Andrés Segovia Torres, 1st Marquis de Salobrena (born February 21, 1893 in Linares , † June 2, 1987 in Madrid ), later named Marqués de Salobreña, was a Spanish guitarist . He had a great influence on the development of classical guitar playing in the 20th century.
Segovia, whose mother came from Málaga and who was baptized as Andrés Segobia on March 24, 1893, was already giving concerts in Spain at the age of fourteen. He is said to have been a student of Miguel Llobet in 1915 , which is, however, not entirely undisputed in the professional world. Segovia contributed to the popularity of the classical guitar on worldwide tours . In 1924 he made his debut in Paris and between 1926 and 1936 he also went on lengthy tours in Russia.
Numerous compositions that are part of the classical guitar repertoire today have been written especially for him. B. by Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco (1895–1968), John W. Duarte (1919–2004), Frank Martin (1890–1974), Frederic Mompou (1893–1987), Manuel María Ponce (1882–1948), Alexandre Tansman (1897–1986), Federico Moreno Torroba (1891–1982), Joaquín Turina (1882–1949) and Heitor Villa-Lobos (1887–1959). Segovia also acted as a lecturer and arranger of vihuela music of the Renaissance. He also made many arrangements of works that were originally written for other instruments and that are now part of the standard guitar repertoire. The best-known example is probably the Chaconne from the Partita in D minor for solo violin by Johann Sebastian Bach , which Segovia first performed publicly in 1935 in Paris and recorded in 1946 with other pieces by Bach in New York.
Segovia has taught at the Accademia Musicale Chigiana in Siena, in Santiago de Compostela (where José Tomás from Alicante was his deputy for 20 years) and at the University of California in Berkeley. Many important guitarists were his students. B. Oscar Ghiglia (* 1938), Christopher Parkening (* 1947) and John Williams (* 1941).
Even at the age of 89 he toured Germany and at the age of 91 he was still performing in the Berlin Philharmonic in November 1984.
In 1961 he married the third marriage to the Pujol student Emilia Magdalena Corral Sancho.
In 1974 Segovia was awarded the Léonie Sonning Music Prize and in 1985 the Ernst von Siemens Music Prize. He is an honorary doctor of several universities (including Oxford 1972) and was elevated to hereditary nobility by the Spanish king as Marqués de Salobreña . In his native city of Linares there is now a museum that also contains a crypt with his sarcophagus.
Segovia played on instruments made by Benito Ferrer , Santos Hernández , Manuel Ramírez and José Ramírez , Hermann Hauser and Ignacio Fleta , whom he had encouraged in 1955 to build more guitars. The blueprint of his famous Hauser I from 1937, which is now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, can be purchased from the American guitar maker Richard Bruné .
- Pyotr Agafozhin (1874–1950)
- René Bartoli (1938-2011)
- Abel Carlevaro (1916-2001)
- Alirio Díaz (1923-2016)
- Dimitris Fampas (1921-1996)
- Franz Fischer (1922–1989)
- Eliot Fisk (born 1954)
- Oscar Ghiglia (* 1938)
- José Luis González Juliá (1932–1998)
- Sharon Isbin (* 1956)
- Jovan Jovicic (1926-2013)
- Alexandre Lagoya (1929-1999)
- Christopher Parkening (* 1947)
- Juan Parras del Moral (1891–1973)
- Griselda Ponce de Leon (1933 / 34–2002)
- Barbara Probst-Polášek , née Effenberger (1939–2019)
- Rodrigo Riera (1923-1999)
- Miguel Rubio (* 1944)
- María Isabel Siewers (* 1950)
- Reginald Smith Brindle (1917-2003)
- Pieter van der Staak (1930-2007)
- Ichirō Suzuki (* 1948)
- David Tanenbaum (* 1956)
- Monina Távora, born as Adolfina Raitzin de Távora (1921–2011)
- Luise Walker (1910–1998)
- John Williams (* 1941)
- Roland Zimmer (1933–1993)
International youth competition
The international youth competition for guitar "Andrés Segovia" is named after the musician. Since 2000, the Germany section of the European Guitar Teachers Association has organized this competition, which takes place every two years. The venue was initially Velbert , and since 2016 it has been Monheim am Rhein .
- Andrés Segovia: An Autobiography of the Years 1893-1920 . Boyars, London 1976, ISBN 0-02-609080-5 .
- Graham Wade: Maestro Segovia. Personal impressions and anecdotes of the great guitarist. Robson, London 1986, ISBN 0-86051-386-6 .
- Graham Wade: A celebration of the man and his music. Allison and Busby, London 1983, ISBN 0-85031-492-5 .
- Joerg Sommermeyer: Andrés Segovia - Apostle and Patriarch of the Guitar. In: Plucked Music - Guitar. Vol. 36/1983, pp. 15-18, pp. 49f.
- Soledad Alameda: Interview with Andrés Segovia. In: Guitar & Laute 5. 1983, 5, pp. 286-293.
- Vladimir Bobri: A guitar lesson with Andrés Segovia. Hallwag, Bern and Stuttgart 1977, ISBN 3-7957-2340-X .
- Andrés Segovia on gitarrengalerie.de
- The soul of the guitar on klassikakzente.de
- Instruments by Andrés Segovia on hauserguitars.de
- Andrés Segovia with Oscar Ghiglia in his master class, 1965
- Wolf Moser and Anton Stingl : Andrés Segovia * March 17, 1893 (?). In: Guitar & Laute 5, 1983, issue 2, p. 135.
- Domingo Prat : Diccionario de Guitarristas. Buenos Aires 1934, p. 289 f.
- David Mason Greene: Greene's Biographical Encyclopedia of Composers . Doubleday, New York 2007, ISBN 0-385-14278-1 , p. 1043.
- Hermann Leeb: From Segovia, Pujol and Llobet. Guitar & Lute (1980), 6, p. 32 f .; P. 33c
- Matanya Ophee: The First Guitar Concert and Other Legends. In: Guitar & Laute 7, 1985, Issue 3, pp. 57-63; here: p. 58 f.
- Wolf Moser: The repertoire second hand. The history of the transmission and its tasks. In: Guitar & Laute 9, 1987, 3, pp. 19-26; here: p. 24 f.
- Wolf Moser (1987), p. 26
- Hannes Fricke: Myth guitar: history, interpreters, great hours. Reclam, Stuttgart 2013, ISBN 978-3-15-020279-1 , p. 192.
- Wolf Moser: "One should try to get benefit from everything". Interview with José Tomás. In: Guitar & Laute 8, 1986, No. 5, pp. 8-12; here: p. 12.
- Der Tagesspiegel of November 15, 1984.
- Wolf Moser : "... from a person out of line ...". A conversation with Alberto Ponce about Emilio Pujol. In: Guitar & Laute 8, 1986, pp. 8-14; here: p. 9.
- C. Mermoudi, R. Misteli: Great guitar makers: The brothers Francisco and Gabriel Fleta about wood, lacquer, ideal sound and Don Ignacio. In: Guitar & Laute 6, 1984, Issue 4, pp. 36-38; here: p. 38.
- "Andrés Segovia" international youth guitar competition
- EGTA-D eV , European Guitar Teachers Association, Section - Germany
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||spanish guitarist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||February 21, 1893|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Linares , Jaén Province, Andalusia|
|DATE OF DEATH||June 2nd 1987|
|Place of death||Madrid|