# 4 x 100 meter relay

World Athletics Championships 2007 in Osaka : athletes from different nations handing over the baton

The 4 x 100 meter relay race ( 4 x 100 meter relay for short ) is an Olympic athletics competition in which four runners (the relay ) each run 100 meters one after the other, i.e. a whole round of the stadium together. The change between the runners takes place by handing over a baton .

For the men, the fastest relays achieve a time of less than 37 seconds (world record: 36.84 s, as of August 11, 2012; this corresponds to 10.86 m / s or 39.09 km / h).

For women, the fastest relays achieve a time of 42 seconds and less (world record: 40.82 s, as of August 10, 2012; this corresponds to 9.80 m / s or 35.28 km / h).

The average speeds achieved are significantly higher than in the individual race over 100 meters - due to the "flying" change: the runner who takes over the baton starts before the handing over runner has reached him and takes over the baton while running.

The first runner starts with a low start from starting blocks , the starting lines of the individual lanes are offset to compensate for the length of the curve. The runners are not allowed to leave the lanes. Since November 1st, 2017, the changing room for handover begins 20 meters in front of and ends 10 meters behind the end of the respective 100-meter section. Previously there was a 20-meter-long changing area, but the runner taking over was allowed to pick up speed in an additional "acceleration area" that began 10 meters before the actual changing area. The first contact by the accepting runner is decisive for compliance with the changing area.

The baton is 28 to 30 centimeters long, has a circumference of 12 to 13 centimeters (about 4 centimeters in diameter) and weighs at least 50 grams. It is a tube made of metal or other suitable material. If a runner loses the baton, only he can pick it up again. If necessary, he may leave his path for this; however, he must return to the track in such a way that he does not shorten his running distance in this way. The details of the sequence of relay competitions are specified in rule 170 of the technical regulations of the International Athletics Federation IAAF (see web links).

## history

The first relay races for track and field athletes were modeled on firefighters' competitions in the USA around 1880 or 1890 , who each ran 300 m and handed over a pennant. The pennant was later replaced by a wooden stick one foot long (30.48 cm).

In Germany there were relay races over 5 x 100 meters and 4 x 100 meters from 1895/96, initially without a flying change (until 1922) and with handshake. The introduction of the flying change was decided in February 1912. The 4 x 100 meter relay came into the program of the German championships for the first time on 23/24. August 1919.

The first unofficial world record was set by a German relay team from SC Nordwest Berlin in 1896 with a time of 48.2 seconds. The first unofficial world record with registered relay participants was set on July 14, 1901 by the runners Lindemann, Graßmann, Kutscher and Frank from the Academic SC Berlin . Official German records were not registered until 1921. The run must have taken place in Germany, which is why the first official world record set by the German relay in the 1912 Olympic prerun in Stockholm was not initially listed as a German record.

In English-speaking countries, relay runs over 4 x 110 yards (4 x 100.548 meters = 402.336 meters) were also common. Until 1970 the route was run at the Commonwealth Games .

The first recorded record of the German women is the time of 56.4 s, achieved on May 25, 1918 by TSV 1860 Munich (runners: Kießling, Krom, Rädler, Rodder). Already with the first participation of women in the German championships, on 14./15. August 1920, the 4-by-100-meter relay was part of the competition program (together with 100-meter run , long jump and shot put ).

At the Olympic Games in 1908 , the Olympic relay was initially included in the program, in which two 200 meters and one 400 and 800 meters each had to be run. The track lengths of 4 by 100 meters and 4 by 400 meters , which are customary to the present day, were introduced at the Olympic Games in 1912 . There were only three teams in the final, of which the German team was disqualified and therefore no bronze medal was awarded.

The modern change technique, in which the runner does not change baton to the other hand, goes back to a trainer named Boers from Eintracht Frankfurt . His season ran a world record on June 10, 1928 in Halle, after which the term Frankfurter Wechsel was coined. With the flying change, the accepting runner had to start from the respective finish line of the transferring runner until 1963. Since 1963 he has been allowed to start twenty meters in front of it.

Men:

Women:

Men:

Women:

## Technique and tactics

As a rule, the accepting runner moves his arms when starting up and only extends his arm backwards at the request of the passing runner, approx. Two to three meters before the handover. With the thumb spread apart, the arm is stretched back as straight and parallel to the floor as possible, the stick is placed in the hand from above.

There are three types of baton change possible:

• Outside change: The transferring runner carries the baton in his left hand and runs up to the accepting runner on the outside of the track; the latter takes over the baton with his right hand. It is particularly advantageous for beginners that the runner taking over - provided he is right-handed - can use the more skilful right hand.
• Inside change: like outside change, only reversed. The advantage is the economical use of space during the first and third change, but the end of the run must run to the staff acceptance on the outside of the lane.

When changing outside and inside, the baton must be taken into the other hand immediately after taking over with the risk that the runner occasionally forgets this, which leads to a considerable disruption of the process and to a loss of speed during the handover.

• Frankfurt change: The runner does not take the baton in the other hand during his run, so that there is a combination of outside and inside change. This enables the best possible use of space. Since the stick is not changed into the other hand, the space to grip is reduced with each change, which often leads to the stick being lost.

The running routes are different for the four runners, depending on how the drainage area (20 m in front of the changeover line) and the changeover area (10 m in front of to 10 m behind the changeover line) are used. There are the following running routes and special features:

• 1st runner: 90 to 110 meters, low start, cornering
• 2nd runner: 110 to 130 meters, high start, mostly straight route
• 3rd runner: 110 to 130 meters, high start, cornering
• 4. Runner: 120 meters, high start, mostly straight route

This results in the following aspects for the distribution of the four runners:

• The runners with the best individual times have advantages over the long distances.
• Small runners have advantages in the curves because lower centrifugal forces act than larger ones.
• Runners with poor changing technique have advantages as first or fourth runner, as they are only involved in one baton change.
• The runner with the best starting ability is suitable as the first runner, the runner with the greatest willpower as the final runner.

As of November 1, 2017, the run-up area will no longer be available, the exchange area will begin 20 meters in front of and end 10 meters behind the exchange line.

## statistics

### World record development

#### Men

• y: Time was achieved in a 4-by-110-yard run (a total of 402.34 meters) (stated here if it was faster than the following 4 by 100-meter world record)
• In brackets: automatically stopped times
Time (s) Season date place
42.3  Germany July 8, 1912 Stockholm
Otto Röhr , Erwin Kern , Max Herrmann , Richard Rau
42 1/5  United States 22nd August 1920 Antwerp
Charlie Paddock , Jackson Scholz , Loren Murchison , Morris Kirksey
42.0  United Kingdom July 12, 1924 Paris
Harold Abrahams , Walter Rangeley , Lancelot Royle , William Nichol
42.0  Netherlands July 12, 1924 Paris
Jaap Boot , Harry Broos , Jan de Vries , Marinus van den Berge
41.0  United States July 13, 1924 Paris
Francis Hussey , Louis Clarke , Loren Murchison , Alfred LeConey
41.0 y  United States ( Newark AC ) 4th July 1927 Lincoln
Chester Bowman , John Currie , James Pappas , Henry Cummings
41.0  Germany ( Eintracht Frankfurt ) July 10, 1928 Hall
Ernst Geerling , Friedrich-Wilhelm Wichmann , Adolf Metzner , Hans Salz
41.0  United States August 5, 1928 Amsterdam
Frank Wykoff , James Quzinn , Charles Borah , Henry Russell
40.8  Germany September 2, 1928 Berlin
Arthur Jonath , Richard Corts , Hubert Houben , Helmut Körnig
40.8  Germany ( SC Charlottenburg ) July 22, 1929 Wroclaw
Helmut Körnig , Wilhelm Grosser , Heinz Alex Natan , Hermann Schlöske
40.8 y  United States ( University of Southern California ) May 9, 1931 Fresno
Roy Delby , Milton Maurer , Maurice Guyer , Frank Wykoff
40.6  Germany June 14, 1932 kassel
Helmut Körnig , Georg Lammers , Erich Borchmeyer , Arthur Jonath
40.0
(40.10)
United States September 7, 1932 los Angeles
Robert Kiesel , Emmett Toppino , Hector Dyer , Frank Wykoff
39.8  United States September 9, 1936 Berlin
Jesse Owens , Ralph Metcalfe , Foy Draper , Frank Wykoff
39.5
(39.60)
United States 1st December 1956 Melbourne
Ira Murchison , Leamon King , Thane Baker , Bobby Morrow
39.5  BR Germany August 29, 1958 Cologne
Manfred Steinbach , Martin Lauer , Heinz Fütterer , Manfred Germar
39.5  BR Germany September 7, 1960 Rome
Bernd Cullmann , Armin Hary , Walter Mahlendorf , Martin Lauer
39.5  BR Germany September 8, 1960 Rome
Bernd Cullmann , Armin Hary , Walter Mahlendorf , Martin Lauer
39.1  United States June 15, 1961 Moscow
Hayes Jones , Frank Budd , Charles Frazier, Paul Drayton
39.0
(39.06)
United States October 21, 1964 Tokyo
Paul Drayton , Gerry Ashworth , Richard Stebbins , Bob Hayes
38.6 y  United States ( University of Southern California ) June 17, 1967 Provo
Earl McCullouch , Fred Kuller , OJ Simpson , Lennox Miller ( JAM )
38.6
(38.65)
Jamaica 19th October 1968 Mexico city
Errol Stewart , Michael Fray , Clifton Forbes , Lennox Miller
38.3
(38.39)
Jamaica 19th October 1968 Mexico city
Errol Stewart , Michael Fray , Clifton Forbes , Lennox Miller
38.2
(38.24)
United States 20th October 1968 Mexico city
Charles Greene , Mel Pender , Ronnie Ray Smith , Jim Hines
38.2
(38.19)
United States September 10, 1972 Munich
Larry Black , Robert Taylor , Gerald Tinker , Eddie Hart
38.03  United States 3rd October 1977 Dusseldorf
William Collins , Steve Riddick , Cliff Wiley , Steve Williams
37.86  United States August 10, 1983 Helsinki
Emmit King , Willie Gault , Calvin Smith , Carl Lewis
37.83  United States August 11, 1984 los Angeles
Sam Graddy , Ron Brown , Calvin Smith , Carl Lewis
37.79  France September 1, 1990 Split
Max Morinière , Daniel Sangouma , Jean-Charles Trouabal , Bruno Marie-Rose
37.67  United States August 7, 1991 Zurich
Michael Marsh , Leroy Burrell , Dennis Mitchell , Carl Lewis
37.50  United States September 1, 1991 Tokyo
Andre Cason , Leroy Burrell , Dennis Mitchell , Carl Lewis
37.40  United States August 8, 1992 Barcelona
Michael Marsh , Leroy Burrell , Dennis Mitchell , Carl Lewis
37.40  United States October 21, 1993 Stuttgart
Jon Drummond , Andre Cason , Dennis Mitchell , Leroy Burrell
37.10  Jamaica August 22, 2008 Beijing
Nesta Carter , Michael Frater , Usain Bolt , Asafa Powell
37.04  Jamaica 4th September 2011 Daegu
Nesta Carter , Michael Frater , Yohan Blake , Usain Bolt
36.84  Jamaica August 11, 2012 London
Nesta Carter , Michael Frater , Yohan Blake , Usain Bolt

#### Women

The earliest record times for 4-by-100-meter runs of the women were in Finland before the First World War collected. Later, until 1921, German squadrons were at the top of the leaderboard, with US and British squadrons on the 4-by-110-yard routes. The last of these unofficial world bests:

In the 4 x 100 meter relay, track and field history records the only cases in which relays with the same line-up set three world records: TSV 1860 Munich ran with Rosa Kellner , Luise Holzer , Agathe Karrer and Lisa Gelius on July 15, 1928 , July 21, 1929 and July 20, 1930 world records. The GDR selection with Romy Müller (then Schneider), Bärbel Eckert (later Bärbel Wöckel), Ingrid Auerswald and Marlies Göhr set three world records in a row on July 9th and 13th and August 1st, 1980.

The Australian Shirley Strickland set world records with 4 x 100 meter relays in the unusually large distance of around four and a half years (July 27, 1952, twice on December 1, 1956).

Two GDR athletes repeated world records over an even longer period of time: Marlies Göhr was listed for the first time on May 29, 1976 and set her last relay world record more than nine years later, on October 6, 1985. Ingrid Auerswald recorded a six-year world record career ( 1979 to 1985).

In the final of the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo , the Polish relay team ( Teresa Ciepły , Irena Kirszenstein , Halina Herrmann , Ewa Kłobukowska ) set a new world record with 43.6 s (43.69 s) and thus became Olympic champion. After a sex test before the European Athletics Cup in 1967, Ewa Kłobukowska was classified as a hermaphrodite . In 1969, the World Athletics Association Kłobukowskas canceled world records, including the world record from the final in Tokyo. The Polish relay team remained Olympic champion, but the world record was now awarded to the second-placed US relay team, which was also faster than the current world record at the time.

• y: Time was achieved in a 4-by-110-yard run (a total of 402.34 meters) (stated here if it was faster than the following 4 by 100-meter world record)
• A: Time was obtained under altitude conditions
• *: World record recognized by the women's sports organization FSFI , before the start of the registration of women's world records by the IAAF
• In brackets: automatically stopped times
Time (s) Season date place
53.8 y *  United States ( Leonia High School ) 1922 Oaksmere
(unknown)
53 1/5 *  Czechoslovakia May 21, 1922 Paris
Marie Mejzliková I , Marie Bakovská , Marie Jirásková I , Marie Mejzliková II
51 2/5 *
(51 4/5 y)
United Kingdom August 20, 1922 Paris
Mary Lines , Daisy Leach , Gwendoline Porter , Nora Callebout
51.0 y *  United States ( George School ) 1924 Georgetown
Starks, Kennedy, Foots, Vaughan (first names unknown)
50 2/5 *  Germany ( Berliner Sport-Club ) July 11, 1926 Cologne
Lilli Henoch , Charlotte Köhler , Gerda Pöting , Clare Voss
49 4/5 y *  United Kingdom August 29, 1926 Gothenburg
Doris Scoular , Florence Haynes , Eileen Edwards , Rose Thompson
50.0 *  Germany ( Viktoria Magdeburg ) August 7, 1927 Wroclaw
Anneliese Jacket , Lieselotte Hellmann , Rose Drieling , Ilse Drieling
50.0 *  France ( Linnets Saint-Maur ) July 15, 1928 Paris
Georgette Gagneux , Lucienne Velu , Simone Varnier , Marguerite Radideau
49 4/5 *  Germany ( TSV 1860 Munich ) July 15, 1928 Berlin
Rosa Kellner , Luise Holzer , Agathe Karrer , Lisa Gelius
48 2/5 *  Canada 4th August 1928 Amsterdam
Fanny Rosenfeld , Etle Smith , Florence Bell , Myrtle Cook
49.0  Germany ( Eintracht Frankfurt ) June 30, 1929 Mannheim
Ottilie Fleischer , Detta Lorenz , Emmy Haux , Köhler
49.0 *  Germany ( TSV 1860 Munich ) July 21, 1929 Frankfurt am Main
Rosa Kellner , Luise Holzer , Agathe Karrer , Lisa Gelius
48.8 *  Germany ( TSV 1860 Munich ) July 20, 1930 Nuremberg
Rosa Kellner , Luise Holzer , Agathe Karrer , Lisa Gelius
46.9 *  United States August 7, 1932 los Angeles
Mary Carew , Evelyn Furtsch , Anette Rogers , Wilhelmina von Bremen
46.5 *  Germany June 21, 1936 Cologne
Emmy Albus , Käthe Krauss , Marie Dollinger , Grete Winkels
46.4  Germany August 8, 1936 Berlin
Emmy Albus , Käthe Krauß , Marie Dollinger , Ilse Dörffeldt
46.1
(46.23)
Australia July 27, 1952 Helsinki
Shirley Strickland , Verna Johnston , Winsome Cripps , Marjorie Jackson
45.9
(46.14)
United States July 27, 1952 Helsinki
Mae Faggs , Barbara Jones , Janet Moreau , Catherine Hardy
45.9
(46.18)
BR Germany July 27, 1952 Helsinki
Ursula Knab , Maria Sander , Helga Klein , Marga Petersen
45.6  Soviet Union 20th September 1953 Budapest
Vera Kalashnikova , Sinaida Safronowa , Nadeschda Chnykina (Dwalishvili), Irina Turowa
45.6  Soviet Union September 11, 1955 Moscow
Lidija Polinitschenko , Galina Winogradowa , Sinaida Safronowa , Marija Itkina
45.2  Soviet Union July 27, 1956 Kiev
Vera Krepkina , Galina Winogradova , Sinaida Safronova , Marija Itkina
45.2  GDR July 29, 1956 Rostock
Gisela Henning , Christa Stubnick , Gisela Köhler , Barbara Mayer
45.1  All-German team September 30, 1956 Dresden
Erika Fisch , Christa Stubnick , Gisela Köhler , Barbara Mayer
44.9
(45.00)
Australia 1st December 1956 Melbourne
Shirley Strickland , Norma Croker , Fleur Mellor , Betty Cuthbert
44.9
(45.07)
All-German team 1st December 1956 Melbourne
Maria Sander , Christa Stubnick , Gisela Köhler , Barbara Mayer
44.5
(44.65)
Australia 1st December 1956 Melbourne
Shirley Strickland , Norma Croker , Fleur Mellor , Betty Cuthbert
44.4
(44.51)
United States September 7, 1960 Rome
Martha Hudson , Lucinda Williams , Barbara Jones , Wilma Rudolph
44.3  United States July 15, 1961 Moscow
Willye White , Ernestine Pollards , Vivianne Brown , Wilma Rudolph
43.9
(43.92)
United States October 21, 1964 Tokyo
Willye White , Wyomia Tyus , Marilyn White , Edith McGuire
43.9 A  Soviet Union 16th August 1968 Leninakan
Lilija Tkachenko , Galina Bucharina , Vera Popkowa , Lyudmila Samotjossowa
43.6 A  Soviet Union September 27, 1968 Mexico city
Lyudmila Sharkova , Galina Bukharina , Vera Popkowa , Lyudmila Samotjossowa
43.4
(43.50) A.
United States 19th October 1968 Mexico city
Barbara Ferrell , Margaret Bailes , Mildrette Netter , Wyomia Tyus
43.4
(43.49) A.
Netherlands 19th October 1968 Mexico city
Wilhelmina van den Berg , Mieke Sterk , Truus Hennipman , Corrie Bakker
42.8
(42.88) A.
United States 20th October 1968 Mexico city
Barbara Ferrell , Margaret Bailes , Mildrette Netter , Wyomia Tyus
42.8
(42.81)
BR Germany September 10, 1972 Munich
Christiane Krause , Ingrid Mickler , Annegret Richter , Heide Rosendahl
42.6  GDR September 1, 1973 Potsdam
Petra Kandarr , Renate Stecher , Christina Heinich , Doris Maletzki
42.6  GDR August 24, 1974 Berlin
Doris Maletzki , Renate Stecher , Christina Heinich , Bärbel Eckert
42.51  GDR September 8, 1974 Rome
Doris Maletzki , Christina Heinich , Bärbel Eckert , Renate Stecher
42.50  GDR May 29, 1976 Karl Marx City
Carla Bodendorf , Marlies Göhr , Martina Blos , Renate Stecher
42.27  GDR 19th August 1978 Potsdam
Monika Hamann , Marlies Göhr (Oelsner), Carla Bodendorf , Johanna Klier
42.10  GDR May 10, 1979 Karl Marx City
Marita Koch , Ingrid Auerswald , Romy Schneider , Marlies Göhr
42.09  GDR July 9, 1980 Berlin
Ingrid Auerswald , Romy Schneider , Marlies Göhr , Christina Brehmer
41.85  GDR July 13, 1980 Potsdam
Göhr , Ingrid Auerswald , Bärbel Wöckel , Romy Müller (tailor)
41.60  GDR August 1, 1980 Moscow
Marlies Göhr , Romy Müller , Ingrid Auerswald , Bärbel Eckert
41.53  GDR July 31, 1983 Berlin
Silke Gladisch , Marlies Göhr , Marita Koch , Ingrid Auerswald
41.37  GDR October 6, 1985 Canberra
Silke Gladisch , Sabine Günther , Ingrid Auerswald , Marlies Göhr
40.82  United States August 10, 2012 London
Tianna Madison , Allyson Felix , Bianca Knight , Carmelita Jeter

### World best list

#### Men

All seasons that ran faster than 37.80 seconds. Multiple responses to the same team, provided that the run was made in a different line-up or order.

Last change: October 5th, 2019

1. 36.84s Jamaica ( Nesta Carter , Michael Frater , Yohan Blake , Usain Bolt ), London , 11th August 2012
2. 37.04s Jamaica ( Nesta Carter , Yohan Blake , Michael Frater , Usain Bolt ), Daegu , September 4, 2011
3. 37.10s United States ( Christian Coleman , Justin Gatlin , Mike Rodgers , Noah Lyles ), Doha , October 5, 2019
4. 37.27s Jamaica ( Asafa Powell , Yohan Blake , Nickel Ashmeade , Usain Bolt ), Rio de Janeiro , August 19, 2016
5. 37.31s Jamaica ( Steve Mullings , Michael Frater , Usain Bolt , Asafa Powell ), Berlin , August 22, 2009
6. 37.36s Jamaica ( Nesta Carter , Kemar Bailey-Cole , Nickel Ashmeade , Usain Bolt ), Moscow , August 18, 2013
7. 37.36s Jamaica ( Nesta Carter , Asafa Powell , Nickel Ashmeade , Usain Bolt ), Beijing , August 29, 2015
8. 37.36s United Kingdom ( Adam Gemili , Zharnel Hughes , Richard Kilty , Nethaneel Mitchell-Blake ), Doha , October 5, 2019
9. 37.38s United States ( Mike Rodgers , Justin Gatlin , Tyson Gay , Ryan Bailey ), Nassau , May 2, 2015
10. 37.39s Jamaica ( Nesta Carter , Michael Frater , Yohan Blake , Kemar Bailey-Cole ), London , August 10, 2012
11. 37.40s United States ( Michael Marsh , Leroy Burrell , Dennis Mitchell , Carl Lewis ), Barcelona , August 8, 1992
12. 37.40 s United States ( Jon Drummond , Andre Cason , Dennis Mitchell , Leroy Burrell ), Stuttgart , August 21, 1993
13. 37.41s Jamaica ( Nesta Carter , Asafa Powell , Rasheed Dwyer , Nickel Ashmeade ), Beijing , August 29, 2015
14. 37.43s Japan ( Shūhei Tada , Kirara Shiraishi , Yoshihide Kiryū , Abdul Hakim Sani Brown ), Doha , October 5, 2019
15. 37.45s United States ( Trell Kimmons , Wallace Spearmon , Tyson Gay , Mike Rodgers ), Zurich , August 19, 2010
16. 37.47s United Kingdom ( Chijindu Ujah , Adam Gemili , Daniel Talbot , Nethaneel Mitchell-Blake ), London , August 12, 2017
17. 37.50s United States ( Andre Cason , Leroy Burrell , Dennis Mitchell , Carl Lewis ), Tokyo , September 1, 1991
18. 37.52s United States ( Mike Rodgers , Justin Gatlin , Jaylen Bacon , Christian Coleman ), London , August 12, 2017
19. 37.58s United States ( Charles Silmon , Mike Rodgers , Rakieem Salaam , Justin Gatlin ), Monaco , July 19, 2013
20. 37.58s Jamaica ( Jason Livermore , Kemar Bailey-Cole , Nickel Ashmeade , Usain Bolt ), Glasgow , 2nd August 2014
21. 37.59s United States ( Jon Drummond , Tim Montgomery , Brian Lewis , Maurice Greene ), Seville , August 29, 1999
22. 37.59s United States ( Kaaron Conwright , Wallace Spearmon , Tyson Gay , Jason Smoots ), Athens , September 16, 2006
23. 37.60 s Japan ( Ryōta Yamagata , Shōta Iizuka , Yoshihide Kiryū , Asuka Cambridge ), Rio de Janeiro , August 19, 2016
24. 37.61s United States ( Jon Drummond , Bernard Williams , Brian Lewis , Maurice Greene ), Sydney , September 30, 2000
25. 37.61s United Kingdom ( Chijindu Ujah , Zharnel Hughes , Adam Gemili , Nethaneel Mitchell-Blake ), London , July 22, 2018
26. 37.62s Trinidad and Tobago ( Darrel Brown , Marc Burns , Emmanuel Callander , Richard Thompson ) August 22, 2009
27. 37.64s Canada ( Akeem Haynes , Aaron Brown , Brendon Rodney , Andre De Grasse ), Rio de Janeiro , August 19, 2016
28. 37.65s United States , Hudson Smith International ( Jon Drummond , Bernard Williams , Curtis Johnson , Maurice Greene ), Berlin , September 1, 2000
29. 37.65s United States ( Mike Rodgers , Christian Coleman , Tyson Gay , Jarrion Lawson ), Rio de Janeiro , August 18, 2016
30. 37.69s Canada ( Robert Esmie , Glenroy Gilbert , Bruny Surin , Donovan Bailey ), Atlanta , August 3, 1995
31. 37.70 s Jamaica ( Lerone Clarke , Michael Frater , Steve Mullings , Usain Bolt ), Zurich , August 28, 2009
32. 37.70s United States ( Mike Rodgers , Justin Gatlin , Beejay Lee , Christian Coleman ), London , August 12, 2017
33. 37.71s Jamaica ( Nesta Carter , Kemar Bailey-Cole , Julian Forte , Andrew Fisher ), Nassau , May 25, 2014
34. 37.72s Brazil ( Rodrigo do Nascimento , Vitor Hugo dos Santos , Derick Silva , Paulo André Camilo de Oliveira ), Doha , October 5, 2019
35. 37.73s United Kingdom ( Jason Gardener , Darren Campbell , Marlon Devonish , Dwain Chambers ), Seville , August 29, 1999
36. 37.73s United States ( Terrence Trammell , Mike Rodgers , Darvis Patton , Wallace Spearmon ), Zurich , August 28, 2009
37. 37.73 s South Africa ( Thando Dlodlo , Simon Magakwe , Clarence Munyai , Akani Simbine ), Doha , October 5, 2019
38. 37.75s United States ( Andre Cason , Leroy Burrell , Dennis Mitchell , Michael Marsh ), Tokyo , August 31, 1991
39. 37.75s Jamaica , Racers Track Club ( Mario Forsythe , Kemar Bailey-Cole , Warren Weir , Usain Bolt ), London , July 27th 2013
40. 37.76s Jamaica ( Mario Forsythe , Michael Frater , Steve Mullings , Yohan Blake ), Zurich , August 19, 2010
41. 37.77s United Kingdom ( Colin Jackson , Tony Jarrett , John Regis , Linford Christie ), Stuttgart , August 22, 1993
42. 37.77s United States ( Jon Drummond , Bernard Williams , Darvis Patton , Maurice Greene ), Berlin , August 10, 2003
43. 37.77s Jamaica ( Nesta Carter , Nickel Ashmeade , Julian Forte , Yohan Blake ), Nassau , May 25, 2014
44. 37.78 s United States ( Darvis Patton , Wallace Spearmon , Tyson Gay , Leroy Dixon ), Osaka , September 1st 2007
45. 37.78s United Kingdom ( James Dasaolu , Adam Gemili , James Ellington , Chijindu Ujah ), London , July 23, 2016
46. 37.79s France ( Max Morinière , Daniel Sangouma , Jean-Charles Trouabal , Bruno Marie-Rose ), Split , September 1, 1990
47. 37.79s United States ( Santa Monica Track Club ), ( Michael Marsh , Leroy Burrell , Floyd Heard , Carl Lewis ), Monaco , August 3, 1991
48. 37.79s United States ( Michael Marsh , Leroy Burrell , Floyd Heard , Carl Lewis ), Walnut , April 17, 1994
49. 37.79s United States ( Trell Kimmons , Justin Gatlin , Maurice Mitchell , Travis Padgett ), Daegu , September 4, 2011
50. 37.80s United States ( Rodney Martin , Travis Padgett , Shawn Crawford , Darvis Patton ), London , July 26, 2008
51. 37.80 s United Kingdom ( Chijindu Ujah , Zharnel Hughes , Adam Gemili , Harry Aikines-Aryeetey ), Berlin , August 12, 2018

#### Women

All seasons that ran 41.84 seconds or faster. A: Run in high altitude conditions.

1. 40.82s United States ( Tianna Madison , Allyson Felix , Bianca Knight , Carmelita Jeter ), London , August 10, 2012
2. 41.01s United States ( Tianna Bartoletta , Allyson Felix , English Gardner , Tori Bowie ), Rio de Janeiro , August 19, 2016
3. 41.07s Jamaica ( Veronica Campbell-Brown , Natasha Morrison , Elaine Thompson , Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce ), Beijing , August 29, 2015
4. 41.29s Jamaica ( Carrie Russell , Kerron Stewart , Schillonie Calvert , Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce ), Moscow , August 18, 2013
5. 41.36s Jamaica ( Christania Williams , Elaine Thompson , Veronica Campbell-Brown , Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce ), Rio de Janeiro , August 19, 2016
6. 41.37s GDR ( Silke Gladisch , Sabine Rieger , Ingrid Auerswald , Marlies Göhr ), Canberra , October 6, 1985
7. 41.41s Jamaica ( Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce , Sherone Simpson , Veronica Campbell-Brown , Kerron Stewart ), London , August 10, 2012
8. 41.44s Jamaica ( Natalliah Whyte , Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce , Jonielle Smith , Shericka Jackson ), Doha , October 5, 2019
9. 41.47s United States ( Chryste Gaines , Marion Jones , Inger Miller , Gail Devers ), Athens , August 9, 1997
10. 41.49s Russia ( Olga Bogoslowskaja , Galina Maltschugina , Natalja Pomoschtschnikowa-Voronowa , Irina Priwalowa ), Stuttgart , August 22, 1993
11. 41.49s United States ( Michelle Finn-Burrell , Gwen Torrence , Wendy Vereen , Gail Devers ), Stuttgart , August 22, 1993
12. 41.52s United States ( Chryste Gaines , Marion Jones , Inger Miller , Gail Devers ), Athens , August 8, 1997
13. 41.53s GDR ( Silke Gladisch , Marita Koch , Ingrid Auerswald , Marlies Göhr ), Berlin , July 31, 1983
14. 41.55s United States ( Alice Brown , Diane Williams , Florence Griffith-Joyner , Pam Marshall ), Berlin , August 21, 1987
15. 41.56s United States ( Bianca Knight , Allyson Felix , Marshevet Myers , Carmelita Jeter ), Daegu , September 4, 2011
16. 41.58s United States ( Alice Brown , Diane Williams , Florence Griffith-Joyner , Pam Marshall ), Rome , September 6, 1987
17. 41.58s America selection ( Lauryn Williams , Allyson Felix , Muna Lee , Carmelita Jeter ), Cottbus , August 8, 2009
18. 41.60 s GDR ( Romy Müller , Bärbel Wöckel , Ingrid Auerswald , Marlies Göhr ), Moscow , August 1, 1980
19. 41.60 s Jamaica ( Sherone Simpson , Natasha Morrison , Elaine Thompson , Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce ), Zurich , September 3, 2015
20. 41.61s A United States ( Alice Brown , Diane Williams , Chandra Cheeseborough , Evelyn Ashford ), Colorado Springs , July 3, 1983
21. 41.62s Germany ( Tatjana Pinto , Lisa Mayer , Gina Lückenkemper , Rebekka Haase ), Mannheim , July 29, 2016
22. 41.63s United States ( Alice Brown , Diane Williams , Chandra Cheeseborough , Evelyn Ashford ), Los Angeles , June 25, 1983
23. 41.64s United States ( Tianna Madison , Jeneba Tarmoh , Bianca Knight , Lauryn Williams ), London , August 9, 2012
24. 41.65s United States ( Alice Brown , Jeanette Bolden , Chandra Cheeseborough , Evelyn Ashford ), Los Angeles , August 11, 1984
25. 41.65s Jamaica ( Christania Williams , Elaine Thompson , Simone Facey , Veronica Campbell-Brown ), Zurich , September 1, 2016
26. 41.67s United States ( LaTasha Colander , Lauryn Williams , Marion Jones , Angela Williams ), Athens , August 26, 2004
27. 41.67s United States ( Barbara Pierre , Alexandria Anderson , Tiffany Townsend , Charonda Williams ), Zurich , August 29, 2013
28. 41.68s GDR ( Silke Gladisch , Katrin Krabbe , Kerstin Behrendt , Sabine Rieger ), Split , September 1, 1990
29. 41.68s United States ( English Gardner , Allyson Felix , Jenna Prandini , Jasmine Todd ), Beijing , August 29, 2015
30. 41.69s GDR ( Silke Gladisch , Marita Koch , Ingrid Auerswald , Marlies Göhr ), Potsdam , July 21, 1984
31. 41.70s Jamaica ( Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce , Kerron Stewart , Sherone Simpson , Veronica Campbell-Brown ), Daegu , September 4, 2011
32. 41.73s GDR ( Silke Gladisch , Kerstin Behrendt , Ingrid Auerswald , Marlies Göhr ), Berlin , September 13, 1988
33. 41.73s Jamaica ( Tayna Lawrence , Sherone Simpson , Aleen Bailey , Veronica Campbell ), Athens , August 27, 2004
34. 41.75s America picks ( Octavious Freeman , Allyson Felix , English Gardner , Carmelita Jeter ), Monaco , July 19, 2013
35. 41.76s GDR ( Silke Gladisch , Marita Koch , Ingrid Auerswald , Marlies Göhr ), Helsinki , August 10, 1983
36. 41.77s United States ( Tianna Bartoletta , Allyson Felix , English Gardner , Morolake Akinosun ), Rio de Janeiro , August 18, 2016
37. 41.77s United Kingdom ( Asha Philip , Desiree Henry , Dina Asher-Smith , Daryll Neita ), Rio de Janeiro , August 19, 2016
38. 41.78s France ( Patricia Girard , Muriel Hurtis-Houairi , Sylviane Félix , Christine Arron ), Saint-Denis , August 30, 2003
39. 41.78s United States ( Angela Daigle-Bowen , Muna Lee , Me'Lisa Barber , Lauryn Williams ), Helsinki , August 13, 2005
40. 41.78s America picks ( Jeneba Tarmoh , Alexandria Anderson , Barbara Pierre , Aurieyall Scott ), Monaco , July 19, 2013
41. 41.78s Jamaica ( Carrie Russell , Kerron Stewart , Natasha Morrison , Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce ), Monaco , August 29, 2013
42. 41.79s GDR ( Silke Gladisch , Heike Drechsler , Ingrid Auerswald , Marlies Göhr ), Karl-Marx-Stadt , June 20, 1987
43. 41.79s Mixed Team ( Mandy White , Carmelita Jeter , Lauryn Williams , Blessing Okagbare ), Walnut , April 20, 2013
44. 41.79s Jamaica ( Simone Facey , Sashalee Forbes , Veronica Campbell-Brown , Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce ), Rio de Janeiro , August 18, 2016
45. 41.81s United Kingdom ( Asha Philip , Desiree Henry , Dina Asher-Smith , Daryll Neita ), London , July 22, 2016
46. 41.82s United States ( Jeneba Tarmoh , Alexandria Anderson , English Gardner , Octavious Freeman ), Moscow , August 18, 2013
47. 41.83s United States ( Angela Williams , Chryste Gaines , Inger Miller , Torri Edwards ), Saint-Denis , August 30, 2003
48. 41.83s Jamaica ( Kerron Stewart , Veronica Campbell-Brown , Schillonie Calvert , Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce ), Glasgow , 2nd August 2014
49. 41.83s United States ( Barbara Pierre , Candyce McGrone , Jeneba Tarmoh , Tori Bowie ),
50. 41.84s GDR ( Silke Gladisch , Cornelia Oschkenat , Sabine Rieger , Marlies Göhr ), Stuttgart , August 31, 1986
51. 41.84s Jamaica ( Sherone Simpson , Natasha Morrison , Kerron Stewart , Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce ), Beijing , August 29, 2015

## literature

• Progression of World best performances and official IAAF World Records. 2003 Edition, Monaco, 2003, p. 131 ff. And P. 289 ff. (English)