Discus throw

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The discus thrower Robert Garrett at the 1896 Olympic Games

The discus throw (also discus ) is an Olympic discipline of athletics , in which a lenticular plate is to throw as far as possible. In ancient times , discus throwing was practiced as a competition called discos . The discus thrower was seen as the epitome of the athlete . For the first time, discus was an Olympic discipline at the ancient Olympic Games in 708 BC. Demonstrable.

The discus throw was discipline of the first Olympic Games of the modern era in Athens in 1896 . At that time, people were thrown from a 60 by 70 cm platform. Since 1907 the men have been throwing a circular, 2 kg discus with a diameter of 22 cm. The women's disc weighs half that. From 1928 , when women were also allowed to throw a discus at the Olympic Games for the first time, they were thrown from a throwing circle with a diameter of 2.5 m. Today a competition consists of six attempts. Only the best valid distance of an athlete counts. After three rounds, the best eight athletes qualify for the three final rounds.


Greek antiquity

The discus is already by Homer called circular, lenticular disk of stone or metal. Height and weight were different for men and boys. The weight ranged from 1.25 kg to 5.7 kg. The diameter was between 15.5 and 34 cm and the thickness between 4 mm and 13 mm. Mostly it was decorated with writings or religious symbols. Sometimes it was only intended as a religious offering, etc., and it was not thrown with it. There was a disc with a polished edge that was used as a weapon . The discus was also used in fighting games.

It is possible that the name of the “stone-throwing” Diomedes or something similar in the epic Iliad indicates the discus. At least it was the subject of Greek mythology . Thus Perseus his grandfather Acrisius slain accidentally with a discus throw.

The discus thrower or discobolos found its statuary shape in the classical period of Myron . The diskophoros or disk carrier of the Polyklet can also be mentioned here. While the stationary motif ( classical contrapost ) was essential in the Diskophoros of Polyklet , in the Myronic Diskobolos it is the only moment of calm within the action.

Greek bronze statue 2nd century

The fight in the discus was officially first started at the Olympic Games around 708 BC. BC. At that time the athlete still had to throw from a 60 cm by 70 cm platform. Back then, the discus thrower was the epitome of the athlete and was highly regarded, which was partly due to the fact that - in contrast to modern times - the discus throwing never existed as an individual discipline , but always in combination with other disciplines. The discus throw, for example, was part of the ancient pentathlon .


In ancient Indian literature, a jagged throwing disc ( sudarshana chakra ) is mentioned as an attribute of the Hindu god Vishnu in Rigveda , Yajurveda and in the Puranas . Perhaps stimulated by Greek- Hellenistic influences, Vishnu has been represented with a throwing disc ( chakra ) since the early Middle Ages (around 500 AD ), which is sometimes translated as 'wheel' or 'discus'.

Olympic modern times

Until the middle of the 19th century, the discus throwing was only passed down through statues and drawings without detailed knowledge of the throwing technique and the specification of the throwing disc. After many years of research and experiments with students in Magdeburg, Christian Georg Kohlrausch (1851–1934) published “Der Diskus. Instructions for introducing discus throwing on our gymnastics and playgrounds ” .

The discus. Instructions from Christian Georg Kohlrausch, 1882
Woodcuts from The Discus. Instructions from Christian Georg Kohlrausch, 1882

Discus throw was on the program at the first modern Olympic Games in 1896 . It was first thrown from a pedestal , as shown by Myron , then until 1912 at ground level with the left and right arm, and then followed the shape that is common today: from a ring (2.50 m diameter) with one and a half turns. Discs now weigh 2 kg for men and 1 kg for women. They are made of wood with a metal ring or metal core. The turning technique of discus throwing is extremely difficult to learn and perfect due to its complexity and the fact that it has to be carried out precisely. Most top discus throwers usually only reach their top scores from the age of around 30.

The first official world record holder was James Duncan from the USA (47.58 m, 1912). At the end of the 1970s, not only the men (initially Wolfgang Schmidt , GDR ), but also the women (for the first time Faina Melnik , USSR in 1975 ) were already significantly further than 70 m. Both had about doubled their widths.




  • First registered width (1.25 kg discus): 16.64 m, Marian Connelly ( USA ), May 16, 1914 in Painesville
  • First official world record: 27.39 m, Yvonne Tembouret ( FRA ), September 23, 1923
  • First litter over 30 m: 30.225 m, Lucienne Velu ( FRA ), September 14, 1924 (an earlier litter from 1924 was not recognized as a world record)
  • First litter over 40 m: 40.345 m, Jadwiga Wajs ( POL ), May 15, 1932
  • First litter over 50 m: 53.25 m, Nina Dumbadse ( URS ), August 8, 1948 (an earlier litter from 1946 was not recognized as a world record)
  • First litter over 60 m: 61.26 m, Liesel Westermann ( FRG ), November 5th, 1967
  • First litter over 70 m: 70.20 m, Faina Melnik ( URS ), August 20, 1975

Most successful athlete




On July 13, 1981 the International Athletics Federation (IAAF) canceled the two discus world records set by Ben Plucknett (1954–2002), USA, on May 16, 1981 in Modesto (California, USA) and on July 7 in Stockholm (Sweden) ) - last with 72.34 m - because of the use of anabolic steroids , especially nandrolone , and imposed a ban on participation for 18 months.



With the establishment of the International Athletics Federation IAAF in 1912, fixed rules for discus throwing were established for the first time.

Competition process

Today six attempts are thrown in a regular competition . The aim is to throw the disc as far as possible into a given sector . The best distance is counted for the respective thrower. After the first three attempts, the eight athletes with the greatest distances qualify for the final fight, in which three throws are then performed each time. In the fourth and fifth attempts, the competition position is reversed after three attempts. Likewise, in the last attempt, the order is rearranged from last to first after five attempts.

Invalid throws

A litter is invalid if:

  • the circle was left to the front (after the start of the experiment),
  • the upper edge of the iron ring or the ground outside the circle was touched during the attempt (it is NOT a failed attempt if the contact occurs during the first turn without pulling a finger)
  • the disc does not come up first in the sector,
  • the preparation time has been exceeded,
  • the circle was left before the disc hit the ground,
  • the attempt was not started from the rest position.


In competitions, the discus is standardized to a weight of 2 kg for men and 1 kg for women. There are other weight classes for young people and seniors. The discus is usually made of wood or plastic in competitions , has a ring made of brass or steel with a rounded outer edge and a metal insert in the middle on both sides. Modern devices are also made from carbon fiber reinforced or other composite materials and optimized in their flight characteristics with the help of computers. In the case of good technicians among the athletes, this can lead to a noticeable increase in distance, u. a. because the mass distribution can be varied better than with the wooden disc and most of the mass can be shifted into the surrounding ring. The greater the mass fraction in the outer ring, the higher the natural rotation. The mass distribution fluctuates between 70% and up to 92% in the outer ring. For men, the disc has a diameter of 21.9 cm to 22.1 cm and a height of 4.4 cm to 4.6 cm in the middle. In women, the disc is 18.0 cm to 18.2 cm in diameter and 3.7 cm to 3.9 cm high. For men and women, the diameter of the metal insert in the center of the disc is 5.0 cm to 5.7 cm and the radius is approximately 0.6 cm. The metal insert can also be used to re-tar the device, which is no longer absolutely necessary with the optimized devices made of modern composite materials. The disc must be symmetrical. This means that the top must not differ from the bottom.


Throwing phases in the throwing sector

The athlete must throw the disc into a given sector of a circle on the ground , the side borders of which form an angle of 34.92 ° , which has its apex in the center of the throwing circle .

The throwing circle has a diameter of 2.5 m. In the middle of the throwing ring there is a line at least 70 cm long on both sides, which is drawn at right angles to the throwing direction. They serve as a marker. The thrower must go back left or right of the lines after the throw. If the thrower touches or crosses a line, the throw is void. Rear and sides of the coupling ring is a high, solid metal mesh or a strained network, which is open only to union sector in order for accidental missed shots to violate any persons who differ greatly from the intended direction of throw or damage technical equipment .

Physics of discus throwing

During its flight, the discus makes a ballistic curve . The rotation of the disc, its angle in relation to the incoming air and air movements also influence the distance. There are three effects to consider:

  1. The top effect : Since the disc rotates around the axis of symmetry when it is thrown, it behaves like a top . This means that the thrown disc is very stable in the air; the axis of rotation tries to maintain its orientation.
  2. The trajectory parabola : If you neglect the air resistance, the discus describes a parabola as a flight path. This is slightly asymmetrical because the drop point is slightly higher (approx. At the level of the athlete's outstretched arm) than the point of impact. Therefore, you can reach the maximum distance with a throw angle of just under 45 °. Of course, the distance is also dependent on the speed of the discharge.
    Aerodynamics of the discus throw
  3. The aerodynamics : Because of its shape a lift force caused by the air flow acts (as similar as it is with an airplane wing of the case) in the discus. This buoyancy force starts at the center of gravity of the form , which in this case coincides with the geometric center and also with the center of gravity of the disc. The steeper the disc is inclined in relation to the direction of flight, the greater the force. In the case of an optimally thrown disc, this angle of inclination is still negative at the beginning of the trajectory (approx. −10 °), which means that it still receives a downforce here (i.e. a force that pulls it down). However, that soon changes, as the discus does not change its position in space due to the rotation. As a result, in the second and third third of the flight path, it experiences an ever increasing lift.

The technology

Phases of the discus throw

The technique of throwing a disc consists of a one and a half turn around its own axis. In order to accelerate the discus as strongly as possible under the conditions just mentioned, many aspects must be considered. In addition, the relatively fluid-looking rotating movement can be divided into different phases.

Holding the device

The disc lies on the last phalanx, the focus is between the index and middle fingers. With a slight bend in the wrist, the upper edge of the disc touches the forearm. This prevents falling out during the movements and ensures the necessary looseness of the muscles.

The starting position

In the starting position, the athlete's back points in the direction of the throw. He stands at the back of the circle. The legs are a little over shoulder width apart. In a relaxed, slightly sitting position, the body weight rests on both front legs. The arm with the disc hangs loosely to the side of the body.

The surge

First, the athlete brings the discus with an extended limb to swing as far back as possible to the right, slightly above shoulder height (upswing). The swing movement should be carried out easily and calmly. The head, trunk and opposite arm support this movement. The upper body remains upright.

The rotation

The rotation accelerates the disc over the longest possible path, while the legs overtake the device, which increases the twist between the shoulder and pelvic axes.

When turning, the left leg begins to turn on the ball of the foot in the direction of the throw. The body weight shifts to the left leg. As soon as the left leg has reached an angle of about 120 ° to the throwing direction, the right leg pushes itself off the ground. The foot of the slightly bent right leg moves on an optimal radius in the direction of the front edge of the circle. This relatively large distance between the right foot and limb results in better twisting during the turn. As soon as the front of the body points in the direction of the throw, the left foot lifts off the ground. This creates the flight phase of the turn: the thrower moves forward and simultaneously performs a turning movement.

After the bent right leg has touched down on the front part of the foot roughly in the middle of the circle, the left leg is brought forward as quickly as possible and actively placed with the inner edge of the foot in front of the right, roughly parallel to it. When landing, the right knee should assume the same angular position as it was at the beginning of the rotation before tearing the thigh. The landing of the legs occurs in quick succession. In the course of the rotation, the shoulder axis moves parallel to the ground. The back of the throwing hand is constantly pointing upwards.

The litter display

Discus thrower , illustration (1965) by Helmuth Ellgaard

The thrower must be in a good equilibrium position after the turn so that he can fully transfer his power to the discus. The body weight rests on the bent right leg. The right foot placed in the middle of the circle is at an angle of approx. 140 ° to the direction of throw. The left leg touches the inside edge of the foot, slightly bent. The size of the display should be approx. 80 cm. The left foot is about 10 cm from the edge of the circle and about 10 to 15 cm to the left of the center line of the circle. The angle between the direction of the throw and the left foot is approx. 90 °. Since the arm with the disc is still far behind the body, the device has a path of approximately 270 ° until it is released. The right hip is in front of the right shoulder, causing the right side of the body to twist. The upper body is upright, the left side of the body forms a straight line from foot to shoulder. The twisting of the right side of the body arises on the one hand between the shoulder and pelvic axis and on the other hand between the shoulder and limb. The tension must be maintained and is only released when it is released.

The throwing motion

In this position, the explosive twisting and stretching movement of the rear leg begins, bringing the right hip and right shoulder forward. When the body weight comes over the left leg, the pelvis and shoulder axes move in the direction of the throw. Then the drop takes place with a long limb at shoulder height. He is supported by the stretching movement of both legs. For a moment, both legs are in the air when you are jumping. At the time of throwing the left half of the body is determined so that the force impulse can be continued in a straight line in the direction of the throw. When thrown, the back of the hand points upwards and the disc rolls over the index finger. The rotation gives the disc flight stability.

The interception

The body swing is intercepted in the support throw by jumping around the legs. The right leg comes forward to the edge of the circle, the body weight is absorbed with the knee joint. It should only be jumped when the device has left the throwing hand. In the jump shot , after leaving the disc, another turn is made in the air, with the body weight shifting to the center of the ring. You land again on the left foot and turn on it until the balance is balanced enough to safely place your right foot in the ring and end the throw.

Common mistakes

  1. The build-up of tension in the main acceleration phase does not meet the requirements. In this case the arms are faster than the legs.
  2. The footrest in the middle of the ring is too passive. Since the right foot / knee can only be turned further with the ball of the foot, the throwing movement is interrupted. This leads to an uneven, poor acceleration of the device
  3. The turning movement takes place in a way that emphasizes the upper part of the body, which means that only a small part of the weight is shifted to the left leg that bears the load in this part of the acceleration phase. As a result, the rest of the rotation is no longer smooth enough.
  4. The upper body does not stay vertical during the first full turn, but tilts over the left side (control of the rotation with the upper body, not with the legs).


Olympic Games medalist


year gold medal Silver medal Bronze medal
1896 United StatesUnited States Robert Garrett GreeceGreece Panagiotis Paraskevopoulos GreeceGreece Sotirios Versis
1900 HungaryHungary Rudolf Bauer BohemiaBohemia František Janda-Suk United StatesUnited States Richard Sheldon
1904 United StatesUnited States Martin Sheridan United StatesUnited States Ralph Rose GreeceGreece Nikolaos Georgandas
1906 United StatesUnited States Martin Sheridan GreeceGreece Nikolaos Georgandas FinlandFinland Verner Järvinen
1908 United StatesUnited States Martin Sheridan United StatesUnited States Merritt Giffin United StatesUnited States Bill Horr
1912 FinlandFinland Armas Taipale United StatesUnited States Richard Byrd United StatesUnited States James Duncan
1920 FinlandFinland Elmer Niklander FinlandFinland Armas Taipale United StatesUnited States Gus Pope
1924 United StatesUnited States Bud Houser FinlandFinland Vilho Niittymaa United StatesUnited States Thomas Lieb
1928 United StatesUnited States Bud Houser FinlandFinland Antero Kivi United StatesUnited States James Corson
1932 United StatesUnited States John Anderson United StatesUnited States Henri LaBorde FranceFrance Paul Winter
1936 United StatesUnited States Ken Carpenter United StatesUnited States Gordon Dunn ItalyItaly Giorgio Oberweger
1948 ItalyItaly Adolfo Consolini ItalyItaly Giuseppe Tosi United StatesUnited States Fortune Gordia
1952 United StatesUnited States Sim Iness ItalyItaly Adolfo Consolini United StatesUnited States Jim Dillion
1956 United StatesUnited States Al Oerter United StatesUnited States Fortune Gordia United StatesUnited States The cook
1960 United StatesUnited States Al Oerter United StatesUnited States Rink Babka United StatesUnited States Dick Cochran
1964 United StatesUnited States Al Oerter CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia Ludvík Daněk United StatesUnited States Dave Weill
1968 United StatesUnited States Al Oerter Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Lothar Milde CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia Ludvík Daněk
1972 CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia Ludvík Daněk United StatesUnited States Jay New Years SwedenSweden Ricky Bruch
1976 United StatesUnited States Mac Wilkins Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Wolfgang Schmidt United StatesUnited States John Powell
1980 Soviet UnionSoviet Union Viktor Rashchupkin CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia Imrich Bugár CubaCuba Luis Delís
1984 Germany BRBR Germany Rolf Danneberg United StatesUnited States Mac Wilkins United StatesUnited States John Powell
1988 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Jürgen Schult Soviet UnionSoviet Union Romas Ubartas Germany BRBR Germany Rolf Danneberg
1992 LithuaniaLithuania Romas Ubartas GermanyGermany Jürgen Schult CubaCuba Roberto Moya
1996 GermanyGermany Lars Riedel BelarusBelarus Uladsimir Dubrouschtschyk BelarusBelarus Wassil Kapzjuch
2000 LithuaniaLithuania Virgilijus Alekna GermanyGermany Lars Riedel South AfricaSouth Africa Frantz Kruger
2004 LithuaniaLithuania Virgilijus Alekna HungaryHungary Zoltán Kővágó EstoniaEstonia Aleksander Tammert
2008 EstoniaEstonia Gerd Kanter PolandPoland Piotr Małachowski LithuaniaLithuania Virgilijus Alekna
2012 GermanyGermany Robert Harting IranIran Ehsan Hadadi EstoniaEstonia Gerd Kanter
2016 GermanyGermany Christoph Harting PolandPoland Piotr Małachowski GermanyGermany Daniel Jasinski


year gold medal Silver medal Bronze medal
1928 PolandPoland Halina Konopacka United StatesUnited States Lillian Copeland SwedenSweden Ruth Svedberg
1932 United StatesUnited States Lillian Copeland United StatesUnited States Ruth Osburn PolandPoland Jadwiga Wajs
1936 German Reich NSGerman Reich (Nazi era) Gisela Mauermayer PolandPoland Jadwiga Wajs German Reich NSGerman Reich (Nazi era) Paula Mollenhauer
1948 FranceFrance Micheline Ostermeyer ItalyItaly Edera Gentile FranceFrance Jacqueline Mazéas
1952 Soviet UnionSoviet Union Nina Romashkova Soviet UnionSoviet Union Yelisaveta Bagrjanzeva Soviet UnionSoviet Union Nina Dumbadze
1956 CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia Olga Fikotová Soviet UnionSoviet Union Irina Beglyakova Soviet UnionSoviet Union Nina Ponomaryova
1960 Soviet UnionSoviet Union Nina Ponomaryova Soviet UnionSoviet Union Tamara Press RomaniaRomania Lia Manoliu
1964 Soviet UnionSoviet Union Tamara Press Germany team all GermanAll-German team Ingrid Lotz RomaniaRomania Lia Manoliu
1968 RomaniaRomania Lia Manoliu Germany BRBR Germany Liesel Westermann HungaryHungary Jolán Kleiber
1972 Soviet UnionSoviet Union Faina Melnik RomaniaRomania Argentina Menis BulgariaBulgaria Wassilka Stoewa
1976 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Evelin Schlaak BulgariaBulgaria Marija Wergowa Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Gabriele Hinzmann
1980 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Evelin Jahl BulgariaBulgaria Maria Petkova Soviet UnionSoviet Union Tatiana Lessovaya
1984 NetherlandsNetherlands Ria Stalman United StatesUnited States Leslie Deniz RomaniaRomania Florența Crăciunescu
1988 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Martina Hellmann Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Diana Gansky BulgariaBulgaria Tsvetanka Christova
1992 CubaCuba Maritza Martén BulgariaBulgaria Tsvetanka Christova RomaniaRomania Daniela Costian
1996 GermanyGermany Ilke Wyludda RussiaRussia Natalia Sadova BelarusBelarus Elina Swerava
2000 BelarusBelarus Elina Swerava GreeceGreece Anastasia Kelesidou BelarusBelarus Iryna Yatchanka
2004 RussiaRussia Natalia Sadova GreeceGreece Anastasia Kelesidou BelarusBelarus Iryna Yatchanka
2008 United StatesUnited States Stephanie Brown Trafton UkraineUkraine Olena Antonova China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China Song Aimin
2012 CroatiaCroatia Sandra Perković China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China Li Yanfeng CubaCuba Yarelys Barrios
2016 CroatiaCroatia Sandra Perković FranceFrance Mélina Robert-Michon CubaCuba Denia Caballero

World Championships medalist


year gold medal Silver medal Bronze medal
1983 CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia Imrich Bugár CubaCuba Luis Delís CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia Gejza Valent
1987 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Jürgen Schult United StatesUnited States John Powell CubaCuba Luis Delís
1991 GermanyGermany Lars Riedel NetherlandsNetherlands Erik de Bruin HungaryHungary Attila Horváth
1993 GermanyGermany Lars Riedel RussiaRussia Dmitri Shevchenko GermanyGermany Jürgen Schult
1995 GermanyGermany Lars Riedel BelarusBelarus Uladsimir Dubrouschtschyk BelarusBelarus Wassil Kapzjuch
1997 GermanyGermany Lars Riedel LithuaniaLithuania Virgilijus Alekna GermanyGermany Jürgen Schult
1999 United StatesUnited States Anthony Washington GermanyGermany Jürgen Schult GermanyGermany Lars Riedel
2001 GermanyGermany Lars Riedel LithuaniaLithuania Virgilijus Alekna GermanyGermany Michael Möllenbeck
2003 LithuaniaLithuania Virgilijus Alekna HungaryHungary Róbert Fazekas BelarusBelarus Wassil Kapzjuch
2005 LithuaniaLithuania Virgilijus Alekna EstoniaEstonia Gerd Kanter GermanyGermany Michael Möllenbeck
2007 EstoniaEstonia Gerd Kanter GermanyGermany Robert Harting NetherlandsNetherlands Rutger Smith
2009 GermanyGermany Robert Harting PolandPoland Piotr Małachowski EstoniaEstonia Gerd Kanter
2011 GermanyGermany Robert Harting EstoniaEstonia Gerd Kanter IranIran Ehsan Hadadi
2013 GermanyGermany Robert Harting PolandPoland Piotr Małachowski EstoniaEstonia Gerd Kanter
2015 PolandPoland Piotr Małachowski BelgiumBelgium Philip Milanov PolandPoland Robert Urbanek
2017 LithuaniaLithuania Andrius Gudžius SwedenSweden Daniel Ståhl United StatesUnited States Mason Finley
2019 SwedenSweden Daniel Ståhl JamaicaJamaica Fedrick Dacres AustriaAustria Lukas Weißhaidinger


year gold medal Silver medal Bronze medal
1983 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Martina Opitz Soviet UnionSoviet Union Galina Murašova BulgariaBulgaria Maria Wergowa-Petkowa
1987 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Martina Hellmann Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Diana Gansky BulgariaBulgaria Tsvetanka Christova
1991 BulgariaBulgaria Tsvetanka Christova GermanyGermany Ilke Wyludda Soviet UnionSoviet Union Laryssa Mychaltchenko
1993 RussiaRussia Olga Chernyavskaya AustraliaAustralia Daniela Costian China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China Min Chunfeng
1995 BelarusBelarus Elina Swerava GermanyGermany Ilke Wyludda RussiaRussia Olga Chernyavskaya
1997 New ZealandNew Zealand Beatrice Faumuina BelarusBelarus Elina Swerava RussiaRussia Natalia Sadova
1999 GermanyGermany Franka Dietzsch GreeceGreece Anastasia Kelesidou RomaniaRomania Nicoleta Grasu
2001 BelarusBelarus Elina Swerava RomaniaRomania Nicoleta Grasu GreeceGreece Anastasia Kelesidou
2003 BelarusBelarus Iryna Yatchanka GreeceGreece Anastasia Kelesidou GreeceGreece Ekaterini Vongoli
2005 GermanyGermany Franka Dietzsch RussiaRussia Natalia Sadova Czech RepublicCzech Republic Věra Pospíšilová-Cechlová
2007 GermanyGermany Franka Dietzsch RussiaRussia Darja Pishchalnikova CubaCuba Yarelys Barrios
2009 AustraliaAustralia Dani Samuels CubaCuba Yarelys Barrios RomaniaRomania Nicoleta Grasu
2011 China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China Li Yanfeng GermanyGermany Nadine Müller CubaCuba Yarelys Barrios
2013 CroatiaCroatia Sandra Perković FranceFrance Mélina Robert-Michon CubaCuba Yarelys Barrios
2015 CubaCuba Denia Caballero CroatiaCroatia Sandra Perković GermanyGermany Nadine Müller
2017 CroatiaCroatia Sandra Perković AustraliaAustralia Dani Stevens FranceFrance Mélina Robert-Michon
2019 CubaCuba Yaimé Perez CubaCuba Denia Caballero CroatiaCroatia Sandra Perković

See also

World record development


Width (m) Surname date place
47.58 United States 48United States James Duncan May 27, 1912 New York City
47.61 United States 48United States Thomas Lieb September 14, 1924 Chicago
47.89 United States 48United States Glenn Hartranft May 2, 1925 San Francisco
48.20 United States 48United States Bud Houser April 2, 1926 Palo Alto
49.90 United States 48United States Eric Krenz March 9, 1929 Palo Alto
51.03 United States 48United States Eric Krenz May 17, 1930 Palo Alto
51.73 United States 48United States Paul Jessup 23rd August 1930 Pittsburgh
52.42 SwedenSweden Harald Andersson August 25, 1934 Oslo
53.10 Nazi stateNazi state Willy Schröder April 28, 1935 Magdeburg
53.26 United States 48United States Archie Harris June 20, 1941 Palo Alto
53.34 Italy 1861Kingdom of Italy (1861-1946) Adolfo Consolini October 26, 1941 Milan
54.23 Italy 1861Kingdom of Italy (1861-1946) Adolfo Consolini April 14, 1946 Milan
54.93 United States 48United States Bob Fitch June 8, 1946 Minneapolis
55.33 ItalyItaly Adolfo Consolini October 10, 1948 Milan
56.46 United States 48United States Fortune Gordia July 9, 1949 Lisbon
56.97 United States 48United States Fortune Gordia August 14, 1949 Hämeenlinna
57.93 United States 48United States Sim Iness June 20, 1953 Lincoln
58.10 United States 48United States Fortune Gordia July 11, 1953 Pasadena
59.28 United States 48United States Fortune Gordia August 22, 1953 Pasadena
59.91 Poland 1928Second Polish Republic Edmund Piątkowski June 14, 1959 Warsaw
59.91 United StatesUnited States Rink Babka August 12, 1960 Walnut
60.56 United StatesUnited States Jay New Years August 11, 1961 Frankfurt am Main
60.72 United StatesUnited States Jay New Years August 20, 1961 Brussels
61.10 United StatesUnited States Al Oerter May 18, 1962 los Angeles
61.64 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Vladimir Trussenev 4th June 1962 Leningrad
62.45 United StatesUnited States Al Oerter July 1, 1962 Chicago
62.62 United StatesUnited States Al Oerter April 27, 1963 Walnut
62.94 United StatesUnited States Al Oerter April 25, 1964 Walnut
64.55 CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia Ludvík Daněk 2nd August 1964 Turnov
65.22 CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia Ludvík Daněk October 12, 1965 Sokolov
66.54 United StatesUnited States Jay New Years May 25, 1968 Modesto
68.40 United StatesUnited States Jay New Years 18th September 1968 Reno
68.40 SwedenSweden Ricky Bruch 5th July 1972 Stockholm
68.48 South AfricaSouth Africa John van Reenen March 14, 1975 Stellenbosch
69.08 United StatesUnited States John Powell 3rd May 1975 Long Beach
69.18 United StatesUnited States Mac Wilkins April 24, 1976 Walnut
69.80 United StatesUnited States Mac Wilkins May 1, 1976 San Jose
70.24 United StatesUnited States Mac Wilkins May 1, 1976 San Jose
70.86 United StatesUnited States Mac Wilkins May 1, 1976 San Jose
71.16 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Wolfgang Schmidt August 9, 1978 Berlin
71.86 Soviet UnionSoviet Union Yuri Dumchev May 29, 1983 Moscow
74.08 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Jürgen Schult June 6, 1986 Neubrandenburg


*: World records recognized by the women's sports organization FSFI before the International Athletics Federation IAAF set discus world records for women.

Width (m) Surname date place
27.39 * FranceFrance Yvonne Tembouret September 23, 1923 Paris
27.70 * FranceFrance Lucie Petit July 14, 1924 Paris
28.325 * FranceFrance Lucie Petit-Daigré July 21, 1924 Brussels
30.10 * FranceFrance Violet Gouraud Morris 4th August 1924 London
30.225 * FranceFrance Lucienne Velu September 19, 1924 Paris
31.15 * CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia Marie Vidláková October 11, 1925 Prague
34.15 * Poland 1919Second Polish Republic Halina Konopacka May 23, 1926 Warsaw
38.34 * German EmpireGerman Empire Milly Reuter August 22, 1926 Braunschweig
39.18 * Poland 1919Second Polish Republic Halina Konopacka September 4, 1927 Warsaw
39.62 * Poland 1919Second Polish Republic Halina Konopacka July 31, 1928 Amsterdam
40.345 * Poland 1928Second Polish Republic Jadwiga Wajs May 15, 1932 Pabianice
40.39 * Poland 1928Second Polish Republic Jadwiga Wajs May 16, 1932 Łódź
40.84 * German EmpireGerman Empire Grete Heublein June 19, 1932 Hagen
42.43 * Poland 1928Second Polish Republic Jadwiga Wajs June 19, 1932 Łódź
43.08 * Poland 1928Second Polish Republic Jadwiga Wajs July 15, 1933 Królewska Huta
43.795 * Poland 1928Second Polish Republic Jadwiga Wajs August 11, 1934 London
44.34 * German Reich NSGerman Reich (Nazi era) Gisela Mauermayer June 2, 1935 Ulm
44.76 * German Reich NSGerman Reich (Nazi era) Gisela Mauermayer June 4, 1935 Nuremberg
45.53 * German Reich NSGerman Reich (Nazi era) Gisela Mauermayer June 23, 1935 Munich
46.10 * German Reich NSGerman Reich (Nazi era) Gisela Mauermayer June 29, 1935 Jena
47.12 * German Reich NSGerman Reich (Nazi era) Gisela Mauermayer August 25, 1935 Dresden
48.31 German Reich NSGerman Reich (Nazi era) Gisela Mauermayer July 11, 1936 Berlin
53.25 Soviet Union 1923Soviet Union Nina Dumbadze August 8, 1948 Moscow
53.37 Soviet Union 1923Soviet Union Nina Dumbadze May 27, 1951 Gori
53.61 Soviet Union 1923Soviet Union Nina Romashkova August 9, 1952 Odessa
57.04 Soviet Union 1923Soviet Union Nina Dumbadze October 18, 1952 Tbilisi
57.15 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Tamara Press September 12, 1960 Rome
57.43 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Tamara Press July 15, 1961 Moscow
58.06 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Tamara Press September 1, 1961 Sofia
58.98 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Tamara Press 20th September 1961 London
59.29 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Tamara Press May 18, 1963 Moscow
59.70 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Tamara Press August 11, 1965 Moscow
61.26 Germany BRBR Germany Liesel Westermann 5th November 1967 São Paulo
61.64 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Christine Spielberg May 26, 1968 Regis-Breitingen
62.54 Germany BRBR Germany Liesel Westermann July 24, 1968 Werdohl
62.70 Germany BRBR Germany Liesel Westermann June 18, 1969 Berlin
63.96 Germany BRBR Germany Liesel Westermann September 27, 1969 Hamburg
64.22 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Faina Melnik August 12, 1971 Helsinki
64.88 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Faina Melnik 4th September 1971 Munich
65.42 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Faina Melnik May 31, 1972 Moscow
65.48 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Faina Melnik June 24, 1972 augsburg
66.76 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Faina Melnik 4th August 1972 Moscow
67.32 Romania 1965Romania Argentina Menis 23rd September 1972 Constanța
67.44 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Faina Melnik May 25, 1973 Riga
67.58 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Faina Melnik July 10, 1973 Moscow
69.48 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Faina Melnik September 27, 1973 Edinburgh
69.90 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Faina Melnik May 27, 1974 Prague
70.20 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Faina Melnik 20th August 1975 Zurich
70.50 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Faina Melnik April 24, 1976 Sochi
70.72 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Evelin Jahl August 12, 1978 Dresden
71.50 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Evelin Jahl May 10, 1980 Potsdam
71.80 Bulgaria 1971Bulgaria Maria Wergowa-Petkowa July 13, 1980 Sofia
73.26 Soviet UnionSoviet Union Galina Savinkova May 22, 1983 Leselidse
73.36 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Irina Meszynski 17th August 1984 Prague
74.56 CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia Zdeňka Šilhavá August 26, 1984 Nitra
76.80 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Gabriele Reinsch July 9, 1988 Neubrandenburg

World best list


All discus throwers with a width of 68.75 m or more. Last change: July 24, 2019

  1. 74.08 m Jürgen Schult , Neubrandenburg , June 6, 1986 (world record and German record)Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR 
  2. 73.88 m Virgilijus Alekna , Kaunas , August 3, 2000LithuaniaLithuania 
  3. 73.38 m Gerd Kanter , Helsingborg , September 4, 2006EstoniaEstonia 
  4. 71.86 m Yuri Dumchev , Moscow , May 29, 1983Soviet UnionSoviet Union 
  5. 71.86 m Daniel Ståhl , Bottnaryd , June 29, 2019SwedenSweden 
  6. 71.84 m Piotr Małachowski , Hengelo , June 8, 2013PolandPoland 
  7. 71.70 m Róbert Fazekas , Szombathely , July 14, 2002HungaryHungary 
  8. 71.50 m Lars Riedel , Wiesbaden , May 3, 1997GermanyGermany 
  9. 71.32 m Ben Plucknett , Eugene , June 4, 1983United StatesUnited States 
  10. 71.26 m John Powell , San Jose , June 9, 1984United StatesUnited States 
  11. 71.26 m Ricky Bruch , Malmö , November 15, 1984SwedenSweden 
  12. 71.26 m Imrich Bugár , San José , May 25, 1985CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia 
  13. 71.18 m Art Burns , San José , July 19, 1983United StatesUnited States 
  14. 71.16 m Wolfgang Schmidt , Berlin , August 9, 1978Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR 
  15. 71.14 m Anthony Washington , Salinas , May 22, 1996United StatesUnited States 
  16. 71.06 m Luis Delís , Havana , May 21, 1983CubaCuba 
  17. 70.98 m Mac Wilkins , Helsinki , July 9, 1980United StatesUnited States 
  18. 70.82 m Aleksander Tammert , Denton , April 15, 2006EstoniaEstonia 
  19. 70.78 m Fedrick Dacres , Rabat , June 16, 2019JamaicaJamaica 
  20. 70.66 m Robert Harting , Turnov , May 22, 2012GermanyGermany 
  21. 70.54 m Dmitri Shevchenko , Krasnodar , May 7, 2002RussiaRussia 
  22. 70.38m Jay Silvester , Lancaster , May 16, 1971United StatesUnited States 
  23. 70.32 m Frantz Kruger , Salon-de-Provence , May 26, 2002South AfricaSouth Africa 
  24. 70.29 m Mauricio Ortega , Lovelhe , July 22, 2020ColombiaColombia 
  25. 70.06 m Romas Ubartas , Smalininkai , May 8, 1988Soviet UnionSoviet Union 
  26. 70.00 m Juan Martínez , Havana , May 21, 1983CubaCuba 
  27. 69.95 m Zoltán Kővágó , Salon-de-Provence , May 25, 2006HungaryHungary 
  28. 69.91 m John Godina , Salinas , May 19, 1998United StatesUnited States 
  29. 69.90 m Jason Young , Lubbock , March 26, 2010United StatesUnited States 
  30. 69.70 m Gejza Valent , Nitra , August 26, 1984CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia 
  31. 69.62 m Knut Hjeltnes , San José , May 25, 1985NorwayNorway 
  32. 69.62 m Timo Tompuri , Helsingborg , July 8, 2001FinlandFinland 
  33. 69.60 m Juan Caicedo , Lovelhe , July 22, 2020EcuadorEcuador 
  34. 69.59 m Andrius Gudžius , Stockholm , June 10, 2018LithuaniaLithuania 
  35. 69.50 m Mario Pestano , Santa Cruz de Tenerife , July 27, 2008SpainSpain 
  36. 69.46 m Al Oerter , Wichita , May 31, 1980United StatesUnited States 
  37. 69.44 m Georgi Kolnootschenko , Indianapolis , July 3, 1982BelarusBelarus 
  38. 69.44 m Adam Setliff , La Jolla , July 21, 2001United StatesUnited States 
  39. 69.40 m Art Swarts , Scotch Plains , December 8, 1979United StatesUnited States 
  40. 69.36 m Mike Buncic , Fresno , April 6, 1991United StatesUnited States 
  41. 69.32 m Ehsan Hadadi , Tallinn , June 3, 2008IranIran 
  42. 69.28 m Uladsimir Dubrouschtschyk , Minsk , June 3, 2000BelarusBelarus 
  43. 69.26 m Ken Stadel , Walnut , June 16, 1979United StatesUnited States 
  44. 68.98 m Lukas Weißhaidinger , Rehlingen-Siersburg , May 20, 2018 ( Austrian record )AustriaAustria 
  45. 68.91 m Ian Waltz , Salinas , May 24, 2006United StatesUnited States 
  46. 68.90 m Jean-Claude Retel , Salon-de-Provence , July 17, 2002FranceFrance 
  47. 68.88 m Vladimir Zinchenko , Dnepropetrovsk , July 16, 1988Soviet UnionSoviet Union 
  48. 68.76 m Jarred Rome , Chula Vista , August 6, 2011United StatesUnited States 
  49. 68.75 m Kristjan Čeh , 23 June 2020 in MariborSloveniaSlovenia 


All discus throwers with a width of 68.18 m or more. Last change: August 4th, 2020

  1. 76.80 m Gabriele Reinsch , Neubrandenburg , July 9, 1988Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR 
  2. 74.56 m Zdeňka Šilhavá , Nitra , August 26, 1984CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia 
  3. 74.56 m Ilke Wyludda , Neubrandenburg , July 23, 1989Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR 
  4. 74.08 m Diana Sachse-Gansky , Chemnitz , June 20, 1987Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR 
  5. 73.84 m Daniela Costian , Bucharest , April 30, 1988RomaniaRomania 
  6. 73.36 m Irina Meszynski , Prague , August 17, 1984Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR 
  7. 73.28 m Galina Savinkowa , Donetsk , September 8, 1984Soviet UnionSoviet Union 
  8. 73.22 m Zwetanka Christowa , Kazanlak , April 19, 1987BulgariaBulgaria 
  9. 73.10 m Gisela Beyer , Berlin , July 20, 1984Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR 
  10. 72.92 m Martina Hellmann , Potsdam , August 20, 1987Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR 
  11. 72.14 m Galina Murašova , Prague , August 18, 1984Soviet UnionSoviet Union 
  12. 71.80 m Marija Wergowa-Petkowa , Sofia , July 13, 1980BulgariaBulgaria 
  13. 71.68 m Xiao Yanling , Beijing , March 14, 1992China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China 
  14. 71.58 m Elina Swerava , Leningrad , June 12, 1988Soviet UnionSoviet Union 
  15. 71.50 m Evelin Jahl , Potsdam , May 10, 1980Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR 
  16. 71.41 m Sandra Perković , Bellinzona , July 18, 2017CroatiaCroatia 
  17. 71.30 m Larissa Korotkewitsch , Sochi , May 29, 1992United teamUnited team 
  18. 71.22 m Ria Stalman , Walnut , July 15, 1984NetherlandsNetherlands 
  19. 70.88 m Hilda Ramos , Havana , May 8, 1992CubaCuba 
  20. 70.80 m Laryssa Mychaltschenko , Kharkiv , June 18, 1988Soviet UnionSoviet Union 
  21. 70.68 m Maritza Martén , Seville , July 18, 1992CubaCuba 
  22. 70.65 m Denia Caballero , Bilbao , June 20, 2015CubaCuba 
  23. 70.50 m Faina Melnik , Sochi , April 24, 1976Soviet UnionSoviet Union 
  24. 70.34 m Silvia Madetzky , Athens , May 16, 1988Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR 
  25. 70.15 m Valarie Allman , Rathdrum , August 1, 2020United StatesUnited States 
  26. 70.02 m Natalja Sadowa , Thessaloniki , June 23, 1999RussiaRussia 
  27. 69.86 m Valentina Chartschenko , Feodosiya , May 16, 1981Soviet UnionSoviet Union 
  28. 69.72 m Svetla Mitkova-Sınırtaş , Sofia , August 15, 1987BulgariaBulgaria 
  29. 69.68 m Mette Bergmann , Florø , May 27, 1995NorwayNorway 
  30. 69.64 m Dani Samuels , London , 13 August 2017AustraliaAustralia 
  31. 69.51 m Franka Dietzsch , Wiesbaden , May 8, 1999GermanyGermany 
  32. 69.50 m Florența Crăciunescu , Stara Sagora , August 2, 1985RomaniaRomania 
  33. 69.39 m Yaime Pérez , Sotteville-lès-Rouen , July 16, 2019CubaCuba 
  34. 69.17m Gia Lewis-Smallwood , Angers , August 30, 2014United StatesUnited States 
  35. 69.14 m Iryna Jattschanka , Minsk , July 31, 2004BelarusBelarus 
  36. 69.08 m Carmen Romero , Havana , April 17, 1976CubaCuba 
  37. 69.08 m Mariana Lengyel , Constanța , April 19, 1986RomaniaRomania 
  38. 68.92 m Sabine Engel , Chemnitz , June 25, 1977Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR 
  39. 68.89 m Nadine Müller , Bar , March 18, 2012GermanyGermany 
  40. 68.80 m Nicoleta Grasu , Poiana Brașov , August 7, 1999RomaniaRomania 
  41. 68.64 m Margitta Pufe , Berlin , August 17, 1979Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR 
  42. 68.62 m Yu Hourun , Beijing , May 6, 1988China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China 
  43. 68.62 m Hou Xuemei , Tianjin , September 4, 1988China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China 
  44. 68.60 m Nadeschda Kugajewskich , Orjol , August 30, 1983Soviet UnionSoviet Union 
  45. 68.58 m Ljubow Swerkowa , Kiev , June 22, 1984Soviet UnionSoviet Union 
  46. 68.52 m Beatrice Faumuina , Oslo , July 4th 1997New ZealandNew Zealand 
  47. 68.49 m Julia Fischer , Halle , May 21, 2016GermanyGermany 
  48. 68.38 m Olga Tschernjawskaja , Sochi , May 29, 1992United teamUnited team 
  49. 68.18 m Tatjana Lessowaja , Alma-Ata , 23 September 1982Soviet UnionSoviet Union 
  50. 68.18 m Irina Chwal , Moscow , July 8, 1988Soviet UnionSoviet Union 
  51. 68.18 m Bárbara Hechavarría , Havana , February 17, 1989CubaCuba 


  1. a b For the Olympic Games in 1896 and 1900, the winners of the silver medal for the first place, the bronze medal for the second place and the third place are given.


See also

Web links

Wiktionary: Discus throw  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
Commons : Discus toss  - album with pictures, videos and audio files