Election for the SPD chairmanship in 2019
The election for the SPD party chairmanship in 2019 was made necessary by the resignation of the SPD chairwoman Andrea Nahles in June 2019. For the first time since 1993, a vote of all party members in two ballots determined the new party leadership. A dual leadership from Saskia Esken and Norbert Walter-Borjans was elected. The formal election of the duo took place at the SPD federal party conference on December 6, 2019.
From 2017 to 2019 there were several leadership changes at the SPD. After eight years in office , the then SPD chairman Sigmar Gabriel proposed Martin Schulz as candidate for chancellor and at the same time as the new party chairman in January 2017 . After the federal election in September 2017 , in which the SPD had reached its lowest level in federal elections (20.5%), Schulz ruled out participation in a renewed grand coalition and announced that the SPD would go into the opposition. The unsuccessful talks about the formation of a Jamaica coalition after the election resulted in Federal President Frank-Walter Steinmeier calling on the SPD to be willing to talk. This resulted in another change of course of the party, whereby exploratory talks and coalition talks were initially approved at party congresses, and the re-entry into the grand coalition was decided by members' vote. After the coalition negotiations were over, Martin Schulz declared that he wanted to hand over the chairmanship to Andrea Nahles . On February 13, 2018, he announced his resignation from the office of party chairman, whereupon Olaf Scholz temporarily led the party until the election of Nahles on April 23, 2018.
After strong internal party pressure because of the historically poor result of the SPD in the 2019 European elections , Nahles announced on June 2, 2019 that she wanted to give up the party leadership and resigned the next day. Thereafter, the SPD was provisionally led by the three deputy federal chairmen Malu Dreyer , Manuela Schwesig and Thorsten Schäfer-Gümbel . Schwesig resigned from this office on September 10, 2019 due to cancer; Schäfer-Gümbel became Labor Director at GIZ on October 1, 2019 and therefore also resigned from the provisional party chairmanship.
Because of the ambivalent inner-party dealings with Nahles and the recent frequent change in the party chairmanship, voices were raised for membership to clarify the question of succession. It was also suggested that the party should be led by a dual leadership. On June 24, 2019, the SPD party executive decided the procedure for filling the future party chairmanship. By resolution of July 2, 2019, the procedure was further specified.
In its resolution, the SPD party executive campaigned for the introduction of a dual leadership (team) consisting of two candidates with equal rights, including at least one woman, although this was not previously provided for in the SPD's organizational statute. At the same time, individual applications were also possible, which then compete with the teams. A candidacy could only take place if it was supported by at least five sub-districts, a district or a regional association of the party. The application period ran from July 1 to September 1, 2019.
The resulting candidates were given the opportunity to introduce themselves within the party at 23 regional conferences. A member survey was then carried out in accordance with Section 14 (11) of the SPD Organizational Statute. The first voting period was from October 14th to October 25th, 2019. The voting took place online and by postal vote by all SPD members who had become members by September 16, 2019. The result of the vote was announced on October 26, 2019. Since no nomination reached an absolute majority, a second member survey followed, in which there was a runoff between the two best-placed nominations of the first member survey Klara Geywitz / Olaf Scholz and Saskia Esken / Norbert Walter-Borjans. If the second-placed nomination had not wanted to run for the second vote, first place would have been the nomination of the SPD members.
The formal decision for a dual leadership, for which an amendment to the statutes was necessary, as well as the election for the party chairmanship took place on December 6th at the SPD party congress in Berlin. The delegates followed the member's proposal for election. This did not necessarily have to be the case because the delegates are fundamentally free to make their own decisions. The agreed procedure only got going with at least two nominations. Membership participation of at least 20% was also required.
Lapse of time
- June 24, 2019: Resolution of the procedure for filling the party chairmanship by the party executive committee
- July 1, 2019 - September 1, 2019: application phase
- September 16, 2019: Deadline by which SPD membership must be achieved in order to be able to participate in the member survey (s)
- September 4, 2019 - October 12, 2019: Presentation of the candidates at 23 regional conferences
- October 14-25, 2019: First member survey
- October 26, 2019: Publication of the results of the first member survey
- November 19-29, 2019: Second member survey with runoff between the first and second from the first member survey
- November 30, 2019: Publication of the results of the second member survey
- December 6, 2019: Federal party conference in Berlin with formal election of the party chairmanship and formal implementation of dual leadership
The final candidatures for the member survey were nominated by the specially appointed SPD electoral committee at the beginning of September. In order to be eligible for election, candidates had to show the support of a state association, a district or five sub-districts of the party.
Nominees for nominations
bold: candidates who made it to the runoff election
|photo||Names, date of birth, mandates and offices||Proclamation||Nominating party branches||slogan||Result of the 1st ballot||Result of the 2nd ballot|
||3rd July 2019||
|With heart and attitude. Dare to set out together.||34,793 votes (16.28%)|
||12th July 2019||
Leverkusen, Duchy of Lauenburg, Essen, Segeberg, Stormarn, Lübeck and Düren / Jülich
|Social, ecological, clear.||31,271 votes (14.63%)|
||16th August 2019||
Bremen-Nord, Rosenheim-Land, Rosenheim-Stadt, Frankfurt (Oder), Berchtesgadener Land, Pinneberg, Steinburg and Rendsburg-Eckernförde
|Passionate - genuinely social democratic.||20,583 votes (9.63%)|
||18th August 2019||
|#TeamSPD||31,230 votes (14.61%)|
||20th August 2019||
|For an SPD that can be proud of itself again.||48,473 votes (22.68%)||98,246 votes (45.33%)|
||August 28, 2019||
|Steadfast Social Democratic||44,967 votes (21.04%)||114,995 votes (53.06%)|
|candidacy||Announcement of the candidacy||Annunciation of the withdrawal||Justification for withdrawal|
|T||Simone Lange||2nd August 2019||4th September 2019||Support of the applicant duo Walter-Borjans / Esken|
|E.||Karl-Heinz Brunner||20th August 2019||16th September 2019||"Increase in the candidate field"|
|T||Hilde Mattheis||18th August 2019||October 12, 2019||"To increase the chances of success of a left-wing leading candidate"|
Legend: T: team candidacy for a duo, E: individual candidacy.
Announced candidacies without nomination
|Bjorn Kamlah||13th July 2019||not known|
|Hans Wallow||15th July 2019||not known|
|Robert Maier||5th August 2019||Strong state. Strong environment. Strong economy.|
|Marcus del Monte||17th August 2019||not known|
|Stephan Frey||August 28, 2019||not known|
|Jan Böhmermann 1||29th August 2019||# Restart19|
Leaders who did not appear
Some leaders of the party were seen as possible candidates for the party chairmanship, but (in some cases prematurely) ruled out their own candidacy:
- Malu Dreyer
- Franziska Giffey
- Hubertus Heil
- Lars Klingbeil
- Kevin Kühnert
- Anke Rehlinger
- Manuela Schwesig
- Stephan Weil
To present the candidates to the SPD base, 23 regional conferences were scheduled in all federal states. The first regional conference took place on September 4, 2019 in Saarbrücken , the last was held in Munich on October 12, 2019 .
|1||4th September 2019||Saarbrücken||500|
|2||September 6, 2019||Hanover||900|
|3||7th September 2019||Bernburg (Saale)||150|
|4th||September 8, 2019||Bremen||600|
|5||September 9, 2019||Friedberg (Hesse)||800|
|6th||September 10, 2019||Nieder-Olm||700|
|7th||September 11, 2019||Erfurt||400|
|8th||September 12, 2019||Nuremberg||700|
|9||September 14, 2019||Filderstadt||1,000|
|10||15th September 2019||Oldenburg (Oldb)||700|
|11||16th September 2019||Baunatal||850|
|12||17th September 2019||Berlin||1,000|
|13||18th September 2019||Hamburg||800|
|14th||20th September 2019||Neubrandenburg||200|
|15th||September 21, 2019||Neumunster||600|
|16||23 September 2019||Ettlingen||900|
|17th||September 27, 2019||Braunschweig||800|
|18th||September 28, 2019||Came||1,000|
|19th||29th September 2019||Troisdorf||950|
|20th||1st October 2019||Potsdam||500|
|21st||October 6, 2019||Duisburg||1,500|
|22nd||October 10, 2019||Dresden||400|
|23||October 12, 2019||Munich||1,000|
The following overview includes all surveys that were carried out among supporters, members and functionaries of the SPD during the presidency search.
|Institute||Respondents||Period of survey||Fault
|Forsa||Members (1,042)||August 19-23, 2019||k. A.||26%||14%||13%||12%||7%||7%||-||-||Details 1|
|Forsa||Functionaries||August 19-23, 2019||k. A.||22%||13%||13%||15%||11%||10%||-||-||Details 2|
The first voting round took place from October 14th to 25th, 2019 and yielded the stated results. The runoff election between the two duos Olaf Scholz & Klara Geywitz and Norbert Walter-Borjans & Saskia Esken took place from November 19 to November 29, 2019.
|Candidate (party)||1st ballot
(October 14-25, 2019)
(November 19-29, 2019)
|Saskia Esken & Norbert Walter-Borjans||44,967||21.04%||114.995||53.06%|
|Klara Geywitz & Olaf Scholz||48,473||22.68%||98,246||45.33%|
|Christina Kampmann & Michael Roth||34,793||16.28%||N / A||N / A|
|Nina Scheer & Karl Lauterbach||31,271||14.63%||N / A||N / A|
|Petra Köpping & Boris Pistorius||31,230||14.61%||N / A||N / A|
|Gesine Schwan & Ralf Stegner||20,583||9.63%||N / A||N / A|
|Percentages relate to the number of valid votes cast.|
|Members entitled to vote||425.630||100.0%||425.630||100.0%|
On December 6, 2019, the victorious duo of the member survey was formally elected party chairman at the SPD federal party conference in Berlin. Saskia Esken received 75.9% and Norbert Walter-Borjans 89.2% of the delegate's votes.
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