Mariss Jansons was born in Riga in 1943 as the son of the Latvian conductor Arvīds Jansons . His mother, Iraida Jansone, was a Jewish mezzo-soprano . She gave birth to her son in hiding, to which she had fled after her father and brother died in the Riga ghetto . In 1946, his father won second prize in a national competition and became Yevgeny Mravinsky 's assistant with the Leningrad Philharmonic . In 1956 his family followed him.
Jansons studied violin, piano and conducting at the Leningrad Conservatory and went to Austria in 1969 , where he continued his training with Hans Swarowsky and Herbert von Karajan . In 1973, like his father, he became deputy conductor of the Leningrad Philharmonic. From 1979 to 2000 he was director of the Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra - Orchestra , with whom he made numerous performances, recordings and tours. In 1996 he suffered a life-threatening heart attack on the podium in Oslo while conducting La Bohème , and a second shortly afterwards in hospital. His father died conducting.
In 1992 he was appointed principal guest conductor of the London Philharmonic Orchestra and in 1997 principal conductor of the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra . Since autumn 2003 he has been Lorin Maazel's successor chief conductor of the Bavarian Radio Chorus and Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra ; from September 2004 to March 2015 he was also chief conductor of the Amsterdam Concertgebouw Orchestra , here in the successor of Riccardo Chailly .
In 2006, Jansons conducted the Vienna Philharmonic's New Year's Concert for the first time . In October 2007 he performed the Ninth Symphony by Ludwig van Beethoven and the choir motets Tu es Petrus by Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina in the Vatican with the Bavarian Radio Choir and Symphony Orchestra ; the concert was broadcast by numerous broadcasters around the world.
Further milestones in the collaboration with the ensembles of the Bavarian Radio were the performances of the Requiems by Verdi, Mozart and Dvořák; from Stravinsky 's Psalm Symphony , Poulenc's Stabat Mater and Leonard Bernstein's Chichester Psalms . In the Karajan commemorative year, the Karajan student Johannes Brahms ' German Requiem performed , one of Karajan's favorite works, which was celebrated by the press as an outstanding sound event.
On April 20, 2010 it was announced that Jansons would be absent for the next few months due to illness. On his debut at the Vienna State Opera (as conductor of the Bizet Opera Carmen ) scheduled for May 3, 2010, his student and compatriot Andris Nelsons replaced him on the podium. In 2012, Jansons conducted the Vienna Philharmonic's New Year's Concert for the second time.
In autumn 2012 he performed the cycle of all nine Beethoven symphonies with the symphony orchestra and the Bavarian Radio Choir in the Suntory Hall in Tokyo.
After a rupture of the Achilles tendon, Janson's conduct in Vienna had to be canceled from November 28, 2019 due to health reasons. Jakub Hrůša stepped in for him with a partially changed program.
On the night of December 1, 2019, Mariss Jansons died at the age of 76 in St. Petersburg with his family of complications from a heart disease. The Süddeutsche Zeitung headline in its feature section headline: "Embrace the world with sound: the most sincere, most honest, most empathic conductor in the world is dead."
honors and awards
In 1971 Jansons won second prize at the Herbert von Karajan International Conducting Competition .
In 2006 he received various awards. He received a Cannes Classical Award as Artist of the Year at the Midem in Cannes . Together with the Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks he received a Grammy in the category “Best Orchestra Performance ” for the recording of Dmitri Shostakovich's 13th Symphony . This was followed by the “ Three Star Order ”, the highest award of the Republic of Latvia.
He has been honored several times by the German Phono Academy with the Echo Klassik ; In 2018, he distanced himself from these awards due to the controversy over the award. In the same year he received the Bavarian Order of Merit . In 2009 he received the Austrian Cross of Honor for Science and Art . In 2010 he was awarded the Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art . In 2013 Jansons was awarded the Ernst von Siemens Music Prize.
In November 2017, the London Royal Philharmonic Society honored Mariss Jansons with the gold medal of the British concert company "RPS Gold Medal", which was awarded to him during a guest concert with the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra in London's Barbican Hall .
On the occasion of his 75th birthday in 2018, a variety of tulips, bred by a Latvian and a Dutchman, was named after Jansons.
In 2018, Jansons became an honorary member of the Berlin Philharmonic , the Vienna Philharmonic and received the festival pin with rubies from the Salzburg Festival - the festival's highest honor, comparable to an honorary membership.
On October 13, 2019 he received the Opus Klassik for his life's work.
Before the memorial and thanksgiving concert by the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra on 15 January 2020, the Philharmonie am Gasteig in Munich ( Gustav Mahler's 2nd Symphony under Zubin Mehta ) awarded him the BRSO , as provided for May 14, 2020 posthumous Karl Amadeus Hartmann Medal .
- Ludwig van Beethoven : The Symphonies and Reflections; Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra (BR-Klassik 900119). This production was awarded the Choc de Classica .
- Hector Berlioz : Symphonie fantastique ; Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra (BR-Klassik 900121). This production was awarded the Diapason d'or 5 Star .
- Benjamin Britten : War Requiem ; Emily Magee , Mark Padmore, Christian Gerhaher , Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra (BR-Klassik 900120). This production was awarded the Diapason d'or .
- Anton Bruckner : Symphony No. 7 ; Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra (BR-Klassik 900100). This production was awarded the ECHO Klassik 2010.
- Antonín Dvořák : Stabat Mater ; Erin Wall , Mihoko Fujimura , Christian Elsner , Liang Li, Bavarian Radio Choir and Symphony Orchestra (BR-Klassik 900142)
- Gustav Mahler : Symphony No. 5 ; Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra (BR-Klassik 900150)
- Gustav Mahler: Symphony No. 7 ; Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra (BR-Klassik 900101)
- Gustav Mahler: Symphony No. 9 ; Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra (BR-Klassik 900151)
- Sergei Rachmaninoff : The Bells and Symphonic Dances . Bavarian Radio Choir and Symphony Orchestra (BR-Klassik 900154). This production was awarded the Diapason d'or and the British magazine Gramophone as recording of the month April 2018.
- Dmitri Schostakowitsch : Complete symphonies; Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra (Symphony No. 2, 3, 4, 12, 13, 14), Berlin Philharmonic (1), London Philharmonic Orchestra (15), Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra (6, 9), Leningrad Philharmonic (7), The Philadelphia Orchestra (10, 11), Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra (8), Vienna Philharmonic (5) (EMI Classics)
- Richard Strauss : Four Last Songs , Rosenkavalier Suite, Till Eulenspiegel's funny pranks ; Anja Harteros , Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra (BR-Klassik 900707)
- Richard Strauss: An Alpine Symphony , Death and Transfiguration ; Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra (BR-Klassik 900148)
- Igor Stravinsky : Le sacre du printemps , Petrushka ; Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra (EMI Classics)
- Peter Tchaikovsky : Queen of Spades ; Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra (BR-Klassik 900129). This production won the International Opera Award 2017 .
- Communism, baton, world star. The musical border crosser Mariss Jansons. Documentary, Germany, 2008, 44 min., Written and directed by Stephan Mayer, produced by BR . First broadcast: December 26, 2008 ( ARD ). The film was made on the occasion of the conductor's 65th birthday and shows the course of his career, also taking into account the political circumstances. Program announcement with table of contents
- Jansons rehearses Beethoven's Eroica . Documentary, Germany, 2013, 43:35 min., Script and direction: Eckhart Querner and Sabine Scharnagl, production: BR, series: BR Klassik , first broadcast: December 12, 2013 on BR television , synopsis by ARD . "For the Latvian-Russian conductor Mariss Jansons, the Eroica is perhaps the most important symphonic work".
- Mariss Jansons - Music is the language of heart and soul. Documentary, Austria, 2011, 51 min., Script and director: Robert Neumüller , production: ORF , Bayerischer Rundfunk , Unitel Classica, Norwegian Broadcasting , Felix Breisach Medienwerkstatt, summary by ORF2 .
- Music is always right - the conductor Mariss Jansons. Documentary, Germany, 2013, 44 min., Script and direction: Eckhart Querner and Sabine Scharnagl, speaker: Udo Wachtveitl , production: Bayerischer Rundfunk , first broadcast: January 14, 2013 on Bavarian television , summary by ARD , and online video in the ARD media library.
- The conductor Mariss Jansons. Documentation, Germany, 2018, 44 min., Script and direction: Eckhart Querner, production: Bayerischer Rundfunk, first broadcast: January 9, 2018 on Bavarian TV, summary on BR-Klassik .
- Portal: audio and video broadcasts with Jansons. In: Bayerischer Rundfunk , 2018
- Mariss Jansons at the Digital Concert Hall of the Berliner Philharmoniker (music videos)
- Showing feelings - the conductor Mariss Jansons. In: BR , short portrait, 5:18 min.
- name Māris, which is much more common in Latvia, is often used incorrectly.
- notice. In: Süddeutsche Zeitung . December 7, 2019, accessed December 11, 2019 .
- On the death of Mariss Jansons: The Unbelievable. merkur.de, December 1, 2019, accessed on December 2, 2019 .
- Mariss Jansons chief conductor 2004–2015. concertgebouworkest.nl, accessed on December 1, 2019 (English).
- Sun, January 1st, 2006. New Year's Concert, conductor Mariss Jansons. In: Vienna Philharmonic .
- Dpa : conductor Mariss Jansons falls ill.
- Sun, January 1st, 2012 New Years Concert, conductor Mariss Jansons. In: Vienna Philharmonic .
- Press release: Symphony Orchestra with Mariss Jansons from Tokyo. In: Bayerisches Fernsehen , December 12, 2013.
- Mariss Jansons cancels concerts with the Vienna Philharmonic from sn.at, November 18, 2019, accessed December 2, 2019.
- Mourning the star conductor Mariss Jansons. br.de, December 1, 2019, accessed on December 1, 2019 .
- Wolfgang Schreiber, Egbert Tholl: Embracing the world with sound. sueddeutsche.de, December 1, 2019, accessed on December 1, 2019 .
- Honorary membership for Mariss Jansons. Website of the Berlin Philharmonic.
- Pasniedzot Triju Zvaigžņu ordeni diriģentam Marisam Jansonam Rīgas pilī. In: Latvijas Vēstnesis , May 24, 2006, (Latvian)
- Barenboim returns Echoes in protest. br.de, accessed on December 1, 2019 .
- Town hall correspondence: High awards for Mariss Jansons and Thomas Angyan. In: City of Vienna , January 15, 2007.
- Bearer of the Bavarian Maximilian Order 2010. ( Memento from February 22, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) In: Bayerische Staatsregierung , October 20, 2010.
- Prize winner 2013: Mariss Jansons. In: Ernst von Siemens Music Foundation , with biography and photo gallery.
- Press release: Award ceremony on the Day of German Unity. In: Office of the Federal President , October 4, 2013.
- Mariss Jansons Awarded RPS Gold Medal. In: Royal Philharmonic Society. November 23, 2017, accessed January 18, 2018 .
- Gabriele Hein: High distinction for Mariss Jansons. In: Bayerischer Rundfunk. November 23, 2017, accessed January 18, 2018 (press release).
- Tulip variety named after Mariss Jansons. Music Today, January 15, 2018.
- Berliner Philharmoniker: Mariss Jansons becomes an honorary member. Süddeutsche Zeitung , January 24, 2018, accessed on August 25, 2020 .
- Honorary membership of the Vienna Philharmonic for Mariss Jansons . Article dated June 5, 2018, accessed June 6, 2018.
- Festival for Mariss Jansons . Süddeutsche Zeitung , issue of August 3, 2018.
- Mariss Jansons is happy about OPUS KLASSIK 2019. br-so.de, October 13, 2019, accessed on December 1, 2019 .
- Posthumous honor for Mariss Jansons. br-klassik.de, January 13, 2020, accessed on January 19, 2020 .
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Jansons, Māris|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Latvian conductor|
|DATE OF BIRTH||January 14, 1943|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Riga|
|DATE OF DEATH||November 30, 2019 or December 1, 2019|
|Place of death||St. Petersburg|