German Democratic Republic of Germany
|birthday||22nd November 1969 (age 50)|
|place of birth||Neubrandenburg , GDR|
|Best performance||10.89 s ( 100 m ) / 21.95 s ( 200 m )|
|End of career||1995|
Katrin Krabbe (fully Katrin Krabbe-Zimmermann after marriage ; born November 22, 1969 in Neubrandenburg ) is a former German athlete . The sprinter was surprisingly double world champion in the 100 and 200 meters in 1991 and then voted world athlete of the year and world athlete of the year .
She was banned from competing for three years for drug abuse in 1992 after taking Clenbuterol , failed her comeback and gave up her sports career. In court, however, she successfully fought against the International Athletics Federation (IAAF) for compensation payments amounting to 1.2 million DM and, with this extremely rare case, made sports law history in 2002.
At the age of twelve, Katrin Krabbe started with SC Neubrandenburg , the club where her father was a top division soccer player and later a coach, with regular running training. Your trainer was Thomas Springstein from the start . She quickly achieved her first successes. In 1985 she was second over 100 meters and third over 200 meters in the GDR 's children's and youth party. At the Junior World Championships in 1986, the then 16-year-old was already one of the most successful starters. In the same year she won the European Athletics Cup in Gateshead with the GDR sprint relay over 4 x 100 meters in the world's best time of 41.87 seconds.
At the Junior World Championships in 1988 in Greater Sudbury , she won first place both over 200 meters and in the 4 x 100 meter relay. Her personal best time at the athletics sports festival in Berlin (GDR) over 100 meters of 10.89 s earned her qualification for the 1988 Olympic Games in Seoul. There she reached the semi-finals over 200 meters and was then eliminated in sixth with 22.59 s.
The breakthrough came at the 1990 European Championships in Split. There she won gold three times: over 100, 200 meters and with the 4 x 100 meter relay. In 1991 the double victory at the German championships in Hanover followed. At the World Championships in Tokyo, she was the outstanding runner. With 10.99 s and 22.09 s respectively, she won gold in the 100 and 200 meters, defeating her great rivals Gwen Torrence and Merlene Ottey .
Katrin Krabbe is 1.82 m tall and weighed 69 kg during her active time.
As early as 1990, Krabbe was voted both sportswoman of the year in Germany and European sportswoman of the year by the Union of European Sports Journalists (UEPS) for her three European championship titles .
In the following year 1991, as double world champion, she was not only again German athlete of the year and European athlete of the year , this time by the Polska Agencja Prasowa (PAP) press agency , but also as the first and to date only one of two Germans also world athlete of the year . The Italian sports newspaper La Gazzetta dello Sport also named her World Sportswoman of the Year .
In January 1992 she came under suspicion of doping with Silke Möller and Grit Breuer and was suspended by the German Athletics Association (DLV) because the urine samples of the three from the training camp in South Africa were analyzed as identical in the laboratory. In April, the sports court of the DLV lifted the ban "for lack of evidence and for legal reasons". It doubted u. a. that manipulation of the samples by third parties could be ruled out and closed the case. The superordinate arbitration tribunal of the IAAF confirmed this and finally acquitted her in June “for formal reasons”.
On August 5, 1992, Krabbes and Breuer's urine samples from a training camp on July 22 and 23 on Usedom detected Clenbuterol . Her trainer Thomas Springstein had obtained the prescription asthma drug " Spiropent " without a prescription. Also Manuela Derr admitted to take the drug, which was then not out on doping lists. The Barcelona Olympics in 1992 had missed crab lack qualifying performance anyway.
After the Medical Commission of the IAAF had designated Clenbuterol as a doping agent with anabolic effect in November, the DLV finally banned Krabbe and Breuer in March 1993 for drug abuse for one year and Manuela Derr for eight months, each with retroactive effect from August 14, 1992. The IAAF extended this suspension for "unsportsmanlike conduct" for another two years until August 1995. A subsequent attempt at a comeback by Krabbe failed, so that her successful competitive career came to an end in the summer of 1992.
In contrast to Grit Breuer, who, like Manuela Derr, withdrew the initial joint lawsuit, accepted the sanctions and successfully continued her athletics career in 1995, Katrin Krabbe, represented by lawyer Thomas Summerer, continued to litigate against the ban. In 1995 and 1996, the Munich Regional Court and Higher Regional Court confirmed that the more than two-year ban had violated the basic right to freedom of occupation and was therefore ineffective. Both instances recognized a claim for damages , so that in 2001 the Munich Regional Court sentenced the International Athletics Association to the replacement of 1.2 million DM for lost start and victory bonuses as well as sponsorship money plus 4% interest from 1994. After the IAAF appealed to the Munich Higher Regional Court, but there it was signaled that it had failed, the world association finally agreed in 2002, after nine years of litigation, with Krabbe on a settlement payment of an unknown amount.
She did not pursue her athletic career after the failed comeback. Instead, she ran a sports shop in Neubrandenburg that she had opened with her former fiancé, the canoeist Torsten Krenz. In connection with the high compensation payments made by the IAAF, the Neubrandenburg District Court imposed a fine on Krabbe at the end of 2008 for tax evasion , which ultimately led to personal bankruptcy.
Since then she has been working in customer service at a car dealership. On May 5, 2015, her husband committed suicide . She described her anger about it in September 2015 on the SWR talk show Nachtcafé . Meanwhile, she began a volunteer activity in the life care , and until the beginning of 2019 with the Berlin Handball manager Bob Hanning dating, Bruno Zimmermann worked as a youth player.
- Lothar Michaelis: The Krabbe case. A diary. Spotless, Berlin 1992, ISBN 3-928999-03-6 .
- Short biography for: Who was who in the GDR? 5th edition. Volume 1. Ch. Links, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-86153-561-4 . . In:
- Katrin Krabbe in the database of World Athletics (English)
- Katrin Krabbe in the Sports-Reference database (English; archived from the original )
- “Vacation Pay” for Katrin Krabbe. FAZ.net , April 30, 2002, accessed April 9, 2018 .
- Gateshead, European Athletics Cup Final, GDR. Bundesarchivlid, picture description.
- Kathrin Zeilmann: The sprinter in the car dealership. Katrin Krabbe on the 40th Focus Online from November 22, 2009, accessed on June 25, 2012.
- Bernhard Pfister: The Krabbe judgment - judgment note 1st part . In: sportrecht.org (ed.): Sport and law . 1995, p. 201–204 ( sportrecht.org [PDF; accessed April 9, 2018]).
- Fateful Years of a Sprint Queen. Documentary, 30 min. ( YouTube video from minute 19). NDR , February 18, 2018, accessed April 9, 2018 .
- Chronology in the Krabbe case. FAZ.net , June 27, 2001, accessed April 9, 2018 .
- Andreas Bellinger: Katrin Krabbe: Deep fall of a sprint queen. Article on the documentary. NDR , February 18, 2018, accessed April 9, 2018 .
- Drugs in world athletics. bbc.co.uk, July 31, 2000, accessed April 9, 2018.
- Fateful Years of a Sprint Queen. Documentary, 30 min. ( YouTube video from minute 22). NDR , February 18, 2018, accessed April 9, 2018 .
- Late satisfaction for Katrin Krabbe. FAZ.net , June 27, 2001, accessed April 9, 2018 .
- Ex-top rower and husband of ex-sprinter Krabbe is dead. Zeit.de, May 8, 2015.
- Katrin Krabbe mourns her husband. Ostsee-Zeitung, May 8, 2015.
- Katrin Krabbe is broke. BZ , February 20, 2009, accessed April 9, 2018 .
- Fateful Years of a Sprint Queen. Documentary, 30 min. ( YouTube video from minute 4). NDR , February 18, 2018, accessed April 9, 2018 .
- Prominent doping cases: star, scandal - and then what? Spiegel Online , February 10, 2012, accessed December 30, 2014.
- Katrin Krabbe's anger over her husband's suicide , Welt online, September 18, 2015, accessed on September 19, 2015.
- Fateful Years of a Sprint Queen. Documentary, 30 min. ( YouTube video from minute 27). NDR , February 18, 2018, accessed April 9, 2018 .
- Katrin Krabbe-Zimmermann as guest. Article about the NDR show DAS! dated August 14, 2017, accessed April 9, 2018.
- Ex-sprint star and handball maker: Liebesaus with Katrin Krabbe and Bob Hanning. January 24, 2019, accessed on January 26, 2019 (German).
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Crab carpenter, Katrin|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German athlete|
|DATE OF BIRTH||November 22, 1969|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Neubrandenburg , GDR|