|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Height :||31 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||10.16 km 2|
|Residents:||7682 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||756 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||24582|
|Area code :||04322|
|License plate :||RD, ECK|
|Community key :||01 0 58 022|
|LOCODE :||DE 66B|
|Office administration address:||Mühlenstrasse 7
|Mayor :||Ronald Büssow ( SPD )|
|Location of the municipality of Bordesholm in the Rendsburg-Eckernförde district|
Bordesholm is between Kiel and Neumünster . The name means "on the shore of the island". The L 318 runs through the village in a north-south direction. In the north, the L 49 (in an east-west direction) runs along Bordesholm. In the south-west of Bordesholm is the approx. 70 ha large and up to 8 m deep Bordesholmer See.
The district of Alt-Bordesholm around the monastery church is located on a former island, the monastery island . Extensive water level reductions and structural changes (parking lots and buildings) have meant that the island character has been lost and is only indicated by the wet grassland surrounding the former island. The Bordesholmer See ( ) continues to shape the scenic character of the place. The lake drains through the Stintgraben and the Schmalsteder Mühlenteich into the Eider . In the west of the lake there is an approximately 44.8 hectare mixed deciduous forest (known as "Wildhof") with partly good stocks of old oaks , some of which have been placed under special protection because of bat populations . In the immediate vicinity of the shore there are wet forests, characterized by alders , ash trees and willows . At the southern end of the lake there is a barely visible bay with extensive stocks of reed beds and a well-developed alder swamp. Because of the secluded location, an artificial breeding container for the kingfisher was set up here. The island in Bordesholmer Lake is used as a breeding ground for gray and Canada geese.
In the south, the municipality borders on the Dosenmoor , one of the best preserved raised bogs in the hill country . Extensive renaturation measures are intended to improve the condition in the long term. Otherwise the municipality is characterized by settlements and intensive agriculture.
Bordesholm owes its coat of arms to the 670-year-old Bordesholm linden tree , which is located near the monastery church. On May 29, 2018, two large trunks of the linden tree broke, as they had been infested with the crust fungus for years , so that only a remnant of the natural monument remained.
The region from the Paleolithic to the Middle Ages
Settlement in the Bordesholm area can be proven as early as the Paleolithic (9000 BC). From around 5000 BC Individual groups settled on the edges of the swamps and lakes. The remains of four megalithic systems were found on the "Tannenbergskoppel", the foothills of a terminal moraine . The hill is oriented north-south, 400 m long and 200 m wide and is bordered on three sides by swampy lowlands, which were once open waters. On the northern edge of the Tannenbergskoppel, a Neolithic flat burial ground of the funnel cup culture was also examined. At that time, forest areas were cleared, domestic animals were raised and crops were grown in the area. In the Bronze Age burials took place in large burial mounds, including in the still existing Brautberg (around 1600 BC) one kilometer north of Bordesholm. The heavily forested and water-rich region remained sparsely populated for a long time. In the Middle Ages around 850, the Holsten who had settled in the region first came into contact with Christianity through the missionary Ansgar . A systematic spread of the Christian faith did not take place for the next 300 years.
Settlement by canons
The basis for the later development of the place was laid in 1330 by the move of the Augustinian canon monastery, founded by Bishop Vicelin († 1154) in 1127 from Neumünster to an island in what was then Eidersteder See. In 1475/76 the Bordesholmer Marienklage was created , a spiritual game that was performed annually in the collegiate church until the Reformation; In 1920 it was considered by Wolfgang Stammler as "the most beautiful work that the veneration of Mary produced in the Middle Ages". In 1490 the pen joined the reform movement of the Devotio moderna and joined the Windesheim congregation . The construction of the today Monastery Bordesholm preserved monastery church was started in 1309 and includes u. a. the tomb of Duchess Anna of Brandenburg (1487–1514) next to her husband Friedrich I (1471–1533), who was educated in the collegiate school of Bordesholm, and the epitaph of the scholar Johann Daniel Major (1634–1693). The Canon Monastery became the cultural and economic center of the region between Kiel and Neumünster.
The Herzoglich-Gottorf Office
In the course of the Reformation , the Canons' Monastery was closed in 1566 under Duke Hans the Elder . The secular Herzoglich-Gottorfsche Amt Bordesholm , owned by the Gottorf dukes, was established on almost identical territory of the monastery . When the Latin school, which was housed in the monastery, was given up in 1665 for the founding of the Christian Albrechts University in Kiel , the church and the farm buildings fell into disrepair. The monastery library then formed the basis of the Kiel University Library . The Bordesholmer Altar by Hans Brüggemann was transferred to the Schleswig Cathedral . First mention as an independent local management unit ( "ground district" ) is carried 1827. Bordesholm belonged 1739-1773 for bulk Fürstliches proportion of Duchy Holstein and after the Treaty of Zarskoje Selo to 1864 for Danish state . The Altona-Kieler Chaussee ran through the town . This 94 km long road was built between 1830 and 1832 by the then sovereign, King Friedrich VI. by Denmark (the Bordesholmer section was later part of Reichsstrasse 4, then Bundesstrasse 4, since the 1990s Landesstrasse 318). In 1844 a train station was opened on the Hamburg-Altona-Kiel route about two kilometers east of what was then the town center. The station in the Eidersted municipality was first called Bordesholm and was later renamed Bordesholm station .
The Bordesholm community was founded in 1867
After the German-Danish War , Schleswig-Holstein became the Prussian province of Schleswig-Holstein in the North German Confederation . As part of the Prussian administrative reform in 1867, the office was dissolved and the newly created municipality of Bordesholm only became part of the Kiel district (1867 to 1883). Bordesholm later became the official seat for the district of Kiel (1883 to 1907) and then for the district of Bordesholm (1907 to 1932). From 1867 to 1975 it was the seat of a local court.
Merger with Eiderstede
In 1906, the previously independent municipality of Eiderstede was added to the municipality of Bordesholm as part of a merger . At that time Eiderstede had 733 inhabitants and comprised 544 hectares of land, Bordesholm had 589 inhabitants and comprised 279 hectares of land.
Bordesholm as an unofficial municipality
From 1973 to 2010 the common administrative building for the Bordesholm - Land office and the Bordesholm community was on the market square.
The town hall on the market square became too small over time. At the beginning of the 2000s, the development of the town center began with the creation of the “Mühlenhof” town center. In September 2006, the Bordesholm community bought the former "Wendeln Brot GmbH" site near the train station from the Kamps company . The former Wendeln bread factory (Rix-Mühlenwerke) was demolished. At this point a new town hall was built in 2010 on Mühlenstrasse for the community and the newly created office.
In December 2012 it was recognized as a "resort".
Office since 2007
On 1 July 2007, the municipality gave up her Amtsfreiheit and forms since then with the communities of the former Office "Bordesholm-Land" the official Bordesholm . The municipalities belonging to the office include Bordesholm, Bissee, Bruges, Grevenkrug, Groß Buchwald, Hoffeld, Loop, Mühbrook, Negenharrie, Reesdorf, Sören, Schmalstede, Schönbek and Wattenbek.
Of the 19 seats in the municipal council, the CDU has had six seats since the local elections in 2018. The SPD has five seats, the Greens four, the FDP and the Independent Voting Association Bordesholm UWB each received two seats.
There has been a senior citizens 'council since 1991, which consists of seven members and is elected by the older residents in a senior citizens' assembly.
coat of arms
Blazon : "In gold over a blue corrugated shield base, this is covered with a silver lily, a growing green linden tree."
Economy and Infrastructure
As the central supplier of the surrounding area, Bordesholm offers not only numerous shopping opportunities, but also an agricultural trade for feed and grain as well as a veterinary practice for farm animals.
To the west of the municipality is the Bordesholmer triangle , where the federal highway 215 to Kiel branches off from the federal highway 7 from Hamburg to Flensburg. The L 318 also runs through Bordesholm. Bordesholm has a train station on the Hamburg – Kiel railway line . From there you can travel to Hamburg via Neumünster and Kiel twice an hour .
- Lindenschule (elementary school), Schulstrasse, 287 students in 14 classes
- Hans-Brüggemann-Schule (community school with upper secondary school), Langenheisch, 689 students in 31 classes
Student numbers from the school year 2019/2020.
The Bordesholm Administration Academy has been located in Bordesholm since 1946 .
The list of cultural monuments in Bordesholm includes the cultural monuments entered in the list of monuments of Schleswig-Holstein. The museum on the monastery island is since 1986 existing home Museum and displays written and pictorial documents from past and present of Bordesholmer country and from the old office Bordesholm.
Sons and daughters of the church
- Johann Paul Mohr (1808–1843), German-Danish landscape painter
- Emil Kroymann (1865–1951) classical philologist and headmaster of the Berlin-Steglitz high school
- Wilhelmine Kurfürst (1892–1945), German SPD politician
- Otto Winkelmann (1894–1977), general of the police and SS-Obergruppenführer
- Heinrich Hamann (1908–1993), police officer and SS-Hauptsturmführer
- Ina-Lena Elwardt (* 1981 in Bordesholm), handball player
Persons related to Bordesholm
- Hans Brüggemann (* 1480 in Walsrode, Lüneburger Heide, † 1540 in Husum), sculptor from Northern Germany
- Hans Heinrich Brüning (* 1848 in Hoffeld; † 1928 in Kiel), German ethnographer and linguist
- Andreas Laer van Deventer (* in Deventer, Netherlands; † 1502 in Bordesholm), monastery provost in Bordesholm
- Johann Garleff (* 1878 in Oldenburg; † 1976 in Bordesholm), architect
- Adolf Freiherr von Heintze (* 1864 in Berlin, † 1956 in Kiel), District Administrator and President of the Raiffeisen Association
- Harald Karolczak (* 1933 in Hamburg; † 2014) Low German author
- Christian Graf von Reventlow (* 1807; † 1845 in Bordesholm), bailiff and royal Danish commissioner
- Carl Hinrich Graf von Saldern-Günderoth (1739–1788), Bordesholm bailiff
- Heide Simonis (* 1943 in Bonn), SPD politician, former Prime Minister of Schleswig-Holstein
- Ralf Stegner (* 1959 in Bad Dürkheim), SPD politician, residence and citizens' office in Bordesholm
- Augusta Louise zu Stolberg-Stolberg (* 1753 in Bad Bramstedt, † 1835 in Kiel), Goethe's pen pal
- Eduard Völkel (* 1878 in Eckernförde, † 1957 in Bordesholm), Bishop of Schleswig
- Hans Wiesen (* 1936 in Braunschweig; † 2013 in Neumünster), former Minister of Agriculture of Schleswig-Holstein
- Arthur Zabel (* 1891 in Wittenberge an der Elbe, † 1954 in Heikendorf), union secretary
- Paul Steffen: … my address is Bordesholm. Paul Steffen KG, Bordesholm 1970.
- 1327–1977, 650 years of Bordesholm. AG 650th anniversary of Bordesholm, Bordesholm 1977.
- A tour through the villages and forests of the old Bordesholm Albert Lüthje office, Bordesholm 1977.
- Paul Steffen (Ed.): Office and District Bordesholm - 1566–1932. Paul Steffen KG, Bordesholm 1984.
- View of Bordesholm Wirtschaftsverein Bordesholm e. V., Bordesholm 1985.
- Friedrich Nicolaus Schrader: Journey to Bordesholm and Kiel in the summer of 1831. Paul Steffen KG, Bordesholm 1985.
- Ulla Wiedling: Bordesholmer impressions. Bordesholm 1988.
- A gastronomic journey through the Bordesholm AG Heimatsammlung, Bordesholm 1991.
- Bordesholm - a look back on 66 years of a 666 year history. AG Heimatsammlung, Bordesholm 1993.
- Henning Oldekop: Topography of the Duchy of Holstein - Bordesholm district. History association for the former Bordesholm e. V., Bordesholm 1996.
- Bordesholm in old views. European Library-Zaltbommel / Netherlands 1997, ISBN 90-288-6429-6 .
- Yearbooks for the former Bordesholm office. History association for the former Bordesholm e. V., Bordesholm, annually since 1999
- Hartmut Hildebrand: Our Office Bordesholmer-Land - A journey through administrative history Publisher: Amt Bordesholm-Land, Bordesholm 2000.
- The Bordesholmer Land in old views. European Library-Zaltbommel / Netherlands 2002, ISBN 90-288-6696-5 .
- From the old Bordesholm office to the monastery monastery - history of a building AG Heimatsammlung, Bordesholm 2015.
- 50 years of Finnish houses in Bordesholm (Bordesholmer Hefte 1) Frauke Hildebrandt, Bordesholm 1992.
- Bordesholmer Memories and Current Affairs (Bordesholmer Hefte 2) AG Heimatsammlung, Bordesholm 1994.
- Between Eider and Aalbek (Bordesholmer Hefte 3) AG Heimatsammlung, Bordesholm 1996.
- The Heintzes in Bordesholm (Bordesholmer Hefte 4) Paul Steffen, Bordesholm 2002.
- Visit to Bordesholm and Bordesholmer Land (Bordesholmer Hefte 5) Paul Steffen, Bordesholm 2003.
- Bordesholm five decades ago (Bordesholmer Hefte 6) AG Heimatsammlung, Bordesholm 2005.
- 50 years Landesjugend (Bordesholmer Hefte 7) AG Heimatsammlung, Bordesholm 2007.
- Bordesholm and Eiderstede - 100 united (Bordesholmer Hefte 8) AG Heimatsammlung, Bordesholm 2007.
- Forced labor and captivity in the Bordesholm office 1939–1945. Uwe Fentsahm and Nils Lange with the Working Group Forced Laborers, Forced Laborers and Prisoners of War, Bordesholm 2016, ISBN 978-3-00-054927-4 .
- Anna von B. A short story from Schleswig-Holstein's history (Bordesholmer Hefte 10) , Jürgen Baasch (Bordesholmer Hefte 9) 2008
- Treasures from Bordesholm , you father of orphans (Bordesholmer Hefte 9) Contributions by: Wolfgang Bauch u. a., Bordesholm 2017, ISBN 978-3-9818788-0-6 .
- Greetings from Bordesholm - postcards tell local history Nils Lange, publisher: AG Heimatsammlung, Bordesholm 2019.
- North Statistics Office - Population of the municipalities in Schleswig-Holstein 4th quarter 2019 (XLSX file) (update based on the 2011 census) ( help on this ).
- http://www.kn-online.de/Lokales/Rendsburg/Bordesholm-Was-passiert-mit-dem-670-Jahre-alten-Naturdenkmal-Linde What happens to the linden tree
- Horst Appuhn: The Bordesholmer Altar, 2nd edition, Königstein i. Ts. 1987, ISBN 3-7845-0298-9 , p. 28
- Horst Appuhn: The Bordesholmer Altar, 2nd edition, Königstein i. Ts. 1987, ISBN 3-7845-0298-9 , p. 51
- Kunst-Topographie Schleswig-Holstein , 1969, pp. 617–621.
- Schleswig-Holstein State Archives: "LAS, Dept. 400.1, No. 258"
- Eiderstede - From the farming village to the district. Pictures tell from days gone by . Geigerdruck GmbH. 1998.
- Rolf Pohlmeyer: 13th year book 2011. (PDF; 1.9 MB) A new town hall for Bordesholm. History association for the former Bordesholm e. V., September 2011, accessed on January 31, 2016 .
- http://www.shz.de/lokales/holsteinischer-courier/bordesholm-der-114-erholORT-im-land-id261861.html Holsteinischer Courier of December 11, 2012: Bordesholm: The 114th resort in the country .
- Municipal elections 2018. Retrieved June 26, 2018 .
- [ http://efi2.schleswig-holstein.de/wr/wr.asp?Aktion=Datenblatt&ID=476 Schleswig-Holstein's municipal coat of arms]
- Statistical Office for Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein: Directory of general education schools in Schleswig-Holstein 2019/2020