Saskia Esken (* 28 August 1961 in Stuttgart as Saskia Hofer ) is a German politician ( SPD ). She has been a member of the German Bundestag since 2013 and, together with Norbert Walter-Borjan's Federal Chairperson of the SPD, since December 6, 2019 .
Origin, profession and private life
Esken grew up in Renningen and graduated from the Johannes Kepler Gymnasium in Weil der Stadt in 1981 . She broke off studying German and political science at the University of Stuttgart and then worked, among other things, as a parcel deliverer and waitress . In 1990 she completed an apprenticeship as a state-certified computer scientist at the Academy for Data Processing in Böblingen and then worked in software development until she gave up her job in favor of her children born in 1994, 1996 and 1999. About the volunteer Parents Association she came to the education policy and was 2012 to 2014 as deputy chairman of the Parents Advisory Board of Baden-Wuerttemberg operates.
Esken has been married to Roland Esken since 1993, with whom she has three children. Her husband is retired and is involved as chairman of the Württembergische Schwarzwaldbahn Calw - Weil der Stadt (WSB) e. V. for an expansion of the Stuttgart S-Bahn . Saskia Esken also supports the cause. After Saskia Esken was elected to the German Bundestag, they moved from Bad Liebenzell to Calw .
Esken joined the SPD in 1990. From 2008 to 2015 she was chairwoman of the Bad Liebenzell local association and has been chairwoman of the Calw district association since 2010 . At the state party congresses on October 19, 2013 and October 10, 2015, she was elected as a member of the board of the SPD Baden-Württemberg . After the big losses in the state elections in 2016 , an early election of the state executive took place on October 22, 2016, in which she missed the re-election to the state executive. At the state party conference on November 24, 2018, she again missed the election to the state executive.
In the election for the SPD chairmanship in 2019 , Esken ran together with the former finance minister of North Rhine-Westphalia Norbert Walter-Borjans . They were nominated by the SPD North Rhine-Westphalia . In the first ballot in October 2019, Esken and Walter-Borjans took second place with 21.0 percent of the vote, behind Klara Geywitz and Olaf Scholz , who received 22.7 percent of the vote. In the runoff election in November 2019, Esken and Walter-Borjans received 53.1 percent of the vote and Geywitz and Scholz 45.3 percent of the vote. At the federal party conference on December 6, 2019, Esken was elected federal chairman with 75.9 percent and Walter-Borjans with 89.2 percent of the delegate's votes. Esken thus received the second worst result in an SPD chairman election without opposing candidates. Only Sigmar Gabriel received a worse result in 2015 with 74.3 percent of the delegate votes.
In the 2009 federal election she ran for 28th place on the state list of Baden-Württemberg and in the Calw constituency . Your place on the state list was not enough for entry into the German Bundestag . In the Calw constituency, which has been won by the CDU candidate without interruption since 1949 , it achieved second place with 20.2 percent of the first votes behind Hans-Joachim Fuchtel from the CDU.
In the 2013 Bundestag elections , she moved into the German Bundestag via 18th place on the Baden-Württemberg state list. In the Calw constituency, she came second behind Hans-Joachim Fuchtel from the CDU, with 20.2 percent of the first votes. In the 18th electoral term she was a member of the Committee on Education, Research and Technology Assessment , the Digital Agenda Committee and the Parliamentary Advisory Council on Sustainable Development . She was also deputy spokeswoman for the parliamentary group's working group on the Digital Agenda.
In the 2017 Bundestag election , it moved back to the German Bundestag via 15th place on the Baden-Württemberg state list. In the Calw constituency, she again came second behind Hans-Joachim Fuchtel from the CDU, with 16.9 percent of the first votes. In the 19th electoral term, she was a member of the Committee on Home Affairs , the Digital Agenda Committee and the Artificial Intelligence Study Commission . She was also the deputy spokesperson for the parliamentary group's working group on the Digital Agenda. After her election as party leader in December 2019, she gave up her committee membership and her position as deputy spokeswoman for the parliamentary group's working group on the Digital Agenda.
After the 2017 federal election , Esken described Agenda 2010 as a fall from grace, for which the SPD is still paying the bill. At the same time, she declared that the SPD had to “finally stop balancing out its personnel decisions in back rooms and then presenting them to us.” After the Federal Constitutional Court had declared cuts in unemployment benefit II to be partially unconstitutional, Esken demanded the abolition of Hartz IV sanctions in November 2019 .
As part of the mid-term review of the Merkel IV cabinet, Esken stated that a continuation of the grand coalition would only be justifiable after an immediate increase in the minimum wage “to at least 12 euros”, moving away from the debt brake and improving the climate package . She described the federal government's climate protection package as "not enough ambitious and also socially unjust". In the event that the CDU and CSU do not agree to renegotiating the coalition agreement, Esken wanted to “recommend that the party congress leave the coalition”. This position has since been revised by Esken.
Before her candidacy for the federal party chairmanship, Esken was particularly active as a network politician. She is against data retention and for a right to encryption. In the debate on the 2019 EU copyright reform , she was against the introduction of the upload filters provided for in it (Article 13) and against the ancillary copyright law for press publishers at EU level (Article 11). Esken advocates the decriminalization of cannabis "under strict conditions and with strict adherence to the protection of minors."
Esken argues for the introduction of a speed limit on German autobahns that this is "good for the climate and safety". Often the “population is further than politics”, in this context they advocate enforcing the will of the majority “also against the protests of lobby groups”.
Following the decision of the supplementary budget to finance the consequences of the coronavirus, which provides for additional debts of 156 billion euros, Esken demanded a property levy for higher earners on April 1, 2020.
New Year's Eve 2019/20 occurred in the district Connewitz in Leipzig clashes between police and revelers that did not exist in previous years. Because Esken questioned the police's tactics and called for a review of the police operation, while at the same time the initial reporting and representation by the police were one-sided, she came under fire. Critics then accused her of reversing perpetrators and victims . Party friends like Sigmar Gabriel also criticized their statements. Esken stated that their statements had been misinterpreted, but did not deviate from their criticism of the police.
In addition, as a result of the protests against police violence in the USA, Esken also accused the German police of “latent racism” and demanded that excessive police violence and racism be dealt with. Cross-party and by the police union (GdP) she was massively criticized for this generalization, so the GdP spoke of a "verbal gossip" against the police. Even SPD members like the Interior Minister of Rhineland-Palatinate Roger Lewentz found critical words against Esken. In this context, the SPD interior minister of Lower Saxony Boris Pistorius spoke of an “unjustified general suspicion”, and his colleagues from Thuringia and Berlin, both SPD, distanced themselves from Esken's allegations.
Again Esken came under fire for a tweet in the context of the death of George Floyd , in which she counted herself to the Antifa . Critics then accused her of a lack of differentiation and a misuse of the term “antifa”, which Esken considers “an acronym for anti-fascism ”.
After the SPD leader vehemently opposed the promotion of cars with internal combustion engines, including fuel-saving and normal hybrid vehicles, as part of the Corona economic stimulus package, trade union representatives from IG Metall were angry. Ex-SPD leader Sigmar Gabriel said the way in which the SPD leadership had reacted to the criticism of IG Metall was "hard to beat in terms of arrogance".
Saskia Esken is a member of the non-partisan European Union Germany , which advocates a federal Europe and the European unification process. She is also a sustaining member of the Society of liberties with the aims of strategic action guiding the fundamental rights and human rights to maintain and expand.
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|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German politician (SPD), Member of the Bundestag|
|DATE OF BIRTH||August 28, 1961|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Stuttgart|