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Schiedmayer is the name of a German family of instrument makers that has been manufacturing keyboard instruments since 1735.


Johann Lorenz Schiedmayer


The family's first instrument maker was the organ and piano maker Balthasar Schiedmayer (1711–1781) in Erlangen, who in 1735 completed his first instrument. Three of his sons also learned the piano-making trade:

  • Johann Georg Christoph Schiedmayer (1740-1820) settled in Neustadt an der Aisch . His son Johann Erhard Schiedmayer was also a piano maker. The Neustädter piano factory Schiedmayer only existed until the first half of the 19th century. In 1833 the master carpenter and instrument maker Freimann tried to continue the piano production established by Johann Scheidmayer.
  • Adam Achatius Schiedmayer (1745-1817) was a piano maker in Erlangen. A fortepiano from his hand has been preserved.
  • Johann David Schiedmayer (1753–1805) also worked in Erlangen, and from 1797 in Nuremberg. He was one of the most famous piano makers of his time. A clavichord , five pianos and a square piano from his workshop have been preserved.

Schiedmayer & Sons

His son Johann Lorenz Schiedmayer (1786-1860) founded the company Dieudonné & Schiedmayer in Stuttgart in 1809 together with Carl Dieudonné . The company soon became known beyond the borders of the region. When the composer Friedrich Silcher moved to Stuttgart, he lived with Schiedmayer for two years. After Dieudonné's death, the workshop operated under the name of Pianofortefabrik von Schiedmayer , and from 1845 after Johann Lorenz Schiedmayer's older sons Adolf and Hermann Schiedmayer joined the company under the name of Schiedmayer & Sons, Pianofortefabrik .

The piano factory was located from 1821 to 1969 in what was then Neckarstraße 14-16, on what is now the State University of Music and Performing Arts and the House of History (today Konrad-Adenauer-Straße) in Stuttgart. In 1909 , a large exhibition to mark the company's centenary took place in the Royal Headquarters for Trade and Commerce in Stuttgart, now the House of Business . Visitors included King Wilhelm II of Württemberg and his wife Charlotte.

On September 10, 1883, Schiedmayer was appointed purveyor to the royal Württemberg court.

J&P Schiedmayer

Johann Lorenz Schiedmayer sent his two younger sons Julius and Paul Schiedmayer to Paris, where they learned how to make the harmonium and also got to know Victor Mustel, who later invented the celesta . After their return to Stuttgart, they founded the J & P Schiedmayer company in 1853 , which was soon also building pianos and celestas. Fancy combination instruments like the Schiedmayer-Scheola (a mixture of organ, harmonium and celesta) and self-playing mechanical instruments were also part of the program.

The company building was in the direct vicinity of Schiedmayer & Soehne at Neckarstrasse 12 (today Konrad-Adenauer-Strasse). The company later traded under the name of Schiedmayer, Pianofortefabrik .

A business letter from the company "Schiedmayer, Pianofortefabrik" to Carl Eitz , 1905.

The owner of Schiedmayer & Soehne , Georg Schiedmayer, took over the Schiedmayer Pianofortefabrik in 1969 , previously J & P Schiedmayer from the then owners Max and Hans Schiedmayer. The piano production was stopped in 1980 and one specialized in the production of celestas and keyboard glockenspiels. With the death of Georg Schiedmayer in 1992, his widow Elianne Schiedmayer inherited the Schiedmayer & Soehne GmbH & Co. KG , as well as the Schiedmayer Pianofortefabrik , formerly J & P Schiedmayer . In 2008, the Schiedmayer Pianofortefabrik , formerly J & P Schiedmayer, was deleted from the Stuttgart Commercial Register by Elianne Schiedmayer .

Schiedmayer Celesta GmbH

Elianne Schiedmayer founded Schiedmayer Celesta GmbH (formerly Schiedmayer Celestabau GmbH ) in 1995 . This has been based in Wendlingen am Neckar near Stuttgart since 2000 . Schiedmayer celestones and keyboard glockenspiels are used in opera and concert halls around the world. The Harry Potter melody was played on a celesta by Schiedmayer in the Abbey Road studios .


The Müller-Schiedmayer factory was founded in Würzburg in 1874 by the son of a daughter Johann Lorenz Schiedmayer, who learned his trade at J & P Schiedmayer , Schiedmayer & Soehne , and Steinway & Sons in New York. In 1968 the business was stopped. The last bearer of the name was Erwin Müller-Schiedmayer.


Current products

  • Celesta 5 1/2 octaves - Studio model
  • Celesta 5 1/2 octaves - Compact model
  • Celesta 5 octaves
  • Built-in celesta for church organs

Historical instruments

A large collection of Schiedmayer instruments can be found in the musical instrument collection of the Württemberg State Museum in Stuttgart.

Some Schiedmayer instruments are in the Jehle Music History Collection in the Stauffenberg Castle in Albstadt - Lautlingen .

In 1914, according to Arthur von Oettingen's plans, Schiedmayer built an enharmonic orthotonophonium with 72 pitches per octave, with which pure intervals can be played in all keys.


  • Jörg Büchler: The Schiedmayer instrument collection. A catalog of the celestas, string pianos and harmonies with an introduction and sound samples on one CD . Harmonium catalog by Andreas Wolfgang Flad. (= Source catalogs for music history. 69). Florian Noetzel Verlag, Wilhelmshaven 2017, ISBN 978-3-7959-1016-7 .
  • Preethi De Silva (Ed.): The Fortepiano Writings of Streicher, Dieudonné, and the Schiedmayers. Two manuals and a notebook, translated from the original German, with commentary . The Edwin Mellen Press, 2008, ISBN 978-0-7734-4874-2 .
  • Alexander Eisenmann: Schiedmayer & Sons, Hof-Pianofortefabrik Stuttgart. Prehistory, establishment and further development of the company 1809–1909 . Schreiber, Stuttgart 1909
  • Ingrid Haslinger: Customer - Kaiser. The story of the former imperial and royal purveyors . Schroll, Vienna 1996, ISBN 3-85202-129-4 .
  • Michael Latcham (Ed.): The notebook of Johann David Schiedmayer and his son Johann Lorenz / The notebook of Johann David Schiedmayer and his son Johann Lorenz. Facsimile - transcription - translation . (= Source catalogs for music history. 49). Florian Noetzel Verlag, Wilhelmshaven 2011, ISBN 978-3-7959-0920-8 .
  • Wolfgang Mück: Johann Christoph Georg Schiedmayer (1740-1820). Master carpenter, organ and instrument maker in Neustadt an der Aisch . (= Streiflichter from the local history . Volume 23/1999). History and local history association, Neustadt an der Aisch 2001
  • Margarete Rupprecht: The Schiedmayer family of piano makers. A contribution to the history of piano construction . Phil. Diss. Erlangen 1954
  • Margarete Rupprecht: Schiedmayer (family). In: Music in the past and present . Volume 11, Bärenreiter, Kassel 1963, Sp. 1702-1704.
  • Johann Lorenz Schiedmayer, Carl Dieudonné: Short instructions for a correct knowledge and treatment of the forte pianos . Stuttgart 1824. (Reprint: Gulde, Tübingen 1994, ISBN 3-924123-22-5 ; full text on Wikisource )


Web links

Commons : Schiedmayer  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Johann Lorenz Schiedmayer  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Max Döllner : History of the development of the city of Neustadt an der Aisch until 1933. Ph. CW Schmidt, Neustadt ad Aisch 1950, pp. 337 f., 371, 420 and 495.
  2. Württemberg court suppliers 1850–1918 on the Altshausen archive website . Retrieved April 10, 2019.
  3. Thomas Lindemann: All ears hear differently. A visit to the Beatles producer's son on Abbey Road, in: FAS No. 2, January 14, 2018, p. 52.