Friedrich Silcher

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Friedrich Silcher, wedding picture around 1822
Memorial plaque in Fellbach
Silcher's birthplace in Schnait, today the Silcher Museum
Silcher monument in the plane tree avenue in Tübingen
200th birthday of Friedrich Silcher: special postage stamp of the Deutsche Bundespost from 1989

Philipp Friedrich Silcher (also Friederich , born June 27, 1789 in Schnait ; † August 26, 1860 in Tübingen ) was a German composer and music teacher who is best known today for his songs. In addition, he also composed motets , chamber music and two overtures for large orchestra.


Philipp Friedrich Silcher was born in the schoolhouse of Schnait in the Rems Valley as the son of the schoolmaster Karl Johann Silcher. In 1803 he went to Geradstetten as an apprentice . In 1806 he received an apprenticeship as a “school servant” in Fellbach near Stuttgart with the teacher and organist Nikolaus Ferdinand Auberlen , who was a good musician and valued arranger of male choirs.

In 1806 he came to Schorndorf as an apprentice assistant , where he was also tutor of the district chief Freiherr Joseph Friedrich Anton von Berlichingen . When he moved to Ludwigsburg in 1809 , he got Silcher a job at the Ludwigsburg girls' school . Ludwigsburg was the summer residence of King Friedrich von Württemberg ( Duke until 1803 , Elector until 1806 ), which is why Conradin Kreutzer stayed there, who recommended that Silcher choose music as his life's work. Silcher devoted himself entirely to music at the seminar in Ludwigsburg, and received lessons in piano and composition from Conradin Kreutzer and Johann Nepomuk Hummel .

Shortly after Kreutzer moved to Stuttgart, Silcher followed him and became a music teacher. During his two-year stay he lived with the piano manufacturer Schiedmayer and during this time he turned to Mozart's music in particular .

From 1817, Silcher was the first music director at the Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen . Until his death, Silcher lived in the house at Wilhelmstrasse 1, which was completed at the end of 1818 (corner of Grabenstrasse - today Am Stadtgraben ), on which a memorial plaque was later attached.

He is considered to be one of the most important protagonists of choral singing (see choral society ) and arranged numerous choral pieces of German and international folk songs , which are still part of the basic repertoire of many choral societies and have become common property in the following generations. Silcher himself founded the “ Akademische Liedertafel ” in Tübingen in 1829 and directed it until his death on August 26, 1860. He is buried in the old Tübingen city cemetery.

He was married to Luise Rosine Enßlin (born September 6, 1804 in Tübingen; † June 17, 1871 ibid). The marriage resulted in two daughters and a son. The house where Silcher was born now serves as a memorial and museum, the center of which is dedicated to the life and work of this Swabian musician. The museum is maintained by the Swabian Choir Association .


In Tübingen, the first Silcher monument in the form of an obelisk was erected at the rear of the New Aula as early as 1873 . In the course of the National Socialist interrogation of the homeland, this memorial was replaced in 1939–1941 by a monumental memorial for the composer's 150th birthday.

The choir director and music historian Hermann Josef Dahmen (1910–1991) was a great admirer of Silcher. He wrote several books - biographies, editions of works, catalogs of works - on and about Silcher, arranged his songs, recorded them as choir singing on records and founded the Silcher archive in Schnait.

The Silcher grape variety is named after Friedrich Silcher.


Silcher has made a name for himself with his three-part Württemberg chorale book and with a large number of songs. Some of them have become popular, such as the settings of the Loreley song by Heinrich Heine and Simon Dachs Anke van Tharaw in the High German version of Herder . In addition, he left a theory of harmony and composition (2nd edition Tübingen 1859).

selected songs

  • farewell
  • Farewell to the journeyman
  • Farewell greeting
  • Oh, oh, I poor nun
  • Oh you clear blue sky
  • Oh, how is it possible then (choral setting)
  • Goodbye, you dear little town
  • Every year again (1842)
  • Anyway, there can be no fun
  • Old German grave song
  • At the Neckar
  • To the faithless
  • Ännchen von Tharau
  • Am I not a citizen in the world?
  • Boyfriend
  • The finch riddle
  • The nun
  • Loving brings great joy
  • The French horn
  • Der Lindenbaum ( At the fountain in front of the gate ; arrangement of the composition by Franz Schubert )
  • the May has come
  • The soldier
  • The hiker
  • the chosen one
  • The three Röselein
  • The lore
  • The mourner
  • The sad Bua
  • Down in the lowlands
  • You are the most beautiful of all gifts
  • I am now walking through the meadow valley
  • E little love and e little faith
  • He fell honorably
  • A boy and girl, nimble and beautiful
  • Wine is a king!
  • A bouquet on the hat
  • Many a bird flies into the nest
  • It works with a muffled drum sound
  • There may be some numbers
  • Freshly sung (often with loved ones ...)
  • Belief in spring
  • Good night, good night my fine child
  • Hans and Verene
  • Holy
  • Secret love
  • Harsh farewell
  • Heartache
  • Dear, what offends you so much
  • Pastoral love
  • Hope the best
  • I went for a walk once, for a walk
  • I've seen spring
  • I had a comrade
  • In May, in May, sweet little flowers bloom
  • In the distance
  • In a cool ground
  • Now I go to the Brünnele
  • Juchhei, I have to have you
  • No fire, no coal
  • legal action
  • Come with me to the valley
  • Come on children, let's go to Bethlehem
  • Goodbye
  • Love joke
  • Lorelei (I don't know what is it supposed to mean)
  • Girls, jerk jerk, jerk to my right side
  • Maidle, miss something
  • Mei Maidle hot e face
  • My mother doesn't like me
  • It shall be mine
  • The mountains of my home are dark
  • My little heart hurts too much!
  • I've fared too well
  • I have to leave here tomorrow
  • We have to leave tomorrow
  • Dawn, Dawn, do you shine for an early death?
  • Do I have to, do I have to go to the city center
  • Well goodbye, you little alley
  • Only you
  • O Maidle, you are my morning
  • How bitter is the parting!
  • Upper Swabian dance song
  • Rosestock, Holderblüt
  • Rosemary and sage leaves
  • Sanctus
  • Schifferlied (The sea extinguishes the sun)
  • Scottish bard choir
  • Swabian love song
  • 's heart
  • Let the old heart be forgotten
  • So farewell, you quiet house
  • So take my hands (text underlay posthumously)
  • The singer sleeps silently
  • Sweet love loves May
  • Dance song
  • Unterländers homesickness
  • infidelity
  • Vögele in the fir forest
  • Birds in the tall tree
  • From early morning
  • Of all the girls, so flashing and so bright
  • What have I done to my sweetheart?
  • What a lovely child that is
  • Because I am Jesus' sheep
  • Wine song
  • When all the fountains flow
  • advertising
  • Like the flowers outside tremble
  • How I love the time
  • How lovely sounds through the bush and forest
  • We want to decorate his crib
  • Where a small hut is
  • What to do with Freud?
  • Bliss of the lover
  • I'm drawn to you
  • To the end!

Orchestral works

  • Overture in C minor
  • Overture in E flat major

Selected chamber music

  • Variations for the pianoforte on the folk song "In a cool ground"
  • Divertissement for flute and piano from the "Freischütz" by CM v. Weber
  • Variations on “Nel cor più mi sento” for flute and piano

Selected motets

It contains six four-part hymns or figural chants, Op. 9

  • Glory to God in the highest
  • Look to Golgotha
  • Christmas motets ("There were shepherds at Bethlehem")

Other works

Individual evidence

  1. The house in which the headquarters of the AOK Tübingen was last located was demolished in March 1959 in order to make the traffic at the Lustnauer Tor smoother. The memorial plaque is in the collections of the Tübingen City Museum . - Tübingen scene change 1950–1970. Alfred Göhner and his press photos , ed. by Udo Rauch and Antje Zacharias, University City of Tübingen, Cultural Office 2006, p. 91.
  2. the chosen Herder high German form of the name Anke van Tharaw is nowhere in his text <Cute Little Anny> but everywhere < A males of Tharaw>.


Web links

Commons : Friedrich Silcher  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Friedrich Silcher  - Sources and full texts