Anna Flora Barbara Croissant-Rust (born December 10, 1860 in Dürkheim , † July 30, 1943 in Munich - Pasing ) was a German writer .
Anna Rust was the daughter of the engineer and saltworks inspector Philipp Anton Rust and his wife, née Barbara Rieder (er). As a result of her father's transfer, she came to Amberg with her family in 1868 at the age of eight . The parents attached particular importance to the linguistic and musical training of their daughters. Lina Rust later became known as a painter in Munich, Agnes Rust became a sculptor in Amberg.
After the death of her father in 1884, she moved to Munich with her mother and her two sisters. In addition to her training as a language and music teacher, she was able to establish contacts with the Schwabing artist and literary scene. This is how she began to write her first works: In 1887 and 1890, Michael Georg Conrad published her first short stories in his monthly Die Gesellschaft, which has been published since 1885 . Your Feierabend was a masterpiece of naturalism praised, but also sharply criticized by other pages. This was followed by other stories and novellas that shed light on the petty-bourgeois-peasant milieu. She was the only woman to be accepted into Conrad's “ Society for Modern Life ”, through which she was also known to Oskar Panizza and had correspondence (around October 1892), and from 1891 she was co-editor of their magazine Modernes Leben . Her wide circle of influence and friends gave her recognition and inspiration.
At the age of 28, she married her childhood sweetheart, the engineer and artillery officer Hermann Croissant, in 1888. Through him she was related by marriage to the writer and dialect poet Eugen Croissant . The couple moved to Ludwigshafen in 1895 , where their husband was entrusted with the management of a gas works. According to her own statements, she found this time in the industrial city oppressive and not at all inspiring. Therefore, after Hermann Croissant's retirement in 1905, they returned to Pasing , where their house again became the focus of the circle of friends. The critics welcomed her new creative period, which lasted from 1906 to 1921, but failed to achieve success with the general public.
Then the writer fell silent. A friend, the writer Hans Brandenburg, described the reason for this in a remarkable portrait of the couple in 1946:
“The poet suffered from the lack of well-deserved success and even more from the agony of creativity: she, who captivated so much droll and superior cheerfulness in words and shapes, had neither pleasure in her writing nor in what she wrote, she not only left all negotiations with the publisher, but also her husband's reading of the corrections, and then after the fiftieth year laid the pen down for good, as if it were really enough of the drudgery now. Of course, she was also plagued by physical pain, neuralgia and gout. But she remained open to all foreign work without envy, and even decades after the death of her partner, she was mentally wide-awake and a hospitable and sociable center into old age. "
Anna Croissant-Rust died at the age of 82 on July 30, 1943 in Munich-Pasing , where she lived in Villa Maria-Eich-Strasse 49 , and was buried in the family grave at the Pasing cemetery.
"Based on the sensational naturalism, she has reached a high level of maturity of form and portrayal in her genuine social empathy and immediate narrative talent."
- The Child , 1887
- End of working day. A Munich Workers' Novella , 1890 (New in After Work and Other Munich Stories , 1893)
- Poems in prose , 1893
- The steadfast tin soldier , drama, 1896
- Pieces of Life, a short story and sketchbook , 1896
- Der Bua, Upper Bavarian folk drama , 1897
- Pimpernellche. Palatinate stories , 1901
- From our Lord's zoo. Stories of strange people and strange animals , 1906
- The Nann. A folk novel , 1906
- Angle quartet. A strange small town story , 1908
- Felsenbrunner Hof. A manor history , 1910
- Noah's Ark , short stories, 1911
- OJ Bierbaum in memory , 1912
- Nikolaus Nägele and other short stories , 1914
- The death. A cycle in 17 pictures. Illustr. v. Willi Geiger. Munich, G. Müller, 1914. New edition 2014: Death. With 17 woodcuts by Willi Geiger . With a foreword by Edda Ziegler. Allitera Verlag , Munich 2014, ISBN 978-3-86906-623-3 .
- The old landlady in 1916
- Kaleidoscope , 1921
- Unkebunk. A novel from the 1980s , 1921
- Anthony the Hero , 1933
- That was my way . In: Münchner Zeitung 1935/36, supplement Die Propylaen No. 20.
- Stories. With an introduction to life and work , ed. v. Rolf Paulus, 1987
- ↑ Michael Bauer: Oskar Panizza. A literary portrait. Munich / Vienna 1984, p. 124.
- ↑ See Modern Life. A collector's book of Munich modernism. With contributions by Otto Julius Bierbaum, Julius Brand, MG Conrad, Anna Croissant-Rust, Hans von Gumppenberg, Oskar Panizza, Ludwig Scharf, Georg Schaumberger, R. v. Seydlitz Ms. Wedekind. 1st row, Munich 1891.
- ↑ World and Word. 1st year (December 1946). Bad Wörishofen: Drei-Säulen-Verlag 1946, 208
- ↑ Grave of Anna Croissant-Rust at the Pasing cemetery (Grabfeld 2, location , picture )
- Hans Brandenburg : With croissants . World and word. 1st year. (December 1946) Bad Wörishofen: Drei-Säulen-Verlag 1946, 208 f.
- Kurt Oberdorffer : Anna Croissant-Rust . Art Association Ludwigshafen 1963.
- Kurt Oberdorffer: Croissant-Rust, Anna Flora Barbara. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 3, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1957, ISBN 3-428-00184-2 , p. 418 f. ( Digitized version ).
- Heike Schmid: "Fallen Angels". German-speaking female dramatists in the late 19th century . Röhrig, St. Ingbert 2000, ISBN 3-86110-232-3 (= Saarbrücker Contributions to Literary Studies; 67)
- Bernhard Setzwein: owls, heretics, comedians. Writers in Bavaria . Verlag Ludwig, Pfaffenhofen / Ilm 1990, ISBN 3-7787-2114-3
- Dietlind Pedarnig, Edda Ziegler (ed.): Bavarian writers . A reader. Allitera Verlag , Munich 2013, ISBN 978-3-86906-536-6
- Literature by and about Anna Croissant-Rust in the catalog of the German National Library
- Anna Croissant-Rust in Munich-Pasing ( Memento from March 12, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
- Anna Croissant-Rust in the literature portal Bavaria
- Bavarian writers and the bourgeois women's movement around 1900 Exhibition with documents and correspondence from Anna Croissant-Rust and other authors on bavarikon
- Works by Anna Croissant-Rust in the Gutenberg-DE project
|SURNAME||Croissant Rust, Anna|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Croissant-Rust, Anna Flora Barbara (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German writer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||December 10, 1860|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Dürkheim|
|DATE OF DEATH||July 30, 1943|
|Place of death||Munich - Pasing|