|Karstadt Warenhaus GmbH
|founding||May 14, 1881 in Wismar|
|Seat||Essen , Germany|
|Number of employees||19,000|
|sales||2.67 billion euros|
|Branch||Department store / retail|
Karstadt Warenhaus GmbH owns 79 department stores, 2 bargain centers and the online shop Galeria.de. The 28 sports stores and the online shop karstadtsports.de belong to Karstadt Sports GmbH. On November 30, 2018, Karstadt merged with Galeria Kaufhof under a new holding company of the two shareholders Signa (50.01%) and Hudson's Bay Company (49.99%).
Karstadt and Kaufhof have been operating under the common name Galeria Karstadt Kaufhof since March 25, 2019 . In January 2020, the legal takeover of Galeria Kaufhof GmbH and the change of name to Galeria Karstadt Kaufhof GmbH followed.
On June 10, 2019, HBC announced that it would sell its stake in the joint venture for $ 1.5 billion to Signa Holding, which will become the sole owner. The transaction was completed by autumn 2019.
Karstadt from its foundation in 1881 to 1932
On May 14, 1881, Rudolph Karstadt founded his first shop in Wismar under the name of Karstadt Cloth, Manufacture and Confectionery . Karstadt was successful right from the start with low fixed prices instead of the usual bargaining, so that branches quickly opened in 24 cities in northern Germany. The second Karstadt store was opened in Lübeck in 1884 . Thomas Mann and his brother Heinrich were customers from the very beginning . Further branches were opened in Neumünster (1888), Braunschweig (1890), Kiel (1893), Mölln (1895), Eutin (1896) and Preetz (1897). In 1900 Rudolph Karstadt took over 13 shops of his heavily indebted brother Ernst Karstadt in Anklam , Dömitz , Friedland , Greifswald , Güstrow , Hamburg (Röhrendamm), Ludwigslust , Neubrandenburg , Schwerin , Stavenhagen , Wandsbek (Lübecker Straße) and Waren (Müritz) . Further branch openings followed in Bremen (1902), Hamburg-Eimsbüttel (1903), Altona (1903), Hanover (1906) and Wilhelmshaven (1908). One of the first highlights was the first large city department store in Germany , which opened in 1912 on Mönckebergstrasse in Hamburg, with a sales area of around 10,000 m². In addition, Karstadt increasingly focused on in-house production of clothing. For this purpose, a large fabric warehouse was built in 1911 and a year later a linen factory in Berlin . In addition, a men's clothing factory was opened in Szczecin in 1919 .
In 1920 the Althoff company of Dülmener's Theodor Althoff was taken over by Karstadt and the entire group was converted into a stock corporation. The shareholders were partly of Jewish origin. The Karstadt group now also had Althoff branches in Dülmen (opened: 1885), Rheine (1889), Borghorst (1889), Bottrop (1893), Bocholt (1893), Recklinghausen (1893), Essen (1894), Münster (1896), Duisburg (1899), Gladbeck (1901), Lippstadt (1901), Coesfeld (1902), Remscheid (1901), Dortmund (1904) and Leipzig (1914). As a result, the branch network had grown to 44. The Althoff department stores were renamed Karstadt much later (1963). Karstadt expanded rapidly after the First World War and in July 1926 founded the EPA-Einheitspreis-Aktiengesellschaft , with which Karstadt set up a branch network of low-price department stores. By 1932, 52 EPA branches had been established. In addition, Karstadt acquired additional production facilities in order to become less dependent on suppliers. These businesses included weaving mills, fitters, printing works and slaughterhouses. In 1930 Karstadt was Europe's largest department store group with 89 branches, 27 factories and over 29,000 employees.
In 1932, Rudolph Karstadt resigned from the company's management after the company suffered a dramatic drop in sales during the global economic crisis. In a restructuring plan, among other things, the share capital was reduced and numerous branches and production plants were closed; the Epa AG was sold.
Karstadt in Berlin
Rudolph Karstadt acquired building land near Alexanderplatz in 1928, located between Keibelstrasse, Wadzeckstrasse and Neue Königstrasse. He had a building complex built on this site in 1930/31 according to plans by the architect Philipp Schaefer . The head office of his department store chain moved here from Hamburg to the center of Berlin in 1932.
On nine floors with a total of around 72,000 square meters of usable space (the KaDeWe at that time had less than 30,000 square meters), around 4,000 people were initially employed. The monumental building also had two 56 meter high towers, a 4000 square meter roof terrace, several truck lifts and its own access from the subway platform . But the building soon turned out to be oversized. Due to the economic crisis, several floors were empty in 1932.
The administration building on Alexanderplatz was sold to the Reich Ministry of Finance in 1934 for 15 million Reichsmarks and the head office was later relocated to a new building on Fehrbelliner Platz , also built by Schaefer in 1935/36 . Then the Reich Statistical Office moved into the eight-story complex . Its tasks included the census of the Jewish residents of Berlin and the collection of central information for the conduct of the war. Towards the end of the Second World War , the building suffered severe damage.
In the Battle of Berlin , Hermannplatz became a focal point of the final battles of the war. In the afternoon of April 25, “the huge department store blew up. The SS blew it up so as not to let the Russian stockpiles fall into the hands of the 29 million marks it had stored in the cellar. There were several deaths. "
From May 1945, after all previous government offices had been dissolved , the Berlin magistrate became the owner of the former administrative complex on Alexanderplatz. It was repaired and served as the location of various police stations in the city as early as 1945. With the split in Berlin as a result of the Four Power Agreement , the police split into an East and a West Direction . For the police headquarters to be located in West Berlin , buildings were erected and occupied on the Platz der Luftbrücke . The East Police Headquarters remained in the Keibelstrasse / Neue Königstrasse building. A police prison was built in a newly built wing along Keibelstrasse; the rest of the building remained the seat of the Presidium of the People's Police until German reunification .
Between 2007 and 2010 the Berliner Immobilien Management GmbH (BIM) carried out a general renovation of the former Karstadt building on Alex. After completing this work, the Senate Department for Education, Youth and Science moved into 560 modern offices. Police stations and BIM offices are again housed in the wing along Keibelstrasse. The former police prison in this wing stood empty for a number of years, but also served as a film set - for the men's boarding house and The Lives of Others . In 2018, the cells and lounges of the prisoners, essentially preserved in their original form, on the first floor of the house were redesigned into a learning place with a small exhibition. Since February 18, 2019, students from grades 9 to 13 have been able to take a tour here. At the opening of this educational facility , Sandra Scheeres expressed the wish that "here pupils should get to know the prison conditions and the monitoring and control mechanisms in a playful way".
The Nazi regime granted the company a large loan in 1933 and the company voluntarily submitted to Aryanization . This was negotiated by two executives and NSDAP members. Every issue of the company magazine at that time featured a quote from Hitler . The Karstadt AG dismissed 830 Jewish employees, including four directors and 47 directors. The group made compensation payments after the exemption.
In the 1930s, the company suffered from the ideological reservations of National Socialism against department stores. Department stores in general were seen as "Jewish inventions" and were subjected to numerous repression.
After the Second World War until the merger with Quelle
After the Second World War , the houses east of Oder and Neisse, in Königsberg ( East Prussia ), Cranz (East Prussia), Neustettin ( Pomerania ), Stettin (Pomerania) and Guben (East Brandenburg ) were expropriated, as were the branches in the Soviet occupation zone ( including Schwerin , Leipzig , Potsdam , Halle and Görlitz ). More than 30 of the remaining 45 locations in the western zones were destroyed or badly damaged, including the "flagships" at the time in Berlin-Kreuzberg (Hermannplatz) and Hamburg ( Mönckebergstrasse ).
Participating in the upswing of the economic miracle of the post-war years , the group recovered and began to expand in the early 1950s. In 1952, the Düsseldorf department store was built on Schadowstrasse on the site of the former Tonhalle . Several takeovers followed, such as that of the Grimme department stores in Schleswig-Holstein in 1970.
In 1977 Karstadt initially acquired a majority stake in Neckermann Versand AG and, with annual sales of DM 10.62 billion, became the largest trading company in Germany. In the same year it was decided to dissolve the Kepa chain, which functions as a low-price division . In 1984 Neckermann was completely taken over and incorporated into the group structure.
After the German reunification , former center and magnet department stores were taken over in Brandenburg an der Havel , Dresden , Halle (Saale) , Magdeburg , Wismar and Görlitz . In 1994 the Hertie department stores (including KaDeWe ) were taken over by Karstadt. The Hertie department stores initially continued to operate in parallel. Later they were gradually converted into Karstadt houses or closed. With the Hertie takeover, Karstadt also became the owner of several properties belonging to the Jewish department store founder Wertheim , which the National Socialists had expropriated. In 2005 KarstadtQuelle AG was sentenced by the Berlin administrative court to compensate the heirs.
The department stores in the KarstadtQuelle and Arcandor group
Since the merger with Quelle, the department stores of the former Karstadt AG have been operated by Karstadt Warenhaus GmbH ( Karstadt Warenhaus AG until 2006 ), a wholly-owned subsidiary of KarstadtQuelle and Arcandor AG .
In October 2004 it became known that Karstadt Warenhaus AG and the entire KarstadtQuelle Group were in dramatic financial difficulties. Karstadt struggled with the problems of the entire retail trade , but also with homemade problems. Contrary to the market trend, they stuck to a general product range. Critics complained that the furnishings were too old-fashioned and the program not customizable.
Since January 1, 2005, the food departments in currently 67 (initially 72) of 90 Karstadt department stores have been managed by a joint venture called Karstadt Feinkost GmbH & Co. KG based in Cologne , in which Karstadt holds 74.9% and the Rewe Group holds 25.1% and one managing director each. Karstadt brought in goods and real estate for around 50 million euros and Rewe brought in new capital in the same amount. Karstadt Feinkost initially had around 3700 employees, mainly provided by the KarstadtQuelle Group, who generated annual sales of around EUR 500 million. Up until 2007, the joint venture had annual pre-tax losses in the double-digit millions. Since the founding of Karstadt Feinkost, the departments have gradually been converted to the new Perfetto brand with a changed range .
In August 2005, 74 Karstadt branches with sales areas of less than 8,000 square meters (Karstadt Kompakt, later Hertie GmbH and closed after bankruptcy), 51 SinnLeffers fashion stores and the specialist retail chain Runners Point were sold due to the ongoing crisis .
The remaining still owned by KarstadtQuelle property of the Karstadt department stores were in 2006, first at the High Street selling consortium to which the retail group themselves were 49% and Whitehall Fund holds 51%. In 2008, KarstadtQuelle AG sold its 49 percent stake to a consortium that included the Borletti Group, the Generali Group, Pirelli RE and RREEF Alternative Investments.
To mark its 125th anniversary, Karstadt published an anniversary book in 2006 entitled Schaufenster Karstadt - Insights into 125 Years , in which the history of the company is presented.
In October 2007, the Handelsblatt reported that the group was considering taking over the Kaufhof department stores from Metro AG : This would make it the second largest department store group in Europe after the Spanish El Corte Inglés . The book trade area near Karstadt has been operated by DBH Warenhaus ( Weltbild / Hugendubel publishing group ) as a shop-in-shop since April 2008 . In Karstadt premium stores, the book areas operate under the name Hugendubel (including in the Berlin KaDeWe and in the Karstadt am Berlin Hermannplatz ), in all others under the name Weltbild . Also WMF , Rosenthal porcelain , drugstore Müller and other companies are tenants at Karstadt, work for themselves and rent the cash / payment system by Karstadt. In 2008 Gravis announced that the cooperation with Karstadt in two pilot branches in Düsseldorf and Lübeck, which was originally intended for all 90 branches, will be given up because it is not profitable. In the same year Karstadt started a cooperation with the fashion designers Kaviar & Gauche and Kostas Murkudis .
In May 2009 it was announced that the Metro Group's Galeria Kaufhof GmbH wanted to take over 60 of the 90 Karstadt department stores. In addition, due to liquidity problems, the Karstadt parent company Arcandor no longer paid the rent to the owner of the department store property, the Highstreet consortium.
Arcandor filed for bankruptcy on June 9, 2009 . The bankruptcy proceedings were opened on September 1, 2009. In November 2009, the union accepted a wage waiver of 150 million euros for the 28,000 employees in an agreement over the next three years. On April 12, 2010, the creditors' meeting approved the insolvency plan submitted by the insolvency administrator Klaus Hubertus Görg, which provided for the sale of the Karstadt department stores as a whole to an investor and a far-reaching waiver by the creditors of their claims. Initially, some municipalities refused to agree to the required waiver of trade tax . There were four buyers interested in buying the Karstad houses, namely the German-Swedish investor group Triton , Whitehall together with the Borletti Group and the German - US financial investor Nicolas Berggruen . Then there was the Metro AG , which was, however, (as in the previous year) not at all interested in Karstadt stores to provide them with their own Kaufhof -Häusern in a German Warenhaus AG bring.
Sale to Berggruen
On 7 June 2010, the committee of creditors of Karstadt issued with nine out of eleven votes of Berggruen Holding the contract - with the caveat (closing conditions, ie conditions precedent..) That the High Street consortium yields on rental receivables. Berggruen signed the purchase contract on June 8, 2010, which was primarily linked to the condition of an agreement with the main landlord, Highstreet. The purchase and investment price was given as EUR 70 million, and a further EUR 240 million should be invested over the next three years, for which Berggruen does not need any outside capital . On June 30, 2010, the Federal Cartel Office approved the takeover of the chain of department stores. The agreement with the High Street Consortium on the rents came after tough negotiations at the beginning of September 2010. On September 30, 2010 the Essen district court overturned the insolvency proceedings. 40,000 creditors had to forego around two billion euros.
Berggruen announced that it would legally divide Karstadt into an umbrella company and three other subsidiary companies, namely into the sports stores, premium stores and other department stores. Small business areas are easier to manage and can react faster. In addition, strategic partners and cooperations for the respective companies could be won better. The ver.di union approved Berggruen's plan with a corresponding change to the collective bargaining agreement. The company's logistics branch, KarstadtQuelle Beschaffungslogistik , will continue to operate under the name Corporate Service (Germany) GmbH (CSG). The company offers services for international purchasing and especially supply chain solutions. The managing directors of CSG are Marc Baeuerle and Stefan Graetz, the headquarters are in Düsseldorf.
Between October 1, 2011 and September 30, 2012, the group made a loss of 249.6 million euros. Of these, 121 related to restructuring measures, mainly severance payments for 2000 employees. In the first seven months of the following financial year, sales fell by 7.9%. All department stores, sports and premium stores were below plan.
In May 2013, the company announced that it would take a “tariff break” until 2015 and thus temporarily withdraw from the collective bargaining agreement.
In September 2013 it was announced that Berggruen had sold the premium and sports stores to 75.1% each to the Austrian Signa Holding owned by the investor René Benko . The Karstadt stores are to be modernized with the proceeds of 300 million euros. 150 million euros are available for the branches remaining with Karstadt, of which at least 15 million euros are to be invested in the branches within five years. The remaining 135 million euros would be "freely available". The other 150 million of the sales price will benefit the branches sold, of which 100 million euros will be invested in the premium houses and 50 million euros in the sports stores. The 300 million euros should only be paid in full after 18 months, half of which should be paid by the end of the year.
In February 2014 Eva-Lotta Sjöstedt became the new managing director to succeed Andrew Jennings , who had been with Karstadt since the beginning of 2011. On July 7, 2014, the company announced that Sjöstedt would step down from office with immediate effect. In their justification it said: "After a detailed examination, the experiences of the last few months and with precise knowledge of the economic framework data, I now have to state that the prerequisites for the path I am striving for are no longer met."
Sale to Signa Holding
On August 15, 2014 it became known that Signa Holding , based in Vienna , was taking over the ailing chain of department stores. The remaining minority shares still held by Nicolas Berggruen in Karstadt Sports GmbH and Karstadt Premium GmbH , which includes KaDeWe in Berlin, Alsterhaus in Hamburg and Oberpollinger in Munich, also went to Signa Retail GmbH .
On August 19, 2014, Karstadt Warenhaus GmbH announced in an ad hoc announcement that the previous Labor Director and Head of Personnel of the company Kai-Uwe Weitz, Karstadt, had been interim together with CFO Miguel Müllenbach since July after the departure of Eva-Lotta Sjöstedt had managed, leaves the group "by mutual agreement" with immediate effect.
On October 23, 2014 Karstadt announced that the previous chairman of the supervisory board, Stephan Fanderl, had been appointed as the new chairman of the board. Wolfram Keil became the new Chairman of the Supervisory Board. It was also announced that in the course of the renovation, two department stores in Stuttgart and Hamburg-Billstedt , two bargain centers in Frankfurt / Oder and Paderborn as well as the two K-Town branches in Göttingen and Cologne in the course of 2015 getting closed. The restructuring program agreed with the works council in February 2015 provides for the dismissal of 1,400 employees instead of the originally planned 2,750 employees; there are also plans for partial retirement and early retirement arrangements as well as the establishment of a transfer company .
On May 12, 2015, Karstadt announced that the branches in Bottrop and Dessau will be closed on March 30, 2016 and the Recklinghausen , Neumünster and Mönchengladbach-Rheydt branches on June 30, 2016. After negotiations with the development company of the city of Mönchengladbach (EWMG), the media reported on July 10, 2015 that the local Karstadt branch would be retained. On October 15, 2015, it was announced that the branch in Dessau will not close on March 30, 2016 either, because Deutsche EuroShop had bought the house. In a press release on December 4, 2015, Karstadt announced that Sparkasse Südholstein had acquired the property in Neumünster and that the closure plans had been withdrawn.
The Karstadt Premium GmbH was established in early 2015. The KaDeWe Group GmbH renamed whose majority stake (50.1%) in June 2015 to the Thai Central Group (or its Italian subsidiary La Rinascente ) was sold. 49.9% stay with Signa Retail GmbH .
In the business year 2014/15, which ended on September 30, 2015, an operating profit was generated.
At the end of 2017, the Israeli diamond dealer Beny Steinmetz sold 13 properties rented to Karstadt, which he had received in exchange after the Karstadt takeover by Signa Holding, for EUR 620 million to the RFR Holding of the US investors Aby Rosen and Michael Fuchs .
In January 2019 Signa published the plan to renovate the traditional department store on Hermannplatz in the style of the 1920s. At that time, the building was considered one of the most modern projects of the Weimar Republic . The building was destroyed at the end of National Socialism and makeshift rebuilt in the post-war period.
The seat was initially in Wismar and moved to Kiel in 1893 . In 1912 the head office was relocated from Kiel to Hamburg in Steinstrasse . From here she moved to Berlin in 1932 in the new building in what was then Königstrasse (near Alexanderplatz) and in 1936 she moved on to the new “tailor-made” head office at Fehrbelliner Platz 1. After the end of the war, one part was relocated to Hamburg, another part to Recklinghausen, part to Limbecker Place in food. After three years of construction, the head office was relocated to Essen-Bredeney in 1969 to its current headquarters (next to the A 52 ).
The main competitor of the Karstadt department stores was Galeria Kaufhof . Both companies now belong to the same holding company. Earlier direct competitors were also the Hertie and Horten department stores.
Since the 1960s and 1970s, competitors have been increasingly active on the greenfield , that is, on the outskirts or in the suburbs. In particular, the self-service department stores such as real , Famila , Plaza and others as well as specialist stores ( Adler , Vögele , Vobis , Media Markt ) have expanded strongly. Attempts in the 1970s to set up their own self-service line failed.
At the beginning of 2009 there were 90 Karstadt branches in Germany; two Schaulandt branches also belonged to Karstadt. The KaDeWe (around 60,000 m²) in Berlin, Oberpollinger (around 33,000 m²) in Munich and the Alsterhaus (around 24,000 m²) in Hamburg were among the most important department stores . The head office in Wismar is the smallest branch with around 3,100 square meters.
The 180 Fox stores, in which residual quantities of Karstadt and Quelle were sold, were closed at the turn of the year 2007/2008. Remnants were sold in Karstadt bargain centers .
On November 10th, 2009 the closure of the Karstadt branches in Dortmund (Kampstrasse), Munich (at the cathedral) and in Hamburg's Elbe shopping center was announced. In addition, a Schaulandt branch in Braunschweig, a WOM branch in Stuttgart (near the main train station) and the Karstadt multimedia specialist store in Berlin-Biesdorf closed .
On October 1, 2011, all branches of Karstadt-Sports were merged into Karstadt Sports GmbH , as well as KaDeWe Berlin, Alsterhaus Hamburg and Oberpollinger Munich in Karstadt Premium GmbH . As a result, the sports branches and the three premium branches were no longer part of Karstadt Warenhaus GmbH .
As part of the Karstadt Warenhaus GmbH renovation program "Karstadt 2015" , it was decided to realign online sales. In November 2012 Karstadt announced that it would be relaunching the company's online branch in cooperation with Demandware and SinnerSchrader .
The branch with the highest turnover is the one at Munich Central Station, it sells 300,000 products on 40,000 square meters of retail space.
Locations of the former Karstadt department stores (excerpt):
- Dortmund: Kampstraße ( Technikhaus , Haus am Westenhellweg and Sporthaus am Hansaplatz still exist; closed in 2009, demolished in 2018)
- Hamburg: Möllner Landstrasse 1 (in the Billstedt-Center Hamburg )
- Stuttgart, Koenigstrasse 27-29; first Hertie (closed in May 2015; then rebuilt)
The owner of the Karstadt Leipzig building , Even Capital from Luxembourg , gave notice to the retail group on March 31, 2019. There was an almost 70 percent rent increase in the room. Karstadt an der Petersstrasse has 34,000 square meters and employs more than 400 people.
Ingolf Gritschneder and Georg Wellmann: Reports from the WDR series die story
- 2010: Karstadt - The big sale - How the department store went bankrupt , editors: Mathias Werth and Jo Angerer, first broadcast: February 24, 2010, 11:30 p.m. in Das Erste . ( German Business Film Award 2010)
- 2015: Everyone against everyone - Middelhoff, Karstadt and the Oppenheim bankruptcy , editors: Ulricke Schweizer and Jo Angerer, first broadcast: January 26, 2015.
- The Karstadt story . Documentary, Germany, 2004, 45 min., Script and direction: Daniel Hechler, Stefan Tiyavorabun, production: SWR , Report Mainz , first broadcast: November 10, 2004 in Das Erste .
- Philipp Schaefer: New department store buildings Rudolph Karstadt A.-G . With an introduction by Werner Hegemann . Hübsch, Berlin, Leipzig, Vienna 1929.
- Rudolf Lenz: Karstadt. A German department store group 1920–1950 . Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, Munich 1995, ISBN 3-421-06703-1 .
- Karstadt Warenhaus GmbH (publisher): Karstadt shop window - Insights into 125 years . Margreff, Essen, undated (2006), 190 pp.
- Hagen Seidel: Arcandors crash. How to ruin a billionaire company: Madeleine Schickedanz, Thomas Middelhoff, Sal. Oppenheim and KarstadtQuelle . Campus Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2010, ISBN 978-3-593-39249-3 .
- Roman Zieglgänsberger (Ed.): People in the department store: Rudolf Holtappel - photographs from 1964 to 1995 . Kerber, Bielefeld 2011, ISBN 978-3-86678-600-4 , volume accompanying the exhibition: Menschen im Warenhaus, Rudolf Holtappel - Photographs from 1964 to 1995, from October 28, 2011 to February 5, 2012 in the Wiesbaden Museum ( reading sample , review , Meeting )
- Autumn: The structural engineering of the Karstadt department store on Hermannplatz in Berlin-Neukölln. In: Zentralblatt der Bauverwaltung. Vol. 49 (1929) No. 34, pp. 547-550. https://digital.zlb.de/viewer/readingmode/14688302_1929/580/
- Official website of Karstadt
- Henryk Hielscher: What happened before at Karstadt - How mismanagement ruined KarstadtQuelle . In: Wirtschaftswoche , June 8, 2009 (Karstadt Chronicle 1999–2009).
- Early documents and newspaper articles on Karstadt in the 20th century press kit of the ZBW - Leibniz Information Center for Economics .
- Karstadt department store group is stuck in the red Reuters Germany, August 19, 2014, accessed on August 20, 2014.
- merger of Kaufhof and Karstadt is perfect. WirtschaftsWoche , November 30, 2018.
- Fanderl wants to make Karstadt Kaufhof profitable again by 2021. Tyrolean daily newspaper, May 7, 2019.
- Karstadt / Kaufhof-Fusion branches are renamed, group gets a new logo. Berliner Kurier, March 16, 2019, accessed on March 25, 2019 .
- About Galeria. In: galeria.de. Retrieved June 25, 2020 .
- Jan Whitaker: Wunderwelt department store . Gerstenberg 2013, ISBN 978-3-8369-2745-1 , p. 32.
- Deutsche Bauzeitung, Vol. 66, No. 21 - Digital Library of the Silesian University of Technology. P. 412 , accessed on August 18, 2020 .
- Keibelstrasse 29-36> Karstadt, RAG In: Berliner Adreßbuch , 1935, IV, p. 397.
- Historical (about the Keibelstraße building, formerly Neue Königstraße 27) , accessed on February 19, 2019.
- State Administration Office. August 20, 2014, accessed August 18, 2020 .
- Cornelius Ryan : The last battle , 1st German edition: Droemersche Verlagsanstalt, Munich / Zurich 1966, quoted from Fackelverlag, Olten - Stuttgart - Salzburg 1969, p. 283. Original edition: The last battle , Simon and Schuster Inc. New York.
- Martin Klesmann: Plan for a difficult place. In: Berliner Zeitung , February 19, 2019, p. 11 (print edition), Former GDR prison opens as a place of learning (online edition).
- Karstadt cooperates with Rewe , Netzeitung.de ( Memento of August 8, 2004 in the Internet Archive ), June 29, 2004.
- Capital , issue 1/2007
Consortium with Goldman Sachs - Karstadt sells its department stores , Handelsblatt , March 27, 2006.
Is Karstadt finally selling its real estate? Handelsblatt, December 3, 2007.
Arcandor press release: “Arcandor successfully completes sale of department store properties” ( Memento from September 20, 2008 in the Internet Archive ), July 28, 2008
- The history of the Karstadt department stores history pulse .
- Melanie Bartels: Marketing Cooperation and Sponsoring in Comparison , Eul, Lohmar 2009, ISBN 978-3-89936-863-5 , p. 16, online text
- Media reports on dunning procedures - Arcandor stops rent payments for department stores , Tagesschau.de , June 6, 2009.
- Arcandor files for insolvency, Spiegel Online, June 9, 2009.
- Insolvency proceedings are opened , picture, September 1, 2009.
- 150 million euros from the workforce for Karstadt , NRZ, November 8, 2009, accessed on September 13, 2014.
- R. Landgraf and C. Schlautmann: Rent dispute endangers Karstadt deal , Handelsblatt, June 8, 2010
- Green light from the Cartel Office: Berggruen gets Karstadt , n-tv , June 30, 2010.
- Karstadt is saved , FAZ, September 2, 2010.
- Karstadt takeover perfect: turning point for companies ( memento of the original from September 13, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , RuhrNachrichten.de, October 1, 2010, accessed on September 13, 2014.
- David C. Lerch: Karstadt is dismantled . In: Der Tagesspiegel , June 23, 2010.
- Verdi clears the way for Karstadt takeover . In: merkur-online.de , July 9, 2010, accessed on September 13, 2014.
- www.csg-ger.com ( Memento of the original from July 14, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Corporate Service (Germany) GmbH website.
- Sönke Iwersen, Kirsten Ludowig, Christoph Schlautmann: Die Katastrophen-GmbH . In: Handelsblatt . No. 113 , June 17, 2013, ISSN 0017-7296 , p. 1 .
- Department store group in crisis: Karstadt withdraws from the area-wide collective agreement . In: Spiegel online , May 13, 2013, accessed on September 18, 2013.
- Karstadt companies: Berggruen sells KaDeWe and Co. Handelsblatt, September 16, 2013.
- Susanne Amann: End on installments . In: Der Spiegel , September 21, 2013.
- Eva-Lotta Sjöstedt: Ikea manager becomes new Karstadt boss , Spiegel online, December 11, 2013, accessed on July 16, 2014.
- Joint declaration by Karstadt Warenhaus GmbH and its CEO, Ms. Eva-Lotta Sjöstedt , Karstadt, July 7, 2014.
- New department store owner: Benko throws Berggruen out of Karstadt . In: Spiegel online , August 14, 2014, accessed on August 15, 2014.
- Benko is already stirring, Karstadt interim manager is leaving . ( Memento of the original from August 20, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. In: Tiroler Tageszeitung online, August 19, 2014, accessed on August 19, 2014.
- Karstadt supervisory board approves extensive reorganization and restructuring concept and advises on sophisticated future concept , Karstadt Nachrichten - Newsroom, October 23, 2014.
- Karstadt is restructuring itself with fewer layoffs , Die Welt online, February 21, 2015, accessed on April 13, 2015.
- Five Karstadt stores are closing , Tagesschau.de, May 12, 2015, accessed on May 18, 2015.
- Karstadt: Mönchengladbach buys a branch , Wiwo.de, July 10, 2015, accessed on February 17, 2016
- Surprising turnaround: Karstadt stays in Dessau Mz-web.de, October 15, 2015, accessed on February 17, 2016
- Sparkasse Südholstein acquires property "Am Großflecken" in Neumünster. Karstadt withdraws closure plans , Karstadt Nachrichten - Newsroom, December 4, 2015, accessed on February 17, 2016
- Thomas Thieme: KaDeWe Group - Karstadt owner forges premium alliance. In: Stuttgarter Zeitung (online), June 9, 2015.
- New co-owner also wants KaDeWes in Vienna and Prague - half of KaDeWe is sold to Italian group. ( Memento of the original from June 12, 2015 in the web archive archive.today ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Rbb-online.de, June 9, 2015.
- Maris Hubschmid: After tough cuts: Karstadt pays Christmas bonus again. Der Tagesspiegel, October 22, 2015, accessed on October 24, 2015.
- Steinmetz sells 13 Karstadt department stores to RFR . ( Memento of the original from December 26, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Leather goods report, December 19, 2017.
- New old splendor for Karstadt in Berlin. Courier, January 21, 2019.
- Fox Markt at the bus station closes. Ruhr-Nachrichten, 2008, accessed on August 6, 2009 .
- Multichannel strategy at Karstadt. IT-Zoom, November 27, 2012, accessed on May 18, 2015 .
- Has the department store become obsolete? , SZ.de, June 5, 2014.
- Susanne Riese: The old Karstadt house makes room for new things in the city. Ruhr Nachrichten , April 12, 2018, accessed on April 19, 2019 .
- New branch on Königstraße: Primark moves into the Karstadt-Haus stuttgarter-zeitung.de in March 2016
- Karstadt Leipzig is giving notice to all employees. (No longer available online.) Sächsische Zeitung, August 31, 2018, archived from the original on August 31, 2018 ; accessed on August 31, 2018 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Brigitte Koch: Gold card instead of “Happy Digits” in: FAZ, February 19, 2009
- Karstadt - The big sale , table of contents Program.ARD.de.
- Karstadt documentation receives the German Business Film Prize ( Memento of the original from October 11, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , dapd / themed portal, November 16, 2010, accessed on June 28, 2015.
- Verena Mayer: Exciting and funny stories ( Memento of the original from October 11, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Stuttgarter-Nachrichten.de , November 17, 2010, interview with the jury chairman Stefan Schnorr. ( Page no longer available , search in web archives )
- story - prizes and awards 2010 , WDR.de, accessed on April 1, 2016.