|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Stuttgart|
|Height :||409 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||31.14 km 2|
|Residents:||18,206 (Dec. 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||585 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||71272|
|Area code :||07159|
|License plate :||BB, LEO|
|Community key :||08 1 15 041|
|City structure:||2 districts|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Wolfgang Faisst|
|Location of the city of Renningen in the Boeblingen district|
Renningen is located west of Stuttgart, between Leonberg and Weil der Stadt on the edge of the fertile Gäu landscape of the Neckarland in the Heckengäu . The Rankbach valley widens here to form the Renninger basin.
The districts of Malmsheim and Renningen belong to Renningen. The two districts are identical to the former municipalities of the same name. The village of Malmsheim and the Rankmühle house belong to the former municipality of Malmsheim. The town of Renningen, the Ihinger Hof and Längenbühlhof farms and the houses of Kindelberg, Lutzenburg, Silberberg and Weinberg as well as the abandoned localities of Altheim, Maisenburg and Wassenbach belong to the municipality of Renningen within the limits of the municipality reform in the 1970s .
Division of space
According to data from the State Statistical Office , as of 2014.
Renningen is located in a settlement landscape that has been densely populated since the early Neolithic . Accordingly, settlement remains of the linear ceramic culture have been identified in several places. Settlement remains of the Urnfield culture (around 1000 BC) as well as the Hallstatt and La Tène periods (early and late Iron Age) prove a settlement in various prehistoric epochs.
The evaluation of archaeological excavations and finds shows a development in the Renninger Basin that is based on two early Halemannic settlements north and south of the Rankbach. Excavations by the Baden-Württemberg State Monuments Office at the time in the Raite industrial park (1991) show multi-house courtyards consisting of three-aisled longhouses, storehouses and pit houses (4th / 5th centuries).
A second settlement in the Neuwiesenäcker developed into a large settlement that can be identified with the Altheim mentioned at the beginning of the 12th century. During the High Middle Ages, there were numerous other small settlement areas in addition to this settlement. In the 12./13. In the 19th century, there was a concentration of settlements in the later town centers, because around 1200 almost all settlement areas outside the two town centers collapsed. Some older finds in the center of Renningen show that there is an older core at the site of the later village. A few finds belong to the late Merovingian and Carolingian times, but most of the finds date from the 11th / 12th. Century and documents a simultaneity to the settlement in the Neuwiesenäcker. However, it remains uncertain whether there has been a continuity since the early Merovingian period. In the vicinity of the church there is a burial ground from the early Merovingian period examined by the State Monuments Office in 1989/90 , which breaks off around 500, although it remains questionable whether this also applies to the associated settlement area, the location of which can be assumed based on a single shard in the neighborhood . Later burials in the Renninger Basin have so far only become known on the southern outskirts of Malmsheim, where a series of cemeteries dating from the Younger Viking Age can be assumed.
The written tradition proves that Renningen belonged to the Villication System of the Weissenburg Monastery for the Carolingian period . 22½ courtyards are mentioned, whereby historical observations about the later fate of this property raise the question of whether all these courtyards were located on what was later to become a local boundary. In the 11th and 12th centuries, there is evidence of local nobility in both places in written records. Staufer possessions can be documented for Malmsheim and the abandoned Altheim. By the 14th century at the latest there was an organization at the community level in Renningen with the office of a mayor and the Dreizelgenwirtschaft .
Renningen came to the County of Württemberg in 1310 through purchase from the Counts of Hohenberg and was assigned to the office of Leonberg. Renningen is therefore a part of Old Wuerttemberg . In the early modern period Renningen was a coined from craft large village that his Etter border for a day. Marked partly preserved wall. At the beginning of the 19th century, after the founding of the Kingdom of Württemberg , the place remained subordinate to the Oberamt Leonberg in accordance with the new administrative structure of Württemberg . This means that Renningen has belonged to the Neckar District since 1818 . With the opening of the station in 1869, it was connected to the rail network of the Württemberg Railway . During the Nazi period in Württemberg , Renningen came to the Leonberg district in 1938 .
post war period
In 1945 Renningen came into the American zone of occupation and thus belonged to the newly founded state of Württemberg-Baden , which was incorporated into the current state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952. In 1973 the district reform in Baden-Württemberg took place , with Renningen becoming part of the Boeblingen district.
On January 1, 1982, Renningen was granted city rights. New development areas have expanded the former village significantly to the north.
Malmsheim was first mentioned in 1075 as a property of the Weißenburg monastery under the name Malbodesheim ("Diemo von Malbodesheim" appears as a witness of the donation; later spelling of Malmsheim: Mahalbodesheim or Malbotesheim). In 1188 an allodium (dt .: own property) in Malmisheim is mentioned in a contract between Emperor Friedrich I Barbarossa and King Alfons VIII of Castile , in which the marriage of Friedrich's son Konrad with Alfons daughter Berengaria was agreed. This own property, which is believed to be in Malmsheim, was part of the bride's morning gift along with 29 other Hohenstaufen goods . However, this marriage was never put into practice. In the course of the 15th century, Malmsheim became part of Württemberg and was initially subordinate to the Leonberg Office, from 1470 to 1719 to the Böblingen Office, and since then again assigned to the Leonberg Office. In 1938 the place came to the district of Leonberg. In the course of the community reform, the place lost its independence and was incorporated into Renningen on March 1, 1972.
The development of the new building area Schnallenäcker (from 1996) contributed significantly to the growth of the district. The Malmsheim district has a population of 5,926 (as of November 30, 2010).
South of the city of Renningen is the Ihinger Hof, which, as an imperial knighthood property, formed its own mark for a long time and was not assigned to a parish. After the Thirty Years' War the estate came into the possession of the Barons von Bouwinghausen-Wallmerode. Even then, religious deviants found refuge on the farm. At the beginning of the 18th century it came by inheritance to Baroness Amalia Hedwig von Leiningen (1684–1754), who had separated from the Protestant Church. After her death, her son Baron Moritz Siegfried von Leiningen (1703–1782) inherited the farm. Both the baroness and her son offered shelter to separatists from the Duchy of Württemberg and from other countries. Meetings were held in the courtyard at which radical pietism ideas were spread. Prominent pietists from Württemberg such as Johann Michael Hahn and Johann Georg Rapp received decisive impulses here. Friedrich Christoph Oetinger was also among the visitors .
After the death of Baron Moritz Siegfried von Leiningen, who died unmarried, the court came to the v. Family. Göllnitz. In the 19th century, the Württemberg state acquired the property, which is currently owned by the state of Baden-Württemberg. Today the Ihinger Hof is used by the University of Hohenheim as an agricultural research center.
Development of the population
Until the Reformation , the Renningen parish belonged to the Weil district of the city in the Archdiakonat Trinity of the Diocese of Speyer . Since then, Renningen has been predominantly evangelical . The Protestant parishes of Renningen and Malmsheim belong to the Leonberg parish of the Evangelical Church in Württemberg . Since the end of the Second World War there has also been a Roman Catholic parish again. It belongs to the dean's office Böblingen in the diocese of Rottenburg . In addition, there is the Liebenzell Community and, since 2007, a Free Evangelical Church . The New Apostolic Church is also represented in Renningen with a congregation.
The council in Renningen has 22 members and consists of the elected, honorary councilors and the mayor as chairman. The mayor is entitled to vote in the municipal council. The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following official final result:
|Parties and constituencies||
|FW||Free voters city association Renningen / Malmsheim eV||29.27||6th||31.08||7th||31.79||8th|
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||16.26||4th||23.32||5||24.07||6th|
|GREEN||Alliance 90 / The Greens||21.24||5||17.15||4th||16.77||4th|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||16.95||4th||16.54||3||16.40||4th|
|FfR||Women for Renningen||11.55||2||11.90||3||10.97||2|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party of Germany||4.72||1||-||-||-||-|
coat of arms
Blazon : In gold two diagonally crossed black keys (beards facing upwards, turned away), above the black capital letter R.
Economy and Infrastructure
Renningen is economically dependent on larger municipalities, a large part of the employees work outside of the country, for example at Daimler in Sindelfingen or in Stuttgart . Nevertheless, there were and still are many of their own jobs, for example at the Pininfarina company, which is active in Formula 1 and sports car construction and had the headquarters of the German branch in Renningen until it moved to Leonberg in 2006. Furthermore, medium-sized businesses are on site. The Daimler subsidiary Smart was previously based in Renningen and Rinol AG, a manufacturer of floor coverings for industrial applications, had its headquarters in Renningen until its bankruptcy. Rinol AG, led by the former “Entrepreneur of the Year” Kurt-Jörg Gaiser, went public on the same day as Deutsche Telekom and was considered the “overperformer” of the CDAX . The lacquer and paint factory Wörwag has a plant for the production of powder coatings in the Renningen industrial area. The Eberspächer subsidiary Eberspächer SÜTRAK GmbH & Co. KG, a former subsidiary of the US air conditioning technology group Carrier , has its headquarters in Renningen. It is one of the world market leaders in the air conditioning of commercial vehicles and buses. Renningen has been the research hub of Robert Bosch GmbH since 2015 . Around 1700 employees work in the new development center. The companies Kromberg & Schubert and Hutchinson each operate production sites in Renningen.
The Wurttemberg Black Forest Railway is now in transit through the line S6 ( Weil der Stadt -Renningen- Leonberg - Stuttgart ) the S-Bahn Stuttgart used from the next to the railway station Renningen yet a further break point in the district Malmsheim is operated. A reactivation of the disused western section to Calw as " Hermann-Hesse-Bahn " is currently being planned. Since December 2012 the Rankbachbahn (via Magstadt and Sindelfingen to Böblingen ) has been in operation again for passenger traffic as the S 60 line. In the course of this reactivation , the S-Bahn traffic was started at the second Renningen station, the Renningen Süd stop .
Renningen has a high school with approx. 750 students and a secondary school . With the Friedrich Schiller School in the city center and the Friedrich Silcher School in Malmsheim, there are also two primary and secondary schools . There is also a municipal music school with around 700 students.
The Renningen and Malmsheim volunteer fire brigade has a department commander and a deputy in each district. The general commander coordinates all activities of the general armed forces. The fire brigade in Malmsheim has three vehicles. There is a joint youth fire brigade .
The rescue station of the German Red Cross on the district road between Malmsheim and Renningen has been in operation since 2009.
Culture and sights
- In the midst of the natural backdrop of the former “Am Längenbühl” quarry is the spacious open-air stage of the Renningen Nature Theater . It is a real natural stage as it has neither a roofing over the stage nor the auditorium. It has space for 748 spectators; the season lasts from the end of June to the end of August. There are two productions each year, each with twelve to 13 performances. For adults, comedies and plays are performed, e.g. T. in Swabian dialect. Classic fairy tales have been rehearsed for children since 1984, such as Rapunzel , Tischlein deck dich , Aladin and the magic lamp , Puss in Boots or even more modern pieces such as B. The Little Witch , Treasure Island , etc.
- The theater group of the local high school plays two to three performances every year.
- Renningen Archaeological Museum in the school center
- Local history museum (Malmsheim)
- The Renninger nativity scene is exhibited in the Catholic Martinus Church in Malmsheim during the Christmas period (3rd Advent to the Sunday before Maria Lichtmess). The installation of the Renninger crib has been repeated annually since the winter of 1979/1980. Since the manger has a different motto every year, its components are always arranged differently in front of specially painted scenes and supplemented with new parts. During the rest of the year, the parts of the crib can be seen in the “Renninger Krippe” museum in the Renningen district.
- town hall
- Evangelical Petruskirche
- Evangelical Germanus Church (Malmsheim)
- Catholic Boniface Church
- Catholic Martinus Church (Malmsheim)
- Robert Bosch GmbH high-rise
The SpVgg Renningen has about 2,100 members of the largest sports club in Renningen. In its nine departments, the SVR offers an extensive range of sports for every age and performance class. The largest club in the Malmsheim district is TSV Malmsheim.
- Ernst Bauer (1847–1930), doctor
- Anna Maria Theurer (1854–1939), long-time founder and benefactor
- Emil Höschele (1868–1955), teacher and local chronicle
- Bernhard Maier (* 1945), former mayor of Renningen and district administrator of the Boeblingen district 2000–2008
- Franz Pitzal (* 1936), Catholic pastor
sons and daughters of the town
- Norbert Beck (* 1954), politician (CDU), member of the state parliament of Baden-Württemberg
- Stefan Haag (* 1963), writer
- Michael Schürg (* 1984), soccer player
Connected with Renningen
- Paul Reich (1925–2009), sculptor, lived and worked from 1961 to 1978 in Renningen
- Wolfgang Kermer (* 1935), art historian and university rector, lived in Renningen from 1961 to 1970
- David Jaffin (* 1937), preacher, pastor and author, worked in Malmsheim for 16 years from 1978 to 1994 as pastor of the evangelical community
- Jost Goller (* 1942), professor and long-time rector of the Ludwigsburg University of Public Administration and Finance
- Heiderose Berroth (* 1947), politician (FDP), member of the state parliament, lives in Renningen.
- Saskia Esken (* 1961), politician (SPD), member of the German Bundestag, and party leader of the SPD, grew up in Renningen.
- Rainer Widmayer (* 1967), soccer player and coach at VfB Stuttgart, among others, played at SpVgg Renningen in his youth.
- Hanna Philippin (* 1992), triathlete
- S. Arnold, U. Gross, I. Stork: … more than 1 millennium… life in the Renninger basin from the 4th to the 12th century . In: Archaeological Information Baden-Württemberg . No. 19 . Stuttgart 1991, ISBN 3-927714-11-9 .
- R. Schreg: Rural Settlements in Swabia - Structural Change by the Year 1000? In: B. Scholkmann, S. Lorenz (Hrsg.): Swabia 1000 years ago . Filderstadt 2002, p. 216-238 .
- R. Schreg: The Renninger Basin. Becoming and changing a settlement chamber in over 7000 years . Renningen 2004.
- R. Schreg: Village genesis in southwest Germany. The Renninger Basin in the Middle Ages . In: Materialh. Arch. Bad-Württ . No. 76 . Stuttgart 2006, ISBN 3-406-30448-6 .
- I. Stork: Pre and early history in the Renninger basin . In: Renningen and Malmsheim. A city and its history . Stuttgart 1991, p. 10-31 .
- I. Stork, H.-M. Maurer, V. Trugenberger, R. Müller, F. Kühbauch, H. Müller, B. Maier: Renningen and Malmsheim. A city and its history . Stuttgart 1991.
- Clytus Gottwald. Natural monument Malmsheimer Mühlberg and the surrounding area . Hennecke, Remshalden-Buoch 2006, ISBN 978-3-927981-87-4 .
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume III: Stuttgart District, Middle Neckar Regional Association. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-004758-2 . Pp. 81-139
- State Statistical Office, area since 1988 according to actual use for Renningen.
- Peter Koblank: Treaty of Seligenstadt 1188 on stauferstelen.net. Retrieved April 19, 2017.
- Gisela Schlientz: The visionary Amalia Hedwig von Leiningen (1684–1756). In: Woman and Soul. Piety and Spirituality of Protestant Women in Württemberg. Exhibition catalog of the State Church Museum Ludwigsburg 1998. pp. 81–87.
- Eberhard Fritz : "Many pious souls and cross-heads". The Ihinger Hof owned by the von Leiningen family as a place of communication between Pietists and separatists in the 18th century. In: Leaves for Württemberg Church History 111/2011. Pp. 161-191.
- Election information from the Stuttgart municipal data center
- Youth council of the city of Renningen. (No longer available online.) In: jgr-renningen.de. Archived from the original on August 3, 2016 ; Retrieved August 3, 2016 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- PININFARINA GERMANY. Accessed April 29, 2020 (German).
- Press article on the opening of the research campus
- Information on the crèche ( Memento of the original from January 23, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on the parish website.
- Information on the Nativity Scene Museum ( Memento of the original from January 23, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on the parish website.
- http://www.bosch-renningen.de/de/renningen/campus/technologiestandort.php. In: www.bosch-renningen.de. Retrieved August 3, 2016 .
- Now he has to behave properly in the Stuttgarter Zeitung of June 12, 2015.
- Stuttgarter Zeitung, Stuttgart, Germany: Renningen: Franz Pitzal is 80 and an honorary citizen - Stuttgarter Zeitung. Retrieved August 3, 2016 .
- Jost Goller: Article The craft of the university council. Retrieved August 3, 2016 .
- Stuttgarter Zeitung, Stuttgart, Germany: Renningen: Jost Goller works beyond the city - Stuttgarter Zeitung. Retrieved August 3, 2016 .