Philipp Friedrich Silcher (also Friederich , born June 27, 1789 in Schnait ; † August 26, 1860 in Tübingen ) was a German composer and music teacher who is best known today for his songs. In addition, he also composed motets , chamber music and two overtures for large orchestra.
Philipp Friedrich Silcher was born in the schoolhouse of Schnait in the Rems Valley as the son of the schoolmaster Karl Johann Silcher. In 1803 he went to Geradstetten as an apprentice . In 1806 he received an apprenticeship as a “school servant” in Fellbach near Stuttgart with the teacher and organist Nikolaus Ferdinand Auberlen , who was a good musician and valued arranger of male choirs.
In 1806 he came to Schorndorf as an apprentice assistant , where he was also tutor of the district chief Freiherr Joseph Friedrich Anton von Berlichingen . When he moved to Ludwigsburg in 1809 , he got Silcher a job at the Ludwigsburg girls' school . Ludwigsburg was the summer residence of King Friedrich von Württemberg ( Duke until 1803 , Elector until 1806 ), which is why Conradin Kreutzer stayed there, who recommended that Silcher choose music as his life's work. Silcher devoted himself entirely to music at the seminar in Ludwigsburg, and received lessons in piano and composition from Conradin Kreutzer and Johann Nepomuk Hummel .
Shortly after Kreutzer moved to Stuttgart, Silcher followed him and became a music teacher. During his two-year stay he lived with the piano manufacturer Schiedmayer and during this time he turned to Mozart's music in particular .
From 1817, Silcher was the first music director at the Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen . Until his death, Silcher lived in the house at Wilhelmstrasse 1, which was completed at the end of 1818 (corner of Grabenstrasse - today Am Stadtgraben ), on which a memorial plaque was later attached.
He is considered to be one of the most important protagonists of choral singing (see choral society ) and arranged numerous choral pieces of German and international folk songs , which are still part of the basic repertoire of many choral societies and have become common property in the following generations. Silcher himself founded the “ Akademische Liedertafel ” in Tübingen in 1829 and directed it until his death on August 26, 1860. He is buried in the old Tübingen city cemetery.
He was married to Luise Rosine Enßlin (born September 6, 1804 in Tübingen; † June 17, 1871 ibid). The marriage resulted in two daughters and a son. The house where Silcher was born now serves as a memorial and museum, the center of which is dedicated to the life and work of this Swabian musician. The museum is maintained by the Swabian Choir Association .
In Tübingen, the first Silcher monument in the form of an obelisk was erected at the rear of the New Aula as early as 1873 . In the course of the National Socialist interrogation of the homeland, this memorial was replaced in 1939–1941 by a monumental memorial for the composer's 150th birthday.
The choir director and music historian Hermann Josef Dahmen (1910–1991) was a great admirer of Silcher. He wrote several books - biographies, editions of works, catalogs of works - on and about Silcher, arranged his songs, recorded them as choir singing on records and founded the Silcher archive in Schnait.
The Silcher grape variety is named after Friedrich Silcher.
Silcher has made a name for himself with his three-part Württemberg chorale book and with a large number of songs. Some of them have become popular, such as the settings of the Loreley song by Heinrich Heine and Simon Dachs Anke van Tharaw in the High German version of Herder . In addition, he left a theory of harmony and composition (2nd edition Tübingen 1859).
- Farewell to the journeyman
- Farewell greeting
- Oh, oh, I poor nun
- Oh you clear blue sky
- Oh, how is it possible then (choral setting)
- Goodbye, you dear little town
- Every year again (1842)
- Anyway, there can be no fun
- Old German grave song
- At the Neckar
- To the faithless
- Ännchen von Tharau
- Am I not a citizen in the world?
- The finch riddle
- The nun
- Loving brings great joy
- The French horn
- Der Lindenbaum ( At the fountain in front of the gate ; arrangement of the composition by Franz Schubert )
- the May has come
- The soldier
- The hiker
- the chosen one
- The three Röselein
- The lore
- The mourner
- The sad Bua
- Down in the lowlands
- You are the most beautiful of all gifts
- I am now walking through the meadow valley
- E little love and e little faith
- He fell honorably
- A boy and girl, nimble and beautiful
- Wine is a king!
- A bouquet on the hat
- Many a bird flies into the nest
- It works with a muffled drum sound
- There may be some numbers
- Freshly sung (often with loved ones ...)
- Belief in spring
- Good night, good night my fine child
- Hans and Verene
- Secret love
- Harsh farewell
- Dear, what offends you so much
- Pastoral love
- Hope the best
- I went for a walk once, for a walk
- I've seen spring
- I had a comrade
- In May, in May, sweet little flowers bloom
- In the distance
- In a cool ground
- Now I go to the Brünnele
- Juchhei, I have to have you
- No fire, no coal
- legal action
- Come with me to the valley
- Come on children, let's go to Bethlehem
- Love joke
- Lorelei (I don't know what is it supposed to mean)
- Girls, jerk jerk, jerk to my right side
- Maidle, miss something
- Mei Maidle hot e face
- My mother doesn't like me
- It shall be mine
- The mountains of my home are dark
- My little heart hurts too much!
- I've fared too well
- I have to leave here tomorrow
- We have to leave tomorrow
- Dawn, Dawn, do you shine for an early death?
- Do I have to, do I have to go to the city center
- Well goodbye, you little alley
- Only you
- O Maidle, you are my morning
- How bitter is the parting!
- Upper Swabian dance song
- Rosestock, Holderblüt
- Rosemary and sage leaves
- Schifferlied (The sea extinguishes the sun)
- Scottish bard choir
- Swabian love song
- 's heart
- Let the old heart be forgotten
- So farewell, you quiet house
- So take my hands (text underlay posthumously)
- The singer sleeps silently
- Sweet love loves May
- Dance song
- Unterländers homesickness
- Vögele in the fir forest
- Birds in the tall tree
- From early morning
- Of all the girls, so flashing and so bright
- What have I done to my sweetheart?
- What a lovely child that is
- Because I am Jesus' sheep
- Wine song
- When all the fountains flow
- Like the flowers outside tremble
- How I love the time
- How lovely sounds through the bush and forest
- We want to decorate his crib
- Where a small hut is
- What to do with Freud?
- Bliss of the lover
- I'm drawn to you
- To the end!
- Overture in C minor
- Overture in E flat major
Selected chamber music
- Variations for the pianoforte on the folk song "In a cool ground"
- Divertissement for flute and piano from the "Freischütz" by CM v. Weber
- Variations on “Nel cor più mi sento” for flute and piano
It contains six four-part hymns or figural chants, Op. 9
- Glory to God in the highest
- Look to Golgotha
- Christmas motets ("There were shepherds at Bethlehem")
- In: Hermann and Moritz Schauenburg (eds.), Fr. Silcher and Fr. Erk (musical editing): General German Commers book . Schauenburg, Lahr 1867 ( digitized edition of the 11th edition of the University and State Library Düsseldorf ).
- The house in which the headquarters of the AOK Tübingen was last located was demolished in March 1959 in order to make the traffic at the Lustnauer Tor smoother. The memorial plaque is in the collections of the Tübingen City Museum . - Tübingen scene change 1950–1970. Alfred Göhner and his press photos , ed. by Udo Rauch and Antje Zacharias, University City of Tübingen, Cultural Office 2006, p. 91.
- the chosen Herder high German form of the name Anke van Tharaw is nowhere in his text <Cute Little Anny> but everywhere < A males of Tharaw>.
- Harry Beyer: Silcher, Philipp Fried (e) rich. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 10, Bautz, Herzberg 1995, ISBN 3-88309-062-X , Sp. 319-322.
- Friedhelm Brusniak : Silcher, Philipp Friderich. In: Ludwig Finscher (Hrsg.): The music in past and present . Second edition, personal section, volume 15 (Schoof - Stranz). Bärenreiter / Metzler, Kassel et al. 2006, ISBN 3-7618-1135-7 ( online edition , subscription required for full access)
- Friedhelm Brusniak: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 24, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-428-11205-0 , pp. 412-414 ( version ). In:
- Hermann Josef Dahmen: Silcher. Pictures from his life . Publisher E. Schreiber, Stuttgart 1960.
- Hermann Josef Dahmen: Silcher, Philipp. In: Friedrich Blume (Hrsg.): The music in past and present (MGG). First edition, Volume 12 (Schoberlechner - Symphonic Poetry). Bärenreiter / Metzler, Kassel et al. 1965, , 701 ff.
- Hermann Josef Dahmen: Silcher in his time . Silcher Archive, Schnait 1980.
- Hermann Josef Dahmen: Contributions to Silcher Research . Pedagogical publisher Burgbücherei Schneider, Baltmannsweiler 1987.
- Hermann Josef Dahmen: Friedrich Silcher, composer and democrat. A biography . Edition Erdmann in Thienemanns Verlag, Stuttgart / Vienna 1989, ISBN 3-522-62650-8 .
- Hermann Josef Dahmen: Catalog of works by Friedrich Silcher . Self-published, Aichwald .
- Carolin Eberhardt, Florian Russi (ed.): Songs by Friedrich Silcher . Bertuch, Weimar 2018, ISBN 978-3-86397-104-5 .
- Silcher, Friedrich . In: Meyers Konversations-Lexikon . 4th edition. Volume 14, Verlag des Bibliographisches Institut, Leipzig / Vienna 1885–1892, pp. 974–975.
- Otto Lautenschlager: Friedrich Silcher. A life for music . Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-004648-9 .
- Gabriela Rothmund-Gaul: Between the baton and the lecture hall. The office of the university music director in Tübingen 1817–1852 . Metzler, Stuttgart / Weimar 1998, ISBN 3-476-01599-8 (= Music in Baden-Württemberg, Sources and Studies , Volume 3).
- Manfred Hermann Schmid (Ed.): Friedrich Silcher (1789-1860). The bourgeoisisation of music in the 19th century . Kulturamt, Tübingen 1989 (= Kleine Tübinger Schriften , Volume 12).
- Manfred Hermann Schmid (Ed.): Friedrich Silcher (1789-1860). Studies on Life and Afterlife . Theiss, Stuttgart 1989 (= contributions to the history of Tübingen , Volume 3).
- Weber: Silcher, Friedrich . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 34, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1892, pp. 319-324.
- Works by and about Friedrich Silcher in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Friedrich Silcher in the German Digital Library
- Sheet music and audio files by Friedrich Silcher in the International Music Score Library Project
- Sheet music in the public domain by Friedrich Silcher in the Choral Public Domain Library - ChoralWiki (English)
- Web presence of the Silcher Museum
- H. Mohr de Sylva, 1960: Friedrich Silcher, Tübingen and the world
- Song portal
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Silcher, Philipp Friedrich (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German song composer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||June 27, 1789|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Schnait , Remstal|
|DATE OF DEATH||August 26, 1860|
|Place of death||Tübingen|