|Nickname : City of Roses|
Pasadena City Hall
|Location in Los Angeles County|
|State :||United States|
|County :||Los Angeles County|
|Time zone :||Pacific ( UTC − 8 / −7 )|
|Residents :||137,122 (as of 2010)|
|Population density :||2,293 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||60.0 km 2 (approx. 23 mi 2 ) of
which 59.8 km 2 (approx. 23 mi 2 ) are land
|Height :||263 m|
|Area code :||+1 626|
|GNIS ID :||1664804|
|Mayor :||Terry Tornek ( D )|
Colorado Boulevard in Pasadena with a view of the San Gabriel Mountains
The area of today's Pasadena used to belong to the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel (1771). Indiana farmers established a colony here in 1873 . The name Pasadena first appeared in 1875, the usual derivation from the Chippewa Indians, in whose language Pasadena means “of the valley” - part of the expression “Weo-quan pa-sa-de-na” for “crown of the valley” ".
The place grew rapidly when it became a junction of the Santa Fe Railway . The first Rose Parade took place here in 1890 and has been held every year since then on January 1st (except on Sundays, then on January 2nd). In 1886 the place received local self-government and city rights. Around 1900 the city developed into a vacation spot and a growing area for citrus fruits . The Hotel Green hotel complex near the train station, which was built in several phases from 1887 to 1903 and is now a cultural monument on the National Register of Historic Places, has been preserved from this period.
The Hotel Green made went to Los Angeles and the 1900 opened unique Radschnellweg California Cycleway . It was made of wood, raised, free of intersections, illuminated and subject to a toll, and was intended to provide a quick connection to downtown Los Angeles. Four cyclists could ride side by side, the construction was already prepared for doubling the width and the gradient should be only one percent on average. Due to the increasing motorization and the associated end of the bicycle boom in North America ( bicycle craze ) as well as the parallel tram of the Pacific Electric Railway , only a short distance of the planned almost 15 kilometers was realized. Edmondson Alley and Arroyo Seco Parkway now run on the areas for the (planned) cycle expressway .
After 1920, Pasadena became a suburb of Los Angeles and expanded. The Town Hall of Pasadena, the Pasadena City Hall , was founded in 1927 in the style of Beaux-Arts architecture opened. To avoid press photographers and journalists, many Hollywood stars got off at the Pasadena train station (instead of Los Angeles Union Station ).
In sections between 1938 and 1941, California's first freeway between Los Angeles and Pasadena was opened as the Arroyo Seco Parkway or Pasadena Freeway , which is now part of Interstate 110 . Its role as a regional center was underlined by the expansion and connection to other supra-local infrastructure, including the construction of Figueroa Street , the Harbor Freeway and, most recently, the Los Angeles Metro Gold Line in 2003.
Pasadena is home to the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), which includes the Jet Propulsion Laboratory , which is operated in collaboration with NASA . The city is the center for the development and manufacture of electronics and precision instruments.
The Art Center College of Design (Art Center) is one of the leading graphic and industrial design schools worldwide. The Fuller Theological Seminary is also based in Pasadena. The Norton Simon Museum shows one of the most important art collections in California.
The headquarters of the Theosophical Society in America , also known as the Theosophical Society Pasadena , has been here since 1951.
Economy and Infrastructure
Historic Route 66 ran through Pasadena until it was abolished in 1964.
Pasadena has been the northern terminus of the Golden Line light rail on Metro Los Angeles since July 2003 . There are currently 6 stations on this line in Pasadena: Fillmore Station , Del Mar Station and Memorial Park Station in Old Pasadena, Lake Station in downtown, and Allen Station and Sierra Madre Villa Station . In June 2010, work began to extend this line to the neighboring communities to the east of the San Gabriel Valley , which was opened in 2016 to the city of Azusa .
Various bus companies also operate in Pasadena. The Pasadena Area Rapid Transit System only serves the city. In addition, the regional bus routes Foothill Transit, LADOT, Metro Local and Metro Rapid operate in Pasadena.
The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway ran through Pasadena with its own station. From 1971 on, Amtrak served the city with passenger trains . On January 15, 1994 this operation was set and it ran with the Southwest Chief of the last train through the city. The infrastructure operator Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway sold the route between Los Angeles and San Bernardino via Pasadena to the LACMTA . The Gold Line operates on this route today. The 1925 Pasadena station building on S. Raymond Ave. was preserved and the Gold Line station Del Mar opened next to it .
The Hollywood Burbank Airport - also known as Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport - is located near Burbank and serves as a regional airport for Pasadena. This is owned and operated by the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport Authority. This is owned by the three cities. Most Hollywood Burbank Airport services are domestic. In addition, Los Angeles International Airport and Los Angeles International Airport-Ontario are two international airports less than an hour away from Pasadena. In addition, there are two smaller airports in the vicinity of Pasadena, Long Beach Airport and John Wayne Airport .
- The Big Bang Theory television series is set in Pasadena. February 25 - the 200th episode of the television series aired on this day in 2016 - was officially declared The Big Bang Theory Day by politicians .
- There is a song called "Little Old Lady from Pasadena" by Jan and Dean .
- The film Project X is set in Pasadena.
- The "Gamble House" located in Pasadena serves as the film set in the film "Back to the Future" as Dr. Brown's house
sons and daughters of the town
- Albert A. Michelson (1852–1931), physicist and Nobel Prize winner. Michelson lived, worked and died in Pasadena.
- Victor Fleming (1889–1949), film director
- Fred Thomson (1890–1928), clergyman and actor
- FO Matthiessen (1902–1950), literary scholar
- Wesley Prince (1907–1980), jazz musician
- LB Abbott (1908–1985), cameraman and special effects artist
- Peppy Prince (1909–1985), musician
- Julia Child (1912–2004), cook and cookbook author
- Marc Platt (1913–2014), dancer and choreographer
- Charles Duncan Michener (1918-2015), entemologist
- George Nader (1921–2002), actor
- Aden Meinel (1922-2011), astronomer
- Turhan Bey (1922–2012), actor
- Paul Fussell (1924–2012), cultural historian, literary critic and university professor
- George Morrow (1925–1992), jazz musician
- William Claxton (1927-2008), photographer
- Reese H. Taylor Jr. (1928-2010), attorney and government employee
- Paul Benioff (* 1930), physicist
- Johnny Sheffield (1931-2010), actor
- Lex Hixon (1941–1995), poet, philosopher and spiritual teacher
- Jim Busby (* 1942), racing car driver and racing team owner
- Thomas D. Pollard (* 1942), biochemist
- John Saul (born 1942), writer
- Charles P. Thacker (1943–2017), computer scientist and Turing Prize winner
- Kim Carnes (* 1945), musician and composer
- Leslie Aiello (* 1946), paleoanthropologist
- Sally Field (born 1946), actress
- Stan Smith (born 1946), tennis player
- Octavia Butler (1947-2006), science fiction writer
- Kate Linder (born 1947), actress
- Donald Crockett (* 1951), composer, conductor and music teacher
- Jamey Sheridan (born 1951), actor
- Roland Vazquez (* 1951), jazz musician and composer
- Mitch Cohen (* 1952), translator, author and editor, in Berlin since 1977
- Kathleen Quinlan (born 1954), actress
- Mike Baldwin (* 1955), motorcycle racer
- Davy Sidjanski (1955-2004), publisher
- Michael Steele (* 1955), musician
- Shelly Johnson (born 1958), cameraman
- Lance J. Dixon (* 1961), theoretical particle physicist
- Kevin Greutert (* 1965), film director and film editor
- Kevin Poulsen (born 1965), hacker
- Christy Canyon (born 1966), porn actress
- Shelley Lubben (1968–2019), porn actress and later anti-porn activist
- Carla Overbeck (* 1968), soccer player
- Beth Cavener Stichter (* 1972), sculptor
- Kirsten Vangsness (* 1972), actress and screenwriter
- Chris Pontius (* 1974), action artist
- Darryl Stephens (born 1974), actor
- Jaleel White (born 1976), actor
- Jennifer Lyons (born 1977), actress
- Chris McAlister (born 1977), American football player
- Rocky Moran junior (* 1980), racing car driver
- Max Elliott Slade (* 1980), actor and musician
- Alison Brie (born 1982), actress
- Sophia Bush (* 1982), actress
- Audrey Bitoni (* 1986), porn actress
- Galen Hall (* 1986), poker player and hedge fund manager
- Michelle Horn (* 1987), actress
- Doug Polk (born 1988), poker player
- Christian Serratos (* 1990), actress
- Rena Wang (* 1991), badminton player
- Iris Wang (* 1994), badminton player
- Missy Franklin (* 1995), swimmer
- Bobby Coleman (born 1997), film and television actor
- Pasadena Convention & Visitors Bureau (English)