Gesine Marianne Schwan (née Schneider ; born May 22, 1943 in Berlin ) is a German political scientist and member of the SPD . From 1977 to 1984 she was a member of the SPD's Basic Values Commission . After an interruption in 1996, she was re-accepted into the SPD Fundamental Values Commission. She has been the chairman of the board since 2014.
From October 1999 to September 2008 she was President of the European University Viadrina in Frankfurt (Oder), founded in 1991 . From June 2010 to June 2014 she was President of the Humboldt-Viadrina School of Governance . Today she is President of the follow-up project Humboldt-Viadrina Governance Platform.
In 2004 and 2009 she ran for the office of Federal President , both times she failed in the first ballot against Horst Köhler . In a candidate duo with Ralf Stegner , she failed in the election for the SPD chairmanship in 2019 .
The daughter of the elementary school teacher and later high school councilor Hans R. Schneider and his wife Hildegard, a politically active Catholic, grew up with her parents and brother in Berlin- Reinickendorf . Her mother came from Lublinitz in Upper Silesia, which became Polish in 1922, and described the coexistence of Germans and Poles in the formerly Prussian town positively. Her socially committed family belonged to Protestant and socialist resistance groups during National Socialism and hid a Jewish girl in the last year of the war. After the war, the family campaigned for friendship with Poland . At the French Gymnasium Berlin Gesine Schneider passed the Abitur. There she was Reinhard Mey's classmate .
From 1962 she studied Romance studies , history , philosophy and political science at the universities of FU Berlin and Freiburg im Breisgau . She started learning Polish as a student . Study visits took her to Warsaw and Kraków . There she prepared her doctorate on the Polish philosopher Leszek Kołakowski , which she completed in 1970. When Kołakowski received the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade in 1977 , the then 34-year-old Schwan gave the laudation at the award ceremony in the Paulskirche in Frankfurt . She was a scholarship holder of the German National Academic Foundation .
In 1971 Gesine Schwan started out as a research assistant at the Political Science Department at the Free University of Berlin. In 1975 she received her habilitation there . From 1977 she taught as a professor of political science at the Otto Suhr Institute at the Free University of Berlin, and from 1992 to 1995 she was dean at the Otto Suhr Institute. Her academic focus is on political theory and philosophy, democratic theory and political culture.
In the course of her professorship she researched from 1980 to 1981 as a fellow at the Woodrow Wilson Center for Scholars in Washington, DC , USA . Further research stays followed in 1984 as a visiting fellow at Robinson College of the University of Cambridge and in 1998 as a visiting professor at the New School for Social Research in New York . From 1985 to 1987 she was chairwoman of the German Society for Political Science.
From October 1st, 1999 to October 1st, 2008 she was President of the European University Viadrina in Frankfurt (Oder) . Her election took place a good two months before taking office on July 22, 1999 by the Academic Senate of the Brandenburg University Council , after she had lost to her opponent Peter Gaehtgens in the presidential elections of the Free University of Berlin a few months earlier .
On January 16, 2004, in an interview with DeutschlandRadio Berlin , she described the current discussion on the subject of “elite universities in Germany” as “short-sighted”. She did not understand how five or ten elite universities should improve the entire education system, she commented on proposals. “The idea that a democratic education and society can be promoted by some elites and that everyone else is lagging behind is completely wrong.” On March 1st, 2008 she achieved her central university policy goal, the transformation of the European University Viadrina in Frankfurt / Or a foundation university , the first in the state of Brandenburg. In October 2008 she was succeeded by Gunter Pleuger in the office of Viadrina President.
Together with Stephan Breidenbach , Alexander Blankenagel and others, she founded the Humboldt-Viadrina School of Governance and was its elected President from June 15, 2010 until the end of the university in 2014. With the bankruptcy petition on June 1, 2014, teaching had to be stopped. The students were able to continue their studies at state universities. Today she is president and partner of the follow-up project Humboldt-Viadrina Governance Platform gGmbH .
Gesine Schwan is a teacher at the Academy for Social Democracy .
Under the influence of Willy Brandt's Ostpolitik at the end of the 1960s, Gesine Schwan joined the SPD in 1972. She was involved in founding the Seeheimer Kreis , which in the 1970s opposed neo-Marxist positions in the SPD, among other things. In 1977 she became a member of the SPD's Basic Values Commission . At the beginning of the 1980s, the avowed Catholic and militant anti-communist advocated NATO's double decision . Since she criticized the way in which the SPD dealt with communist regimes as "lax", she was expelled from the SPD's basic values commission in 1984 with publicity. At the time, she took the position that Willy Brandt had not opposed the trend at the time of trivializing the opposition between democracy and dictatorship as a pure theory. In 1996 she was reassigned to the body . Schwan has been chairwoman of the SPD Fundamental Values Commission since 2014.
Gesine Schwan was the coordinator for the German-Polish cooperation of the federal government from 2004 to 2009 . In this function, she promoted a deeper understanding of Poland in the Federal Republic and was committed to border-related and civil society cooperation with Poland. She kept the office that she had assumed under the Schröder government under the Chancellor of the Grand Coalition, Angela Merkel . In the dispute over the Center against Expulsions , she sharply criticized the chairwoman of the Union of Expellees , then CDU MP Erika Steinbach , and promoted the position of the Polish government. Her successor in the office was the Minister of State at the Federal Minister for Foreign Affairs , Cornelia Pieper .
In September 2010 Schwan was involved in founding the Spinelli Group , which advocates European federalism .
In August 2019, she announced her candidacy as SPD chairman in a duo with her party colleague Ralf Stegner . Among six pairs of candidates, the duo came last with 9.6% of the votes in the first ballot.
While studying in Freiburg im Breisgau, she met the political scientist Alexander Schwan , whom she married on July 17, 1969. She adopted two children with him and published some publications with him. Alexander Schwan had been a member of the SPD since 1967, while his wife did not join the party until 1972. However, through his experience with the student movement , he continued to develop to the right. In 1978 he left the SPD and joined the CDU . During this time he was a leading member of the anti-communist- oriented " Emergency Community for a Free University ". Alexander Schwan died in 1989, leaving behind his widow and two children. Gesine Schwan has been married to Peter Eigen , the founder of the anti-corruption organization Transparency International, since September 3, 2004 .
Gesine Schwan describes herself as a practicing Catholic . She was one of the 125 celebrities who made the v. Bodelschwingh Foundation Bethel congratulated them on the 150th anniversary in 2017.
Candidatures for the office of Federal President
On March 4, 2004 Gesine Schwan was proposed jointly by the SPD and Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen for the office of Federal President . She stood against Horst Köhler , the candidate of the CDU / CSU and FDP , in the 2004 election for Federal President in the Federal Assembly . It was the first time that the two most important candidates for the office of Federal President did not come from among the "long-serving" politicians. One consequence of this constellation was that there was a small election campaign, which Gesine Schwan in particular used to advertise her political program.
As expected, Schwan lost the first ballot. With 604 votes cast on him, Horst Köhler received one more vote than was necessary for an absolute majority. However, Schwan received at least 10 votes from the CDU / CSU and FDP camp with 589 votes.
In view of the speculation about a second term in office for Federal President Horst Köhler, Gesine Schwan was brought up for discussion as a possible SPD candidate for the Federal President's election in May 2009 . On May 26, 2008, the SPD announced that it would send Gesine Schwan into the running as a presidential candidate. In the election, Schwan was dependent on dissenters from the bourgeois camp and the votes of the Greens and the Left Party. Many observers saw this as a pointer to closer cooperation with the Left Party in the future. On May 29, 2008 Schwan wrote in the SPD party newspaper Vorwärts that the election was “not a prejudice for the federal election or for future coalitions. The only task of the Federal Assembly is to choose the person who best represents our country. ”Although she hoped for votes from the ranks of the left, at the same time she criticized the unrealistic ideas of the left. In this party there are also members who try to win votes with “ demagogic populism ”. “But like four years ago, I'll speak to representatives of this party because I'm against communication taboos. Those who vote for me have chosen constructive democratic politics. I would like to win as many members and MPs of the 'left' as possible for democracy. "
Shortly before the election, Schwan commented on the assessment of the GDR . She refused to call the GDR an “ unjust state ” because the term was too diffuse: “It implies that everything that happened in this state was wrong. I wouldn't go that far with regard to the GDR. ”The GDR was not a constitutional state either, but a state“ in which arbitrariness and insecurity were favored ”.
Her second candidacy failed again on May 23, 2009 with a share of 503 votes. It received eleven fewer votes than the SPD and the Greens, who voted for Schwan, together had in terms of voters.
Memberships and other functions
Work in boards of trustees and other bodies
- Since 1994: Member of the Board of Trustees of the Theodor Heuss Foundation
- Since 2001: Chair of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Center Marc Bloch in Berlin
- Since 2005: Member of the Senate of the Max Planck Society
- Since 2006: Member of the scientific advisory board of CIERA (Center interdisciplinaire d'études et de recherche sur l'Allemagne)
- Since 2006: Member of the Académie de Berlin
- Since 2006: Member of the Board of Trustees of the Haniel Foundation
- Since 2007: Member of the Board of Trustees of the Stein Prize of the Alfred Toepfer Foundation
- Since 2008: Member of the Board of Trustees of the Berlin Science Center
- Since 2016: Member of the Board of Trustees of the German Tinnitus Foundation Charité
- Member of the board of trustees of the aid organization CARE Germany .
Gesine Schwan was a member of the Board of Trustees of the German-Polish Science Foundation, the establishment of which she played a key role.
- Since April 2005 patron of the GFPS - community for student exchanges in Central and Eastern Europe . The voluntary association promotes the exchange of students from Poland, the Czech Republic, Belarus and Germany.
- Since December 2009 patron of the education initiative Rock Your Life , together with Cem Özdemir .
- Since September 2011 patron of the Youth Bank Deutschland e. V. Youth Banks support other young people in the implementation of project ideas with know-how, infrastructure, motivation and money. The “bankers” are between 15 and 25 years old and work on a voluntary basis.
- Since October 2012 patron of the Education Foundation . The foundation advocates better educational conditions for children and young people and the strengthening of civil society engagement in the field of education.
- Since 2013 patron of the Katharina von Bora Prize of the city of Torgau . The prize is awarded in memory of Katharina von Bora for outstanding female engagement in a charitable project, the prize money is awarded in the form of project funding.
- Patron of the Global Education Campaign in Germany (since November 2004)
- Patron of the German-Polish encounter and documentary film project "Stereo Cultura" (since August 2007)
Critics accused her of failing to make a clear distinction between fundraising and the services offered when she initiated business with the Ratiopharm company . It was defended against it by science. Schwan himself denied the allegations.
In April 2009, in a conversation with the Frankfurter Rundschau , Schwan warned against social anger as a result of the ongoing economic crisis. If the impression were created that the perpetrators of the crisis did not have to make an adequate contribution to remedying it, "a massive feeling of injustice could spread," said Schwan. Elsewhere she explained: “I can imagine that people's anger could grow significantly in two to three months.” In a few months, “cushioning measures” such as short-time work allowances would also expire. If by then there is no glimmer of hope that the situation will improve, “the mood can become explosive”. These statements were immediately and heavily criticized, and even Schwan's party friends kept their distance. The Bavarian Prime Minister Horst Seehofer ( CSU ) and the General Manager of the German Association of Cities and Towns, Gerd Landsberg, warned against stirring up fears of social unrest and thereby encouraging them. The Federal Foreign Minister and Chancellor candidate Frank-Walter Steinmeier and Federal Labor Minister Olaf Scholz (both SPD ) referred to the functioning social security in Germany and the proven ability to act in crisis management.
- 1993: Cross of Merit 1st Class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- 1999: Urania Medal for her contribution to popular and adult education
- 2002: Great Cross of Merit of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- 2004: Marion Dönhoff Prize for her contribution to international understanding
- 2005: Prize Women of Europe - Germany
- 2006: Schader Prize for her contribution to international understanding and East-West reconciliation as well as her commitment as President of the European University Viadrina
- 2006: Order of St. Stanislaus for her services to Poland
- 2006: Honorary doctorate from the European University Institute in Florence
- 2008: Heckerhut award for her reconciliation with the people of Poland.
- 2010: Golden Badge of Honor from the Frauenbrücke Foundation for internal unity in Germany
- 2010: together with Dorota Simonides Hedwig Prize of the University and the City of Wroclaw for their services to German-Polish understanding
- 2011: Winfried Prize of the City of Fulda
- 2011: International Bridge Prize of the City of Görlitz
- 2012: Grand Officer of the French Legion of Honor
- 2012: Polish Medal of Honor “Bene Merito” for promotion of Poland at international level
- 2013: Erich Fromm Prize
- 2013: Frank Loeb visiting professorship from the Frank Loeb Institute at the University of Koblenz-Landau
- Leszek Kolakowski. A political philosophy of freedom according to Marx (Diss. 1970). Kohlhammer, Stuttgart a. a. 1971
- The social criticism of Karl Marx. Philosophical and political-economic prerequisites (Habil.). Kohlhammer, Stuttgart a. a. 1974
- (Together with Alexander Schwan) Social Democracy and Marxism. On the tension between the Godesberger program and Marxist theory . Hoffmann & Campe, Hamburg 1974
- (Ed.) Democratic socialism for industrial societies . European publishing house, Cologne a. a. 1979
- Socialism in democracy? Theory of a consequent social democratic policy . Kohlhammer, Stuttgart a. a. 1982
- (Ed.) International politics and the change of regimes . Heymann, Cologne a. a. 1987
- (Ed.) Conditions and problems of political stability . Nomos, Baden-Baden 1988
- Public Responsibility for Science and Politics - Problem Diagnosis in a Time of Change. In memory of Richard Löwenthal . Baden-Baden Nomos, 1995
- Politics and guilt. The destructive power of silence . Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 1997
- Anti-Communism and Anti-Americanism in Germany. Continuity and change after 1945 , Nomos, Baden-Baden 1999
- (Ed.) Democratic political identity. Germany, Poland and France in comparison . Verlag für Sozialwissenschaft, Wiesbaden / Stuttgart 2006, ISBN 978-3531145556
- Trust and Politics: Political Theory in the Age of Globalization . Federal President Theodor Heuss House Foundation , Stuttgart 2006
- with Susanne Gaschke : Alone is not enough. For a new culture of togetherness . Herder, Freiburg im Breisgau / Basel / Vienna 2007, ISBN 978-3-451-29477-8 .
- with Michael Albus: I am a passionate person: The courage to cross borders . Claudius, Munich 2015, ISBN 978-3-532-62477-7 .
- Turn back, comrades! (Guest post, zeit.de February 6, 2017 )
- The bridge builder. Documentation, 30 min., Script and direction: Annette Wagner, production: SWR , first broadcast: March 6, 2007.
- "Gesine Schwan" is also the name of a fictional character in the TV series Our teacher Dr. Woodpecker . The actress Anna Bolk played the teacher "Gesine Schwan" in the third season , which was broadcast on ZDF in 1995.
- Official website of Gesine Schwan
- Literature by and about Gesine Schwan in the catalog of the German National Library
- Gesine Schwan in the Munzinger archive ( beginning of article freely accessible)
- I have a dream: Gesine Schwan zeit.de, August 17, 2006
- Gesine Schwan - A clever head with a tower hairstern.de, May 11, 2004
- Gesine Schwan - The SPD's most charming spearhead stern.de, May 26, 2008
- Gesine Schwan on the subject of Democracy Netzpolitik Podcast, April 14, 2009 (audio, 39:19 Min.)
- "The SPD has to do a lot of balancing act" deutschlandfunk.de, November 30, 2017
- ^ Gesine Schwan whoswho.de
- ↑ a b c curriculum vitae gesine-schwan.de
- ↑ a b Gesine Schwan: How the Germans are doing with the Poles: Poland or Freedom in the Heart of Europe , in: to debate. Topics of the Catholic Academy in Bavaria , 1/2006, p. 30 f.
- ↑ Leszek Kolakowski. A political philosophy of freedom according to Marx .
- ↑ 90 years, 90 heads. In: A series of portraits for the 90th anniversary of the German National Academic Foundation. December 1, 2018, accessed April 16, 2020 .
- ^ Habilitation thesis: The social criticism of Karl Marx. Philosophical and political-economic prerequisites . Kohlhammer, Stuttgart a. a. 1974.
- ↑ Against the SPD left . In: FAZ.net , March 5, 2004
- ↑ Short biography of the Foreign Office
- ↑ Watergate in Dahlem . In: Der Spiegel . No. 19 , 1999, p. 62 ff . ( online ).
- ↑ A quarrelsome woman with charm . In: Stern , March 5, 2004
- ↑ The key to freedom . In: Der Tagesspiegel , April 22, 2008
- ↑ More freedom for the Viadrina . ( Memento from October 13, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) In: Märkische Allgemeine , April 22, 2008
- ↑ Humboldt-Viadrina School of Governance closes operations. In: spiegel.de. Retrieved June 5, 2014 .
- ↑ Prof. Dr. Gesine Schwan governance-platform.org
- ↑ The Humboldt-Viadrina School of Governance has been closed since June 2014 humboldt-viadrina.org
- ↑ Our academic teaching staff fes-soziale-demokratie.de
- ↑ In the middle of the party. Foundation, history and work of the Seeheimer Kreis . Edited by Johannes Kahrs and Sandra Viehbeck. Berlin, 2005, p. 24.
- ↑ members grundwertekommission.spd.de.
- ^ The coordinator for German-Polish cooperation. In: Foreign Office. December 7, 2018, accessed August 2, 2019 .
- ^ Controversy over Steinbach: Schwan demands a quick decision from Merkel , spiegel.de, February 25, 2009.
- ↑ Nahles successor: Schwan and Stegner apply for SPD chairmanship . In: Spiegel Online . August 14, 2019 ( spiegel.de [accessed August 14, 2019]).
- ↑ Cathrin Kahlweit : Die entreißend Schwierige , in: Süddeutsche Zeitung , April 2, 2004 (for the date, see the copyright notice at the end of the text).
- ↑ Gesine and Alexander Schwan: Social Democracy and Marxism. On the tension between the Godesberger program and Marxist theory . Hamburg 1974.
- ↑ Gesine Schwan and the pastors . Vatican Radio , May 14, 2008, accessed July 2017.
- ↑ Schwan hopes for a rebellion of the population ( audio, minute 6:33 ). Deutschlandfunk , July 26, 2017, accessed on the same day.
- ↑ Many thanks to our anniversary ambassador bethel.de
- ↑ Müntefering throws Beck into a dilemma . In: Spiegel Online , May 27, 2008.
- ↑ a b Gesine Schwan: Gesine does it! vorwaerts.de, May 29, 2008.
- ↑ Debate: Schwan does not want to call the GDR an injustice state, Focus Online, May 16, 2009.
- ^ Federal President in office confirms tagesschau.de archive, 23 May 2009.
- ^ CARE Deutschland eV: Our structure care.de
- ↑ According to the website of the German-Polish Science Foundation ( members of the organs ) Gesine Schwan is no longer a member of the Board of Trustees.
- ↑ Our association - our goals gfps.org. For information on sponsorship, see the note at the bottom of the page.
- ↑ Our committees rockyourlife.de
- ^ Youth Bank - The small youth foundation youthbank.de
- ↑ Patron of the Education Foundation stiftungbildung.com
- ↑ Gesine Schwan becomes patron of the Katharina von Bora Prize bbglive.de, January 21, 2013.
- ↑ Gesine Schwan takes over the patronage of the global education campaign in Germany bildungsklick.de, press release of the GEW from December 15, 2004.
- ↑ Patron Gesine Schwan stereocultura.wordpress.com
- ↑ Gesine Schwan: Dubious donation advertising at Ratiopharm . In: Wirtschaftswoche , May 24, 2008
- ↑ Ratiopharm lecture puts swan under pressure to explain . In: Spiegel Online , May 25, 2008
- ↑ No shadow on the clean woman , taz of May 27, 2008
- ↑ Sharp headwind for Schwan , in: Süddeutsche Zeitung , April 24, 2009 (see the copyright notice at the end of the text for the date).
- ↑ SPD Singen: Gesine Schwan receives the Heckerhut 2008. Published on April 4, 2008.
- ↑ a b Frauenbrücke Prize 2010 and Hedwig Prize 2010 for Gesine Schwan . In: Informationsdienst Wissenschaft , November 18, 2010, accessed on November 22, 2010
- ^ Winfried Prize for Gesine Schwan. ( Memento from June 13, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) In: Fuldaer Zeitung from June 9, 2011, accessed on June 9, 2011.
- ^ Message in the Politik-Express , March 19, 2012
- ↑ Erich Fromm Prize 2013 for Gesine Schwan fromm-gesellschaft.eu
- ↑ Schwan is the author of the chapter 'Conclusions' (pp. 359–392); she wrote the introduction together with Birgit Schwelling
- ↑ Information on the film Die Brückenbauerin onlinefilm.org
- ↑ Our teacher, Doktor Specht: Full Cast & Crew , see the episodes with Anna Bolk .
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Schwan, Gesine Marianne (full name); Schneider, Gesine Marianne (maiden name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German political scientist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||May 22, 1943|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Berlin|