David Paul Cronenberg (born March 15, 1943 in Toronto , Ontario ) is a multi-award-winning Canadian film director . While his early work can mainly be assigned to experimental , horror and science fiction films , the focus in his later works is primarily on film drama and literary adaptations . His best-known works include Die Fliege , Naked Lunch and, more recently, A History of Violence .
life and work
Cronenberg was born the son of a musician and a writer in Toronto. His Jewish grandparents were all from Lithuania . He attended the North Toronto Collegiate Institute and enrolled first in the natural sciences at the University of Toronto in 1963 . He later switched to the fields of English language and literature and obtained his degree in 1967 with a “Bachelor of Arts”. Influenced by William S. Burroughs and Vladimir Nabokov , he initially tried unsuccessfully as an author. Only when he saw a film made by fellow students did he want to become a filmmaker himself.
From the late 1960s, Cronenberg began making his first experimental short and feature films. Although impressed by directors such as Federico Fellini and Ingmar Bergman , he denied the influence of film history on his work and instead referred repeatedly to Burroughs, Nabokov and existentialism . In the explicit works Parasiten-Murderer (1975) and Rabid - The Roaring Death (1977), which incorporate elements of horror and science fiction films, physical horror was in the foreground. With Die Brut (1979), his "most autobiographical" film, Cronenberg began to combine psychological and physical horror. The brood also marked the first collaboration with composer Howard Shore , who has since been part of Cronenberg's permanent staff that the director has gathered over the years, including film editor Ronald Sanders and cinematographer Mark Irwin , who was replaced by Peter Suschitzky in 1988 .
Cronenberg had his first major commercial success with Scanners - Your Thoughts Can Kill (1981), another with Die Fliege (1986), a remake of the 1958 film of the same name . With Die Unzertrennlichen (1988), which he counted as one of his more personal works alongside Die Brut and Die Fliege , the extreme portrayal of physical deformations in his films increasingly faded into the background. In terms of content, the emphasis shifted from the horror and science fiction genre to the film drama , and most of the subsequent works were no longer based on his original scripts, but based on literary models. Naked Lunch (1991) was based on a book by Cronenberg's favorite writer Burroughs and was the first collaboration with renowned producer Jeremy Thomas .
His award-winning films include Crash ( Cannes 1996) and eXistenZ ( Berlinale 1999). On 28 September 2007 Cronenberg received as part of the Hamburg Film Festival in the performance of his work Eastern Promises - Eastern Promises the Douglas Sirk award in 2007 as a director, "turns the consistent cross-border, irrational, disturbing films. Partly applauded and partly panned by the public and by the critics , it provokes a healthy polemic that always benefits the cinema - like all arts. "(Director Albert Wiederspiel )
In 2012 he presented the drama Cosmopolis , which is based on the novel of the same name by Don DeLillo . The film earned him his fourth invitation to the competition at the Cannes International Film Festival . In 2014 he published his novel Verzehrt . In 2018 he was the jury president of the Neuchâtel International Fantastic Film Festival .
In addition to movies, Cronenberg also made television and advertising films. In addition to his directorial work, he appeared in small roles and cameos , for example in 1990 in Clive Barker's Cabal - The Brood of the Night .
His sister Denise Cronenberg was involved in a dozen of his films as a costume designer.
- Consumed. S. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2014, ISBN 978-3-10-010233-1 .
Cronenberg is considered as a co-founder of Body Horror (dt. Body Horror ), a style of the horror movie, "the main subject the destruction clearly shown or decay is a human body or a human body or are." The director itself rejects the assignment.
After more classic horror films in 2004, Rüdiger Suchsland from film-dienst sees Cronenberg as a “master of subtle horror” between the poles of fear, social criticism and deformation of the body. Cronenberg in response to Suchsland's question about his worldview: “The basis is an existentialist view of reality. That means: there is no absolute reality. There are only one or two facts about life - one is death, another is life. In between we have to invent and produce everything ourselves. The responsibility for this is entirely our own - no one takes it for us. There are no rules other than those we make up ourselves. [...] That is terrifying and exciting at the same time. "
- 1966: Transfer (short film)
- 1967: From the Drain (short film)
- 1969: Stereo
- 1970: Crimes of the Future
- 1975: Parasite Killer (Shivers)
- 1976: The Italian Machine (short film)
- 1977: Rabid - The Roaring Death (Rabid)
- 1979: 10,000 hp - full throttle at the limit (Fast Company)
- 1979: The Brood (The Brood)
- 1981: Scanners - Your Thoughts Can Kill (Scanners)
- 1983: Videodrome
- 1983: Dead Zone (The Dead Zone)
- 1986: The Fly (The Fly)
- 1988: Dead Ringers (Dead Ringers)
- 1991: Naked Lunch (Naked Lunch)
- 1993: M. Butterfly
- 1996: crash
- 1999: eXistenZ
- 2000: Camera (short film)
- 2002: Spider
- 2005: A History of Violence
- 2007: At the Suicide of the Last Jew in the World in the Last Cinema in the World (short film)
- 2007: Deadly Promises - Eastern Promises (Eastern Promises)
- 2011: A Dangerous Method (A Dangerous Method)
- 2012: Cosmopolis
- 2014: Maps to the Stars
as an actor:
- 1985: Into the Night (Into the Night)
- 1986: The Fly (The Fly)
- 1990: Cabal (Nightbreed)
- 1995: To Die For
- 1996: Extreme ... by all means (Extreme Measures)
- 1999: Resurrection (Resurrection)
- 2000: American Nightmare (The American Nightmare) (documentary)
- 2001: Jason X
- 2003: Alias - Die Agentin ( Alias , TV series, 2 episodes)
- 2010: Barney's version
- 2017: Alias Grace (miniseries, 6 episodes)
- 2019: Clifton Hill
- 1983: International Fantasy Film Award of the film festival Fantasporto for Scanners - Your Thoughts Can Kill (Best Film)
- 1984: Best Film and Audience Award of the Fantafestival for Dead Zone
- 1984: Genie Award for Videodrome (Best Director)
- 1984: British Fantasy Award for Videodrome (Best Film)
- 1988: Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for The Lovebirds (Best Director)
- 1989: Genie Awards for Die Unzertrennlichen (Best Film, Best Director, Best Adapted Screenplay)
- 1989: Golden Horse Award for The Inseparable (Best Foreign Director)
- 1991: Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Naked Lunch (Best Screenplay)
- 1991: New York Film Critics Circle Award for Naked Lunch (Best Screenplay)
- 1992: Genie Award for Naked Lunch (Best Director)
- 1992: National Society of Film Critics Awards for Naked Lunch (Best Director, Best Screenplay)
- 1996: Special Jury Prize of the Cannes Film Festival for Crash
- 1996: Genie Awards for Crash (Best Director, Best Adapted Screenplay, Golden Reel Award)
- 1999: Silver Bear for eXistenZ ( special artistic achievement )
- 1999: Silver Scream Award from the Amsterdam Fantastic Film Festival for eXistenZ
- 2002: Special Jury Prize of the Ghent International Film Festival (complete works)
- 2002: Toronto International Film Festival Award for Spider (Best Canadian Feature Film)
- 2002: Toronto International Film Festival Audience Award for Deadly Promises - Eastern Promises
- 2003: Directors Guild of Canada Awards for Spider (Best Feature Film, Best Feature Film Director )
- 2003: Genie Award for Spider (Best Director)
- 2005: Billy Wilder Award from the National Board of Review
- 2005: Toronto Film Critics Association Award for A History of Violence (Best Director)
- 2005: Lifetime Achievement Award at the Stockholm Film Festival
- 2006: Bodil for A History of Violence (Best American Film)
- 2006: Directors Guild of Canada Awards for A History of Violence (Best Feature Film, Best Feature Film Director )
- 2006: Chicago Film Critics Association Award for A History of Violence (Best Director)
- 2006: National Society of Film Critics Award for A History of Violence (Best Director)
- 2006: Online Film Critics Society Award for A History of Violence (Best Director)
- 2006: Sonny Bono Visionary Award from the Palm Springs International Film Festival
- 2006: Premio Sant Jordi for A History of Violence (Best Foreign Film)
- 2006: Prize of the Syndicat Français de la Critique de Cinéma for A History of Violence (Best Foreign Film)
- 2007: Douglas Sirk Award of the Hamburg Film Festival
- 2008: Directors Guild of Canada Awards for Deadly Promises - Eastern Promises (Best Feature Film, Best Feature Film Director )
- 2008: Fotogramas de Plata for Deadly Promises - Eastern Promises (Best Foreign Film)
- 2008: Premio Sant Jordi for Deadly Promises - Eastern Promises (Best Foreign Film)
- 2008: Vancouver Film Critics Circle Award for Deadly Promises - Eastern Promises (Best Canadian Film Director)
- 2011: Tribute Award at the Gotham Awards
- 2012: Directors Guild of Canada Awards for A Dark Desire (Best Feature Film, Best Feature Film Director )
- 2012: Vancouver Film Critics Circle Award for A Dark Desire (Best Canadian Film Director)
- 2015: Lifetime Achievement Award from the Directors Guild of Canada
- 2018: Golden Lion of the Venice Film Festival for his life's work
- Thomas J. Dreibrodt: Long live the new meat: the films by David Cronenberg; from Shivers to eXistenZ . Paragon-Verlag, Bochum 2000, ISBN 3-932872-05-3 .
- Drehli Robnik, Michael Palm (Ed.): And the word has become flesh: Texts about films by David Cronenberg . PVS-Verleger, Vienna 1992, ISBN 3-901196-02-1 .
- Simon Pühler: Metaflesh. Cronenberg with Lacan. Body technologies in Shivers and eXistenZ . Avinus Verlag, Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-930064-65-6 .
- Almut Oetjen, Holger Wacker: Organic Horror. The films of David Cronenberg . Corian Verlag, Meitingen 1993, ISBN 3-89048-300-3 .
- Bettina Papenburg: Transformations of the grotesque body in David Cronenberg's cinema . University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg 2007 ( uni-heidelberg.de - dissertation ).
- Manfred Riepe: Image ulcers: bodies and foreign bodies in David Cronenberg's cinema . Transcript Verlag, Bielefeld 2002, ISBN 3-89942-104-3 .
- Marcus Stiglegger (Ed.): David Cronenberg . Bertz-Fischer Verlag, Berlin 2009, ISBN 978-3-929470-90-1 .
- Thomas Weber: Mediality as a borderline experience. Futuristic media in cinema in the 80s and 90s. Transcript Verlag, Bielefeld 2008, ISBN 978-3-89942-823-0 .
- Arno Meteling: Monster. On physicality and mediumship in modern horror films. Transcript, Bielefeld 2006, ISBN 3-89942-552-9 .
- Mertxe Lasierra: Cronenberg: A Modern Canadian Myth. In: Wolfram R. Keller, Gene Walz (eds.): Screening Canadians: Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Canadian Film. In Part Three: Canadian Nations. Marburg Center for Canadian Studies, Marburg University Library 2008, ISBN 978-3-8185-0461-8 .
- David Cronenberg in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Literature by and about David Cronenberg in the catalog of the German National Library
- Manfred Riepe: Film and Metaphor - Essay on the psychoanalytic motifs in Cronenberg's films. In F.LM - texts about the film
- Johannes Binotto : The revolting flesh. Foucault, Deleuze, Cronenberg and the human body - essay on body horror in Cronenberg's films. In VARIATION. Literature magazine from the University of Zurich
- Ashley Allinson: David Cronenberg ( Memento from December 12, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) at Senses of Cinema (English)
- Biography at northernstars.ca ( Memento from October 18, 2002 in the Internet Archive ) (English)
- Biography in the Canadian Film Encyclopedia ( Memento of November 30, 2003 in the Internet Archive ) (English)
- Retrospective David Cronenberg , reviews of individual films on critic.de
- Scientific literature (Open Access) on David Cronenberg on mediarep.org
- Chris Rodley (Ed.): Cronenberg on Cronenberg. Faber and Faber, London 1997, ISBN 0-571-19137-1 , pp. 1-2.
- Chris Rodley (Ed.): Cronenberg on Cronenberg. Faber and Faber, London 1997, ISBN 0-571-19137-1 , p. 23.
- Chris Rodley (Ed.): Cronenberg on Cronenberg. Faber and Faber, London 1997, ISBN 0-571-19137-1 , pp. 10-11.
- Rüdiger Suchsland: Interview with David Cronenberg: Think unreservedly. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung . November 9, 2011, accessed November 12, 2012.
- "I consider myself an existentialist and an atheist, and I think that body is what we are. That's not diminishing it to me, it's just accepting the reality of it. So, if the human body is the first fact of human existence, then immediately you see why I focus on the body. ”- Marlow Stern: David Cronenberg on 'A Dangerous Method,' Robert Pattinson's Acting, and S&M With Keira Knightley. In: The Daily Beast . November 20, 2011, accessed November 12, 2012.
- Chris Rodley (Ed.): Cronenberg on Cronenberg. Faber and Faber, London 1997, ISBN 0-571-19137-1 , pp. 75-76.
- Chris Rodley (Ed.): Cronenberg on Cronenberg. Faber and Faber, London 1997, ISBN 0-571-19137-1 , p. 78.
- crash. in the archive of the Cannes Film Festival.
- Winner of the Berlinale 1999 .
- Douglas Sirk Prize to cinema visionary. ( Memento from December 17, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Press release of the Hamburg Film Festival on September 7, 2007.
- Robert Pattinson Worships the New Flesh at dreadcentral.com, accessed May 11, 2012.
- David Cronenberg: The subtle horror master honors Switzerland. Schweizer Radio und Fernsehen , July 7, 2018, accessed on August 19, 2018 .
- "A horror film genre in which the main feature is the graphically depicted destruction or degeneration of a human body or bodies." - Definition in the online edition of the Collins English Dictionary, accessed on November 12, 2012.
- film-dienst 11/04, p. 13.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Cronenberg, David Paul (maiden name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Canadian director|
|DATE OF BIRTH||March 15, 1943|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Toronto , Ontario , Canada|