The Zehnkampf (also Dekathlon from Greek δέκα Déka , ten 'and ἄθλος Athlos or ἄθλον Athlon , heroic'; English decathlon ) is a sporty athletic contest , in which a in the form of multi-campaign are discharged ten individual competitions in different disciplines within two days. Their results are converted according to a point table , which is based on the respective world record; the current world record in each individual discipline is set at around 1200 points. The winner is the athlete with the highest point total from all ten sub-disciplines. At international championships, decathlons are only carried out by male athletes of the youth, junior and male age groups with the same disciplines and order . The four running, three jumping and three throwing disciplines require great versatility and endurance from the athletes. That is why the decathlon is also called the supreme discipline of athletics.
The ten individual disciplines:
- First day: 100-meter run , long jump , shot put , high jump , 400-meter run
- Second day: 110-meter hurdles , discus throw , pole vault , javelin throw , 1500-meter run
As of 2018, the decathlon will only be held for men at international highlights. Only since the beginning of 2005 by the IAAF also a world record for women officially out there in women's sport traditionally heptathlon is operated.
The all- around event was part of the ancient Olympic Games as a pentathlon , but was not yet practiced in the early days of modern athletics, from around 1860. An eventing decathlon took place at the Olympic Games in 1904 . Its discipline was already very similar to today's decathlon, which was introduced for the Olympic Games in 1912 .
The selection of the disciplines and the order has remained unchanged since then.
The first decathlon under these rules took place in 1911. On October 15, as a test for the 1912 Olympic Games in Stockholm, a decathlon with three participants took place, which was played on one day. At the same time, the 1st decathlon championship of the German Sports Authority for Athletics (DSBfA; forerunner of the German Athletics Association ) took place in Münster . The winner in Münster was Karl Halt (5060 points).
The first Olympic decathlon in 1912 was split over three days because of the large number of participants.
The overall result of a decathlon is determined after scoring . The evaluation table was changed several times; There are tables from 1912, 1920, 1936, 1952, 1964 and 1985. The weighting of the individual disciplines was also changed, so that in the statistics, earlier best performances when converted retrospectively often result in a higher score than later performances.
Several early decathletes later became known as sports officials: The later President of the International Olympic Committee , Avery Brundage (1887-1975), took part in the decathlon at the 1912 Olympic Games (abandoned) and was sixth in the pentathlon . The Olympic eighth in the decathlon in 1912, Karl Halt (later Karl Ritter von Halt; 1891–1964), became Reich Sports Leader during National Socialism and was later President of the National Olympic Committee in the Federal Republic .
The decathlon is one of the last two men's disciplines (alongside the 110-meter hurdles ) that are not held for women at international highlights (as of 2018); instead of the decathlon there is a heptathlon for women . Women's decathlon competitions have been taking place since 2004, and the IAAF is registering decathlon world records for women.
The most famous all -around event of the season is the Götzis all-around meeting at the end of May / beginning of June. Three world records were set here, in 1980 and 1982 by the British Daley Thompson and in 2001 by the Czech Roman Šebrle . The world's top list of the 50 best decathletes includes twelve results from Götzis (as of June 2012).
Since the beginning of the 1990s, so-called Everyman's fights have been held. They follow the normal structure of a decathlon, but deviate from it through a few simplifications, such as lower hurdles and low starting heights for the jumps, and usually offer support and guidance from the organizer, which also allows beginners to participate successfully.
( in brackets : converted number of points according to the table valid since 1985)
- First registered services:
- First official world record: 7485.61 points ( 6162 ) Aleksander Klumberg-Kolmpere ( EST ), 16./17. September 1922
- First decathlon over 7000 today's points, 8790.46 points ( 7147 ) Hans-Heinrich Sievert (GER), 7./8. April 1934
- First decathlon over 8000 today's points: 9121 ( 8010 ) Yang Chuan-Kwang ( TAI ), 27./28. April 1963
- First decathlon over 8500 today's points: 8617 points ( 8634 ) Bruce Jenner ( USA ), 29./30. July 1976
- First decathlon over 9000 today's points: 9026 Roman Šebrle ( CZE ), 26./27. May 2001 at the all-around meeting Götzis
- First decathlon: 4th / 5th September 2004 in Valga (winner: Anu Teesaar ( EST ), 6411 points)
- First world record: 8358 points Austra Skujytė ( LTU ), 14./15. April 2005
Most successful athlete
- Two Olympic victories
- Three world championship titles
After since 1985/2005 (men / women) valid points formula for the decathlon, the points are calculated as follows:
- Points for running competitions:
- Points for throwing and jumping competitions:
The variables , and have values determined by the IAAF depending on the competition. The performance in the relevant competition is given in the unit specified below.
|110 m hurdles||5.74352||28.5||1.92||s|
|100 m hurdles||9.23076||26.7||1,835||s|
Olympic Games medalist
Eventing decathlon of the 1904 Olympic Games
|year||gold medal||Silver medal||Bronze medal|
|1904||Tom Kiely||Adam Gunn||Truxtun Hare|
World Championships medalist
World record development
The specified date is the final day of the competition.
The sum of the world record achievements of the respective individual disciplines (as of June 27, 2012) results in a point value of 12,544.
|Points table from 1920|
|7485||Aleksander Klumberg||5th July 1920||Tallinn|
|7710||Harold Osborn||July 12, 1924||Paris|
|7820||Paavo Yrjölä||July 18, 1926||Viipuri|
|7995||Paavo Yrjölä||July 17, 1927||Helsinki|
|8053||Paavo Yrjölä||4th August 1928||Amsterdam|
|8255||Akilles Jarvinen||July 20, 1930||Viipuri|
|8462||James Bausch||August 6, 1932||los Angeles|
|8790||Hans-Heinrich Sievert||July 8, 1934||Hamburg|
|New point table from 1936|
|7900||Glenn Morris||August 8, 1936||Berlin|
|8042||Bob Mathias||June 30, 1950||Tulare|
|New point table from 1952|
|7887||Bob Mathias||July 26, 1952||Helsinki|
|7985||Rafer Johnson||June 11, 1955||Kingsburg|
|8014||Vasily Kuznetsov||May 18, 1958||Krasnodar|
|8302||Rafer Johnson||July 28, 1958||Moscow|
|8357||Vasily Kuznetsov||17th May 1959||Moscow|
|8683||Rafer Johnson||July 9, 1960||Eugene|
|New point table from 1962|
|8206||Yang Chuan-Kwang||April 28, 1963||Walnut|
|8230||Russ Hodge||July 24, 1966||los Angeles|
|8319||Kurt Bendlin||May 14, 1967||Heidelberg|
|8417||Bill Toomey||December 11, 1969||los Angeles|
|8454||Mykola Awilow||September 8, 1972||Munich|
|8524||Bruce Jenner||August 10, 1975||Eugene|
|8538||Bruce Jenner||June 26, 1976||Eugene|
|8618||Bruce Jenner||July 30, 1976||Montreal|
|8622||Daley Thompson||May 15, 1980||Götzis|
|8649||Guido Kratschmer||June 14, 1980||Filderstadt-Bernhausen|
|8704||Daley Thompson||May 23, 1982||Götzis|
|8723||Jürgen Hingsen||15th August 1982||Ulm|
|8743||Daley Thompson||September 8, 1982||Athens|
|8779||Jürgen Hingsen||June 6, 1983||Filderstadt-Bernhausen|
|8798||Jürgen Hingsen||June 9, 1984||Mannheim|
|8798||Daley Thompson||August 9, 1984||los Angeles|
|New point table from 1985|
|8891||Dan O'Brien||5th September 1992||Talence|
|8994||Tomáš Dvořák||4th July 1999||Prague|
|9026||Roman Šebrle||May 27, 2001||Götzis|
|9039||Ashton Eaton||June 23, 2012||Eugene|
|9045||Ashton Eaton||29th August 2015||Beijing|
|9126||Kevin Mayer||16th September 2018||Talence|
The sum of the world record achievements of the respective individual disciplines (as of June 27, 2012) results in a point value of 13,372.
|8150||Marie Collonvillé||September 26, 2004||Talence|
|8358||Austra Skujytė||April 15, 2005||Columbia|
World best list
All decathletes with results of 8534 points and more. The basis is the point formula that has been valid since 1985. Last change: February 15, 2020 (dates for the second day of competition)
|110 m H
|12575||Single world records||9.58||8.95||23.12||2.45||43.03||12.80||74.08||6.18||98.48||3: 26.00|
|10371||Records within a decathlon||10.12||8.23||17.54||2.27||45.00||13.44||55.87||5.70||79.05||4: 05.05|
|9126||Kevin Mayer||Talence||16th September 2018||10.55||7.80||16.00||2.05||48.42||13.75||50.54||5.45||71.90||4: 36.11|
|9045||Ashton Eaton||Beijing||29th August 2015||10.23||7.88||14.52||2.01||45.00||13.69||43.34||5.20||63.63||4: 17.52|
|9026||Roman Šebrle||Götzis||May 27, 2001||10.64||8.11||15.33||2.12||47.79||13.92||47.92||4.80||70.16||4: 21.98|
|8994||Tomáš Dvořák||Prague||4th July 1999||10.54||7.90||16.78||2.04||48.08||13.73||48.33||4.90||72.32||4: 37.20|
|8891||Dan O'Brien||Talence||5th September 1992||10.43||8.08||16.69||2.07||48.51||13.98||48.56||5.00||62.58||4: 42.10|
|8847||Daley Thompson||los Angeles||August 9, 1984||10.44||8.01||15.72||2.03||46.97||14.33||46.56||5.00||65.24||4: 35.00|
|8832 1)||Jürgen Hingsen||Mannheim||June 9, 1984||10.70||7.76||16.42||2.07||48.05||14.07||49.36||4.90||59.86||4: 19.75|
|8832||Bryan Clay||Eugene||June 30, 2008||10.39||7.39||15.17||2.08||48.41||13.75||52.74||5.00||70.55||4: 50.97|
|8815||Erki Nool||Edmonton||August 7, 2001||10.60||7.63||14.90||2.03||46.23||14.40||43.40||5.40||67.01||4: 29.58|
|8795||Damian Warner||Götzis||May 27, 2018||10.31||7.81||14.83||2.03||47.72||13.56||47.32||4.80||61.94||4: 26.59|
|8792||Uwe Freimuth||Potsdam||July 21, 1984||11.06||7.79||16.30||2.03||48.43||14.66||46.58||5.15||72.42||4: 25.19|
|8790||Trey Hardee||Berlin||August 20, 2009||10.45||7.83||15.33||1.99||48.13||13.86||48.08||5.20||68.00||4: 48.91|
|8784||Tom Pappas||Palo Alto||June 22, 2003||10.78||7.96||16.28||2.17||48.22||14.13||45.84||5.20||60.77||4: 48.12|
|8762||Siegfried Wentz||Bernhausen||June 5th 1983||10.89||7.49||15.35||2.09||47.38||14.00||46.90||4.80||70.68||4: 24.90|
|8735||Eduard Hämäläinen||Götzis||May 29, 1994||10.50||7.26||16.05||2.11||47.63||13.82||49.70||4.90||60.32||4: 35.09|
|8725||Dmitry Karpov||Athens||August 24, 2004||10.50||7.81||15.93||2.09||46.81||13.97||51.65||4.60||55.54||4: 38.11|
|8709||Oleksandr Apajchev||Neubrandenburg||3rd June 1984||10.96||7.57||16.00||1.97||48.72||13.93||48.00||4.90||72.24||4: 26.51|
|8706||Frank Busemann||Atlanta||August 1, 1996||10.60||8.07||13.60||2.04||48.34||13.47||45.04||4.80||66.86||4: 31.41|
|8705||Dave Johnson||Azusa||April 24, 1992||10.96||7.43||14.61||2.04||48.19||14.17||49.88||5.28||66.96||4: 29.38|
|8698||Grigory Degtyaryev||Kiev||June 22, 1984||10.87||7.42||16.03||2.10||49.75||14.53||51.20||4.90||67.08||4: 23.09|
|8694||Chris Huffins||New Orleans||June 20, 1998||10.31||7.76||15.43||2.18||49.02||14.02||53.22||4.60||61.59||4: 59.43|
|8691||Niklas Kaul||Doha||3rd October 2019||11.24||7.19||15.10||2.02||48.48||14.64||49.20||5.00||79.05||4: 15.70|
|8680||Torsten Voss||Rome||4th September 1987||10.69||7.88||14.98||2.10||47.96||14.13||43.96||5.10||58.02||4: 25.93|
|8670||Michael Schrader||Moscow||August 11, 2013||10.73||7.85||14.56||1.99||47.66||14.29||46.44||5.00||65.67||4: 25.38|
|8667||Guido Kratschmer||Bernhausen||June 14, 1980||10.58||7.80||15.47||2.00||48.04||13.92||45.52||4.60||66.50||4: 24.15|
|8663||Rico Freimuth||Ratingen||June 25, 2017||10.44||7.60||14.87||2.01||48.76||13.87||51.56||4.90||62.33||4: 37.04|
|8654||Leonel Suarez||Havana||4th July 2009||11.07||7.42||14.39||2.09||47.65||14.15||46.07||4.70||77.47||4: 27.29|
|8644||Steve Fritz||Atlanta||August 1, 1996||10.90||7.77||15.31||2.04||50.13||13.97||49.84||5.10||65.70||4: 38.26|
|8644||Maurice Smith||Osaka||September 1, 2007||10.62||7.50||17.32||1.97||47.48||13.91||52.36||4.80||53.61||4: 33.52|
|8634||Bruce Jenner||Montreal||3rd July 1976||10.94||7.22||15.35||2.03||47.51||14.84||50.04||4.80||68.52||4: 12.61|
|8627||Robert Změlík||Götzis||May 31, 1992||10.62||8.02||13.93||2.05||48.73||13.84||44.44||4.90||61.26||4: 24.83|
|8626||Mike Smith||Götzis||May 26, 1996||11.23||7.72||16.94||1.97||48.69||14.77||52.90||4.90||71.22||4: 41.95|
|8617||Andrei Krautschanka||Götzis||May 27, 2007||10.86||7.90||13.89||2.15||47.46||14.05||39.63||5.00||64.35||4: 29.10|
|8605||Arthur Abele||Ratingen||June 26, 2016||10.95||7.48||15.79||1.98||49.43||14.07||46.20||4.90||71.89||4: 24.12|
|8604||Maicel Uibo||Doha||3rd October 2019||11.10||7.46||15.12||2.17||50.44||14.43||46.64||5.40||63.83||4: 31.51|
|8603||Dean Macey||Edmonton||August 7, 2001||10.72||7.59||15.41||2.15||46.21||14.34||46.96||4.70||54.61||4: 29.05|
|8601||Ilya Shkurenev||Smolensk||June 10, 2017||10.89||7.58||14.15||2.12||49.00||13.95||44.91||5.30||60.29||4: 28.35|
|8580||Kai Kazmirek||Rio de Janeiro||18th August 2016||10.78||7.69||14.20||2.10||46.75||14.65||43.25||5.00||64.60||4: 31.25|
|8574||Christian Plaziat||Split||August 29, 1990||10.72||7.77||14.19||2.10||47.10||13.98||44.36||5.00||54.72||4: 27.83|
|8574||Oleksandr Jurkov||Götzis||June 4, 2000||10.69||7.93||15.26||2.03||49.74||14.56||47.85||5.15||58.92||4: 32.49|
|8573||Jón Arnar Magnússon||Götzis||May 31, 1998||10.74||7.60||16.03||2.03||47.66||14.24||47.82||5.10||59.77||4: 46.43|
|8571||Lev Lobodin||Budapest||August 20, 1998||10.66||7.42||15.67||2.03||48.65||13.97||46.55||5.20||56.55||4: 30.27|
|8566||Sebastian Chmara||Alhama de Murcia||May 17, 1998||10.97||7.56||16.03||2.10||48.27||14.32||44.39||5.20||57.25||4: 29.66|
|8558||Pascal Behrenbruch||Helsinki||June 28, 2012||10.93||7.15||16.89||1.97||48.54||14.16||48.24||5.00||67.45||4: 34.02|
|8554||Attila Zsivóczky||Götzis||June 4, 2000||10.64||7.24||15.72||2.18||48.13||14.87||45.64||4.65||63.57||4: 23.13|
|8548||Paul Meier||Stuttgart||August 20, 1993||10.57||7.57||15.45||2.15||47.73||14.63||45.72||4.60||61.22||4: 32.05|
|8547||Igor Sobolewski||Kiev||June 22, 1984||10.64||7.71||15.93||2.01||48.24||14.82||50.54||4.40||67.40||4: 32.84|
|8539||Lindon Victor||Columbia||May 12, 2017||10.64||7.35||15.18||2.05||48.74||14.45||55.22||4.70||68.97||4: 55.91|
|8539||Eelco Sintnicolaas||Götzis||May 28, 2017||10.57||7.61||14.62||1.91||48.37||14.16||43.52||5.40||62.13||4: 30.32|
|8534||Siegfried Stark||Hall||May 4th 1980||11.10||7.64||15.81||2.03||49.53||14.86||47.20||5.00||68.70||4: 27.70|
|8320 2)||Gernot Kellermayr||Götzis||May 30, 1993||10.47||7.66||14.83||1.96||47.56||14.12||42.50||5.00||58.24||4: 54.78|
|8334 3)||Stephan Niklaus||Lausanne||3rd July 1983||10.82||7.32||15.44||2.01||47.47||14.79||48.68||4.40||67.84||4: 41.29|
There is no official world leaderboard.
|8358||Austra Skujytė||Columbia||April 15, 2005||12.45||46.19||3.10||48.78||57.19||14.22||6.12||16.42||1.78||5: 15.86|
|8150||Marie Collonvillé||Talence||September 26, 2004||12.48||34.69||3.50||47.19||56.15||13.96||6.18||11.90||1.80||5: 06.09|
|7798||Irina Naumenko||Talence||September 26, 2004||12.58||34.63||3.30||37.57||55.91||14.42||5.98||12.51||1.77||4: 59.03|
- Eternal world best list of the IAAF, decathlon men (English).
- Eternal world best list of the IAAF, decathlon women (English).
- Athletics annual world best list up to 20th place (English).
- Progression of World best performances and official IAAF World Records, 2003 Edition, Monaco, 2003, pp. 209 ff. (English).
- Christian Schenk , Siegfried Wentz : Decathlon made understandable , 1992, ISBN 3-7679-0395-4 .
- Frank Busemann : You don't have to give up. Autobiography , 2003, ISBN 3-9808147-5-0
- zurgams (editor): Time leaps . 35 years of all-around meeting Götzis. Bucher Verlag, Hohenems 2009, ISBN 978-3-902679-23-9 .
- Points calculator for all common athletics all-around competitions based on Java.
- All-around point calculator on Leichtathletik.de.
- Everyone's decathlon at the DLV.
- The official website of the German decathlon team.
- At least World-Athletics no longer offers a leaderboard for the women's decathlon. According to Peter Matthews: Athletics 2012 . SportBooks, Cheltenham 2012, S 346f, the decathlons of Skujytė, Collonvillé and Naumenko were still the best performances in 2012 in the order recommended in the 2000s. In 1997 Mona Steigauf had reached 7885 points in the men's order. In Athletics 2019 . SportBooks, York 2019 on p. 316 only the performances of Skujytė and Collonvillé are listed as top performances.
- Will not be offered in the menu in 2020.