Ernst Fritz Schmid

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Ernst Fritz Schmid (born March 7, 1904 in Tübingen ; † January 20, 1960 in Augsburg ) was a German musicologist and Mozart expert .


Ernst Fritz Schmid was the son of the Graecist Wilhelm Schmid and grandson of Karl Emil Kauffmann . Schmid first studied violin, viola and viola d'amore at the Academy of Music in Munich from 1924 to 1927 and also worked as a violist in Düsseldorf in 1927 . He then studied musicology in Freiburg, Tübingen and Vienna. He received his doctorate in 1929 and his habilitation in 1934. From 1935 to 1937 he was an associate professor for musicology at the University of Tübingen and its university music director . Around 1937 he was deprived of his position by the National Socialists and initially worked as a choirmaster in the southern German communities of Amorbach and Miltenberg and in Augsburg until he was signed up as a soldier in 1940. During the war he married Lotte Köbele from Munich in 1942, with whom he had three sons. Schmid is the father of the Tübingen professor emeritus and Mozart researcher Manfred Hermann Schmid .

Since 1945, at the suggestion of Schmid, classical concerts in the Ottobeuren series have been held in the Ottobeuren monastery church and in the Kaisersaal there , some with world-famous conductors such as Herbert von Karajan and Leonard Bernstein . Although Schmid was one of the key co-founders of the German Mozart Society in 1951 - one of the supporting institutions of the New Mozart Edition  - there was no job for him until the 1950s in which he could have made a living. It was not until 1958 that he was able to buy his own apartment in Augsburg.

Schmid was especially true as an internationally recognized Mozart expert and was one of the most important pioneers and employees of the New Mozart Edition 1954-1960 and whose first edition ladder. In his work, however, he also devoted himself to numerous other areas of musicology, including in particular Joseph Haydn and his complete edition. On the occasion of his death, the brochure In memoriam Ernst Fritz Schmid (1904–1960) was published: a memorial sheet for his relatives and friends .

Schmid was a founding member of the Society for Bavarian Music History in 1957 .

Publications (selection)

  • Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach and his chamber music : With 18 collotype plates and a sheet music appendix. Bärenreiter-Verlag, 1931, 188 pages
  • Joseph Haydn works for the drive (flute clock) for piano two hands transferred and published for the first time by Ernst Fritz Schmid. Special edition of Nagel's Music Archive. Publishing house Adolph Nagel, Hanover 1931.
  • Mozart and the spiritual Augsburg, in particular the Canon Monastery of the Holy Cross . In: Journal of the Historisches Verein für Schwaben , 55/56 (1942/43), pp. 40–202.
  • A Swabian Mozart Book (1948).
  • Leopold Mozart (1719–1787) . In: Götz von Pöllnitz (Hrsg.): Lebensbilder aus dem Bayerischen Schwaben , 3 (= publications of the Swabian Research Association at the Commission for Bavarian State History 3.3). Hueber, Munich 1954, pp. 346-368.


  • Walter Gerstenberg : In memoriam Ernst Fritz Schmid (1904–1960): a memorial sheet for his relatives and friends . Bauer print, 1961.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Society for Bavarian Music History eV In: , August 29, 2014. Accessed July 5, 2017.