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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Neumünster
Map of Germany, position of the city of Neumünster highlighted

Coordinates: 54 ° 4 ′  N , 9 ° 59 ′  E

Basic data
State : Schleswig-Holstein
Height : 22 m above sea level NHN
Area : 71.63 km 2
Residents: 80,196 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 1120 inhabitants per km 2
Postcodes : 24534, 24536, 24537, 24539
Area code : 04321
License plate : NMS
Community key : 01 0 04 000
City structure: 9 districts / boroughs

City administration address :
Großflecken 59,
24534 Neumünster
Website :
Lord Mayor : Olaf Tauras ( CDU )
Location of the city of Neumünster in Schleswig-Holstein
Bremerhaven (zu Freie Hansestadt Bremen) Niedersachsen Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Helgoland (zu Kreis Pinneberg) Königreich Dänemark Kreis Nordfriesland Flensburg Kiel Neumünster Lübeck Kreis Herzogtum Lauenburg Kreis Stormarn Kreis Segeberg Kreis Ostholstein Kreis Pinneberg Kreis Steinburg Kreis Dithmarschen Kreis Schleswig-Flensburg Kreis Plön Kreis Rendsburg-Eckernfördemap
About this picture

Neumünster ( Low German : Niemünster and Neemünster ) is an independent city and a regional center in the middle of Schleswig-Holstein . With around 80,000 inhabitants (as of 2019), it is the fourth largest city in Germany 's northernmost region after Kiel , Lübeck and Flensburg .

Mentioned for the first time in 1127 as Augustinian monastery Wippenthorp in the Gau Faldera , Neumünster was a center of the German cloth and leather industry for a long time and has been an important traffic junction since time immemorial . In possession of city ​​rights from 1870 , the large medium-sized town on the Schwale has been part of the Hamburg metropolitan region since May 2012 .


Location and geology

Neumünster lies on the edge of a wide sandy plain in the Holstein Geestrück . This part of the Holstein Vorgeest, the so-called Neumünster Meltwater Plain, was raised by meltwater and the sands in it from three glacier gates near Timmaspe , Einfeld and Bornhöved . In the area of ​​today's Einfelder See there was a glacier gate during the Vistula Ice Age, so that the sander root located there is considered the most important for the filling of the Neumünster area. In the far north, in the area of ​​the Einfelder See and the Dosenmoor, the hill country of East Holstein reaches the urban area. The Schwale flows through Neumünster, which flows into the Stör in the south of the city .

Kiel is about 30 kilometers north of Neumünster, while to the south it is about 70 kilometers to Hamburg . The city, which has been independent since 1901, borders clockwise on the districts of Plön , Segeberg and Rendsburg-Eckernförde .


Due to its location in Central Europe , Neumünster has a humid, cool, temperate transitional climate that is neither very continental nor very maritime. The average annual temperature is 8.1 ° C, with 775 millimeters of precipitation per year. The driest month is February with 47 millimeters of precipitation, the wettest month is August with 84 millimeters. The coldest month is January with an average of 0.1 ° C, the warmest month is July with an average of 16.6 ° C.

Climate table Neumünster
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature ( ° C ) 2.3 2.7 6.1 11.0 16.1 19.5 21.1 20.2 17.7 12.3 6.7 3.7 O 11.7
Min. Temperature (° C) -2.0 -2.3 -0.3 2.7 6.6 9.8 12.1 11.5 8.9 5.7 2.1 -0.4 O 4.6
Temperature (° C) 0.1 0.2 2.9 6.8 11.3 14.6 16.6 15.8 13.3 9.0 4.4 1.6 O 8.1
Precipitation ( mm ) 63 47 49 48 54 67 80 84 69 65 74 75 Σ 775
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Source: Climate: Neumünster ,, accessed on January 10, 2016

City structure

Neumünster is divided into the following districts: Böcklersiedlung-Bugenhagen, Brachenfeld-Ruthenberg, Einfeld, Faldera, Gadeland, Gartenstadt, Stadtmitte, Tungendorf and Wittorf.


With funds from the European Recovery Program , Hans Böckler laid the foundation stone for the Böcklersiedlung on March 5, 1950 . On part of the airfield , 800 apartments were built on 70 hectares of land made available by the Federal Property Administration . Numerous residents came from the Nissen huts on Ehndorfer Platz. The Kantplatz was built as a communication center and row of shops. Soon banks, shops, a church, kindergarten and school were built. The street names were chosen based on the German eastern areas , from which many of the residents came. After 50 years, the rather simple apartments were renovated, among other things, small apartments were merged into larger ones and balconies were added. In 2007, 6,626 people lived in the district. The Böcklersiedlung has four schools: the Hans-Böckler-School, the Walther-Lehmkuhl-School, the Immanuel-Kant-School and the Wilhelm-Tanck-School.


The former farming village of Brachenfeld east of the city center was incorporated into Neumünster in 1938. There are some villas that were built in connection with the cloth industry, see the list of cultural monuments in Neumünster # Brachenfeld . The fallow fields civic association has existed since 1904. In 1966, planning began for the Ruthenberg settlement, which was developed and built on in the early 1980s with the B-Plan 88. In 2007 there were 10,573 residents in the Brachenfeld-Ruthenberg district.

A field

Einfeld is the northernmost district of Neumünster. The Einfelder See is located in the district . A hill fort was built there in the 9th century . In 1970 Einfeld was incorporated. In 2007 Einfeld had 6117 inhabitants.


Faldera was one of the first names for the Neumünster settlement. At times the name Exer of parade ground was used for the area of ​​today's Faldera. After the Second World War, there were Nissen huts for refugees here. Whole streets were built on through self-help and in cooperation with housing associations . The Faldera district was awarded for exemplary small settlements. 8734 people lived in Faldera in 2007.


Gadeland is located in the southeast of Neumünster. The sturgeon flows through Gadeland. The place was first mentioned in 1141, in 1938 and 1970 it was incorporated into Neumünster. In 2007 Gadeland had 5718 inhabitants.

Garden city

The district includes the industrial area on the Stover and the Holstenhallen . The history of the Gartenstadtsiedlung began on July 4, 1910 with the establishment of the Gartenstadtgesellschaft. City planning officer Wilhelm Junglöw and government councilor Ludwig Rintelen had become aware of the garden cities in the suburbs of London and adopted the garden city idea. Outside the industrial city of Neumünster, 46 houses were built on large plots. In the course of the First World War and inflation , the building project ended and the garden city idea was no longer used in Neumünster.

In 1968, 37 single-family houses were built under the title New Garden City, some of them own work. In addition, high-rise buildings were built. In 2007 the population of the Gartenstadt district was 5321.

City center

Today the area between Sedanstrasse in the northwest, Dithmarscher Strasse in the south, Hebbelstrasse in the east and Ascheberger Bahn in the north is called the city center. This includes the old town hall . There are many shops and cultural institutions in the city center. The historic city center of Neumünster also belongs to this district. In the course of industrialization, this area lost its village character. Between Kieler Straße and Christianstraße there is an area called Vicelinviertel , which is often viewed as a social hot spot . There is a district management there . The exchange of people with a migration background and people of German origin should be promoted. In 2003, 19,849 inhabitants lived in the city center, 3,029 of them foreigners. Four years later, 18,875 people lived there.


Tungendorf is located in the northeast of Neumünster, south of the Einfeld district. It consists of the parts Tungendorf-Dorf and Tungendorf Siedlung, which were incorporated into Neumünster in 1970 and 1938, respectively. In 2007 the district had 9,882 inhabitants.


Wittorf is located in the southwest of Neumünster. The swallow flows into the sturgeon here. In 1938 Wittorf was incorporated. In 2007 5,809 people lived there.


middle Ages

The Augustiner Stift Neumünster was founded in 1127 by the missionary and later Bishop of Oldenburg and Holy Vizelin (also Vicelin ), mentioned in a document under the name Wippenthorp in the Gau Faldera . The current name can be traced back to the Novum Monasterium (the "New Minster") built by Vizelin , the name of which was first mentioned in 1136. In this document Vicelin and his congregation were granted the right to mission in the Slavic region up to the Peene by Archbishop Adalbert von Bremen and the income that had belonged to the church in Wippendorf from ancient times was transferred. The monastery was moved to Bordesholm around 1330 .

Neumünster was on the eastern branch of the Ochsenweg , which crossed the Cimbrian Peninsula in a north-south direction. Furthermore, the trade route Lübsche Trade crossed the Neumünster area in an east-west direction.

1498 founded the Augustinian - nuns a convent on the so-called monastery island , a former river island of Schwale that lies in the city center today. This was dissolved in 1566 after the Reformation.

Early modern age

For fish farming and the operation of mills around 1503 monks dammed the swallow for the first time. The mill pond was created in today's city center. A year later, the stain , now small stains , burned off.

In 1637 there was a major fire of unknown cause in Neumünster, in which the majority of the houses were destroyed. Neumünster's heyday as a cloth-making town began in 1760 with the establishment of the “privileged woolen factory” on the monastery island. It was the first factory to be built in Neumünster.

In 1769, the Großflecken completely replaced the Kleinflecken as a marketplace. Until 1948 all markets took place here. These included a weekly market that had been approved since 1764 and which previously only took place once a year on the anniversary of the death of John the Baptist .

In 1780 there was another major fire that destroyed all the houses on Plöner Strasse and some of the houses on Großflecken (46 houses in total).

19th century

Cityscape at the end of the 19th century
Park in Neumünster around 1895
Keystone on the Kiel Bridge with the monogram of Frederick VI. from Denmark

In 1808, Spanish-French troops took Napoleon's quarters in Neumünster. With their high demands, they put a heavy burden on the city.

Compulsory schooling has existed in Neumünster since 1813. Initially, two “preparatory schools” were set up.

After the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire and the Napoleonic Wars , Holstein became part of the German Confederation in 1815 , but was still ruled in personal union by the Danish king.

The post office, which was a major economic factor in the city, decided in 1816 to set up an “extra post station” in Neumünster and connection points to the fast stagecoaches to Kiel and Altona, among others. Shortly thereafter, daily mail was introduced. Riders and coachmen made up to five deliveries every day.

In 1817, a fire that broke out at Großflecken destroyed several houses between Teich and Lütjenstrasse.

The industrial age began in Neumünster in 1824 when the Renck cloth factory imported a steam engine from England. However, three years later the factory was destroyed in a fire and 150 people lost their jobs. However, the factory was rebuilt and was in operation until 1884. The clothier Hans Lorenz Renck (1840-1893) later built the first fully integrated textile mill and thus united all production processes in one building.

The foundation stone for the Vicelinkirche on Kleinflecken was laid in 1828. The Vicelin Church was consecrated on May 11, 1834. The builder was Christian Frederik Hansen . At the same time, a school for the poor was set up for children from socially disadvantaged parents. There was also a “factory school” for children who had to do child labor , but this was closed in 1893 because the work of school-age children was banned.

From 1832 the Altona-Kieler Chaussee ran through the town . The then sovereign, King Friedrich VI. by Denmark , built between 1830 and 1832. The official inauguration took place in 1834 (see keystone of the Kiel Bridge). The old Bundesstraße 4 followed the Chaussee in the Neumünsteraner area. There are milestones in Einfeld, in Tungendorf, on Altonaer Straße in front of the Holstenschule and between Wittorf and Brokenlande.

The industrialist Renck was very committed to a railway connection between Neumünster and Rendsburg . After five years of efforts, the line went into operation in 1845, after the first Neumünster Railway had opened on the Kiel – Neumünster – Altona line in 1844 .

After some Kieler professors on the 20 July 1846 Großflecken had called on the people to stand up to the Danish rebel government, was until 1848 gradually the so-called patriotic rebellion against the Danish rule. After initial support, however , Prussia concluded a separate peace with Denmark in 1850, leaving Holstein and Schleswig on their own. The troops of the two duchies were finally subject to the Danish army in 1851.

In 1852 the first aqueduct at least partially ended the situation where water had to be drawn from wells or rivers.

In 1857 the Rencks Park was laid out on the south-eastern edge of the monastery island .

House numbers were introduced in Neumünster in 1860. A year later, a railway repair shop was set up, which over the decades has grown into one of the largest employers in the city.

After the German-Danish War in 1864 and the German War in 1866, Neumünster became part of the Prussian province of Schleswig-Holstein in 1867, like all of Holstein .

In 1870 Neumünster received city ​​rights . The development of the city in the second part of the 19th century was largely shaped by the emerging textile industry and the expansion into a railway junction in the center of Holstein. Due to the good rail connection to the port of Hamburg , via which both raw hides and tannins were imported in large quantities , as well as the lack of restrictive water legislation in Schleswig-Holstein until 1913, an important leather industry was able to develop.

Numerous factory chimneys were part of the Neumünster silhouette until the 1970s. The city coat of arms shows this to this day.

Barracks of the regiment (so-called new barracks) in Neumünster 1906

In 1871 the Holsten School was founded as a private school for boys from the upper middle class. The foundation of the private secondary girls' school , which is now called the Klaus Groth School in Neumünster and has been state-owned since 1925, also took place at this time.

In 1872 the first permanent garrison was moved to Neumünster. After the withdrawal in 1897, Infantry Regiment No. 163 finally became . Together with its sister regiment Lübeck , it formed the 81st Infantry Brigade of the 17th Division of IX. Army Corps - 17th Reserve Division of the Northern Army during the First World War - stationed in a barracks built especially for this purpose (later the Sick barracks ), where it remained until it was dissolved after the First World War.

The first large department store , a branch of today's Karstadt AG, was opened around 1891, but completely destroyed in 1944 and only rebuilt in another location in 1964.

Early 20th century

In 1901 Neumünster became an independent city. In 1903 the Volksbank eG Neumünster and in 1910 the bathing establishment on Klosterstrasse were opened. During the First World War , Neumünster was of strategic importance because of its cloth, leather and metal industries. In the turnip winter of 1917, however, many people died of starvation.

Between 1913 and the mid-1920s, the workforce rose from just under 5,200 to over 10,100. At the same time, the proportion of workers in the cloth industry fell from 45.8 to 35.4%, while the proportion of those employed in the leather industry rose from 32.7 to 45.3%.

After the cloth manufacturer Hans Lorenz Renck had donated Rencks Park to the city of Neumünster in 1870, it was opened to all citizens in 1921.

time of the nationalsocialism

The Schleswig-Holstein NSDAP was founded in Neumünster on March 1, 1925 under the later Gauleiter Hinrich Lohse . The party had great success in the predominantly nationally conservative population of Schleswig-Holstein and Neumünster. The National Socialists also came to power in Neumünster . The most powerful person in Neumünster was the NSDAP district leader Hans Christian Hingst, who was appointed to the Reich Commissariat Ostland in 1941 by his NSDAP Gauleiter Lohse . Hingst side stood the hauptsturmführer Hinrich Möller as police director. With the takeover of the police by an SS functionary, the rule of law in Neumünster was completely eliminated. All civil servants and functionaries in the city who were democratically or even constitutionally minded were dismissed. Communists and other people viewed as enemies of the state were taken to a concentration camp for alleged protective custody ; in Neumünster the police prison served for this purpose. Soon some of the new rulers committed the first murders. With Möller's participation, the two communists Christian Heuck and Rudolf Timm were murdered in the police prison in early 1934 .

Nazi functionaries and activists also persecuted Jews in Neumünster. In 1930 about 30 residents were Jewish. According to the Nuremberg Laws of September 1935, around 70 people were counted as Jews in 1933. During the boycott of Jews (April 1, 1933), Jewish businesses were violently boycotted, and at the same time Jewish officials were dismissed or retired (see Aryan paragraph ). Most of the Jewish lawyers had to give up their profession. As early as 1933, in the course of " Aryanizations ", businesses that belonged to Jews were taken over. In 1935 there were again major anti-Jewish acts of violence.

In Neumünster, too , the Jewish residents were attacked in their sleep by SA and SS men during the Night of the Reichspogrom in the night between November 9 and 10, 1938 . Their businesses were destroyed. The SA and SS men broke into the apartments of the Jews - children, women and men - with violence and roaring and smashed the inventory and / or threw it on the street. In addition, the beds were cut open, the feathers poured out and window panes smashed. Victims were often mistreated. All Jewish men were arrested during this operation. During the day , the SA led the arrested “ Action Jews ” through the city in a pillory parade . The wife of Heinz Baronowitz, who was murdered in 1942 in the Wewelsburg concentration camp, reported that her husband had to wear a poster hanging around his neck with the text: I murdered von [sic] Rath . The men were interned in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp for a few months . By the end of 1939, all but a dozen Jewish residents had to leave Neumünster.

A major company in the German leather industry, Adler & Oppenheimer AG , was " Aryanized " in 1940/41 . H. Taken from the Jewish owners and renamed Norddeutsche Lederwerke AG . The remaining Neumuenster and other places of Schleswig-Holstein Jewish residents were after in late autumn 1941 Riga under standing in the Hinrich Lohse Reichskommissariat east deported , which was established as a German territory after Germany on 22 June 1941 had invaded the Soviet Union . There these people were housed under adverse living conditions in the Riga ghetto or in the Jungfernhof camp and later murdered.

The Nazi regime began rearming the Wehrmacht soon after taking power . In 1934 Neumünster was again a garrison town . The infantry regiment No. 46 and part of the artillery regiment No. 66 moved into the old Sick and the new Hindenburg barracks (which later accommodated the 6th Panzer Grenadier Division of the Bundeswehr ) as well as the newly built Scholtz barracks (named after the artillery general Friedrich von Scholtz ).

Between 1935 and 1938, the 240 hectare Neumünster airfield was built in the west of the city . The Holstenhallen (today a modern multi-purpose hall in which, among other things, the annual NordBau construction fair takes place) was built in 1939 as a cattle auction hall and then used as an aircraft assembly hall from August 1939.

A first aircraft attack the Allies were in Neumünster 1941. Until 25 April 1945 was followed by seven more air raids , the heaviest of them on 13 April 1945. Neumünster was destroyed a total of 20 to 30 percent.

Germany ultimately lost World War II . At the end of the war, Neumünster was declared an " Open City " and handed over to British troops on May 3, 1945 without a fight . Just one day later, Hans-Georg von Friedeburg signed the surrender of all German troops in northwest Germany, the Netherlands and Denmark on behalf of the last Reich President Karl Dönitz , who had previously fled to Flensburg - Mürwik further north with the last Reich government . On May 8, the war finally ended with the unconditional surrender of the Wehrmacht .

Neumünster after the end of the war

Like the rest of Schleswig-Holstein, Neumünster belonged to the British zone of occupation at the end of the war . Since "the Allies did not know at the end of the war whether the German population would also totally capitulate", the British occupiers set up Civil Internment Camp No. for their zone in Neumünster-Gadeland in 1945 in the leather factory Emil Köster KG 1 . All persons who were suspected to have been important functionaries of the NSDAP were interned there. In the fall of 1945, 11,000 people were imprisoned there. Among them "there was a comparatively high proportion of suspected war criminals, for whom the British secret service - mostly successfully - searched". Many of the others were soon released because the British did not have enough documents about the many people who had been incriminated. The camp was closed in autumn 1946, and the remaining 6,000 inmates were transferred to the Eselheide internment camp near Paderborn.

At the same time, Neumünster experienced a wave of refugees. In 1947 Neumünster had 66,945 inhabitants; 16,375 of them were displaced or refugees , i.e. almost one in four. In order to counter the resulting lack of living space, a large part of the military airfield area was converted into a new housing estate, the new Böcklersiedlung district, from 1950 onwards . This was named after Hans Böckler , the first DGB chairman, who personally laid the foundation stone at the start of construction.

During the period from 1933 to 1945, some streets were renamed after National Socialist greats and so-called "martyrs". The latter were mostly members of SA and SS groups who had died during the Weimar Republic during the phase in which power was gained before 1933 in mostly self-instigated violent clashes with members of democratic parties or communists.

During the period from 1945 to 1947, the British occupying powers named some street names after the locally deployed military personnel. Some of these people could be identified:

  • Colonel Combe, member of the military government in Neumünster.
  • Colonel Crompton, Commandant of the Neumünster Military Governorate.
  • Major Norton, first British city commandant.
  • Pat Wilson, American Air Force and Administration Officer.
  • Tremsletts can probably be regarded as a fictional person, because the garden avenue did not previously have an offensive name. But there was a British interrogation center here. On a whim, the officers gave this street its name, which can be interpreted as “Avenue of the Trembling”.
An overview of Neumünster's street names during National Socialism (1937/1940), the time of British occupation (1947) and the time of the Federal Republic
1937 1940 1947 today
Martin-Martens-Platz Martin-Martens-Platz Goose market Goose market
Adolf Hitler Square Adolf Hitler Square Burt Square Youth playground
Kuhberg Adolf-Hitler-Strasse Campbell Street Kuhberg
Large spots Adolf-Hitler-Strasse [East], Großflecken [West] Crompton Street Large spots
Plöner Strasse Plöner Strasse Combe Street Plöner Strasse
Carlstrasse Street of the SA Norton Street Carlstrasse
Feldstrasse Dietrich-Eckart-Strasse Pat Wilson Street Feldstrasse
Ring road Wilhelm-Gustloff-Strasse Sage Street Ring road
Schulstrasse Hans-Schemm-Strasse Schulstrasse Schulstrasse
163 Street 163 Street Hewitt Street Wippendorfstrasse
Garden avenue Garden avenue Tremsletts Alley Garden avenue

After the establishment of the Federal Republic

In May 1962, workers in the four large Neumünster leather factories went on strikes to introduce the 40-hour week for the first time. After the successful strike, the 40-hour week prevailed in the Federal Republic of Germany. The industrial structural change in the cloth and leather industry reached Neumünster as early as the 1960s. Leather production ran into economic difficulties and in the general economic crisis of 1966, Norddeutsche Lederwerke AG stopped production.

After the incorporation of 1970, the population reached its highest level of around 87,000. The city area doubled to 71.57 km².

The economic structural change after the Second World War manifested itself in the decline of the leather and cloth industry, which disappeared completely from the urban economic life by the end of the 1960s (leather) and 1992 (cloth).

With the clearing of the three barracks located in the city between 1994 and 2003, Neumünster's history as a garrison town ended.


  • April 1, 1938: Brachenfeld, Wittorf, parts of Gadeland and Tungendorf (Tungendorf town)
  • April 26, 1970: Einfeld, Gadeland and Tungendorf (Tungendorf village)

Population development

Population development of Neumünster from 1803 to 2016

Until the beginning of the 19th century, Neumünster only had a few hundred inhabitants. The population grew only slowly and continued to decline due to the numerous wars, epidemics and famine. It was only with the beginning of industrialization that the city's population grew very quickly. In 1803 only 2,600 people lived in the city, in 1900 there were already 27,000. By 1939, this number doubled - also through the incorporation of several places on April 1, 1938 - to 54,000.

Shortly after the Second World War, the large number of refugees and displaced persons from eastern Germany led to an increase in the population of around 10,000 people to 66,000 in October 1946 within a year. The city's population continued to grow after that. In 1972 the population reached its historical high of 86,745 due to the incorporation of Einfeld, Gadeland and Tungendorf in 1970. On June 30, 2005, the “ official population ” for Neumünster was 78,333 according to the statistical office for Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (only main residences and after comparison with the other state offices). According to the statistical office for Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein, the number of inhabitants as of December 31, 2012 was 76,951. A current overview of the individual districts as of 2012 is currently not possible.

The following overview shows the number of inhabitants according to the respective territorial status. These are census results (¹) or official updates from the State Statistical Office. From 1871, the information relates to the “local population”, from 1925 to the resident population and since 1987 to the “population at the location of the main residence”. Before 1871, the number of inhabitants was determined according to inconsistent survey procedures.

year Residents
February 13, 1803 ¹ 2,588
February 1, 1835 ¹ 3,732
December 1, 1871 ¹ 8,628
December 1, 1875 ¹ 10.100
December 1, 1880¹ 11,600
December 1, 1885 ¹ 13,659
December 1, 1890¹ 17,539
December 2, 1895 ¹ 22,489
December 1, 1900 ¹ 27,335
December 1, 1905 ¹ 31,439
December 1, 1910¹ 34,555
year Residents
December 1, 1916 ¹ 31,658
December 5, 1917 ¹ 31,034
October 8, 1919 ¹ 36.173
June 16, 1925 ¹ 39,844
June 16, 1933 ¹ 40,332
May 17, 1939 ¹ 54.094
December 31, 1945 57,473
October 29, 1946 ¹ 66,185
September 13, 1950 ¹ 73,481
September 25, 1956 ¹ 72.134
June 6, 1961 ¹ 75,045
year Residents
December 31, 1965 74,542
May 27, 1970 ¹ 86.013
December 31, 1975 84,777
December 31, 1980 80.145
December 31, 1985 78,280
May 25, 1987 ¹ 79,771
December 31, 1990 80,743
December 31, 1995 82,028
December 31, 2000 79,831
June 30, 2005 78,333
December 31, 2010 76,830
year Residents
February 1, 2011 ¹ 78,786
December 31, 2011 76,939
December 31, 2012 76,951
December 31 2013 77.058
December 31, 2014 77,588
December 31, 2015 79.197
December 31, 2016 79,680
December 31, 2017 79,335
¹ census result

Denomination statistics

According to the 2011 census, 49.7% of the population were Protestant and 6.5% Roman Catholic . 43.9% belonged to other denominations or religious communities or were non-denominational .


Council meeting

Election to the council meeting Neumünster 2018
Turnout: 35.1%
Gains and losses
compared to 2013
 % p
Template: election chart / maintenance / notes
e Alliance for citizens in Schleswig-Holstein
Allocation of seats in the Neumünster Council Meeting 2018
A total of 43 seats

The council assembly is the municipal representative of the people of the city of Neumünster. The citizens decide on the composition every five years. The last election took place on May 6, 2018.

Political party Percent 2003 Percent 2008 Mandates 2008 Percent 2013 Mandates 2013 Percent 2018 Mandates 2018
CDU 45.3% 34.3% 15th 36.5% 16 34.0% 15th
SPD 41.4% 33.9% 15th 34.0% 14th 27.4% 12
GREEN 8.1% 8.9% 4th 12.5% 5 16.4% 7th
FDP 5.2% 9.6% 4th 4.2% 2 5.9% 2
Alliance for Citizens in Schleswig-Holstein (BfB) - - - 6.1% 3 5.7% 2
THE LEFT. - 13.2% 5 3.0% 1 4.3% 2
NPD - - - 1.6% 1 3.9% 2
LKR - - - - - 2.0% 1
PIRATES - - - 2.1% 1 0.5% -
total 100 100 43 100 43 100 43
voter turnout k. A. 41.9% 39.8% 35.1%


The mayors and mayors

In 1870 Neumünster was granted city rights. The first mayor was Eduard Schlichting in 1870, followed by Max Röer. He was given the title of Lord Mayor in 1904 and the golden chain of office on June 27, 1913. The mayors and lords since 1870:

  • 1870–1894: Eduard Schlichting
  • 1894–1919: Max Röer
  • 1919–1933: Detlef Schmidt
  • 1933–1945: Max Stahmer (NSDAP)
  • 1945–1946: Gustav Bärwald (City Director)
  • 1946–1948: Ludolf Behnke (CDU)
  • 1948–1950: Hugo Voss (SPD)
  • 1950–1970: Walther Lehmkuhl (SPD)
  • 1970–1988: Uwe Harder (SPD)
  • 1988–1991: Franz-Josef Pröpper (SPD)
  • 1991–2009: Hartmut Unterlehberg (SPD)
  • since September 1, 2009: Olaf Tauras (CDU)

Until 1997, the mayor's representatives also held the official title of “mayor”. The last mayor (as representative of the mayor) was from 1991 to 1997 Thomas Michaelis (CDU), who from April 1991 to August 1991 also performed the interim tasks of the mayor.

The city presidents

Since May 4th 1950 there is a city ​​president in Neumünster . He is proposed by the strongest parliamentary group in the council, chairs the council and is its representative. The city presidents since 1950:

  • May 12, 1950 to July 11, 1952: Paul Lohmann (SPD)
  • July 11, 1952 to May 25, 1955: Max Johannsen (SPD)
  • May 25, 1955 to May 24, 1956: Karl Rahe (CDU)
  • May 24, 1956 to May 24, 1957: Max Johannsen (SPD)
  • May 24, 1957 to November 5, 1957: Karl Rahe (CDU)
  • November 5, 1957 to February 18, 1969: Max Johannsen (SPD)
  • February 18, 1969 to April 23, 1974: Walter Jansen (SPD)
  • April 23, 1974 to April 14, 1978: Alexandrine von dem Hagen (CDU)
  • April 14, 1978 to April 1, 1982: Herbert Winkler (SPD)
  • April 1, 1982 to April 22, 1986: Christian-Friedrich Peter (CDU)
  • April 22, 1986 to May 10, 2002: Helmut Loose (SPD)
  • May 10, 2002 to April 15, 2003: Helga Hein (SPD)
  • April 15, 2003 to June 17, 2008: Hatto Klamt (CDU)
  • June 17, 2008 to February 12, 2015: Friedrich-Wilhelm Strohdiek (CDU)
    • Friedrich-Wilhelm Strohdiek is the first city president of Neumünster to die during his tenure.
  • since March 31, 2015: Anna-Katharina Schättiger (CDU)


Blazon: "The city flag shows the colors white-red with the city coat of arms."

The city flag of Neumünster is not registered in the municipal coat of arms of Schleswig-Holstein.

coat of arms

Blazon : “In red, a silver factory with five chimneys, including a silver swan with a gold crown; a silver nettle leaf floating above him. "

Administrative communities

Neumünster has been managing the administrative business of Wasbek since June 15, 2008 and, since August 5, 2009, that of Bönebüttel as well .

Sponsorship group

City coat of arms at the entrance to the village with reference to the Lötzen district community

The sponsorship group of the independent city of Neumünster is:

  • Lötzen district community (Poland, today Giżycko, formerly East Prussia ) since 1954

Town twinning

Sister cities of Neumünster are:

Culture and sights

Monuments and sculptures

In Neumünster there are numerous monuments and works of art in public spaces. At the entrance to the monastery island is the sculpture Pan , the shepherd god , created in 1902 by Hans Bauer (1888–1925). A few steps further there is a memorial stone for the victims of National Socialism . In Rencks Park there is a memorial stone for the 25-year partnership with Gravesham . Ernst Reiter's plastic waves are in the middle of the monastery island, the associated fountain was filled in due to vandalism. In the Designer Outlet Center there is a sculpture depicting an oversized horse's head. Neumünster is also known as the horse town due to numerous horse-related events .




  • Town hall from 1900 , neo-Gothic
  • Villa Köster , listed residential building on Rencks Park
  • The Caspar von Saldern House is the oldest monument in Neumünster; cultural events and exhibitions take place here.
  • The paper mill and the Alte Holsten brewery are now service and cultural centers.
  • Water tower from 1900
  • The Kösterhaus opposite the town hall was built in 1894 and is a listed building. From 2009 to 2011, VR-Bank had the building converted and renovated. The brick facade was retained. The cost of the renovation was given as 10.7 million euros. The official inauguration after the renovation took place on May 3, 2012.
  • Haus Westphalen is a listed half-timbered house from the 18th century, increased in 1814 and renovated in 2004.
  • The Hinselmannhaus was first mentioned in 1788 and expanded in 1896 by the brewery owner Detlev Hinselmann. In 1901 the architect Hans Roß redesigned the facade and the interior in Art Nouveau style. In the course of a new building for the Volks- und Raiffeisenbank, the house was completely demolished and rebuilt in its original location elsewhere.
  • The Café Oldehus was built from the rubble of the burned houses in 1781 after the major fire at Großflecken. Around 1900 a bakery moved into the building, which has been family-owned since then.
  • The vhs observatory Neumünster is an institution of the Neumünster Adult Education Center and has existed since 1971. It is located on the administration building of the DRK specialist clinic Hahnknüll.

Museums and artist house

The Tuch + Technik Museum was opened in October 2007 with a new exhibition in a new building. It shows the history of the textile industry in Neumünster in the context of the city's history.

The Villa Wachholtz with a museum with changing art exhibitions and the Gerisch sculpture park is located in the Brachenfeld district .

Since 1987 young, international ceramic artists have received living and working grants at the Künstlerhaus Stadttöpferei Neumünster . Regular exhibitions take place there. Every year artists from all over the world apply for the ten scholarship places in the Artist-in-Residence program. The atelier of the changing guest artists is open to visitors.

After long disputes between the sponsoring association and Deutsche Bahn (DB), in which the city tried unsuccessfully to mediate, the Railway Museum , which was previously located in Neumünster and a former branch of the DB Museum , has now been effectively dissolved after the vehicle material belonging to the DB has been withdrawn been.

Theater and music

The theater in the town hall can seat 570 people. In addition to acting, musical theater, concerts and ballet, the program also includes cabaret events and cinema screenings. It is the venue of the Schleswig-Holstein State Theater . School classes receive free guided tours behind the scenes, and as part of the “Theaterstürmer” school cooperation, students from Neumünster can visit the theater at a discounted price. In addition, the Neumünster cultural office organizes workshops for young people in the theater in the town hall and a large school theater festival every year . The Niederdeutsche Bühne Neumünster (NBN) , founded in 1923, and thestatt theater neumünster , founded in 1961, where 25 children, young people and adults write and perform their own plays, have become famous. In addition, artists and groups from Neumünster and other places perform in the town hall.

The Neumünster Girls 'Music Train is the only German girls' wind orchestra to date with international appearances.

Cultural festival

The municipal cultural festival Kunstflecken takes place annually in September. The festival lasts three weeks and takes place in the city center, including in historical industrial rooms, business premises, studios and the Künstlerhaus Stadttöpferei Neumünster . The festival consists of concerts, readings, cabaret and film screenings, exhibitions and poetry slams .

Stumbling blocks

Stumbling block for Ernst Stichert in Bahnhofstrasse

In Neumünster there are 27 stumbling blocks in memory of the victims of National Socialism.

Hans Fallada Prize

The city has been awarding the Hans Fallada Prize every two years since 1981 . It is named after the writer Hans Fallada , who lived in Neumünster for a few years - at times as a prisoner. Fallada worked as a local journalist for the General-Anzeiger from 1928 to 1929 . His novels Bauern, Bonzen und Bomben , which was filmed in Neumünster in 1973, and Who eats out of a tin bowl , which was inspired by his stay in prison in Neumünster, are based on his experiences in Neumünster .

Rencks Park


Old orchard at Kieler Strasse 515

Centrally located in the city are the Rencks Park with the Klosterinsel , the Selcks Park and the Simons'sche Park . In the west lies the Neumünster city forest, in which the Neumünster zoo is also located. A little outside on the eastern outskirts is the fallow fields . At Kieler Straße 515 there is a freely accessible, almost 100 year old orchard with around 200 old fruit trees. The meadow is owned by the city and part of the urban biotope network axis. Further public green spaces are located on the banks of the Schwale and the Stör and on the Einfelder See.

Nature reserves

Archaeological monuments

Zoological Garden

The Neumünster zoo to the west of the city was founded in 1951 as the Neumünster home zoo . In the beginning , he developed his own profile by consistently restricting himself to animal species that are or were native to Central Europe .


The first “men's gymnastics club” was founded in 1859. After the merger with SC Olympia in 1909 , today's MTV Olympia was created in 1936 . Sport plays a major role in Neumünster. This is evident not only in the many events, competitions and tournaments, but also in the annual Ball des Sports, which in January always attracts over 2500 visitors to the Holstenhallen. There are 58 sports clubs and associations in the city. The largest and best known sports clubs are VfR Neumünster , SV Tungendorf, THC Neumünster, MTV Olympia Neumünster, PSV Union Neumünster , Gut-Heil Neumünster , Turn- und Sportverein Einfeld and Blau-Weiß Wittorf, whose handball department together with the handball players of the Free Gymnastics Association Neumünster (FTN) form the game community (SG) WiFT Neumünster.

The "Volleyball Club Neumünster" (VCN) is a syndicate of five Neumünster sports clubs and SV  Wasbek . One of the clubs in Neumünster with the largest number of members is the Disabled Sports Community (BSG Neumünster). The Kanusportverein Erste Kanuklub Neumünster (EKN) at Einfelder See organizes, among other things, the North German championships in the canoe marathon as well as the annual St. Nicholas run around the Einfelder See. In addition, the CSI Neumünster horse show and the VR-Classics as an international horse show take place every year in the Holstenhallen . The 2012 Wrestling Legends Tour will also be held here.

A list of all sports clubs can be found on the website of the city of Neumünster:

The toboggan hill in Neumünster is an artificial elevation (42 m) that was created between 1905 and 1925 as a garbage and rubble mountain. Since the 1930s this u. a. used in winter for sledding (tobogganing). From 1961 the green areas and stairways were redesigned and redesigned.

Holstenköste 2009
Advent market on the Großflecken and Christmas Eve tower concert from the buildings on Holstenstrasse

City festivals

Since 1974, the Holstenköste has been celebrated in Neumünster on the four days that follow the first Thursday in June . This city festival, which takes place two weeks before Kiel Week , attracts over 200,000 visitors to the city center every year. In addition to the fun fair atmosphere, there are music performances of different styles around the Großflecken and the Kuhberg . Local and international bands performed until 2011 during the open-air festival and “Koeste-Rock” on the monastery island . On the Saturday of the Holstenköste there is a children's mile in Rencks Park and on the Sunday there is a flea market throughout the city center in addition to the always well-attended church service at the Ferris wheel on the Großflecken .

Since 1999, the Kunstflecken cultural festival has been taking place in September with many concerts and exhibitions.

At the beginning of September, the wine tasting is celebrated on the bank of the pond.

Schleswig-Holstein Day took place in Neumünster from July 11th to 13th, 2008 . It was opened by the then Prime Minister of Schleswig-Holstein, Peter Harry Carstensen , and had the motto "As colorful as the country". Schleswig-Holstein Day is all about clubs and volunteering, and over 220 organizations, clubs, associations and initiatives present themselves to the general public.

The “BaDaBoom” street music festival has been taking place annually since 2009 with around 350 bands and 1000 musicians and has over 10,000 visitors.

On August 24, 2012, the "Naschköste" was opened on the Kleinflecken for the first time . Here, visitors are offered national and international specialties for a weekend; there are also music demonstrations and extensive activities.

During the Advent season there is an Advent market on the Großflecken . During this time, a portable ice rink will also be set up centrally there. Traditionally on Christmas Eve there is an open-air tower concert from the two houses on Holstenstraße at 12 noon, to which around 4,000 visitors come each year.

Economy and Infrastructure


In 2016, Neumünster achieved a gross domestic product (GDP) of € 3.147 billion within the city limits . In the same year, GDP per capita was € 39,621 (Schleswig-Holstein: € 31,294, Germany € 38,180) and thus above the regional and national average. In 2016 there were around 50,800 gainfully employed people in the city. The unemployment rate was 7.7% in December 2018.

The main industries are machine and apparatus construction, communication electronics, electrical engineering, EDP and software development, chemical fiber and printing industry, steel and light metal construction, hot-dip galvanizing and metal finishing, cast iron, plastics and carpet industry, recycling, transport and logistics, wholesaling and mail order as well as large-scale (specialist -)Retail trade.

In addition, there is the freight mail center in the south industrial area, where Deutsche Post AG maintains one of its 22 freight mail centers nationwide. The Neumünster railway repair shop of Deutsche Bahn AG (DBAG) is the largest DBAG location in Schleswig-Holstein with 800 employees and 60 training positions. With an investment of four million euros, a new hall was built for the maintenance and overhaul of the 830 IC touring cars and opened in 2012. On April 25 and 26, 2012, the first WirtschaftNORDGATE took place in Neumünster , a trade fair for small and medium-sized companies in Schleswig-Holstein. On October 15, 2015, the Holsten Galerie was opened as a shopping center with a sales area of ​​22,800 m² and 90 specialist shops, cafés, restaurants and service providers.

Neumünster has been a member of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region since May 1, 2012 .

Employment structure / number of jobs:

  • Employees subject to compulsory insurance 33,131 (as of December 31, 2011)
    thereof in the economic sector:
    • Agriculture, forestry, fishing: 321
    • Manufacturing: 7,045
    • Manufacturing: 4,453
    • Construction: 1,907
    • Service industries: 25,749
    • Trade, transport and hospitality: 11,007

(All figures according to the Statistical Office for Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein)


Neumünster is the only one of the four independent cities in Schleswig-Holstein to have no access to the sea. The city is an important traffic junction for this: it is located on federal motorway 7 at the intersection of federal highways 205 and 430 . The federal highway 4 led earlier - the successor to the Altona Kieler Chaussee, the first art street in Schleswig-Holstein - by Neumünster, but it was of Bad Bramstedt north - as well as the continuation of the B 205 to Rendsburg - the national road downgraded. Neumünster is also on the railway lines from Hamburg to Kiel and Flensburg , which branch off from here, and thus on two of the main arteries to Scandinavia . Next to Lübeck, Neumünster is the city in Schleswig-Holstein with the most, namely six, railway lines.

There are four railway stations in the Neumünster city area:

  • Neumünster station ( ICE , EC , IC and regional trains stop - the station used to be a stop for the CNL )
  • Neumünster Süd (operated by AKN and Nordbahn)
  • Neumünster Stadtwald (operated by Nordbahn)
  • Neumünster-Einfeld (operated by DB Regio AG)

The Schleswig-Holstein regional train travels to Neumünster from Kiel or Hamburg with regional express and regional train trains every half hour, hourly or every two hours.

The AKN railway runs Monday to Saturday, every hour and on Sundays and holidays every two hours (certain trains) with their railcar of Neumünster from about Bad Bramstedt , cold churches and Henstedt-Ulzburg according Hamburg-Eidelstedt and at times further Hamburg central station with the HVV - Line Description A 1 .

Since December 15, 2002, the Northern Railway has been running every hour between Neumünster, Bad Segeberg and Bad Oldesloe . The railway Neumünster - Bad Segeberg was after 18 years of operation rest was reopened in December of 2002. Nordbahn is a subsidiary of AKN. Since December 11, 2011, the Nordbahn has been serving another railway line from Neumünster via Hohenwestedt , Albersdorf and Heide (Holstein) to Büsum every two hours (Neumünster – Hohenwestedt every hour) .

Until December 2005 the Nord-Ostsee-Bahn operated the Flensburg-Express (FLEX) from Padborg in Denmark to Hamburg Hbf with stops in Flensburg, Tarp , Schleswig and Rendsburg, which was introduced in 2002 and until 2003 by Flex Verkehrs-AG, which then went into bankruptcy , Nortorf , Neumünster and Elmshorn . Since December 2005, however, regional traffic on this route has only been served from Flensburg by the Schleswig-Holstein regional train as the Schleswig-Holstein Express .

The railway line from Neumünster to Ascheberg near Plön has been idle for passenger traffic since September 1985 . A branch of the line served to supply the three largest companies in Tungendorf (Nordfaser GmbH., Neumag GmbH. And NWBM). Freight traffic on this route was officially discontinued in November 1995. The fate of this route has not yet been conclusively determined. It has been included in a security program in the country to enable it to be restarted in the future. On a section of the route, a tourist trolley transport takes place through a private initiative .

Local public transport ( ÖPNV ) in the city area is operated by buses . In 1956, the Hamburg-Holstein transport company (VHH) took over the bus operation in Neumünster from Glau and Habild. In 1981 the concessions for city bus traffic were transferred to Stadtwerke Neumünster (SWN), and VHH has been operating on behalf of SWN ever since. The newly acquired buses now belonged to the municipal utilities. Since then they have been painted light turquoise / white. In 2007, public transport was put out to tender across Europe. In May 2007, a contract was signed with VHH as the winner of the tender, which was valid until the end of 2014. From January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2014, it again managed the city bus traffic on behalf of SWN. The existing buses, 22 of which were MAN Lion's City  CNG natural gas buses , became the property of VHH. The ten oldest of the MAN natural gas buses were sold at the end of 2014 and replaced by Mercedes-Benz Citaro diesel buses . On January 1, 2015, the new SWN subsidiary SWN Verkehr GmbH took over the Neumünster city bus service with the depot on Rendsburger Strasse including the employees and the vehicle fleet from VHH.

The Deutsche Bahn subsidiary Autokraft offers an hourly direct bus connection to Hamburg and Kiel Airport with the Kielius .

Neumünster airfield is located on the western edge of the city .

The former Holstein Courier house on Gänsemarkt


The daily Holsteinischer Courier is published in Neumünster with a circulation of around 16,000. This newspaper was founded in 1872 and remained independent until 2001. Then it was taken over by the sh: z publishing house . The Kieler Nachrichten provide them with the daily supplement Holstein newspaper also has a regional edition of Neumünster and the surrounding area. In addition, various weekly advertising papers appear such as the Wochenanzeiger , the Prima Sonntag , hallo Neumünster and monthly event magazines such as After Dark and Treffpunkt . The Wachholtz Verlag , published in the mainly non-fiction, was founded 1925th In August 2012 it was sold to Murmann Verlag Hamburg.

In the vicinity of Neumünster, in Ehndorf , the Deutsche Telekom AG operated a medium wave transmitter for Germany radio . Although the system was located in the area of ​​the municipality of Ehndorf, this transmitter is often referred to as " Sender Neumünster ".

Since December 9, 2019, the Free Radio Neumünster has been broadcasting a locally oriented free radio on VHF.

Neumünster District Court on Boostedter Strasse


There are two courts in Neumünster , the Neumünster District Court and the Neumünster Labor Court .

Hazard prevention center Neumünster

The Neumünster Hazard Defense Center has been located on the site of the former Hindenburg barracks since May 2009 . Here, the forces of disaster control are bundled in one place in the city.


  • General education schools
    • Funding Centers (FöZ)
      • Gustav-Hansen-Schule (FöZ learning), Dithmarscher Straße (37 students in 4 classes, 422 supervised), founded in 1906
      • Froebel School (FöZ Intellectual Development and Learning), Flensburger Straße, (137 students in 13 classes, 18 supervised)
    • Primary schools (GS)
      • GS Gadeland, Norderstraße (334 students in 15 classes)
      • Gartenstadtschule, Nachtredder (250 students in 12 classes)
      • Johann-Hinrich-Fehrsschule, Wilhelmstraße (312 students in 16 classes)
      • Mühlenhofschule, Mühlenhof (196 students in 9 classes)
      • Rudolf Tonner School, Preußerstraße (222 students in 10 classes)
      • Timm-Kröger-School, Hauptstraße (282 students in 13 classes)
      • GS at the Schwale, Uker Platz (284 students in 13 classes)
      • Vicelin School, Vicelinstraße (219 students in 13 classes)
      • GS Wittorf, Lindenstraße (262 students in 12 classes)
      • Pestalozzischule, Am Kamp (213 students in 10 classes)
    • Community schools without upper level (GemS) / with elementary school (GGemS)
      • Freiherr-vom-Stein-Schule (GemS), Schillerstraße (GemS: 547 students in 21 classes)
      • Hans-Böckler-Schule (GGemS), Elchweg (GS: 135 students in 6 classes, GemS: 435 students in 22 classes)
      • GGemS Einfeld, Dorfstraße (GS: 231 students in 10 classes, GemS: 404 students in 19 classes)
      • Wilhelm-Tanck-Schule (GemS), Färberstraße (410 students in 21 classes)
    • Community schools with upper secondary school level
      • GemS Neumünster-Brachenfeld, Pestalozziweg (1186 students in 50 classes)
      • GemS Faldera, Franz-Wieman-Straße (805 students in 38 classes)
    • High schools
      • Holstenschule (Europaschule), Altonaer Straße (745 students in 31 classes), founded in 1842
      • Immanuel Kant School, Mozartstrasse (630 students in 26 classes)
      • Klaus-Groth-Schule, Parkstraße (790 students in 31 classes)
      • Alexander von Humboldt School, Roschdohler Weg (985 students in 43 classes)

Student numbers from the school year 2018/2019

  • Vocational schools
    • Walther-Lehmkuhl-Schule (Regional Vocational Training Center (BBZ)), Roonstraße (2896 students in 165 classes)
    • Elly-Heuss-Knapp-Schule (BBZ of the city of Neumünster), Carlstraße (2241 students in 119 classes)
    • Theodor-Litt-Schule (Regionales BBZ), Parkstraße (2169 students in 127 classes)
    • Friedrich Ebert Hospital, School for Nursing Professions, Hair (119 students in 3 classes)
    • Food institute, technical school for food technology, Wasbeker Straße (122 students in 7 classes)
    • German Employees Academy (DAA), School for Occupational Therapy, Gartenstrasse (27 students in 3 classes)
    • IBAF / State-recognized school for geriatric care, Gartenstraße (186 students in 11 classes)

Student numbers from the school year 2018/2019




The Evangelical Lutheran Church in Northern Germany in Neumünster includes the Andreas Church in the north of Tungendorf, the Anschark Church , the Bugenhagen Church in the Böcklersiedlung, the Christ Church in Einfeld, the Dietrich Bonhoeffer Church, the Erlöserkirche in Gadeland, the Johanneskirche in Wittorf, the Luther Church in the south of Tungendorf, the Reconciliation Church in the Gartenstadt district, the Vicelinkirche and the Wichernkirche in Faldera.

Neumünster is the seat of a Roman Catholic deanery of the same name and belongs to the Archdiocese of Hamburg . Neumünster is also the seat of the parish of St. Maria – St. Vicelin , who belongs to the pastoral area Bad Bramstedt - Bad Segeberg - Neumünster . It includes the St. Maria St. Vicelin Church in Neumünster, built in 1893, and the Catholic churches in Bordesholm , Flintbek and Nortorf . The three branch churches in Neumünster, St.Josef in Einfeld, St. Bartholomäus in Faldera and Heilig Kreuz in Tungendorf, were profaned . The St. Bartholomew Church has been converted into a day care center. In the chapel of Jonah Friedrich Ebert hospital find ecumenical services are held.

Other religious communities represented in Neumünster are the Baptists with the Church of the Cross, the New Apostolic Church , the Pentecostal Movement with the Christ Center Neumünster , the Seventh-day Adventists , the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) with a stake center, the Jehovah's Witnesses .


In the early 1990s, around a dozen Alevis founded the Neumünster Alevi Congregation . After Hamburg it was the second Alevi congregation in northern Germany. The community with club rooms on Wasbeker Straße today has around 150 members (as of 2016). DITIB - Turkish Islamic Community of Neumünster eV is a mosque association of the Turkish-Islamic Union of the Institute for Religion (DITIB). The community (Neumünster Ulu Camii) is based in Kieler Straße.

The approximately 270 members of the Neumünster Islamic Community met until 2016 in the oldest of the three large Neumünster mosques, on Friedrichsstrasse. Since moving out, the community has housed a new Fatih mosque in the former Liekfeldt print shop on Mittelstrasse in the Bahnhofsviertel. Furthermore, the educational and cultural association in Neumünster eV maintains a mosque (Merkezefendi mosque) in Christianstrasse.


The city of Neumünster won the 1986/1987 state competition for urban renewal “Citizens, it's about your community” for its special achievements in environmentally-oriented urban and residential construction.

Public drinking fountain

On May 14, 2013, the city's first public drinking fountain was put into operation by Stadtwerke Neumünster . It is directly connected to the drinking water supply.

In April 2019 the International Astronomical Union (IAU) renamed the previous minor planet 2008 RV26 to "342000 Neumünster". The IAU honors the city because it has been promoting astronomy since 1969 by operating an observatory.

The residents of Neumünster are called "Neumünsteraner".


sons and daughters of the town

Other personalities

  • Vizelin (* around 1090–1154), Bishop of Oldenburg , missionary of the Slavs, founded the eponymous Augustinian Canon Monastery and died there
  • Joachim Beccau (1690–1754), poet and opera librettist, rector in Neumünster
  • Caspar von Saldern (1711–1786), politician from Holstein, lived and died in Neumünster
  • Friedrich Franz Hasselmann (1713–1784), pastor in Neumünster since 1736, from 1766 general superintendent of the ducal portion of Holstein
  • Hans Fallada (1893–1947), reporter and writer, lived in Neumünster around 1930
  • Georg Fuhg (1898–1976), sculptor and potter, lived and died in Neumünster
  • Hans Henning Holm (1908–1977) Low German writer and playwright; wrote his memories "Back then in Neumünster"
  • Anni Wadle (1909–2002), communist and resistance fighter against National Socialism
  • Herbert Gerisch (1922–2016), politician (CDU), council member in Neumünster and member of the state parliament; Entrepreneur and patron of the arts in Neumünster
  • Jürgen Oldenburg (1926–1991), politician (SPD), member of the city council and member of the state parliament
  • Klaus Murmann (1932–2014), President of the Confederation of German Employers' Associations (1986–1996), entrepreneur in Neumünster
  • Rudolf Johna (1933–2014), SPD member of the state parliament, council member in Neumünster and deputy city ​​president (1975–1979)
  • Ludwig Haas (* 1933), actor, lives in Neumünster
  • Klaus Haller (1936–2020), politician (CDU), council member in Neumünster and member of the state parliament
  • Gerd Helbig (* 1939), former ZDF journalist, long-time moderator of the international journal and head of the ZDF studios in Washington and Brussels, visited the Holsten School
  • Kajo Schommer (1940–2007), politician (CDU), former head of department for economy, transport and real estate of the city of Neumünster, later Saxon economics minister (1990–2002)
  • Dirk Sager (1940–2014), television journalist, attended the Holsten School
  • Uwe Döring (* 1946), politician (SPD), former Minister for Justice, Labor and Europe of Schleswig-Holstein (2005–2009), lives in Neumünster
  • Jörg Ziercke (* 1947), President of the Federal Criminal Police Office , 1979–1981 head of the Neumünster Police Department
  • Kurt Schulzke (1950–2017), painter and musician, last lived in Neumünster
  • Angelika Beer (* 1957), politician (formerly Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen, pirate party since 2012), lives in Neumünster
  • Kirsten Eickhoff-Weber (* 1960), politician (SPD), member of the state parliament, lives in Neumünster
  • Ingbert Liebing (* 1963), politician (CDU), member of the Bundestag, from November 2014 to October 2016 state chairman of the CDU in Schleswig-Holstein
  • Kirsten Bruhn (* 1969), swimmer, lived in Neumünster, ten-time sportswoman of the year
  • Eike Duckwitz (* 1980), hockey player, hockey world champion 2006, began his career at THC Neumünster
  • Mona Barthel (* 1990), WTA tennis player, lives in Neumünster

Officials of Neumünster


  • Marianne Dwars, Alfred Heggen: City history Neumünster. Neumünster 2012, ISBN 3-529-01716-7 .
  • Antje Erdmann-Degenhardt, Reinhold Möller (Ed.): Neumünster - a reading book. Husum-Verlag, Husum 1988, ISBN 3-88042-433-0 .
  • Alfred Heggen, Hartmut Kunkel (arrangement): Neumünster under the sign of the swastika - a documentation of the years 1933/1934. Ed. Working group “Seizure of Power” at the Volkshochschule Neumünster , Neumünster 1983.
  • Alfred Heggen (ed.): Industrial culture in Neumünster. The "Manchester" of Holstein in the 19th century. Wachholtz, Neumünster 1988, ISBN 3-529-06196-4 .
  • Reinhold Möller: Neumünster. The 50s and 60s . Wartberg Verlag, Gudensberg-Gleichen 2000, ISBN 3-86134-956-6 .
  • Helmut Müller (text), Walter Erben (photo documentation): When our lives were kind of small. Verlag der Buchhandlung C. Rathje, Neumünster 1987, ISBN 3-926465-02-6 .
  • Neumünster between the two seas. Pictures and history of Neumünster. EPM-Verlag Euro-Print-Medienservice, Wilhelmsdorf, Druckerei Liebel, Bad Waldsee 1996.
  • Neumünster in the Holsteiner Land. Chronicle and cityscapes. Kurt Leuschner, Neumünster 1996.
  • Carsten Obst: Refugees in Neumünster . Sutton Verlag, Erfurt 2007, ISBN 978-3-86680-121-9 .
  • Carsten Obst: Jewish Citizens in Neumünster - From the Emancipation of the Jews to the Holocaust. In: Steinburger Jahrbuch 2002 , published by Heimatverband for the Steinburg district. Pp. 202-224.
  • Rudolf Ullemeyer: Neumünster. The story from 1127-2000. Facts - figures - documents - photos. 1st edition 1963, revised and supplemented by Alfred Heggen, Peter Schuster and Klaus Tidow, Neumünster 2000.
  • Sabine Vogel (Ed.): Cloth + Technology. Living and weaving in Neumünster. Wachholtz, Neumünster 2007, ISBN 978-3-529-06131-8 .

Web links

Commons : Neumünster  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Neumünster  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. North Statistics Office - Population of the municipalities in Schleswig-Holstein 4th quarter 2019 (XLSX file) (update based on the 2011 census) ( help on this ).
  2. Climate: Neumünster ,, accessed on January 10, 2016
  3. City of Neumünster: General Statute (PDF)
  4. Marianne Dwars, Klaus Fahrner, Bärbel Nagar (eds.): Neumünster Lexikon. Wachholtz, Neumünster 2003, ISBN 3-529-01711-6 , p. 21.
  5. Marianne Dwars, Klaus Fahrner, Bärbel Nagar (eds.): Neumünster Lexikon. Wachholtz, Neumünster 2003, ISBN 3-529-01711-6 , p. 22.
  6. Marianne Dwars, Klaus Fahrner, Bärbel Nagar (eds.): Neumünster Lexikon. Wachholtz, Neumünster 2003, ISBN 3-529-01711-6 , p. 37.
  7. Marianne Dwars, Klaus Fahrner, Bärbel Nagar (eds.): Neumünster Lexikon. Wachholtz, Neumünster 2003, ISBN 3-529-01711-6 , pp. 49-50.
  8. Marianne Dwars, Klaus Fahrner, Bärbel Nagar (eds.): Neumünster Lexikon. Wachholtz, Neumünster 2003, ISBN 3-529-01711-6 , p. 115.
  9. ^ Wolfgang Laur : Historical place-name dictionary of Schleswig-Holstein. 2nd edition, Neumünster 1992, p. 478.
  10. Rudolf Ullemeyer: Timeline of the history of Neumünster 1125 - 1961: With leading texts and Bibliography . Leuschner, Neumünster 1963, p. 10 ( [accessed on April 12, 2020]).
  11. LBV-SH Distance information on the street on, accessed October 13, 2016.
  12. Rencks Park on
  13. Klaus Schottau: The history of the leather industry in Neumünster. A contribution to the industrialization of Schleswig-Holstein. Publications of the Friends of the Textile and Industry Museum. Neumünster 1991, issue 11, p. 24.
  14. Klaus Schottau: The history of the leather industry in Neumünster. A contribution to the industrialization of Schleswig-Holstein. Publications of the Friends of the Textile and Industry Museum. Neumünster 1991, issue 11, p. 145.
  15. report at
  16. ^ A b Friedrich Gleiss: Jewish life in Segeberg from the 18th to the 20th century: collected essays from two decades with over 100 photos and documents. BoD - Books on Demand, 2002, p. 162.
  17. Uwe Danker , Astrid Schwabe: Schleswig-Holstein and National Socialism. Neumünster 2005. p. 105.
  18. ^ Friedrich Gleiss: Jewish life in Segeberg from the 18th to the 20th century: collected essays from two decades with over 100 photos and documents. BoD - Books on Demand, 2002, p. 163.
  19. ^ Bettina Goldberg: Away from the metropolises: the Jewish minority in Schleswig-Holstein. Wachholtz, Neumünster 2011, ISBN 978-3-529-06111-0 , p. 445.
  20. List of some murdered people on the website of the city of Neumünster about the project Stolpersteine in Neumünster Stolpersteine ​​in Neumünster
  21. report at
  22. See Schleswig-Holsteinischer Zeitungsverlag : First the bombs fell, then came tuberculosis , from: December 22, 2014; Retrieved on: May 20, 2016
  23. Volker Bode: National Atlas Federal Republic of Germany - Villages and Cities: War Destruction and Reconstruction of German Cities after 1945. (PDF)
  24. ^ Institute for Schleswig-Holstein Contemporary and Regional History : VIMU. End of war , accessed on: May 31, 2017
  25. ^ The year 1945. Neumünster , accessed on: May 20, 2018
  26. a b Uwe Danker: Interning, denazifying and re-educating - first coming to terms with the past after 1945. In: Gerhard Paul, Uwe Danker, Peter Wulf: Geschichtsumschlungen: social and cultural history reading book: Schleswig Holstein, 1848–1948. Berlin 1996, ISBN 3-8012-0237-2 , p. 286.
  27. Robert Bohn: "Schleswig-Holstein states that there was never a National Socialism in Germany." On the exemplary failure of denazification in the former model district. In: Yearbook Democratic History. Vol 17, p. 177.
  28. ^ Lutz Wilde, Gert Kaster: Monument topography of the Federal Republic of Germany, cultural monuments in Schleswig-Holstein, Bd. 3: City of Neumünster. Wachholtz, Neumünster 2006, ISBN 3-529-02522-4 .
  29. The original "Kasernenstrasse" was renamed in 1934 after the 163 Infantry Regiment stationed in the barracks since 1897.
  30. Unofficial name, not on the city map
  31. Key words on the history of the LEATHER trade union 1872–1997 ( memento of December 17, 2010 in the Internet Archive ), compiled by Birgit Hormann, IG BCE (Documentation & Archive), PDF file, accessed on October 2, 2012
  32. Population by religion -in% - Accessed September 4, 2019.
  35. Lord Mayor on neumü
  36. City President on neumü
  37. ^ Main statute of the city of Neumünster (PDF file; 65 kB), accessed on October 2, 2012
  38. Schleswig-Holstein's municipal coat of arms
  39. Lötzen sponsors' group on
  40. twinning on
  41. ^ Horse town of Neumünster
  42. a b c City of Neumünster: City Points
  43. Railway Museum vacated on
  44. ^ Website of the Landestheater , accessed on June 18, 2012
  45. ^ History of the NBN , accessed June 16, 2012
  46. ^ Website of thestatt theater , accessed on June 18, 2012
  47. Mädchen-Musikzug website ( Memento from July 23, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
  48. ^ Stumbling blocks in Neumünster
  49. ^ Website of the city of Neumünster , accessed on June 25, 2012
  50. Old orchard in Neumünster
  52. Horse shows
  53. Sports clubs on neumü
  54. ^ City of Neumünster: City forest. Retrieved September 17, 2019 .
  55. Rolf Ziehm: Friedenshain and Rodelberg: Winter fun once and now { Retrieved September 17, 2019 .
  56. Holsteinischer Courier No. 199 of 24./26. August 2012
  57. Christmas Eve tower concert with Ave Maria
  58. Current results - VGR dL. Retrieved January 7, 2019 .
  59. ^ Federal State of Schleswig Holstein. Federal Employment Agency, accessed on January 7, 2019 .
  60. Holsteinischer Courier of April 19, 2012, p. 1 and p. 15
  62. ^ Neumünster on
  63. (PDF) on (PDF file; 599 kB)
  64. Rudolf Ullemeyer: Timeline of the history of Neumünster 1125 - 1961: With leading texts and Bibliography . Leuschner, Neumünster 1963 ( [accessed April 12, 2020]).
  65. Rudolf Ullemeyer: Timeline of the history of Neumünster 1125 - 1961: With leading texts and Bibliography . Leuschner, Neumünster 1963 ( [accessed April 12, 2020]).
  66. Statistical Office for Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein: Directory of general education schools in Schleswig-Holstein 2018/2019
  67. Statistical Office for Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein: Directory of vocational schools in Schleswig-Holstein 2018/2019
  68. ^ Website of St. Maria-St. Vicelin Parish
  73. ^ Neumünster stake. Archived from the original ; accessed on June 15, 2016 .
  74. Sabine Nitschke: Difficult Beginnings 25 Years of the Alevi Community. In: Kiel News . May 6, 2016. Retrieved July 19, 2017 .
  75. Neumünster Ulu Camii. DITIB Turkish Islamic Community in Neumünster eV In: Turkish-Islamic Union of the Institute for Religion , accessed July 19, 2017 .
  76. Karsten Leng: Islamic Community Neumünster Fatih Mosque moves to Mittelstrasse. In: Kiel News . February 24, 2016. Retrieved July 19, 2017 .
  77. ^ Mosques in Neumünster. In: Muhammad Max Krüper, accessed on July 19, 2017 (2005-2017).
  78. ^ Urban renewal Neumünster “Citizens, it's about your city.” State competition 1986/87, publisher: Stadt Neumünster, print: Carius-Druck Kiel 1988
  79. ^ "Drinking fountain opened" , HC, p. 15, May 15, 2013
  80. Entry at (English), accessed on February 19, 2020
  81. ^ Biography HC, February 19, 2015