Membership vote of the SPD on the 2018 coalition agreement

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Membership vote of the SPD on the 2018 coalition agreement
Votes in%
Voting documents

The SPD's member vote on the 2018 coalition agreement was a survey of the members of the SPD who were to decide on the 2018 coalition agreement to form a joint federal government with the CDU and CSU . The result was announced on March 4, 2018. After valid votes, 66.02 percent of the members voted for the coalition agreement.


After the federal election in September 2017 , in which the SPD achieved its worst value in federal elections with 20.5% of the second vote, its chairman Martin Schulz ruled out participating in a renewed grand coalition and announced that the SPD would go into the opposition .

The Union parties then held talks with the FDP and Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen and began exploring the formation of a so-called Jamaica coalition . After several weeks, the exploratory talks were broken off because the FDP no longer wanted to continue them on November 20, 2017.

First of all, top SPD politicians around Schulz confirmed that they were still not ready to negotiate with the Union parties. After Federal President Frank-Walter Steinmeier asked all parties to show willingness to talk, an SPD party congress voted on 7 December 2017 to start exploratory talks. These took place from January 7th to 12th, 2018. On January 21, a special party congress legitimized the SPD party executive for coalition talks with the CDU and CSU, which were successfully concluded on February 7 with a coalition agreement.

Five motions against the members' vote were rejected by the Federal Constitutional Court .

Expiry of the membership vote

Eligibility to vote and voting procedure

All SPD members, regardless of their age and nationality, who were registered as members on February 6, 2018 at 6 p.m., were entitled to vote. There are 463,723 party members. Each SPD member received the voting documents by post by February 20, 2018. The voting question was:

"Should the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) conclude the coalition agreement of February 2018 negotiated with the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and the Christian Social Union (CSU)?"

In accordance with Section 14 (3) of the SPD's organizational statute, it was possible to vote with “yes” or “no”. Only letters received by the SPD party headquarters by March 2nd were considered in the later count. Online voting has been set up for members abroad. The party announced in advance that it would consider the result as binding if at least 20 percent of the members participate. After just three days, the votes of 20 percent of the members were received, so that the vote was ultimately binding.

Criticism of the voting process

Recommendation for approval and voting slip

At the special party conference of the SPD on January 21, 2018, the following was resolved as part of a key motion by the party executive:

“In order for this process within the party to strengthen us, it is important to us that a voting process is characterized by particular fairness in view of the passionate debate in the party. In order to guarantee a fair trial, the party executive committee will ensure that the discursive range of the debate is reflected in public relations work and, above all, in the context of discussion events. "

At the regional conferences held by the party executive committee and in a special edition of Vorwärts for the member survey, arguments against a grand coalition and its representatives were given considerably less space. Together with the election documents, the members were then sent a three-page letter of recommendation for approval of the grand coalition, in which the negotiating team campaigned for approval. The representatives of the opponents of a grand coalition were not given the opportunity to present their arguments to the members in this letter.


The letters received were opened under the control of a notary and the Mandate Review and Counting Commission (MPZK). This was composed of envoys from the state and district associations. On March 3rd and 4th the votes were counted. The result was announced to the public on March 4th.


Informing members by SMS
Eligible voters votes cast valid votes Yes No
463.722 378,437 (participation: 78.4%) 362,933 (95.9%) 239,604 (66.02%) 123,329 (33.98%)

All party members were informed of the result by email and, if mobile phone numbers were stored, also by SMS.

See also

Web links

Commons : Membership vote 2018  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b Dietmar Nietan in SPD press conference on March 4, 2018 - broadcast live in Phoenix at around 9:36 a.m. March 4, 2018, accessed March 4, 2018 .
  2. a b c The steep ascent and deep fall of Schulz ,, February 8, 2018
  3. Exploration failed: Liberals break off negotiations in Jamaica . Spiegel Online , November 20, 2017
  4. ^ SPD party congress: SPD for "open-ended discussions" with the Union ,, December 7, 2017
  5. ^ Explorations by the Union and the SPD - demonstrating opponents and supporters of coal electricity ,, January 7, 2018
  6. ^ SPD party congress: Ready for coalition negotiations , , January 21, 2018
  7. A new departure for Europe. A new dynamic for Germany. A new cohesion for our country. Coalition agreement between the CDU, CSU and SPD. As of February 7, 2018 (PDF)
  8. That's in the coalition agreement . Spiegel Online , February 7, 2018
  9. coalition agreement between the Union and SPDEinigung without unity . Deutschlandfunk , February 7, 2018
  10. Membership vote: Constitutional court rejects complaints against SPD vote . Spiegel Online , February 7, 2018
  11. ^ Membership decision on Groko: SPD sets February 6th as the key date , , January 29th 2018
  12. GroKo: 463,723 SPD members are allowed to vote on the coalition agreement , , February 7, 2018
  13. a b c d Expiry of the membership vote, on, accessed on February 8, 2018
  14. ^ Organizational statute : electoral regulations, arbitration regulations, financial regulations of the Social Democratic Party of Germany. (PDF) In: Website of the SPD. SPD party executive committee , December 9, 2017, p. 24 , accessed on November 16, 2019 : " Section 14, Paragraph 3: Uniform ballot papers are used that represent the subject of the vote in such a way that an answer with" Yes "or" No " is possible."
  15. SPD membership decision from February 20th to March 2nd  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , , February 7, 2018@1@ 2Template: Dead Link /  
  16. Member survey: 24,339 new members in the SPD , , February 6, 2018
  17. SPD vote on GroKo is already binding , on, accessed on February 23, 2018
  18. special party conference of the SPD 01/21/2018: Decision - No one intake of coalition negotiations. . Ed .: Social Democratic Party of Germany SPD. January 21, 2018, p. 2 .
  19. Resolution No. 1 - Start of coalition negotiations, SPD special party conference January 21, 2018. (PDF) January 21, 2018, accessed January 20, 2018 .
  20. January / February 2018 . In: forward . February 15, 2018 ( [accessed February 19, 2018]).
  21. ^ Regional conferences of the SPD: "A promotional event of the party executive". In: Welt Online . February 18, 2018, accessed February 19, 2018 .
  22. Marco Bülow: Membership letter from the party chairman of the SPD dated February 8, 2018, p. February 8, 2018, accessed on February 19, 2018 .