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Järvenpään kaupunki
coat of arms map
Järvenpää coat of arms Location of Järvenpää in Finland
Basic data
State : FinlandFinland Finland
Landscape : Uusimaa
Administrative community : Helsinki
Geographical location 60 ° 28 ′  N , 25 ° 6 ′  E Coordinates: 60 ° 28 ′  N , 25 ° 6 ′  E
Surface: 39.95 km²
of which land area: 37.59 km²
of which inland waterways: 2.36 km²
Residents : 43,410 (Dec. 31, 2018)
Population density : 1,154.8 inhabitants / km²
Municipality number : 186
Postcodes : 04401-04435
Language (s) : Finnish
Website : www.jarvenpaa.fi
Järvenpää railway station

Järvenpää [ jærʋemˌpæː ] ( Swed. Träskända ) [ trɛskˌɛnda ] is a city in the southern Finnish landscape Uusimaa .

With 43,410 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018) and an area of ​​almost 40 km², Järvenpää is one of the most densely populated cities in Finland. Järvenpää is monolingual Finnish-speaking.


Both the Finnish and the Swedish form of the name literally means "end of the lake" and refers to the location of Järvenpääs at the end of the elongated lake Tuusulanjärvi . The city belongs to the Helsinki region and is 37 km north of the Finnish capital.


Until 1951 Järvenpää belonged to the neighboring town of Tuusula at the other end of Tuusulanjärvi. Järvenpää has been a city since 1967.

Population development

The development of the population of Järvenpää:

year Residents
1980 23,281
1985 27,220
1990 31,525
1995 34,436
year Residents
2000 35,915
2005 37.505
2010 38,680
2012 39,646

Culture and sights

Around 1900 Järvenpää attracted numerous artists. The composer Jean Sibelius lived from 1904 until his death in 1957 in the Villa Ainola two kilometers south of the city center, where he composed five of his seven symphonies. Today the house, named after Sibelius' wife Aino, is a museum.

The writer Juhani Aho , like the painter Eero Järnefelt, lived on the banks of the Tuusulanjärvi.

On the opposite side of the lake is the villa of the composer Joonas Kokkonen , built by Alvar Aalto . The art museum, which opened in 1992, is dedicated to the work of the artists' colony in Järvenpää.


Helsinki Central Station can be reached in half an hour with the local rail services that run several times an hour in the Helsinki region . Next to Järvenpää train station are the Purola, Saunakallio, Kyrölä and Haarajoki train stations in the city (in the northeast of the city, served by line Z). The Helsinki- Lahti motorway , part of State Road 4 ( E 75 ), passes Järvenpää to the east. Many people who work in Helsinki move to Järvenpää because of the convenient transport links. As a result, the city's population is growing steadily.

Town twinning

sons and daughters of the town

Web links

Commons : Järvenpää  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Maanmittauslaitos (Finnish Land Surveyors): Suomen pinta-alat kunnittain January 1, 2010 . (PDF; 199 kB)
  2. Statistical Office Finland: Table 11ra - Key figures on population by region, 1990-2018
  3. Statistics Finland, population figures 1980–2012  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Dead Link / pxweb2.stat.fi