them successfully recorded records in the mid-1960s and participated in joint ice revue films.

In 1959, the German sports journalists named Kilius Sportswoman of the Year after she had become the individual world champion in roller art the year before. In 2011 she was inducted into the Hall of Fame of German Sports together with Hans-Jürgen Bäumler .

Athletic career

Beginnings and medals with Franz Ningel (until 1957)

Kilius' sports training began in her early childhood in her hometown of Frankfurt am Main . At the instigation of her mother, she took ballet lessons at the age of two and a half, but quickly preferred roller skating . From autumn 1946 she ran regularly on the roller-skating rink in the Nice park for the Frankfurt roller and ice sports club , whose show evenings were among the greatest attractions of the city ​​that was destroyed in the Second World War . With additional appearances in front of US soldiers stationed in Frankfurt , Kilius procured goods (primarily food and cigarettes) for her parents. Leading art runners in Germany - such as Ria Baran - attested her athletic talent early on .

From the summer of 1948, her trainers let five-year-old Kilius and Franz Ningel, six and a half years older, run in pairs . At first Kilius and Ningel continued to train on roller skates, but soon skated on the ice as well, which was considered more prestigious in view of the greater competition. Since the city of Frankfurt did not have a corresponding ice rink, Kilius' father drove them regularly to the newly built ice rink in Bad Nauheim, a good 40 kilometers away . In her autobiography Kilius Ningel called a "loving big brother" with whom she formed a perfectly harmonious pair of athletes. Since they didn't have a permanent trainer, the two of them made up their presentations after school. From 1950 Kilius and Ningel competed in German youth championships in roller art, where they won for the first time in 1951. In the following year they became German champions of their age group in figure skating. After their success in the youth field, the couple Kilius / Ningel started in 1954 in German adult championships and won the silver medal behind Inge Minor and Hermann Braun on their debut . The German ice skating association registered them for the European championships in Bolzano , from which they were unloaded a few days later: A minimum age of twelve was required to participate in international championships, which was well below the kilius two months before their eleventh birthday.

From 1955 to 1957 Kilius and Ningel won the national championship title in pair skating on the ice three times in a row. They won bronze medals at the European Championships in those years, as well as at the 1956 World Championships . They achieved their best result at a major event with second place at the 1957 World Cup, behind Barbara Wagner and Robert Paul . In Colorado Springs , however, there were only five pairs at the start: Among others, the reigning European champions Věra Suchánková and Zdeněk Doležal as well as the EM silver medalists Marianna and László Nagy did not participate, so that Kilius / Ningel were considered favorites before the championship. They lost their chance for the gold medal with a fall. In 1956, the German couple narrowly missed the medals in their first Olympic participation in fourth place, although Kilius' biographers retrospectively described the freestyle presented there as a "great moment" and "absolute highlight" for Kilius / Ningel and called the jury's verdict unjustified . Spectators of the Olympic competition in Cortina d'Ampezzo threw oranges at the judges after the announcement of the comparatively poor rating for the couple, so that the competition had to be interrupted several times.

While Franz Ningel's growth ended at a height of 1.58 m, the young Marika Kilius continued to grow and at 13 was taller than her 20-year-old partner. Kilius, who ultimately reached a height of around 1.70 m, later stated in her autobiography that she had consciously made herself smaller in competitions during this time in order to cover up the difference in size. Nevertheless, there was more and more negative feedback that their appearance together was "starting to look really funny". She emphasized that the optics - and not the physical problems with the lifting figures - was the only reason why she left Ningel as an ice skating partner after the winter of 1957 after nine years. In the summer of that year, the reigning German champions Kilius and Ningel ran together for the last time in front of an audience in Frankfurt's Nice .

First international titles and successes with Hans-Jürgen Bäumler (1957 to 1962)

Marika Kilius and Hans-Jürgen Bäumler in their first season together in February 1958 at a performance in Krefeld

From the fall of 1957 Kilius competed in pair skating with one year older Hans-Jürgen Bäumler , who until then had only been an individual runner and had won several medals at German championships. The mothers of Kilius and Bäumler were instrumental in the formation of the new couple, which from then on trained under Erich Zeller in Bäumler's place of residence Garmisch-Partenkirchen . After a few weeks of practice together, Kilius / Bäumler won the German championship in their first joint competition in January 1958. They defended this title in 1959, but lost it the following year to Kilius' former partner Franz Ningel and his new partner Margret Göbl . Ningel and Göbl remained Kilius / Bäumler's main rivals at national level until they switched to the professional camp in 1962 and beat them three times in a row at German championships, although they remained without an international title. The sporting battles of the two couples, who were called "big" and "small" because of their physical differences, shaped German figure skating in the early 1960s.

During her early years at the side of Hans-Jürgen Bäumler, Kilius continued to skate successfully on roller skates. At the age of 15, she became individual world champion in roller figure skating in 1958, after which she ended her competitive career in this discipline. In the following years she continued to take part in sold-out shows in Frankfurt, which brought her home club money through ticket sales.

Kilius and Bäumler won their first international gold medal in pair skating at the 1959 European Championships in Davos ahead of the Soviet couple Nina and Stanislaw Alexejewitsch Schuk . The victory was the prelude to a series of six successive European championships that lasted until 1964. On the continental level, the Soviet figure skaters (alongside Göbl / Ningel) remained the greatest challengers for Kilius and Bäumler: In 1962, the German couple beat Lyudmila Belousova and Oleg Protopopov in a narrow decision . At the World Championships and the Olympic Games, the Canadian and US American couples also played an important role in the award of medals: By the end of their amateur careers in 1960, Canadians Barbara Wagner and Robert Paul had won four world championship titles and were Olympic champions in their final year of competition in Squaw Valley . Behind Wagner and Paul, Kilius and Bäumler won the silver medal in 1959 and the bronze medal in 1960 at the world championships as well as silver at the Olympic pair skating in Squaw Valley. The Olympic victory of Wagner / Paul was considered undisputed, and Kilius later stated in their autobiography that the Canadian couple was "just on it".

After Barbara Wagner and Robert Paul switched to professional life, Kilius and Bäumler became favorites in the early 1960s due to their previous results. At the 1962 World Championships in Prague - the 1961 World Cup was canceled after the US team's plane crash - the German couple crashed at the beginning of their freestyle pirouette : Kilius' and Bäumler's skates collided, both fell and gave up briefly then went to the competition because her shoes were damaged in the fall. Kilius later stated that the fall of Prague had "made her popularity soaring" and that in retrospect it had become one of the defining moments of her career.

World champion and end of amateur career (1963 to 1964)

Kilius / Bäumler (center) as winners of the 1964 World Championships in Dortmund , on the right the couple Beloussowa / Protopopow

At the 1963 World Championships in Cortina d'Ampezzo, Kilius / Bäumler prevailed against Lyudmila Belousova and Oleg Protopopov - the same result had happened shortly before at the European Championships in Budapest. With their title from Cortina, Kilius and Bäumler were twelve years after Ria Baran's and Paul Falk's first World Cup victory, the second German pair of world champions after the Second World War.

The climax of Kilius and Bäumler's final year of amateur careers was the 1964 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck , for which the couple were the clear favorites and who had set themselves the goal of Olympic victory. Two weeks before the Olympic pair skating on January 29th, Kilius / Bäumler won their sixth European championship title , again leaving Belousova and Protopopow behind. In Innsbruck, the Germans then ran with the early - and therefore considered to be unfavorable - start number 2, a freestyle that was later described as "sporty high quality [...]", but at the same time as "somewhat restrained and with safety in mind". Seven pairs later, Beloussowa and Protopopow competed, who placed more emphasis on dance elements than on acrobatic figures, and ultimately secured the gold medal 0.8 points ahead of Kilius / Bäumler. Five of the nine judges put the Russian couple in first place, four the Germans. A month later, the World Championships in Dortmund ended the season. Kilius and Bäumler competed with a slightly different freestyle, to which Kilius later stated that in the middle part they had deliberately imitated the Olympic performance of Belousova and Protopopov. The couple successfully defended the title they had won in 1963, with the referees again reaching a close 5-4 decision, this time in favor of Kilius / Bäumler.

The various international ice shows had already made offers to Kilius and Bäumler for a long time to end their competitive career in amateur sports, to switch to the professional camp and thus to earn money with their performances in the future. In addition, due to the great popularity of the ice skating couple in the German public, there were inquiries for film and record contracts. After the World Championships in 1964, Kilius / Bäumler stopped taking part in competitions and instead fulfilled professional contracts. Since they had already signed such a preliminary contract - for the shooting of the film The Great Freestyle - before the Winter Games in Innsbruck, this was seen as a potential violation of the amateur paragraphs of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and led to a smoldering conflict with the officials. In 1966 Kilius and Bäumler voluntarily returned their Olympic silver medals from 1964 - at the request of the German NOK President Willi Daume - in order not to harm Munich's bid for the 1972 Olympic Games . More than two decades later, the IOC determined that there had been no violation of the amateur guidelines on the part of Kilius / Bäumler. The couple received a re-minting of the medals in 1987.

Appearances in Eisrevuen (1964 to 1987)

From 1964 to 1987 Kilius appeared in various commercial ice shows - sometimes with long breaks - and continued with Hans-Jürgen Bäumler until his career ended in the early 1980s. The couple had their first engagement in the winter of 1964/65 in the Wiener Eisrevue . In November 1965 Kilius and Bäumler gave their premiere at the Holiday on Ice ice show , which had a total of 120 employees and with which they toured Europe in the following years. At the end of the 1960s and the beginning of the 1970s, they played in performances of the German Ice Theater , where they performed, among others, Snow White and Im Weißen Rössl . Kilius ended her engagement in the ice theater for a baby break. A year after the birth of her second child, she returned to Holiday on Ice at Bäumler's side in 1974 . Due to a broken shin (as a result of a skiing accident) with subsequent periosteum inflammation, Kilius had to interrupt her athletic career again in the mid-1970s and walk on crutches for a year and a half. She then continued to run for Holiday on Ice , where, after Bäumler's resignation, she performed with Billy Binkowski, among others, and switched to the Adagio style with him , which dispenses with many classic pair skating elements and instead consists primarily of lifts and slingshot figures. Kilius ended her career as an ice skater in her mid-forties.

Record and film career

Chart positions
Explanation of the data
When the cowboys dream
  DE 2 03/01/1964 (18 weeks)
Honeymoon in St. Tropez
  DE 2 07/01/1964 (17 weeks)
I am not an Eskimo
  DE 23 07/01/1964 (4 weeks)
Cavalier, cavalier
  DE 18th 11/01/1964 (8 weeks)
First came an amorous look
  DE 26th 11/01/1965 (6 weeks)

In 1964, Marika Kilius signed a record deal with the German branch of the US record company Columbia (CBS Records), which in February 1964 released the single When the Cowboys dream / Two Indians from Winnipeg . The title When the Cowboys Dream appeared in early March in the hit parade of the music magazine Musikmarkt and then rose to second place. The duet recording with Hans-Jürgen Bäumler Honeymoon in St. Tropez was just as successful, which reached second place in July 1964 and, like When the Cowboys Dream, sold several hundred thousand times. Also placed in the charts were the titles Kavalier, Kavalier (18th), Ich bin kein Eskimo (23rd) and another duet with Hans-Jürgen Bäumler ( first came a look in love , 26th). By 1965, Marika Kilius recorded five solo and three duet singles (with Bäumler).

Parallel to her first recordings, Marika Kilius took part in Franz Antel's ice revue film The Great Freestyle . The film in which she played herself and in which she sang her record titles Kavalier, Kavalier , Ich bin kein Eskimo and Honeymoon in St. Tropez (with Bäumler) premiered in October 1964 and received the gold screen for three a year later Million visitors. In 1967 she shot another sequel with Bäumler, The Great Luck, and was seen with him in a cameo in the 1971 film One Is Always Spinning .


Marika Kilius is the only child of the hat maker Magdalene "Leni" Kilius and the hairdresser Hans Kilius (1907–1982). Leni Kilius named her daughter after the film actress Marika Rökk and was the driving force behind her athletic development from early childhood. After Kilius' first sporting success, her mother gave up her own business and took full care of her daughter's ice skating career. Hans Kilius also supported this career, among other things as the second chairman of the Frankfurt roller skating club. In her autobiography, published in 2013, Kilius stated that she did not enjoy exercising as a child. The applause from the adults and the joy of their parents were, however, motivation for them to pursue the sport. In retrospect, Kilius did not see her childhood negatively and emphasized in an interview with the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung that talented children had to be “pushed a little”. Kilius attended the Anna Schmidt School in Frankfurt am Main. For training with Hans-Jürgen Bäumler in Garmisch-Partenkirchen and for participating in competitions, she was regularly released from classes, sometimes up to three months a year. In order to concentrate on her athletic career, she left school before graduation.

Kilius was married twice, both marriages were divorced. On August 15, 1964, she married Werner Zahn, the son of the lighter entrepreneur Hermann Zahn . With Zahn - who accompanied his wife on her ice revue tours - Kilius had a daughter (* 1965) and a son (* 1973). The couple separated after 13 years of marriage. From 1979 to 1983 Kilius was married to the American Jake Orfield, who worked in the backstage management of Holiday on Ice . In addition to her ice skating and show career, Kilius worked as an entrepreneur in various industries. With her second husband, she founded a company that designed acrylic furniture and sold it in Germany in the 1980s. She later ran a merchandising business with another long-term partner and was the owner of a deli restaurant in Frankfurt. In the 2000s, she developed gold creams for her own cosmetics line.

In an interview with the Süddeutsche Zeitung in 2003, Kilius stated that she had changed her life in the mid-1990s - after separating from her 17-year-old boyfriend. Up until then she had smoked a lot, drank alcohol and was a "night owl". After largely withdrawing from the public eye, she then dealt with spiritual issues and now sees herself as a “Christian Buddhist”. Among other things, she traveled to Dharamsala at the end of 2000 , from where she imported herbs according to Tibetan recipes. Kilius later used these herbs for her cosmetic line. In the fall of 2006, Kilius was one of five judges on the figure skating television show Dancing on Ice .

Public image and appreciation

The Kilius / Bäumler couple (here at the 1964 World Championships)

Kilius / Bäumler's appearances met with a great response from the German public. The last competition at the World Championships in 1964 was followed by 21 million television viewers, later media reports attested a degree of awareness of 95 percent. The Bravo printed the couple from its front page. The weekly magazines of the rainbow press played an essential role in reporting on Kilius and Bäumler, telling their story as an "endless fairy tale" - comparable to a serial novel with real people. In 1965 alone, Das Neue Blatt reported 38 times about the two figure skaters and portrayed them as a “dream couple”. The fact that Kilius did not marry Bäumler, but (in front of more than ten thousand onlookers in Frankfurt) the factory owner's son Werner Zahn, brought many of their supporters on. In the film The Great Freestyle , in which Kilius and Bäumler played themselves, the couple found each other at the end, to which Kilius noted in her autobiography that the plot spoke to the “fans from the soul”. At the same time, she described herself and Bäumler as good friends who, however, were too different for marriage. As the “ice princess in Germany's economic miracle” - with Bäumler as prince by her side - she fulfilled a “fairy tale fantasy” for the audience.

In 1964 , Martin Morlock wrote for Spiegel magazine in a gloss of a "German love-hate relationship with Marika Kilius". Despite all the admiration she was - according to Morlock - accused of lack of collegiality and career addiction as well as callousness, against which the mentioned Kilius protested. Later journalistic articles described her as an active grandmother who spends a lot of time with her grandchildren ( Stuttgarter Nachrichten 2010) and as “friendly, approachable” ( Frankfurter Neue Presse 2019). Kilius herself stated in an interview in 2003 that her break in the mid-1990s was “a kind of cleansing process for mind and body” after which she lost her ambition and no longer put pressure on herself or others.

Kilius / Bäumler's art skating style was considered to be extremely demanding in terms of sport and characterized by artistic difficulties. As a separate element leap, they developed the one cartwheel similar Cartwheel -Figur (German: Cartwheel ), in which the runner is supported by the partner. In 1959 , the German sports journalists voted Kilius Sportswoman of the Year in the year she won her first European title , and in 1963 they awarded her the Golden Ribbon of the Sports Press . Together with Hans-Jürgen Bäumler, she was inducted into the Hall of Fame of German Sports in 2011, where she was the second figure skater after Katarina Witt . On this occasion, the sports journalist Roland Zorn attested to them that they had "in their element [drawn] dreams and projections that went far beyond their perception as top athletes" and that their appearances in the Federal Republic of the 1960s had made them a "brand name" become in figure skating.

Results in pair skating

(with Franz Ningel )

Competition / year 1954 1955 1956 1957
winter Olympics 4th
World championships 7th 3. 2.
European championships 3. 3. 3.
German championships 2. 1. 1. 1.

(with Hans-Jürgen Bäumler )

Competition / year 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964
winter Olympics 2. 2.
World championships 6th 2. 3. 1. 1.
European championships 5. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1.
German championships 1. 1. 2. 2. 2. 1. 1.



  • 1964: When the Cowboys Dream / Two Indians from Winnipeg
  • 1964: I'm not an Eskimo / A man like that is good
  • 1964: Honeymoon in St. Tropez / Only the moon is to blame (with Hans-Jürgen Bäumler )
  • 1964: Kavalier, Kavalier / When the roses bloom in the prairie
  • 1965: First there was a look in love / There are no sky-blue roses (with Fats & His Cats)
  • 1966: When young people go shopping / Gaucho musician (with Hans-Jürgen Bäumler)
  • 1966: I'll go with you through thick and thin / If you come everything will be fine



  • Marika Kilius: Pirouettes of Life: Memories. With the assistance of Shirley Michaela Seul. Integral, Munich 2013, ISBN 978-3-7787-9243-8 .
  • Heino Knopp: Kilius / Bäumler: dream couple on the ice. Copress-Verlag, Munich 1964.
  • Heinz Maegerlein : Triumph on the ice: Sjoukje Dijkstra, Marika Kilius, Hansjürgen Bäumler, Manfred Schnelldorfer. Bartels & Wernitz, Berlin / Munich 1964.
  • Roderich Menzel : World champion on the ice: Kilius / Bäumler. Franz Schneider Verlag, Munich 1963.
  • Marika Kilius , in Internationales Sportarchiv 11/1999 of March 8, 1999, in the Munzinger archive ( beginning of article freely available)

Web links

Commons : Marika Kilius  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Hildegard Ginzler: Sports legend Marika Kilius chatted openly about her life. In: General-Anzeiger. April 25, 2013.
  2. ^ Roderich Menzel: World champion on the ice: Kilius / Bäumler. Franz Schneider Verlag 1963, p. 16.
  3. Marika Kilius: Pirouettes of Life. Integral 2013, p. 25.
  4. Marika Kilius: Pirouettes of Life. Integral 2013, pp. 19–22. Kilius explains in her autobiography that her mother had created an album with newspaper articles about her and cites the Frankfurter Rundschau and the Neue Presse as examples . Baran's statement comes from one of these articles quoted by Kilius.
  5. Heino Knopp: Kilius / Bäumler: dream couple on the ice. Copress-Verlag 1964, p. 44.
  6. In Frankfurt there was an ice rink owned by the Americans on the airport premises, but it was smaller and at the same time more crowded than the one in Bad Nauheim, cf. Roderich Menzel: World champion on the ice: Kilius / Bäumler. Franz Schneider Verlag 1963, p. 20.
  7. Marika Kilius: Pirouettes of Life. Integral 2013, p. 45f.
  8. ^ Roderich Menzel: World champion on the ice: Kilius / Bäumler. Franz Schneider Verlag 1963, p. 23. In view of Kilius' age of eight, which was regarded as "too young", the judges refused to award the couple the championship title. Instead, it received the award as the “best German youth”.
  9. ^ Roderich Menzel: World champion on the ice: Kilius / Bäumler. Franz Schneider Verlag 1963, pp. 25-27.
  10. ^ Roderich Menzel: World champion on the ice: Kilius / Bäumler. Franz Schneider Verlag 1963, p. 41.
  11. ^ Roderich Menzel: World champion on the ice: Kilius / Bäumler. Franz Schneider Verlag 1963, p. 33; Heino Knopp: Kilius / Bäumler: dream couple on the ice. Copress-Verlag 1964, p. 86.
  12. David Wallechinsky: The Complete Book of the Winter Olympics. Aurum Press 1998. p. 93.
  13. ^ Roderich Menzel: World champion on the ice: Kilius / Bäumler. Franz Schneider Verlag 1963, p. 39.
  14. Several biographies name 1.66 m (cf. Heino Knopp: Kilius / Bäumler: Traumpaar auf dem Eis. Copress-Verlag 1964, p. 92), in a later portrait the figure 1.70 m can be found (Inga Catharina Thomas: At the age of 70 - Frozen Marika Kilius becomes a model. In: Die Welt. August 13, 2013.)
  15. Marika Kilius: Pirouettes of Life. Integral 2013, p. 55f.
  16. ^ Roderich Menzel: World champion on the ice: Kilius / Bäumler. Franz Schneider Verlag 1963, p. 41.
  17. Marika Kilius: Pirouettes of Life. Integral 2013, pp. 74-78.
  18. Heino Knopp: Kilius / Bäumler: dream couple on the ice. Copress-Verlag 1964, p. 99.
  19. Eberhard Wittig: The ice-cold business. Limpert-Verlag 1969, p. 158f.
  20. Marika Kilius: Pirouettes of Life. Integral 2013, p. 96.
  21. ^ Roderich Menzel: World champion on the ice: Kilius / Bäumler. Franz Schneider Verlag 1963, p. 107.
  22. ^ Roderich Menzel: World champion on the ice: Kilius / Bäumler. Franz Schneider Verlag 1963, p. 79. "[...] that they will be first this time is clear after a few moments."
  23. Marika Kilius: Pirouettes of Life. Integral 2013, p. 115.
  24. ^ Roderich Menzel: World champion on the ice: Kilius / Bäumler. Franz Schneider Verlag 1963, p. 100.
  25. ^ Roderich Menzel: World champion on the ice: Kilius / Bäumler. Franz Schneider Verlag 1963, p. 112.
  26. Marika Kilius: Pirouettes of Life. Integral 2013, p. 121.
  27. Marika Kilius: Pirouettes of Life. Integral 2013, p. 136.
  28. Marika Kilius: Pirouettes of Life. Integral 2013, p. 137. “At the draw we got a very bad starting position and had to go onto the ice as the second couple. The judges are still very cautious about good grades, after all they have to keep space upstairs. "
  29. ^ Roderich Menzel: World champion on the ice: Kilius / Bäumler. Franz Schneider Verlag 1963, p. 130.
  30. Marika Kilius: Pirouettes of Life. Integral 2013, p. 140.
  31. ^ Roderich Menzel: World champion on the ice: Kilius / Bäumler. Franz Schneider Verlag 1963, p. 131.
  32. Marika Kilius: Pirouettes of Life. Integral 2013, pp. 141–144.
  33. Heino Knopp: Kilius / Bäumler: dream couple on the ice. Copress-Verlag 1964, p. 208.
  34. Marika Kilius: Pirouettes of Life. Integral 2013, p. 136f.
  35. Erich Kamper / Herbert Soucek: Olympic Heroes. Portraits and anecdotes from 1896 to today. Spiridon 1991. p. 143.
  36. Marika Kilius: Pirouettes of Life. Integral 2013, p. 233. In her biography, Kilius mentions 1983 as the year of Bäumler's resignation from active sport; an alternative information is 1981, cf. Deadline: February 27, 1964 - Marika Kilius and Hans-Jürgen Bäumler become world champions in figure skating on February 27, 2004.
  37. Marika Kilius: Pirouettes of Life. Integral 2013, pp. 166–169.
  38. Marika Kilius: Pirouettes of Life. Integral 2013, p. 199.
  39. Marika Kilius: Pirouettes of Life. Integral 2013, p. 210.
  40. Marika Kilius: Pirouettes of Life. Integral 2013, p. 246.
  41. Search result for "Marika Kilius" on Retrieved June 24, 2020.
  42. Softened timbre . In: Der Spiegel . No. 28 , 1964, pp. 76 ( online ).
  43. The big freestyle on Retrieved June 24, 2020.
  44. Marika Kilius: Pirouettes of Life. Integral 2013, pp. 21-23.
  45. a b c Werner d'Inka and Peter Lückemeier: "I wasn't that ambitious at all". In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. October 22, 2008. Kilius also distinguished himself from the statements of Hans-Jürgen Bäumler, who complained that his mother had beaten him: “God, who has never been glued by his parents? My mother hit me on the head with a coat hanger when I was 21. I think it's a shame that he sees it so negatively in retrospect. "
  46. Marika Kilius: Pirouettes of Life. Integral 2013, p. 73.
  47. Marika Kilius: Pirouettes of Life: Memories. Integral 2013, p. 192f.
  48. Ute Vetter: Figure skater Marika Kilius: The ice queen. In: Frankfurter Neue Presse. March 9, 2019.
  49. Marika Kilius: Pirouettes of Life. Integral 2013, pp. 220-223.
  50. a b Marika Kilius: Pirouettes of Life. Integral 2013, pp. 256-259.
  51. a b Gudrun Gloth: "Nine years ago I totally changed my life". In: Süddeutsche Zeitung. March 21, 2003. Retrieved from Munzinger Online . See also Marika Kilius reveals herself in a talk show. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. June 4, 2004.
  52. Uwe Mantel: RTL presents the jury for "Dancing on ice". In: September 7, 2006.
  53. DW: Eroticism is not a question of age. In: The world. 23 March 2018.
  54. Eduard Hoffmann: A dream couple on the ice. Deutschlandfunk. February 28, 2013.
  55. ^ A b Walter Nutz: Trivial literature and popular culture. Springer Fachmedien 1999. pp. 32–34. The communication scientist and trivial literature researcher Walter Nutz introduces the term "endless fairy tale" using the example of Kilius and Bäumler: "At the end of the 50s and beginning of the 60s, the figure skating couple" dream couple "Marika Kilius and Hans-Jürgen Baumler belonged to the repertoire of endless fairy tales."
  56. Oskar Beck: Kilius and Bäumler - The unmarried dream couple. In: The world. February 27, 2013. Beck calls the wedding of Kilius and Zahn, in which the bride sat in a white carriage at the end, the “wedding of the century”.
  57. Marika Kilius: Pirouettes of Life. Integral 2013, pp. 86, 104, 150.
  58. Martin Morlock: Rumors . In: Der Spiegel . No. 32 , 1964, pp. 75 ( online ).
  59. Anne Guhlich: In the footsteps of… Ice Princess Marika Kilius. In: Stuttgarter Nachrichten. January 29, 2010.
  60. Ute Vetter: Figure skater Marika Kilius: The ice queen. In: Frankfurter Neue Presse. March 9, 2019.
  61. Adviser to the Bolshoi . In: Der Spiegel . No. 10 , 1968, p. 114 ( online ).
  62. ^ Roderich Menzel: World champion on the ice: Kilius / Bäumler. Franz Schneider Verlag 1963, p. 139.
  63. Portrait, dates and biography of Marika Kilius in the Hall of Fame of German Sports . Retrieved June 24, 2020.