Jean-Louis Tauran

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jean-Louis Cardinal Tauran (2012)
Cardinal coat of arms

Jean-Louis Cardinal Tauran (born April 5, 1943 in Bordeaux , France - † July 5, 2018 in Hartford , Connecticut , United States ) was a Cardinal Curia of the Roman Catholic Church and Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church .


After graduating from the Michel Montaigne Lyceum, Jean-Louis Tauran studied philosophy and Catholic theology at the diocesan seminary in Bordeaux and two years later as an alumne of the French Pontifical Seminary at the Gregorian University in Rome . From 1964 to 1965 he did his military service as a teacher at a Catholic college in Lebanon . On September 20, 1969, he received the sacrament of ordination for the Archdiocese of Bordeaux and was parish vicar of Saint Eulalia in Bordeaux. At the same time, he completed a doctorate in Canon Law at the Catholic Institute of Toulouse in Toulouse .

In 1973 he was called to Rome and trained at the Pontifical Diplomatic Academy . In 1975 he entered the diplomatic service of the Holy See and worked until 1983 as secretary for the nunciatures in the Dominican Republic and Lebanon .

In 1983 he moved to the Church's Public Affairs Council , a department of the Roman Curia that deals with relations with states. In 1984 and 1986 he was on the staff of the special embassies for Haiti , Syria and Lebanon. He was also a member of the Holy See delegation to the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe in the 1980s . He participated in the CSCE follow-up conferences in Stockholm in 1984 and in Vienna in 1986. In 1988 he was appointed Undersecretary of the Council for Public Affairs of the Church, in practice referred to as "Vice Minister" of the Vatican's Foreign Policy.

On December 1, 1990 it appointed Pope John Paul II. To Titular Archbishop of Thélepte the Vatican and secretary in the department for external relations in the Vatican Secretariat of State . Tauran held this office until 2003. He was ordained bishop on January 6, 1991 by the Pope; Co- consecrators were Giovanni Battista Re , substitute in the Vatican State Secretariat, and Justin Francis Rigali , Secretary of the Congregation for Bishops .

In the Consistory of 21 October 2003 Jean-Louis Tauran as was Cardinal deacon with the title Diakonie Sant'apollinare Alle Terme Neroniane-Alessandrine in the College of Cardinals received and on 24 November of that year with the guidance of the Vatican Secret Archives and the Vatican Library in charge.

On September 1, 2007, he succeeded Cardinal Paul Poupard as President of the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue and Head of the Pontifical Commission for Religious Relations with Muslims .

On February 21, 2011 he was welcomed by Pope Benedict XVI. confirmed as cardinal protodeacon. In this capacity he took part in the 2013 conclave , through which he u. a. the task was coming, on March 13 of that year with the Habemus papam by the benediction loggia of St. Peter's Basilica to the public the election of Pope Francis to announce this and that at its inauguration on March 19 of that year pallium turn put. On June 12, 2014, he was elevated to cardinal priest, whereby his function as cardinal protodeacon ended.

Cardinal Tauran was Grand Cross Conventual Chaplain ad honorem since 1996 and since December 4, 2006 Honorary and Devotional Grand Cross Bailli of the Order of Malta . He was a Grand Crusader and advisor to the Order of Knights of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem .

On December 20, 2014, Pope Francis appointed him Cardinal Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church (Camerlengo) .

Tauran had Parkinson's disease . He died in Connecticut, United States, in July 2018, at the age of 75, where he was about to undergo treatment for his illness.

The Cardinal Dean Angelo Sodano chaired the funeral service for Jean-Louis Tauran on July 12, 2018 in St.


Tauran was considered a top diplomat of the Holy See and was a participant in many international conferences such as the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, the CSCE, and the UN Conference on Disarmament. He was the Vatican "Foreign Minister" for 13 years, prior to that he was nuncio in Lebanon, among others.

Pope Benedict XVI Not without reason appointed Tauran as president of the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue in 2007 and made him head of the Pontifical Commission for Religious Relations with Muslims. He played a crucial role in the dialogue at the highest level between the Catholic Church and Islam and initiated numerous dialogue conferences.

In April 2018, he visited the Saudi Arabian capital, Riyadh, and met with various high-ranking Muslim leaders. Despite a ban on non-Islamic religious practice in Saudi Arabia, he celebrated a saint with the Catholic community in Riyadh with Archbishop Miguel Ayuso Guixot MCCJ , Secretary of the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue and Islamic Studies, and Khaled Akasheh , Chairman of the Islamic Office Fair. He called on Christians and Muslims to enable peaceful coexistence, to respect human dignity and human rights and to guarantee freedom of religion and equal cooperation. During this trip, Tauran and the General Secretary of the Islamic World League signed a cooperation agreement to promote dialogue between Christians and Muslims.

Memberships in the Roman Curia

Jean-Louis Cardinal Tauran was a member of the following congregations and councils of the Roman Curia :

honors and awards

Web links

Commons : Jean-Louis Tauran  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Cardinal Tauran is dead. In: Vatican News . July 6, 2018, accessed July 6, 2018 .
  2. ^ A b c Gianni Cardinale: È morto il cardinale Jean-Louis Tauran. In: Avvenire . July 6, 2018, accessed July 6, 2018 (Italian).
  3. ^ Proclamation: the new Pope - Jorge Mario Bergoglio. (YouTube video, 1:10 minutes) In: Deutsche Welle's YouTube channel . March 13, 2013, accessed July 6, 2018 .
  4. ^ Consistory: Internal Cardinal Promotions. In: Vatican Radio. June 12, 2014, accessed June 12, 2014 .
  5. The Grand Master receives Cardinal Tauran. Order of Malta, December 4, 2006, archived from the original on June 7, 2015 ; accessed on July 6, 2018 .
  6. ^ A b François Delarue: Croyants en dialogue: utopie ou ressource? (PDF; 773 kB) In: Les Nouvelles de l'Ordre, no. 72. Lieutenance de France l ' Ordre du Saint Sépulcre de Jérusalem , March 2011, pp. 19-21 , archived from the original on January 30, 2012 ; Retrieved January 7, 2012 (French).
  7. ^ Nomina del Camerlengo e del Vice Camerlengo di Santa Romana Chiesa. In: Daily Bulletin of the Press Office of the Holy See . December 20, 2014, accessed December 20, 2014 (Italian).
  8. Jean-Louis Tauran, the Pope announcer. In: N24 . March 11, 2013, archived from the original on March 17, 2013 ; accessed on July 6, 2018 .
  9. Vatican - "Camerlengo" Cardinal Tauran is dead. In: Deutschlandfunk . July 6, 2018, accessed July 6, 2018 .
  10. "St Peter's Basilica - Funeral of Cardinal Jean-Louis Tauran" , Vatican News on YouTube from July 12, 2018
  11. Vatican: Personnel change at Dialograt. In: Vatican Radio . July 28, 2007, accessed July 9, 2018 .
  12. Jean-Marie Guénois: Le français cardinal Jean-Louis Tauran est mort. In: Le Figaro . July 6, 2018, accessed on July 6, 2018 (French).
  13. ^ Prohibited in spite of it: Catholic mass in Saudi Arabia. In: Vatican News . April 18, 2018, accessed July 6, 2018 .
  14. Cardinal of the Curia was an expert in interreligious dialogue. The "Habemus Papam" cardinal: Jean-Louis Tauran is dead. In: Church and Life . July 6, 2018, archived from the original on March 27, 2019 ; accessed on April 20, 2019 .
  15. Vatican and Islamic World League decide to cooperate. In: . April 23, 2018, accessed March 27, 2019 .
  16. ^ Conferme e nomine nella Congregazione per le Chiese Orientali. In: Daily Bulletin of the Press Office of the Holy See. February 19, 2014, accessed July 6, 2018 (Italian).
  17. Cardinals Commission for IOR renewed. In: Vatican Radio . February 16, 2013, accessed July 6, 2018 .
  18. List of all decorations awarded by the Federal President for services to the Republic of Austria from 1952 onwards. (PDF; 6.59 MB) Federal Chancellor of the Republic of Austria , April 23, 2012, p. 1011 , accessed on July 6, 2018 .
predecessor Office successor
Angelo Sodano Secretary for Relations with the States
Giovanni Lajolo
Jorge Maria Cardinal Mejia Archivist and Librarian of the Holy Roman Church
Raffaele Cardinal Farina SDB
Paul Cardinal Poupard President of the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue
Miguel Ángel Cardinal Ayuso Guixot MCCJ
Agostino Cacciavillan Cardinal Protodiacon
Renato Raffaele Martino
Tarcisio Cardinal Bertone Cardinal Chamberlain (Camerlengo)
Kevin Cardinal Farrell