Heinrich Pudor , (born August 31, 1865 in Loschwitz near Dresden , † December 22, 1943 in Leipzig ) was a völkisch -national publicist and one of the pioneers of nudism in Germany. He also used the pseudonyms Heinrich Scham and Ernst Deutsch .
Heinrich Pudor was born the son of Friedrich Pudor , head of the Royal Conservatory in Dresden. After attending the Kreuzschule , he continued studying music at his father's conservatory. In 1886/87 he studied at the University of Leipzig ( physiological psychology , philosophy , art history ), then moved to Heidelberg , where he received his doctorate in 1889 on Schopenhauer's metaphysics of music in his world as will and imagination .
Before Pudor accepted his late father's inheritance as director of the Royal Conservatory, which was still private at the time, in early 1890, he toured France and Italy . The travel sketches created there - successfully published in 1893 and 1895 - established his reputation as a travel writer, later continued with descriptions of Scandinavian countries. As early as the year he took up the position of director of the Dresden Conservatory, his view that he should only teach German music met with vehement criticism from both the teachers and the city of Dresden, so that Pudor sold the Conservatory in June 1890.
Heinrich Pudor then founded his own publishing house in Munich, Berlin and later Leipzig, in which he only published his own writings - mainly volumes of poetry and edification pamphlets that propagated the reform of life . In 1891 he married the Jewess Susanne Jacobi, from whom he divorced seven years later, and moved into a villa in Loschwitz near Dresden. In 1892 he published his first magazine, the Dresdner Wochenblatt für Kunst und Kultur , whose publication was discontinued in the same year. In 1893 his family moved to London, shortly before Pudor's Nackende Menschen appeared in Dresden . Jauchzen der Zukunft , the first significant German-language work on naturism . Pudor gave up his vegetarian lifestyle, which he had introduced two years earlier, after health problems in London. In the following years he published numerous publications on the life reform movement as well as on all kinds of other topics, including architecture, linguistics, social policy and cultural studies.
In 1898 Heinrich Pudor returned to Germany after extensive travels through Europe after trying in vain to make a name for himself as a painter, sculptor and musician. In Berlin Pudor married Linda Prill (this marriage lasted until 1923), until 1907 he published descriptions of trips through Scandinavian countries. In the same year he moved to Leipzig. In 1910 Pudor discovered the craft for himself and founded the Association for German Quality Work , a year later he published the magazine Unlauterer Competition. Messages from the Association for German Quality Work .
From 1912, Heinrich Pudor published almost exclusively anti-Semitic writings, most of which were published by his publishing house. The book Germany for the Germans formed the prelude to this . Preliminary work on laws against the Jewish settlement in Germany and the magazine Antisemitic armor of the German People's Council , he gave (1918 as an organ of the German People's Council also litter-German. News of the German People's Council. Unit folkish associations out of the German People's Council , however, was at the time probably only from Pudor itself). After anti-Semitic armaments were banned in 1915 , he renamed the journal Eiserner Ring and published it until 1923. Further writings of similar content followed, and Pudor had to answer several times in court for hostility towards leading German politicians. After threatening Gustav Stresemann with murder because of his “treasonable foreign policy”, Pudor was sentenced on March 17, 1926, along with a fine, to one year in prison.
In September 1933, Pudor's new magazine called Hakenkreuz was banned, in which he criticized the Führer cult around Hitler and the party dictatorship of the NSDAP . In addition, he complained in the publication of the “tolerance” of the Jews by the new German rulers, accompanied by attacks against leading politicians regarding their origins and way of life, including against Hitler and Goebbels . From November 14, 1933 to July 5, 1934, Pudor was taken into protective custody because he continued to distribute the magazine illegally after the official ban.
After spending time in prison in the midst of social democrats and communists, Pudor published numerous autobiographical writings in which he portrayed himself as a pioneer of the German national movement. In 1943, Pudors Verlag was investigated for continued fraud: he tried to sell older publisher's publications to booksellers under illegal conditions. Before the judgment was announced, Heinrich Pudor died on December 22nd of the same year.
Other publications (selection)
- A serious word about "Rembrandt as an educator" , Dieterich, Göttingen 1890
- (Heinrich Scham): Mother's milk. Revelation of Nature , London 1893
- (Heinrich Scham): Kirtara. Happiness and longing , Leipzig, Fleischer 1894
- (Heinrich Scham): Sex love? Voices of Paradise , Leipzig 1895
- The women's reform clothing. A contribution to the philosophy, hygiene and aesthetics of dress , Seemann, Leipzig 1903
- Hygiene of Movement , 1906
- The sex , 1906
- Bisexuality. Studies on the general double sex of people. Against Wilhelm Fließ , 1906
- Sex Life and Marriage , 1907
- On the social policy of the middle class , 2 volumes, 1911
- Stronger in Faith! A return from monism to Christianity . Leipzig 1913
- Securing the homeland and financial security in the war against world Jewry , 1933
- Nations from God's breath. Atlantis-Helgoland, the Aryan-Germanic racial high breeding and colonization motherland . Leipzig 1936
- The International Family Relationships of Jewish High Finance , 1933–1937, 20 volumes
- The soul. Ongoing research into the term 'soul' and its explanation and replacement by a reliable scientific and scientific-biological terminology , 1937
- My life. Fight against Judah for the Aryan race , 1939–1941
- Thomas Adam: Heinrich Pudor - life reformer, anti-Semite, publisher. In: The moving book. Book trade and social, national and cultural movements around 1900 , ed. Mark Lehmstedt & Andreas Herzog. Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1999. (= publications of the Leipzig working group on the history of the book industry; writings and testimonials on book history; 12). ISBN 3-447-04206-0 , pp. 183-196
- Michael Peters: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 20, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2001, ISBN 3-428-00201-6 , p. 759 ( ). In:
- Arnon Hampe: Pudor, Heinrich , in: Handbuch des Antisemitismus , Volume 2/2, 2009, p. 658ff.
- Literature by and about Heinrich Pudor in the catalog of the German National Library
- Thomas Grafe: Heinrich Pudor . In: Institute for Saxon History and Folklore (Ed.): Saxon Biography .
- Heinrich Pudor's views on architecture
- Stanislaw Przybyszewski: Homo sapiens
- Gerd Simon (with the help of Ulrich Schermaul): “National Socialism stands on my shoulders!” (Heinrich Pudor) , Tübingen 2007
- Heinrich Pudor. Heretical art letters from Italy . Dresden 1893
- Heinrich Pudor. French travel sketches . Pudor's travel library. Dresden 1895
- Arnd Krüger : There Goes This Art of Manliness: Naturism and Racial Hygiene in Germany, in: Journal of Sport History 18 (Spring, 1991), 1, 135 - 158. http://library.la84.org/SportsLibrary/JSH /JSH1991/JSH1801/jsh1801i.pdf Dis. 19th February 2017
- swastika. A political magazine . New episode 2–3. [Leipzig 1933]
- Thomas Adam: Heinrich Pudor - life reformer and publisher. In: The moving book. Book trade and social, national and cultural movements around 1900 , ed. v. Mark Lehmstedt u. Andreas Herzog. Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1999. pp. 183-196
- The Polish writer Przybyszewski mentions Pudor as a quirky person in this trilogy of novels from 1896.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Scham, Heinrich (pseudonym); German, Ernst (pseudonym)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German propagandist of nude culture, nationalist publicist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||August 31, 1865|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Loschwitz near Dresden|
|DATE OF DEATH||December 22, 1943|
|Place of death||Leipzig|