Ewa Kłobukowska

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ewa Kłobukowska

Ewa Janina Kłobukowska (born October 1, 1946 in Warsaw ) is a former Polish athlete and Olympic champion .


Ewa Kłobukowska from Skra Warsaw went to the same Warsaw school as Irena Kirszenstein, who was five months older . Both advanced to the national top of the sprinters in 1963 . In September 1964, Kłobukowska improved the Polish record in the 100-meter run to 11.3 seconds. In October 1964 the Olympic Games took place in Tokyo . There she won the bronze medal in the 100-meter run behind the two Americans Wyomia Tyus (gold) and Edith McGuire (silver). The Polish 4 x 100 meter relay with Teresa Ciepły , Irena Kirszenstein and Halina Górecka with Ewa Kłobukowska as the final runner undercut her own world record by 0.6 seconds to the new mark of 43.6 seconds. With this achievement, the relay won gold in front of the Americans, who improved their continental record from 44.3 seconds to 43.9 seconds.

In 1965 Irena Kirszenstein and Ewa Kłobukowska fought thrilling duels at several sports festivals. On July 9, the two competed at the Rošický Memorial in Prague. With a tailwind of just 2 meters per second, the two crossed the finish line in 11.1 seconds, with Kłobukowska winning the race after the photo decision. With this, the two young Polish women had improved the world record held by Wilma Rudolph and Wyomia Tyus by a tenth of a second. Two and a half weeks later, both Polish women improved the European record over 100 yards to 10.5 seconds and again Kłobukowska won the race. On August 7, 1965, an international match between Poland and the United States took place in Warsaw, in which Irena Kirszenstein won both sprint courses, the long jump and the relay. Kłobukowska took third place over 100 meters behind Kirszenstein and Tyus, but was able to hold second place over 200 meters in 23.0 seconds behind Kirszenstein, who improved the world record in 22.7 seconds. In September 1965 the first European Athletics Cup took place in Kassel . Ewa Kłobukowska won in 11.3 seconds and in 23.0 seconds on both sprint courses. The Polish relay with Kirszenstein and Kłobukowska won in 44.9 seconds.

The highlight of the season in 1966 was the European Championships in Budapest . Ewa Kłobukowska won over 100 meters in 11.5 seconds ahead of Irena Kirszenstein at the same time. On the 200-meter course, Kirszenstein won in 23.1 seconds ahead of Kłobukowska in 23.4 seconds. The Polish season appeared in the line-up of Elżbieta Bednarek , Danuta Straszyńska , Irena Kirszenstein and Ewa Kłobukowska and won in 44.4 seconds.


Already at the European Championships there was a gender test for all athletes , which Ewa Kłobukowska passed without objection. Before the European Athletics Cup in 1967, another sex test was scheduled. At the preliminary round in Wuppertal, Ewa Kłobukowska found a chromosome set that deviates from the normal female XX set; then she was classified as a hermaphrodite . Nevertheless, she was allowed to start in Wuppertal. The European Athletics Federation tried to influence the Polish Federation to prevent Ewa Kłobukowska from competing. After the Polish federation refused and Kłobukowska registered for the European Cup final in Kiev, the European federation made the test result public. After her disqualification, Ewa Kłobukowska tried to change her chromosome findings with medication, but this did not change anything.

In 1969, the World Athletics Federation deleted Ewa Kłobukowskas world records from the record lists, but her titles were retained. In the relay, this leads to the strange result that, according to the official results list, the 1964 Olympic relay relay finished three tenths of a second faster than the world record relay in second place.

In 1968 she gave birth to a son.


  • Manfred Holzhausen: world records and world record holder. 100m run - 200m / 220y run . Grevenbroich 2007
  • Volker Kluge : Summer Olympic Games. The Chronicle II. London 1948 - Tokyo 1964. Sportverlag Berlin, Berlin 1998, ISBN 3-328-00740-7 .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. fałszywe oskarżenia złamały jej career. Retrieved March 26, 2019 (Polish).
  2. According to Holzhausen (p. 37), XXY was found.
  3. Volker Kluge: Olympic Summer Games. Chronicle II, p. 797, note 144
  4. ^ Patricia Nell Warren : The Rise and Fall of Gender Testing . outsports.com. Archived from the original on November 25, 2004. Retrieved August 21, 2009.
  5. David Smith: Caster Semenya sex row: 'She's my little girl,' says father . The Guardian . Retrieved August 21, 2009.