Pole vault

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Pole vault technique 1955
Pole vaulter when crossing the bar

Pole vaulting is a discipline in athletics in which the jumpers overcome a high jumping bar with the help of a long, flexible pole after they run up. This bar is 4.50 meters long and placed on two jump stands so that it falls down when touched lightly.

Modern rods are made of carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP), have a diameter of about five centimeters and are hollow. The length and thickness of the stick varies depending on the weight and strength of the jumper and the height of the jump. With rods made of glass fiber reinforced plastic (GRP), the best jumpers reach approx. 6 meters for men (world record: 6.18 m, Armand Duplantis ) and approx. 4.80 meters for women (world record: 5.06 m, Jelena Issinbajewa ).

The runway is at least 45 meters long and 1.22 meters wide.

The pole vault has been an Olympic discipline for men since 1896 and for women since 2000 . Pole vault is also a decathlon discipline .


Pole vaulter in the kick phase shortly before crossing the bar

Early forms of "stick jumping" have been handed down by the Greeks in antiquity. Long sticks were used in Crete to swing over bulls. The Celts used sticks for long jumps. High jump events with the stick have been known from the German gymnastics community since around 1775. In the first real pole vault competitions around 1850, long, heavy ash poles were used, on which the athletes climbed more than they jumped.

In 1889, hand movements along the stick were declared illegal in the USA, and at the same time the technique of swinging one's legs forward and belly down over the bar emerged.

Pole vaulting has been an Olympic discipline since 1896 .

Light bamboo sticks appeared in 1900 and were used for four decades (last world record with bamboo stick: 4.77 m, Cornelius Warmerdam , 1942). The “puncture box” was also introduced in 1900. Bob Gutowski , USA , improved the old bamboo world record to 4.78 m in 1957 with an aluminum pole. This in turn was driven with a steel rod by Don Bragg to 4.80 m in 1960 . For the safety of the jumpers, landing mattresses were introduced during this time. GRP rods had been in use in the USA since 1956, the first world record - 4.83 m - with a GRP rod was set by George Davies in 1961 .

Pole vault events for women have been known since 1911, but were not held as official competitions until the 1990s.

The IAAF has held world record lists since 1995; the first international competition with women's pole vault was the 1996 European Indoor Championships (winner: Vala Flosadóttir , Iceland ). In 1997 women were allowed to jump at the indoor world championships for the first time, in 1999 also at the outdoor world championships and in 2000 at the Olympic Games.

There have been several rule changes since 1998: First, touching the staff with the hand was declared illegal. From 2002, the contact area for the ends of the batten was shortened, the cross-section of the batten was changed and the preparation time for an attempt was reduced from two minutes to one minute (in the final phase two minutes for the last three jumpers and five minutes for the winner who has already been determined). They were initiated by Serhiy Bubka in his capacity as a sports official. He himself had achieved his best under the old rules.




Most successful athlete


  • Renaud Lavillenie ( FRA ): Former world record holder indoor (6.16 m) and Olympic champion 2012, as well as Olympic second in 2016 and three times indoor world champion and a total of seven times European champion (three times outdoor, four times indoor) from 2009
  • Bob Richards ( USA ): Olympic champion in 1952 and 1956 and Olympic knight in 1948
  • Thierry Vigneron : he improved the world record five times between 1980 and 1984.
  • Serhij Bubka ( URS / EUN / UKR ): Olympic champion in 1988 and world champion six times in a row: 1983 , 1987 , 1991 , 1993 , 1995 and 1997 . Improved the world record a total of 17 times.
  • Armand Duplantis ( SWE ), indoor world record holder (6.18 m) and outdoor world record holder (6.15 m), European champion 2018 and runner-up world champion 2019
  • Most successful German: Wolfgang Nordwig , Olympic champion 1972 and Olympic knight 1968



Modern pole vaulting technology begins with the use of highly elastic rods made of glass fiber reinforced plastic, which can be bent sharply without being damaged. The degree of deflection can be assessed using the shortest distance between the puncture point and the grip point. Metal bars allow this distance to be shortened when bending by 6 to 20 centimeters, GRP bars by 60 to 100 centimeters.

The commonly used jumping technique goes back to the American pole vaulter John Pennel (1940-1993), who achieved four world records from 1963 to 1969 (5.13 m, 5.20 m, 5.34 m, 5.44 m).

Jump course in detail

Roughly, the pole vault can be divided into the movement phases of run-up - puncture-jump - penetration - rolling up - bar crossing - landing. The jumper holds the stick on the opposite side of the take-off leg, e.g. B. right if he jumps off with the left. In the starting position, a left jumper grabs the stick with his right hand at the top from below and with his left hand from about 90 to 120 centimeters away from above; a right jumper reversed. When lifting the stick before starting, the right hand turns with the back of the hand upwards so that the index and middle fingers can press the stick from above and lift it. With the left hand the stick rests on the thumb, the other fingers grip it from above (right jumper: vice versa). The jumper starts the run-up with the end next to the body at hip height, the stick is almost vertical.

The run-up is an uphill run of up to 45 meters or 20 steps, with speeds of up to 9.5 m / s (men) or 8.3 m / s (women) over the last five meters. During the run-up, the bar is continuously lowered so that it reaches a horizontal position on the last three to five steps; the body straightens into a vertical position. The following puncture-jump complex is the central element of the pole vault. During the last three steps, the jumper accelerates the end of the rod upwards, combined with turning movements of the hands, over the head until the back arm is stretched; the tip of the rod "falls" into the puncture box. Before the stick touches the back wall of the puncture box, the forward-upward jump takes place in the form of a quick full-body extension, whereby the jump point must be exactly under the upper hand grip. There are two different techniques here. On the one hand, the jumper can "jump ahead", that is, he takes the full jump without having contact with the back wall of the box, or, as described, he jumps off at the same moment as the stick touches the back wall of the box. Due to the clever use of the starting and jumping energy , the rod bends by itself, with kinetic energy being transferred to the rod. The jumper penetrates the rod, ie it stores energy in the flexing rod.

Before the stick stretches again, i.e. gives its energy back to the jumper, the body must be brought into a stretched head-down position. This rolling up is generated by closing the arm-trunk angle as powerfully and quickly as possible, in which the body comes into an I-position. The jumper holds on to the stick with his right arm stretched and his left arm drawn up (left jumper: vice versa). During the rod extension, the body's center of gravity remains as close as possible to the extension axis of the rod, so that the jumper is catapulted almost vertically into the air. At the end of this movement, the jumper begins to turn around, ie he turns around his body's longitudinal axis with his chest facing the bar in order to be able to cross it safely and pushes himself off the stick. With the right preparation, the crossbar is crossed flying in a curve, the landing takes place with a successful jump on the back.

Vaulting sticks

The bars differ in length and elasticity, which is related to a certain body weight. Sometimes non-metric measurements such as feet for length and pounds for body weight are used in the model names. A stick with the designation 490-77 is 4.90 meters long and designed for 77 kg. In English terms, the same rod would be called 16-170 (16 feet, 170 pounds).

However, there is no assignment to the respective jumper. While z. B. All-around fighters with a jump height of 4.50 meters often jump poles well below their body weight (weight 100 kg - pole 480-84) top athletes take poles well over body weight ( Annika Becker in the German record over 4.77 m: weight 63 kg - pole 460-80). A more precise division of the bars into hardness straight lines enables the comparison of the so-called "flex numbers". This number is determined by the manufacturer as follows: The rod is clamped in two holders at the ends and then loaded with a weight of 22.7 kilograms in the middle. The deflection, measured in centimeters, is then the flex number belonging to the respective rod. In addition, the manufacturers indicate the smallest and largest handle height. The difference between the skipped height and the handle height is called cant.

Which stick a jumper uses is determined by trial and error. He must avoid that the rod bends too much and breaks. Experienced jumpers switch from soft to hard bars (even within a competition).

Competition Regulations

The starting height and the increases (at least 5 centimeters) for the pole vault will be announced before the competition and each athlete must state his or her entry height. In addition, during the pole vault, the athlete can determine the distance between the stands on which the crossbar lies. The measurement is from the zero line, which is marked by the stop wall of the puncture box, a maximum of 80 centimeters in the direction of the mat. This distance can be changed by the competitor on each attempt. Each athlete is entitled to three attempts per round - i.e. height. However, he does not have to carry out the three attempts above this height. B. after two failed attempts to forego the third attempt, which means that he must perform this third attempt at the next altitude. Above this height he would only have one attempt in this particular case. After three consecutive unsuccessful attempts - regardless of the jump height - he has no right to further jumps. If an athlete renounces one height, he may only try the next one again. If there is only one athlete left in the competition and he has won it, he can determine the further increases in altitude himself.

All jump heights are measured in whole centimeters, whereby the top edge of the bar is decisive. Since the bar sags slightly (a maximum of 3 centimeters is allowed), the center of the bar is measured exactly perpendicular to the floor. For the measurement, the stands have to be pushed to the zero line - this is the only way to ensure a vertical and thus regular measurement.

The following facts are assessed as a failed attempt (the decision on this is made by the umpire for the pole vault):

  • The athlete touches the bar during the jump in such a way that it does not remain on the supports (if the bar is blown off the supports by a gust of wind, this is not a failed attempt; if it remains after a contact, if this is not a failure, it remains up the bracket to which the bracket is attached instead of the bracket itself, then it is a failed attempt)
  • The athlete touches the mat or the ground beyond the zero line with the stick or any part of his body before crossing the bar
  • After the jump, the athlete must not reach over the upper hand with the lower hand or reach higher with the upper hand - so he must not "climb" the pole
  • After crossing the bar, the athlete must not stabilize the vibrating or falling bar with his hands or put it back on the support
  • If the vaulting stick is touched by anyone - athlete or referee - before it falls off the stand and crossbar and the referee is of the opinion that this intervention has prevented the crossbar from falling, the attempt must also be invalid.
  • The test time must not be exceeded. With more than three competitors it is one minute, with two or three athletes it is two minutes - and if only one is left in the competition, he can allow himself a maximum of five minutes for his attempt. The athlete may take three minutes for successive attempts.

Determination of ranking / tie / playoff

The winner is the athlete with the highest jumped height. In the event of a tie, the athlete with the lower number of attempts over the last jumped height is better placed. If there is still a tie, the total number of unsuccessful attempts including the last amount skipped is determined. The athlete with the lower number is better placed.

For a better understanding, here is a stylized competition protocol (O = valid, X = failed attempt, - = waived, ogV = without a valid attempt):

athlete 5.30 5.40 5.50 5.60 5.65 5.70 Verse. Wrong height space
A. - - XO XO XO XXX 2 3 5.65 1
B. O - O O XXX 1 0 5.60 3
C. O - XO XO X-- XX 2 2 5.60 4th
D. - XO O XXO XXO XXX 3 5 5.65 2
E. - - - XXX ogV

If all these criteria are taken into account, if there is still a tie in first place, there is a playoff. If the tie does not affect first place, the athletes will be placed tied.

The playoff is as follows:

The equal competitors make another attempt over the next height after the successfully jumped height. If all of them make it, the bar is raised 5 centimeters, if they all tear, it is lowered 5 centimeters. Until a decision is made, only one attempt is made over each height.

The following example shows the playoff between the two leaders of a competition:

athlete 4.30 4.40 4.50 4.60 4.65 4.70 4.75 Verse. Wrong height 4.70 4.65 4.70 4.75 height space
A. - - O XO XO XXX 2 2 4.65 X O O X 4.70 2
B. - XO O O XO - XXX 2 2 4.65 X O O O 4.75 1

With the IWR 2010, the playoff in the area of ​​the German Athletics Association (DLV) is abolished. It still exists at international level - but only if the competitors want it. Otherwise there are z. B. two "first places".

Injury Risks

As the most technically demanding athletic discipline, pole vault is also considered the most dangerous. Typical injuries in pole vaults include dislocations of the shoulder joint and fractures in the shoulder area. The jump puts particularly heavy strain on the patella and Achilles tendons. If the stick is undercut during the jump, there is a risk of injury to the back, and an unprotected fall onto the puncture box can result in serious injuries.

Prominent accident victims

Julia Hütter fell unprotected into the puncture box from a height of 4.50 in 2008 while trying to cross the bar. Hütter tore a cruciate ligament in his left knee as well as a bone splinter in his right ankle.

Annika Becker broke the baton in training in 2004. She landed on the mat so unhappily that her neck buckled and she was on the verge of paralysis. She then ended her career in the pole vault and switched to the long jump.

Kira Grünberg suffered a fracture of the cervical spine on July 30, 2015 during a training jump in Innsbruck . She has been paraplegic ever since .


Olympic Games medalist


year gold medal Silver medal Bronze medal
1896 United StatesUnited States William Hoyt United StatesUnited States Albert Tyler GreeceGreece Evangelos Damascos Ioannis Theodoropoulos
1900 United StatesUnited States Irving Baxter United StatesUnited States Meredith Colkett NorwayNorway Carl-Albert Andersen
1904 United StatesUnited States Charles Dvorak United StatesUnited States LeRoy Samse United StatesUnited States Louis Wilkins
1906 FranceFrance Fernand Gonder SwedenSweden Bruno Söderström United StatesUnited States Edward Glover
1908 United StatesUnited States Edward Cook Alfred Gilbert
United StatesUnited States 
- CanadaCanada Edward Archibald Charles Jacobs Bruno Söderström
United StatesUnited States 
1912 United StatesUnited States Harry Babcock United StatesUnited States Frank Nelson Marc Wright
United StatesUnited States 
1920 United StatesUnited States Frank Foss DenmarkDenmark Henry Petersen United StatesUnited States Edwin Myers
1924 United StatesUnited States Lee Barnes United StatesUnited States Glenn Graham United StatesUnited States James Brooker
1928 United StatesUnited States Sabin Carr United StatesUnited States William Droegemueller United StatesUnited States Charles McGinnis
1932 United StatesUnited States Bill Miller JapanJapan Shuhei Nishida United StatesUnited States George Jefferson
1936 United StatesUnited States Earle Meadows JapanJapan Shuhei Nishida JapanJapan Sueo Oe
1948 United StatesUnited States Guinn Smith FinlandFinland Erkki Kataja United StatesUnited States Bob Richards
1952 United StatesUnited States Bob Richards United StatesUnited States Don Laz SwedenSweden Ragnar Lundberg
1956 United StatesUnited States Bob Richards United StatesUnited States Bob Gutowski GreeceGreece Georgios Roumbanis
1960 United StatesUnited States Don Bragg United StatesUnited States Ron Morris FinlandFinland Eeles Landström
1964 United StatesUnited States Fred Hansen Germany team all GermanAll-German team Wolfgang Reinhardt Germany team all GermanAll-German team Klaus Lehnertz
1968 United StatesUnited States Bob Seagren Germany BRBR Germany Claus Schiprowski Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Wolfgang Nordwig
1972 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Wolfgang Nordwig United StatesUnited States Bob Seagren United StatesUnited States Jan Johnson
1976 PolandPoland Tadeusz Ślusarski FinlandFinland Antti Kalliomäki United StatesUnited States David Roberts
1980 PolandPoland Wladyslaw Kozakiewicz PolandPoland Tadeusz Ślusarski Konstantin Wolkow
Soviet UnionSoviet Union 
1984 FranceFrance Pierre Quinon United StatesUnited States Mike Tully United StatesUnited States Earl Bell Thierry Vigneron
1988 Soviet UnionSoviet Union Serhiy Bubka Soviet UnionSoviet Union Rodion Gataullin Soviet UnionSoviet Union Grigory Yegorov
1992 United teamUnited team Maxim Tarasov United teamUnited team Igor Trandenkov SpainSpain Javier García
1996 FranceFrance Jean Galfione RussiaRussia  Igor Trandenkov GermanyGermany Andrei Tivontschik
2000 United StatesUnited States Nick Hysong United StatesUnited States Lawrence Johnson RussiaRussia Maxim Tarasov
2004 United StatesUnited States Timothy Mack United StatesUnited States Toby Stevenson ItalyItaly Giuseppe Gibilisco
2008 AustraliaAustralia Steve Hooker RussiaRussia Yevgeny Lukyanenko UkraineUkraine Denys Yurchenko
2012 FranceFrance Renaud Lavillenie GermanyGermany Bjorn Otto GermanyGermany Raphael Holzdeppe
2016 BrazilBrazil Thiago Braz da Silva FranceFrance Renaud Lavillenie United StatesUnited States Sam Kendricks


year gold medal Silver medal Bronze medal
2000 United StatesUnited States Stacy Dragila AustraliaAustralia Tatiana Grigorieva IcelandIceland Vala Flosadóttir
2004 RussiaRussia Elena Isinbayeva RussiaRussia Svetlana Feofanova PolandPoland Anna Rogowska
2008 RussiaRussia Elena Isinbayeva United StatesUnited States Jennifer Stuczynski RussiaRussia Svetlana Feofanova
2012 United StatesUnited States Jennifer Suhr CubaCuba Yarisley Silva RussiaRussia Elena Isinbayeva
2016 GreeceGreece Ekaterini Stefanidi United StatesUnited States Sandi Morris New ZealandNew Zealand Eliza McCartney

World Championships medalist


year gold medal Silver medal Bronze medal
1983 Soviet UnionSoviet Union Serhiy Bubka Soviet UnionSoviet Union Konstantin Volkov BulgariaBulgaria Atanas Tarew
1987 Soviet UnionSoviet Union Serhiy Bubka FranceFrance Thierry Vigneron Soviet UnionSoviet Union Rodion Gataullin
1991 Soviet UnionSoviet Union Serhiy Bubka HungaryHungary István Bagyula Soviet UnionSoviet Union Maxim Tarasov
1993 UkraineUkraine Serhiy Bubka KazakhstanKazakhstan Grigory Yegorov RussiaRussia Maxim Tarasov Igor Trandenkow
1995 UkraineUkraine Serhiy Bubka RussiaRussia Maxim Tarasov FranceFrance Jean Galfione
1997 UkraineUkraine Serhiy Bubka RussiaRussia Maxim Tarasov United StatesUnited States Dean Starkey
1999 RussiaRussia Maxim Tarasov AustraliaAustralia Dimitri Markov IsraelIsrael Alexander Awerbuch
2001 AustraliaAustralia Dimitri Markov IsraelIsrael Alexander Awerbuch United StatesUnited States Nick Hysong
2003 ItalyItaly Giuseppe Gibilisco South AfricaSouth Africa Occert Brits SwedenSweden Patrik Kristiansson
2005 NetherlandsNetherlands Ren Blom United StatesUnited States Brad Walker RussiaRussia Pavel Gerasimov
2007 United StatesUnited States Brad Walker FranceFrance Romain Mesnil GermanyGermany Danny Ecker
2009 AustraliaAustralia Steven Hooker FranceFrance Romain Mesnil FranceFrance Renaud Lavillenie
2011 PolandPoland Paweł Wojciechowski CubaCuba Lázaro Borges FranceFrance Renaud Lavillenie
2013 GermanyGermany Raphael Holzdeppe FranceFrance Renaud Lavillenie GermanyGermany Bjorn Otto
2015 CanadaCanada Shawnacy Barber GermanyGermany Raphael Holzdeppe PolandPoland Paweł Wojciechowski Renaud Lavillenie Piotr Lisek
2017 United StatesUnited States Sam Kendricks PolandPoland Piotr Lisek FranceFrance Renaud Lavillenie
2019 United StatesUnited States Sam Kendricks SwedenSweden Armand Duplantis PolandPoland Piotr Lisek


year gold medal Silver medal Bronze medal
1999 United StatesUnited States Stacy Dragila UkraineUkraine Anshela Balachonova AustraliaAustralia Tatiana Grigorieva
2001 United StatesUnited States Stacy Dragila RussiaRussia Svetlana Feofanova PolandPoland Monika Pyrek
2003 RussiaRussia Svetlana Feofanova GermanyGermany Annika Becker RussiaRussia Elena Isinbayeva
2005 RussiaRussia Elena Isinbayeva PolandPoland Monika Pyrek Czech RepublicCzech Republic Pavla Hamáčková
2007 RussiaRussia Elena Isinbayeva Czech RepublicCzech Republic Kateřina Baďurová RussiaRussia Svetlana Feofanova
2009 PolandPoland Anna Rogowska United StatesUnited States Chelsea Johnson Monika Pyrek
2011 BrazilBrazil Fabiana Murer GermanyGermany Martina Strutz RussiaRussia Svetlana Feofanova
2013 RussiaRussia Elena Isinbayeva United StatesUnited States Jennifer Suhr CubaCuba Yarisley Silva
2015 CubaCuba Yarisley Silva BrazilBrazil Fabiana Murer GreeceGreece Nikoleta Kyriakopoulou
2017 GreeceGreece Ekaterini Stefanidi United StatesUnited States Sandi Morris VenezuelaVenezuela Robeily's Peinado Yarisley Silva
2019 Authorized Neutral AthletesAuthorized Neutral Athletes Anselika Sidorova United StatesUnited States Sandi Morris GreeceGreece Ekaterini Stefanidi

See also

World record development

The current world record for men is 6.18 m and was set by Armand Duplantis from Sweden on February 15, 2020 in Glasgow . Jelena Isinbayeva from Volgograd holds the world record for women with 5.06 m, which she jumped on August 28, 2009 in Zurich .

H: Indoor performance, recognized by the IAAF as equalizing or improving the outdoor world record


Early bests by amateur athletes (no recognized world records)

K: Climbing technique in which the jumper pulled himself up by grasping the pole several times with both hands

B: Use of a bamboo jumping pole

A: Set up at an altitude of 1,000 meters or more

Height (m) Surname date place
3.15 United KingdomUnited Kingdom Francis Temple October 6, 1849 Woolwich
3.21 United KingdomUnited Kingdom Robert Mitchell June 19, 1868 London
3.225K United KingdomUnited Kingdom Edwin Woodburn August 31, 1872 Newton
3.225K United KingdomUnited Kingdom Edwin Woodburn June 2, 1873 Lancaster
3.225 United KingdomUnited Kingdom William Kelsey July 7, 1873 Sheffield
3.225 United KingdomUnited Kingdom John Wigfull July 7, 1873 Sheffield
3.225 United KingdomUnited Kingdom Edwin Woodburn March 30, 1874 London
3.225 United KingdomUnited Kingdom John Wigfull July 5, 1875 Sheffield
3.265 United KingdomUnited Kingdom Charles Gaskin June 5, 1876 Newark
3.32 United KingdomUnited Kingdom Charles Gaskin July 3, 1876 Sheffield
3.38 K United KingdomUnited Kingdom Edwin Woodburn July 21, 1876 Ulverston
3.335 United KingdomUnited Kingdom Charles Gaskin August 11, 1876 Ilkley
3.37 United KingdomUnited Kingdom Henry Kayll August 11, 1876 Ilkley
3.42 K United KingdomUnited Kingdom Thomas Ray September 19, 1879 Ulverston
3.43 K United KingdomUnited Kingdom Thomas Ray July 19, 1881 Birmingham
3.455 K United KingdomUnited Kingdom Thomas Ray August 12, 1882 Bradford
3.455 K United KingdomUnited Kingdom Thomas Ray June 16, 1883 Nottingham
3.465K United KingdomUnited Kingdom Thomas Ray August 18, 1883 Preston
3.48 K United KingdomUnited Kingdom Thomas Ray August 20, 1885 Grasmere
3.485 K United KingdomUnited Kingdom Thomas Ray August 13, 1886 Whitehaven
3.505 K United KingdomUnited Kingdom Thomas Ray August 18, 1887 Grasmere
3.52 K United KingdomUnited Kingdom Thomas Ray August 19, 1887 Whitehaven
3.53 K United KingdomUnited Kingdom Ernest Stones June 2, 1888 Southport
3.555K United KingdomUnited Kingdom Thomas Ray September 22, 1888 Barrow
3.58 United KingdomUnited Kingdom Richard Dickenson 4th July 1891 Kidderminster
3.62 United States 45United States Raymond Clapp June 16, 1898 Chicago
3.69 B United States 45United States Norman Dole April 23, 1904 Berkeley
3.69 FranceFrance Fernand Gonder June 26, 1904 Paris
3.83 FranceFrance Fernand Gonder May 28, 1905 Gradignan
3.74 FranceFrance Fernand Gonder June 4, 1905 Gradignan
3.74 United States 45United States LeRoy Samse June 2, 1906 Chicago
3.78 B United States 45United States LeRoy Samse June 2, 1906 Chicago
3.79 B United States 45United States Walter Dray May 18, 1907 New Haven
3.82 B United States 45United States Walter Dray April 25, 1908 Philadelphia
3,855 B United States 45United States Alfred Gilbert June 6, 1908 Philadelphia
3.86 B United States 45United States Alfred Gilbert June 12, 1908 New Haven
3.90 B United States 45United States Walter Dray June 13, 1908 Danbury
3,915 B United States 46United States Leland Scott April 30, 1910 Berkeley
3.93 B United States 46United States Leland Scott May 27, 1910 Boulder
3,985 B United States 46United States Robert Gardner June 1, 1912 Philadelphia
Recognized world records
Height (m) Surname date place
Bamboo stick
4.02 United States 46United States Marc Wright June 8, 1912 Cambridge
4.09 United States 48United States Frank Foss 20th August 1920 Antwerp
4.12 NorwayNorway Charles Hoff September 3, 1922 Copenhagen
4.21 NorwayNorway Charles Hoff July 22, 1923 Copenhagen
4.23 NorwayNorway Charles Hoff August 13, 1925 Oslo
4.25 NorwayNorway Charles Hoff September 27, 1925 Turku
4.27 United States 48United States Sabin Carr May 28, 1927 Philadelphia
4.30 United States 48United States Lee Barnes April 28, 1928 Fresno
4.37 United States 48United States William Graber July 16, 1932 Palo Alto
4.39 United States 48United States Keith Brown June 1, 1935 Cambridge
4.43 United States 48United States George Varoff 4th July 1936 Princeton
4.54 United States 48United States William Sefton May 29, 1937 los Angeles
4.54 United States 48United States Earle Meadows May 29, 1937 los Angeles
4.60 United States 48United States Cornelius Warmerdam June 29, 1940 Fresno
4.72 United States 48United States Cornelius Warmerdam June 6, 1941 Compton
4.77 United States 48United States Cornelius Warmerdam May 23, 1942 Modesto
Aluminum rod
4.78 United States 48United States Bob Gutowski April 27, 1957 Palo Alto
Steel rod
4.80 United States 49United States Don Bragg July 2nd, 1960 Palo Alto
Plastic rod
4.83 United StatesUnited States George Davies May 20, 1961 Boulder
4.89 United StatesUnited States John Uelses March 31, 1962 Santa Barbara
4.93 United StatesUnited States Dave Tork April 28, 1962 Walnut
4.94 FinlandFinland Pentti Nikula June 22, 1962 Kauhava
5.00 United StatesUnited States Brian Sternberg April 27, 1963 Philadelphia
5.08 United StatesUnited States Brian Sternberg June 7, 1963 Compton
5.13 United StatesUnited States John Pennel 5th August 1963 London
5.20 United StatesUnited States John Pennel August 24, 1963 Coral Gables
5.23 United StatesUnited States Fred Hansen June 13, 1964 San Diego
5.28 United StatesUnited States Fred Hansen July 25, 1964 los Angeles
5.32 United StatesUnited States Bob Seagren May 14, 1966 Fresno
5.34 United StatesUnited States John Pennel July 23, 1966 los Angeles
5.36 United StatesUnited States Bob Seagren June 10, 1967 San Diego
5.38 United StatesUnited States Paul Wilson June 23, 1967 Bakersfield
5.41 United StatesUnited States Bob Seagren September 12, 1968 Echo Summit
5.44 United StatesUnited States John Pennel June 21, 1969 Sacramento
5.45 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Wolfgang Nordwig 17th June 1970 Berlin
5.46 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Wolfgang Nordwig 3rd September 1970 Turin
5.49 Greece 1970Greece Christos Papanikolaou October 24, 1970 Athens
5.51 SwedenSweden Kjell Isaksson April 8, 1972 Austin
5.54 SwedenSweden Kjell Isaksson April 15, 1972 los Angeles
5.55 SwedenSweden Kjell Isaksson June 12, 1972 Helsingborg
5.63 United StatesUnited States Bob Seagren 2nd July 1972 Eugene
5.65 United StatesUnited States David Roberts March 28, 1975 Gainesville
5.67 United StatesUnited States Earl Bell May 29, 1976 Wichita
5.70 United StatesUnited States David Roberts June 22, 1976 Eugene
5.72 PolandPoland Wladyslaw Kozakiewicz May 11, 1980 Milan
5.75 FranceFrance Thierry Vigneron June 1, 1980 Colombes
5.75 FranceFrance Thierry Vigneron June 29, 1980 Lille
5.77 FranceFrance Philippe Houvion 17th July 1980 Paris
5.78 PolandPoland Wladyslaw Kozakiewicz July 30, 1980 Moscow
5.80 FranceFrance Thierry Vigneron June 20, 1981 Mâcon
5.81 Soviet UnionSoviet Union Vladimir Polyakov June 26, 1981 Tbilisi
5.82 FranceFrance Pierre Quinon August 28, 1983 Cologne
5.83 FranceFrance Thierry Vigneron September 1, 1983 Rome
5.85 Soviet UnionSoviet Union Serhiy Bubka May 26, 1984 Bratislava
5.88 Soviet UnionSoviet Union Serhiy Bubka 2nd June 1984 Saint Denis
5.90 Soviet UnionSoviet Union Serhiy Bubka July 13, 1984 London
5.91 FranceFrance Thierry Vigneron August 31, 1984 Rome
5.94 Soviet UnionSoviet Union Serhiy Bubka August 31, 1984 Rome
6.00 Soviet UnionSoviet Union Serhiy Bubka July 13, 1985 Paris
6.01 Soviet UnionSoviet Union Serhiy Bubka July 8, 1986 Moscow
6.03 Soviet UnionSoviet Union Serhiy Bubka June 23, 1987 Prague
6.05 Soviet UnionSoviet Union Serhiy Bubka June 9, 1988 Bratislava
6.06 Soviet UnionSoviet Union Serhiy Bubka July 10, 1988 Nice
6.07 Soviet UnionSoviet Union Serhiy Bubka May 6, 1991 Shizuoka
6.08 Soviet UnionSoviet Union Serhiy Bubka June 9, 1991 Moscow
6.09 Soviet UnionSoviet Union Serhiy Bubka July 8, 1991 Formia
6.10 Soviet UnionSoviet Union Serhiy Bubka 5th August 1991 Malmo
6.11 UkraineUkraine Serhiy Bubka June 13, 1992 Dijon
6.12 UkraineUkraine Serhiy Bubka August 30, 1992 Padua
6.13 UkraineUkraine Serhiy Bubka 19th September 1992 Tokyo
6.14 A UkraineUkraine Serhiy Bubka July 31, 1994 Sestriere
6.16 H. FranceFrance Renaud Lavillenie 15th February 2014 Donetsk
6.17 H. SwedenSweden Armand Duplantis February 8, 2020 Toruń
6.18 H. SwedenSweden Armand Duplantis February 15, 2020 Glasgow

The 6.15 m jumped in the hall by Serhiy Bubka on February 21, 1993 in Donetsk was not yet considered a world record, since at that time only performances achieved outdoors were included in the record list.


Height (m) Surname date place
4.05 China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China Sun Caiyun May 21, 1992 Nanjing
4.08 China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China Sun Caiyun May 18, 1995 Taiyuan
4.08 China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China Zhong Guiqing May 18, 1995 Taiyuan
4.10 Czech RepublicCzech Republic Daniela Bártová May 21, 1995 Ljubljana
4.12 Czech RepublicCzech Republic Daniela Bártová June 18, 1995 Duisburg
4.13 Czech RepublicCzech Republic Daniela Bártová June 24, 1995 Wesel
4.14 Czech RepublicCzech Republic Daniela Bártová July 2nd 1995 Gateshead
4.15 Czech RepublicCzech Republic Daniela Bártová July 6, 1995 Ostrava
4.16 Czech RepublicCzech Republic Daniela Bártová July 14, 1995 Feldkirch
4.17 Czech RepublicCzech Republic Daniela Bártová July 15, 1995 Gisingen
4.18 GermanyGermany Andrea Müller 5th August 1995 Zittau
4.20 Czech RepublicCzech Republic Daniela Bártová August 18, 1995 Cologne
4.21 Czech RepublicCzech Republic Daniela Bártová August 22, 1995 Linz
4.22 Czech RepublicCzech Republic Daniela Bártová September 11, 1995 Salgótarján
4.25 AustraliaAustralia Emma George November 30, 1995 Melbourne
4.28 AustraliaAustralia Emma George December 17, 1995 Perth
4.41 AustraliaAustralia Emma George January 28, 1996 Perth
4.42 AustraliaAustralia Emma George June 29, 1996 Reims
4.45 AustraliaAustralia Emma George July 14, 1996 Sapporo
4.50 AustraliaAustralia Emma George February 8, 1997 Melbourne
4.55 AustraliaAustralia Emma George February 20, 1997 Melbourne
4.57 AustraliaAustralia Emma George February 21, 1998 North Shore City
4.58 AustraliaAustralia Emma George March 14, 1998 Melbourne
4.59 AustraliaAustralia Emma George March 21, 1998 Brisbane
4.60 AustraliaAustralia Emma George February 20, 1999 Sydney
4.60 United StatesUnited States Stacy Dragila August 21, 1999 Seville
4.61 H. United StatesUnited States Stacy Dragila February 19, 2000 Pocatello
4.62 H. United StatesUnited States Stacy Dragila March 3, 2000 Atlanta
4.63 United StatesUnited States Stacy Dragila July 23, 2000 Sacramento
4.63 H. United StatesUnited States Stacy Dragila February 2, 2001 new York
4.64 H. RussiaRussia Svetlana Feofanova February 11, 2001 Dortmund
4.66 H. United StatesUnited States Stacy Dragila February 17, 2001 Pocatello
4.70 H. United StatesUnited States Stacy Dragila February 17, 2001 Pocatello
4.70 United StatesUnited States Stacy Dragila April 27, 2001 Pocatello
4.71 United StatesUnited States Stacy Dragila June 9, 2001 Palo Alto
4.81 United StatesUnited States Stacy Dragila June 9, 2001 Palo Alto
4.82 RussiaRussia Elena Isinbayeva July 13, 2003 Gateshead
4.83 H. RussiaRussia Elena Isinbayeva February 15, 2004 Donetsk
4.85 H. RussiaRussia Svetlana Feofanova February 22, 2004 Athens
4.86 H. RussiaRussia Elena Isinbayeva March 6, 2004 Budapest
4.87 RussiaRussia Elena Isinbayeva June 27, 2004 Gateshead
4.88 RussiaRussia Svetlana Feofanova 4th July 2004 Heraklion
4.89 RussiaRussia Elena Isinbayeva July 25, 2004 Birmingham
4.90 RussiaRussia Elena Isinbayeva July 30, 2004 London
4.91 RussiaRussia Elena Isinbayeva August 24, 2004 Athens
4.92 RussiaRussia Elena Isinbayeva September 3, 2004 Brussels
4.93 RussiaRussia Elena Isinbayeva July 5, 2005 Lausanne
4.95 RussiaRussia Elena Isinbayeva July 16, 2005 Madrid
4.96 RussiaRussia Elena Isinbayeva July 22, 2005 London
5.00 RussiaRussia Elena Isinbayeva July 22, 2005 London
5.01 RussiaRussia Elena Isinbayeva August 12, 2005 Helsinki
5.03 RussiaRussia Elena Isinbayeva July 11, 2008 Rome
5.04 RussiaRussia Elena Isinbayeva July 29, 2008 Monte Carlo
5.05 RussiaRussia Elena Isinbayeva August 18, 2008 Beijing
5.06 RussiaRussia Elena Isinbayeva August 28, 2009 Zurich

World best list


All jumpers over a height of 5.90 meters or higher. A: Altitude was obtained under altitude conditions.

Last change: June 17, 2020

  1. 6.18m Armand Duplantis , Glasgow , 15th February 2020SwedenSweden 
  2. 6.16 m Renaud Lavillenie , Donetsk , February 15, 2014FranceFrance 
  3. 6.15 m Serhiy Bubka , Donetsk , February 21, 1993UkraineUkraine 
  4. 6.06 m Steve Hooker , Boston , February 7, 2009AustraliaAustralia 
  5. 6.06m Sam Kendricks , Des Moines , July 27, 2019United StatesUnited States 
  6. 6.05 m Maksim Tarasov , Athens , June 16, 1999RussiaRussia 
  7. 6.05 m Dmitri Markov , Edmonton , August 9, 2001AustraliaAustralia 
  8. 6.04 m Brad Walker , Eugene , June 8, 2008United StatesUnited States 
  9. 6.03 m Okkert Brits , Cologne , August 18, 1995South AfricaSouth Africa 
  10. 6.03 m Jeff Hartwig , Jonesboro , June 14, 2000United StatesUnited States 
  11. 6.03 m Thiago Braz da Silva , Rio de Janeiro , August 15, 2016BrazilBrazil 
  12. 6.02 m Piotr Lisek , Monaco , July 12, 2019PolandPoland 
  13. 6.01 m Igor Trandenkow , Saint Petersburg , July 4, 1996RussiaRussia 
  14. 6.01 m Timothy Mack , Monaco , September 18, 2004United StatesUnited States 
  15. 6.01 m Evgeni Lukjanenko , Bydgoszcz , July 1, 2008RussiaRussia 
  16. 6.01 m Björn Otto , Aachen , September 5, 2012 ( German record )GermanyGermany 
  17. 6.00 m Rodion Gataullin , Tokyo , September 16, 1989Soviet UnionSoviet Union 
  18. 6.00 m Tim Lobinger , Cologne , August 24, 1997GermanyGermany 
  19. 6.00 m Danny Ecker , Dortmund , February 11, 2001GermanyGermany 
  20. 6.00 m Toby Stevenson , Modesto , May 8, 2004United StatesUnited States 
  21. 6.00 m Paul Burgess , Perth , February 26, 2005AustraliaAustralia 
  22. 6.00 m Shawnacy Barber , Reno , January 15, 2016CanadaCanada 
  23. 6.00 m Timur Morgunow , Berlin , August 12, 2018RussiaRussia 
  24. 5.98 m Lawrence Johnson , Knoxville , May 25, 1996United StatesUnited States 
  25. 5.98 m Jean Galfione , Amiens , 23 July 1999FranceFrance 
  26. 5.97 m Scott Huffman , Knoxville , June 18, 1994United StatesUnited States 
  27. 5.96 m Joe Dial , Norman , June 18, 1987United StatesUnited States 
  28. 5.95 m Andrei Tivontchik , Cologne , August 16, 1996GermanyGermany 
  29. 5.95 m Michael Stolle , Monaco , August 18, 2000GermanyGermany 
  30. 5.95 m Romain Mesnil , Castres , 6 August 2003FranceFrance 
  31. 5.95 m Christopher Nilsen , Austin , June 5, 2019United StatesUnited States 
  32. 5.94 m Raphael Holzdeppe , Nuremberg , July 26, 2015GermanyGermany 
  33. 5.93 m Alexander Awerbuch , Madrid , 19 July 2003IsraelIsrael 
  34. 5.93 m Paweł Wojciechowski , Lausanne , July 6, 2017PolandPoland 
  35. 5.92 m István Bagyula , Linz , July 5, 1991HungaryHungary 
  36. 5.92 m Igor Potapovich , Dijon , June 13, 1992KazakhstanKazakhstan 
  37. 5.92 m Dean Starkey , Sao Paulo , May 21, 1994United StatesUnited States 
  38. 5.91 m Thierry Vigneron , Rome , August 31, 1984FranceFrance 
  39. 5.91 m A Riaan Botha , Pretoria , April 2, 1997South AfricaSouth Africa 
  40. 5.91 m Malte Mohr , Ingolstadt , June 22, 2012GermanyGermany 
  41. 5.91 m Konstandínos Filippídis , Saint-Denis , July 4th 2015GreeceGreece 
  42. 5.90 m Pierre Quinon , Nice , July 16, 1985FranceFrance 
  43. 5.90 m Miroslaw Chmara , Villeneuve d'Ascq , June 27, 1988PolandPoland 
  44. 5.90 m Denis Petuschinski , Moscow , June 13, 1993RussiaRussia 
  45. 5.90 m Grigori Jegorow , Stuttgart , August 19, 1993KazakhstanKazakhstan 
  46. 5.90 m Pyotr Botschkarev , Karlskrona , June 28, 1996RussiaRussia 
  47. 5.90 m Jacob Davis , Austin , April 4, 1998United StatesUnited States 
  48. 5.90 m Viktor Tschistiakow , Salamanca , July 15, 1999RussiaRussia 
  49. 5.90 m Pawel Gerassimow , Rüdlingen , August 12, 2000RussiaRussia 
  50. 5.90 m Nick Hysong , Sydney , September 29, 2000RussiaRussia 
  51. 5.90 m Giuseppe Gibilisco , Saint-Denis , August 28, 2003ItalyItaly 
  52. 5.90 m Lázaro Borges , Daegu , August 29, 2011CubaCuba 
  53. 5.90 m Jacob Wooten , Mexico City , February 22, 2020United StatesUnited States 
  54. 5.90 m Matt Ludwig , Mexico City , February 22, 2020United StatesUnited States 


All jumpers with a performance of 4.70 meters or higher. A: Altitude was obtained under altitude conditions. Last change: August 4, 2020

  1. 5.06 m Jelena Issinbajewa , Zurich , August 28, 2009RussiaRussia 
  2. 5.03 m Jennifer Suhr , Brockport , January 30, 2016United StatesUnited States 
  3. 5.00 m Sandi Morris , Brussels , 9 September 2016United StatesUnited States 
  4. 4.95 m Anselika Sidorowa , Doha , September 29, 2019United teamUnited team 
  5. 4.94 m Eliza McCartney , Jockgrim , July 17, 2018New ZealandNew Zealand 
  6. 4.91 m Yarisley Silva , Beckum , August 2, 2015CubaCuba 
  7. 4.91m Ekaterini Stefanidi , London , 6th August 2017GreeceGreece 
  8. 4.91 m Katie Nageotte , Albuquerque , February 18, 2018United StatesUnited States 
  9. 4.90m Demi Payne , New York City , February 20, 2016United StatesUnited States 
  10. 4.88 m Swetlana Feofanowa , Heraklion , July 4, 2004RussiaRussia 
  11. 4.87 m Holly Bradshaw , Villeurbanne , January 20, 2012United KingdomUnited Kingdom 
  12. 4.87 m Fabiana Murer , São Bernardo do Campo , July 3, 2016BrazilBrazil 
  13. 4.85 m Anna Rogowska , Paris , March 6, 2011PolandPoland 
  14. 4.83 m Stacy Dragila , Ostrava , June 8, 2004United StatesUnited States 
  15. 4.83 m Nikoleta Kyriakopoulou , Saint-Denis , July 4th 2015GreeceGreece 
  16. 4.83 m Michaela Meijer , Norrköping , August 1, 2020SwedenSweden 
  17. 4.82 m Monika Pyrek , Stuttgart , September 22, 2007PolandPoland 
  18. 4.82 m Silke Spiegelburg , Monaco , July 20, 2012 ( German record )GermanyGermany 
  19. 4.82 m Alysha Newman , Zurich , August 28, 2019CanadaCanada 
  20. 4.81 m Alana Boyd , Sippy Downs , July 2, 2016AustraliaAustralia 
  21. 4.81 m Angelica Bengtsson , Clermont-Ferrand , February 24, 2019SwedenSweden 
  22. 4.80 m Martina Strutz , Daegu , August 30, 2011GermanyGermany 
  23. 4.80 m Nicole Büchler , Portland , March 17, 2016 ( Swiss record )SwitzerlandSwitzerland 
  24. 4.78 m Tatjana Polnowa , Monaco , September 19, 2004RussiaRussia 
  25. 4.78 m Robeilys Peinado , Liévin , February 19, 2020VenezuelaVenezuela 
  26. 4.77 m Annika Becker , Wattenscheid , July 7, 2002GermanyGermany 
  27. 4.76 m Jiřina Ptáčníková-Svobodová , Pilsen , September 4, 2013Czech RepublicCzech Republic 
  28. 4.75 m Kateřina Baďurová , Osaka , August 28, 2007Czech RepublicCzech Republic 
  29. 4.75 m Julija Golubchikowa , Beijing , August 18, 2008RussiaRussia 
  30. 4.75 m Kylie Hutson , Albuquerque , March 2, 2013United StatesUnited States 
  31. 4.75 m Lisa Ryzih , Belgrade , March 4, 2017GermanyGermany 
  32. 4.75 m Ninon Guillon-Romarin , Monaco , July 20, 2018FranceFrance 
  33. 4.75 m Tina Šutej , Ljubljana , July 5, 2020SloveniaSlovenia 
  34. 4.73m Chelsea Johnson , Los Gatos , June 26th 2008United StatesUnited States 
  35. 4.73 m Anastassija Savchenko , Jerino , June 15, 2013RussiaRussia 
  36. 4.72 m Kym Howe , Donetsk , February 10, 2007AustraliaAustralia 
  37. 4.72 m Jillian Schwartz , Jonesboro , June 15, 2008United StatesUnited States 
  38. 4.72 m Carolin Hingst , Biberach , July 9, 2010GermanyGermany 
  39. 4.72 m Li Ling , Shanghai , May 18, 2019China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China 
  40. 4.72 m Iryna Schuk , Minsk , August 2, 2020BelarusBelarus 
  41. 4.71 m Mary Saxer , Albuquerque , February 23, 2014United StatesUnited States 
  42. 4.71 m Marion Fiack , Aubière , January 10, 2015FranceFrance 
  43. 4.71 m Wilma Murto , Zweibrücken , January 31, 2016FinlandFinland 
  44. 4.71 m Nina Kennedy , Perth , February 9, 2018AustraliaAustralia 
  45. 4.70 m Yvonne Buschbaum , Ulm , June 29, 2003GermanyGermany 
  46. 4.70 m Vanessa Boslak , Málaga , June 28, 2006FranceFrance 
  47. 4.70 m Angelina Schuk-Krasnowa , Tampere , July 13, 2013RussiaRussia 
  48. 4.70 m Kristen Brown , Chula Vista , June 26, 2016United StatesUnited States 
  49. 4.70 m Lexi Weeks , Eugene , July 10, 2016United StatesUnited States 
  50. 4.70m Olivia Gruver , Albuquerque , February 15, 2020United StatesUnited States 
  51. 4.70 m Morgann Leleux-Romero , Baton Rouge , February 21, 2020United StatesUnited States 
  52. 4.70 m Eleni-Klaoudia Polak , Athens , July 18, 2020GreeceGreece 


See also

Web links

Commons : Pole Vault  - Collection of Images
Wiktionary: pole vault  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Record hunter Lavillenie stopped by the jury , Spiegel Online, March 4, 2013
  2. See IWR ( Memento of the original from April 12, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. 180.17, 180.20, 181 and 183 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.deutscher-leichtathletik-verband.de
  3. ^ Jump disciplines in athletics. Gesundheit.de, accessed on August 3, 2015 .
  4. Hütter seriously injured - Onnen is still hoping. 4athletes.de, accessed on August 3, 2015 .
  5. This is how the pole vaulter Kira Grünberg's accident went. (No longer available online.) Web.de , archived from the original on August 6, 2015 ; Retrieved August 3, 2015 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / web.de